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Table 3 Relative risk of incidence and mortality related to solar UV-B exposure, northern versus southern United States boundary, non-Hispanic whites (95% CI in parentheses): Cancer sites with weaker evidence of an inverse association with UV-B exposure (see notes for Table 2).

From: Solar ultraviolet-B exposure and cancer incidence and mortality in the United States, 1993–2002

  Incidence Mortality
Cancer site Males Females Males Females
Esophagus (females)   1.08 (0.99–1.19)   1.21 (1.14–1.28)
Small intestine 1.15 (1.03–1.28) 1.20 (1.07–1.35) 1.07 (0.93–1.22) 1.24 (1.08–1.42)
Gallbladder (males) 1.13 (0.94–1.35)   1.58 (1.38–1.82)  
Pancreas 1.09 (1.05–1.14) 1.17 (1.13–1.22) 1.06 (1.03–1.09) 1.11 (1.08–1.14)
Breast   1.06 (1.05–1.07)   1.15 (1.13–1.17)
Kidney 1.09 (1.05–1.13) 1.17 (1.11–1.22) 1.12 (1.08–1.17) 1.20 (1.14–1.25)
Thyroid (females)   1.10 (1.05–1.16)   1.30 (1.16–1.47)
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma 1.08 (1.05–1.12) 1.09 (1.05–1.12) 1.12 (1.08–1.15) 1.15 (1.12–1.18)
Leukemia 1.09 (1.04–1.13) 1.15 (1.10–1.20) 1.07 (1.03–1.10) 1.09 (1.06–1.13)