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Table 3 Differences in QOL domain scores for patient, family caregiver groups and general population control groups

From: Factors associated with quality of life of outpatients with breast cancer and gynecologic cancers and their family caregivers: a controlled study

  Mean (SD)
Domains of WHOQOL-Bref Ca breast N = 117 Ca Cervix N = 46 Ca ovary N = 18 P All Ca groups N = 181 General Popn group N = 177 T P
A: For patients         
Physical health 6-domain 13.6 (1.4) 12.9 (2.3) 13.4 (1.1) ns 13.4 (1.6) 10.8 (2.6) 11.3 0.001
Psychological health 6-domain 21.3 (2.5) 20.1 (3.8) 20.9 (2.9) ns 20.9 (2.9) 17.9 (3.6) 8.6 0.001
Independence 17.6 (2.2) 16.5 (3.1) 16.8 (2.2) ns 17.2 (2.5) 14.7 (3.6) 8.2 0.001
Social relations 12.3 (2.9) 11.9 (3.2) 11.6 (3.6) ns 12.1 (3.0) 11.0 (2.4) 3.4 0.001
Environment 30.6 (5.1) 29.5 (6.4) 29.9 (5.1) ns 30.3 (5.4) 24.9 (5.5) 9.1 0.001
Spiritual 4.5 (0.8) 4.3 (1.1) 4.2 (1.1) ns 4.4 (0.9) 3.9 (1.1) 4.9 0.001
General facet on health & QOL 8.4 (1.8) 7.8 (2.4) 8.4 (1.7) ns 8.3 (1.9) 7.2 (1.8) 5.3 0.001
Physical health 4-domain 31.2 (3.4) 29.4 (5.3) 30.3 (3.1) ns 30.7 (4.0) 25.6 (5.7) 9.9 0.001
Psychological health 4-domain 25.9 (3.1) 24.5 (4.7) 25.1 (3.8) ns 25.4 (3.7) 21.8 (4.3) 8.2 0.001
B. For caregivers of the patients         
Physical health 6-domain 14.3 (1.2) 14.4 (1.2) 14.7 (0.8) ns 14.4 (1.1) 11.3 (2.4) 15.7 0.001
Psychological health 6-domain 22.1 (1.7) 21.8 (1.9) 22.2 (1.5) ns 22.0 (1.8) 18.8 (3.5) 10.8 0.001
Independence 18.9 (1.9) 18.8 (2.2) 19.1 (1.6) ns 18.9 (1.9) 15.3 (3.0) 13.5 0.001
Social relations 13.4 (2.0) 13.4 91.9) 13.6 (2.4) ns 13.4 (2.0) 11.6(2.4) 7.6 0.001
Environment 32.9 (4.6) 32.3 (5.3) 30.8 (3.4) ns 32.5 (4.7) 25.9 (5.9) 11.5 0.001
Spiritual 4.7 (0.5) 4.7 (0.6) 4.5 (0.6) ns 4.7 (0.5) 4.0 (0.9) 8.7 0.001
General facet on health & QOL 9.3 (1.1) 9.1 (1.2) 9.4 (1.1) ns 9.3 (1.1) 7.6 (1.7) 11.3 0.001
Physical health 4-domain 33.2 (3.1) 33.2 (3.3) 33.8 (2.2) ns 33.3 (3.0) 26.6 (4.9) 15.5 0.001
Physical health 4-domain 26.8 (2.1) 26.5 (2.5) 26.7 (1.9) ns 26.7 (2.2) 22.8 (4.1) 11.1 0.001
  1. Note: In all the domains, caregivers had significantly higher scores than the patients (t ranged from 3.9 to 7.3, df = 360, P < 0.0001).