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Table 5 Adjusted hazard ratiosa for death by risk factors and clinico-pathologic features in ESCC cases (N = 260)

From: Biomarkers of apoptosis and survival in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

Variable Hazard Ratio 95% CI P-value
Gender (male) 1.09 0.70 - 1.70 0.69
Age (years) 1.01 0.99 - 1.03 0.28
Tobacco use (yes) 1.08 0.70 - 1.67 0.72
Alcohol use (daily or weekly) 1.00 0.67 -- 1.47 0.98
Family history of UGI cancer (yes) 1.00 0.72 - 1.40 1.00
Tumor grade (I -- IV) 1.18 0.90 - 1.54 0.24
Tumor stage (1 -- 4) 1.92 1.14 - 3.23 0.01
Metastasis (yes) 2.17 1.59 - 2.95 < 0.0001
Degree differentiation (poor) 1.07 0.76 - 1.50 0.71
  1. aModel includes all 9 variables shown (gender, age, tobacco use, alcohol use, family history of UGI cancer, tumor grade, tumor stage, metastasis, degree differentiation)