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Table 3 Prevalence of HPV by risk factors (N = 571)

From: An epidemiological study assessing the prevalence of human papillomavirus types in women in the Kingdom of Bahrain

Risk factor Categories n HPV+ % Adj. OR 95% CI (LL–UL) P-value
Age at sample collection (years) <30* 207 21 10.1 - -  
30-39 187 19 10.2 0.94 0.41–2.14 0.8755
40-49 91 9 9.9 1.35 0.49–3.68 0.5592
50-60 75 6 8.0 1.09 0.33–3.60 0.8843
>60 11 1 9.1 1.41 0.14–14.62 0.7731
Nationality Non-Bahraini 107 25 23.4 3.7 1.9–7.6 0.0002
Bahraini* 464 31 6.7 - - -
Education level No formal education* 15 2 13.3 . - -
Primary 59 5 8.5 0.51 0.08–3.50 0.4966
Secondary 210 19 9.1 0.71 0.12–4.14 0.6992
Post-secondary/University 266 30 11.3 0.69 0.12–3.93 0.6735
Number of marital partners 1* 511 46 9.0 - - -
2-5 28 6 21.4 2.50 0.84–7.44 0.0986
Parity 0-2 263 30 11.4 . - -
3-5 216 13 6.0 0.59 0.26–1.33 0.1998
≥ 6 46 4 8.7 0.75 0.19–2.95 0.6780
Smoking status No* 509 47 9.2 - - -
Yes 43 9 20.9 1.18 0.41–3.40 0.7598
  1. N: total number of women included in the final analysis; n: number of subjects in a given category; %: HPV+ / number of subjects with available results × 100; Adj. OR: Odds ratio adjusted for the other variables; 95% CI: Wald 95% confidence interval; LL: lower limit; UL: upper limit.
  2. Note: *Reference category.