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Table 1 Numbers of cases and age-standardized rates (per million population) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) by diagnosis, age-group and sex, 1968–2005

From: Sex-specific incidence and temporal trends in solid tumours in young people from Northern England, 1968–2005

   Ages 0–14 Ages 15–24
   No. Rate (95% CI) No. Rate (95% CI)
CNS tumours M 382 31.7 (28.5,35.0) 224 27.3 (23.7,30.9)
  F 309 27.6 (24.4,30.7) 165 20.2 (17.1,23.3)
Ependymomas M 51 4.6 (3.3,5.8) 21 2.6 (1.6,3.9)
  F 21 2.0 (1.2,3.1) 6 0.8 (0.3,1.6)
Astrocytomas M 137 11.1 (9.2,12.9) 76 9.3 (7.2,11.4)
  F 126 11.2 (9.2,13.1) 54 6.6 (4.8,8.4)
PNET M 78 6.7 (5.2,8.2) 13 1.6 (0.8,2.7)
  F 45 4.2 (3.0,5.4) 7 0.9 (0.4,1.8)
Other gliomas M 34 2.9 (1.9,3.8) 36 4.3 (2.9,5.8)
  F 34 3.0 (2.0,4.0) 26 3.2 (2.1,4.7)
Sympathetic nervous system tumours M 102 9.8 (7.9,11.7) 9 1.1 (0.5,2.1)
  F 95 9.7 (7.8,11.7) 9 1.1 (0.5,2.2)
Retinoblastoma M 38 3.9 (2.6,5.1) 0 -
  F 50 5.4 (3.9,6.8) 0 -
Renal tumours M 71 6.8 (5.2,8.4) 8 0.9 (0.4,1.8)
  F 85 8.7 (6.9,10.6) 7 0.8 (0.3,1.7)
Hepatoblastomas M 7 0.7 (0.3,1.5) 0 -
  F 10 1.0 (0.5,1.9) 2 0.2 (0.0,0.8)
Bone tumours M 65 4.7 (3.5,5.8) 114 14.2 (11.6,16.8)
  F 56 4.3 (3.2,5.5) 66 8.3 (6.3,10.3)
Osteosarcoma M 34 2.4 (1.6,3.3) 60 7.5 (5.6,9.5)
  F 37 2.8 (1.9,3.8) 39 4.9 (3.4,6.5)
Ewing's sarcoma M 29 2.1 (1.4,3.0) 36 4.5 (3.0,5.9)
  F 16 1.3 (0.7,2.1) 16 2.0 (1.2,3.3)
Soft tissue sarcomas M 127 11.0 (9.1,13.0) 89 10.9 (8.6,13.2)
  F 72 6.2 (4.8,7.7) 94 11.7 (9.3,14.0)
Rhabdomyosarcoma M 75 6.8 (5.3,8.4) 14 1.8 (1.0,3.0)
  F 39 3.6 (2.5,4.7) 21 2.7 (1.6,4.1)
Other M 52 4.2 (3.0,5.4) 75 9.1 (7.1,11.2)
  F 33 2.6 (1.7,3.5) 73 9.0 (6.9,11.1)
Germ cell tumours M 55 5.2 (3.8,6.6) 292 34.8 (30.8,38.8)
  F 60 5.5 (4.1,6.9) 127 15.4 (12.7,18.1)
Gonadal M 32 3.2 (2.1,4.3) 260 31.0 (27.2,34.7)
  F 18 1.4 (0.8,2.2) 86 10.4 (8.2,12.6)
Non-gonadal M 23 2.0 (1.3,3.0) 32 3.8 (2.5,5.2)
  F 42 4.1 (2.9,5.4) 41 5.0 (3.5,6.6)
Carcinomas M 39 2.9 (2.0,3.9) 221 26.4 (22.9,29.9)
  F 54 4.5 (3.3,5.7) 472 56.5 (51.4,61.6)
Thyroid M 9 0.7 (0.3,1.3) 23 2.8 (1.7,4.1)
  F 9 0.7 (0.3,1.4) 61 7.4 (5.6,9.3)
Melanoma M 7 0.5 (0.2,1.1) 61 7.4 (5.5,9.2)
  F 16 1.4 (0.8,2.3) 148 17.9 (15.0,20.7)
Skin M 4 0.3 (0.1,0.7) 39 4.6 (3.1,6.0)
  F 4 0.3 (0.1,0.7) 43 5.2 (3.6,6.7)
Breast M 0 - 1 0.1 (0.0,0.7)
  F 0 - 42 4.9 (3.4,6.4)
Genital/other reproductive M 0 - 0 -
  F 1 0.1 (0.0,0.6) 85 9.9 (7.8,12.0)
Lung and bronchial M 1 0.1 (0.0,0.4) 7 0.8 (0.3,1.7)
  F 2 0.1 (0.0,0.5) 5 0.6 (0.2,1.4)
Colorectal M 0 - 19 2.3 (1.4,3.6)
  F 2 0.1 (0.0,0.5) 9 1.1 (0.5,2.0)
TOTAL M 886 76.8 (71.7,81.9) 957 115.7 (108.3,123.0)
  F 791 73.0 (67.8,78.1) 942 114.3 (107.0,121.6)