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Table 9 BiP protein expression.

From: Cigarette smoke induces endoplasmic reticulum stress and the unfolded protein response in normal and malignant human lung cells

Diagnostic Group N Mean ± SD P-value
Normal 8 0 --
Small Cell Carcinoma 5 1.37 ± 3.06 0.3299
Non-Small Cell Carcinoma 95 4.39 ± 2.92 < 0.0001*
Mixed Carcinoma 8 5.27 ± 3.20 < 0.0001*
  1. Mean immunostaining levels (± SD) and results of statistical testing for differences between the normal diagnostic group and each carcinoma type diagnostic group.
  2. *Statistically significant (α = 0.05)