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Table 3 Proportional hazard ratios, using Cox regression models, of time to death for all cancer diagnosed between 1998 and 2004, for Indigenous compared to non-Indigenous people in Queensland, Australia

From: Survival disparities in Australia: an analysis of patterns of care and comorbidities among indigenous and non-indigenous cancer patients

  HR (95% CI) aHR* (95% CI)
All cause death 1.37 (1.22, 1.55 ) 1.22 (1.06-1.39)
Non-cancer death 2.39 (1.57, 3.63) 1.95 (1.17, 3.24)
Cancer death 1.30 (1.15, 1.48 ) 1.10 (0.96, 1.27)
Time to death (all causes) by years: 0 – 1 yr 1.60 (1.37, 1.87) 1.33 (1.12, 1.83)
  1 – 2y 0.98 (0.73, 1.33) 1.18 (0.85, 1.65)
  2- 3 yr 0.98 (0.76, 1.26) 0.98 (0.77, 1.26)
  3- 4 yr 0.97 (0.74, 1.30) 1.03 (0.79 1.36)
  4- 5 yr 1.05 (0.76, 1.45) 1.02 (0.72, 1.45)
  1. *Adjusted for: Sex, Age, Comorbidity Score (Modified Charlson Comorbidity Index): 0, 1, 2+; Accessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia 1 = Highly accessible/Accessible 2 = Moderately accessible 3 = Remote/Highly remote; SEIFA (Socioeconomic Index for Areas): 1 = Most disadvantaged, 2 = Intermediate advantage, 3 = Most advantaged; Stage: 1 = Localised, 2 = Regional Spread, 3 = Metastatic Disease, 9 = Not sure; Any treatment.