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Table 2 Pathological findings on excision

From: The role of major duct excision and microdochectomy in the detection of breast carcinoma

  Total group [n = 211] Non pathological discharge* [n = 86] Pathological discharge* [n = 116] Bloody discharge [n = 152] Non bloody discharge [n = 59]
Papilloma 81 (38%) 26 (30%) 52 (45%) 59 (39%) 22 (37%)
Papilloma and ADH/atypical papilloma 5 (2%) 3 (3%) 2 (2%) 2 (1%) 3 (5%)
ADH/LCIS† 5 (2%) 2 (2%) 3 (3%) 5 (3%) 0 (0%)
Carcinoma 9 (4.3%) 2 (2%) 7 (6%) 9 (6%) 0 (0%)
Duct ectasia 51 (24%) 24 (28%) 25 (22%) 34 (22%) 17 (29%)
Benign/non-specific findings 60 (28%) 29 (34%) 27 (23%) 43 (28%) 17 (29%)
  1. Abbreviations: ADH = atypical ductal hyperplasia; LCIS = lobular carcinoma in situ
  2. † LCIS was of the 'classical' variant
  3. *Nine patients could not be classified as either pathological or non-pathological discharge