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Table 2 Median and 5-95th percentile range of blood and urine cadmium levels in prostate cancer patients by stage and Gleason score

From: Cadmium burden and the risk and phenotype of prostate cancer

Stage N Median (5-95%) p* Gleason score N Median (5-95%) p*
Blood cadmium (μg/l)
A+B 56 0.85 (0.12-3.52) 0.285 2-6 88 0.74 (0.12-2.39) 0.013
C 34 0.89 (0.11-2.62)   7 41 1.03 (0.40-4.45)  
D 73 0.92 (0.24-2.95)   ≥ 8 22 0.91 (0.24-2.89)  
Urine cadmium (μg Cd/g creatinine)
A+B 72 0.76 (0.10-3.95) 0.043 2-6 107 0.72 (0.12-3.72) 0.030
C 43 0.74 (0.14-2.91)   7 54 0.96 (0.13-4.37)  
D 84 1.12 (0.21-4.37)   ≥ 8 30 1.48 (0.17-7.36)  
  1. * By Kruskal-Wallis test