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Table 1 Special events grey literature summary table

From: A grey literature review of special events for promoting cancer screenings

Author source Presentation title & focus Data collection Event participants Special event description Results
Conferences – Single Component (Special event only)
K. White [19] Does conducting routine community health outreach events reach new women? An evaluation of a breast & cervical cancer screening program for Latina immigrants Pre-event and Post-event Target audience: Latina immigrants Event Type: Educational Luncheon Baseline Screening:
Conference: Cancer focus: Breast and Cervical Sample: N = 932 Latina immigrants; age: 70.7% 18-39, 19.4% 40-49, and 9.9% 50-88; 6.9% Insured Description: Educational luncheons focused on breast and cervical cancer, were hosted at local churches on Saturday mornings to increase screening among target population. No data available
APHA Conference, 2010 Event Components: Post Event Screening:
  • Educational presentations from Spanish-speaking physicians and/or breast cancer survivors Pap Tests: 412 (52%)
  • Referrals and ability to schedule pap tests and mammograms Out of n = 792, women who completed information records
  • Magnets were provided with appointment and provider information for the low-cost pap and free mammogram screenings Mammogram: 141 (60.8%)
Community Guide Strategies: GE, CRR, SM, ROPC, RSB Out of n = 232, women who completed information records and were over 40 years of age
Other Outcomes: No data available
Cost: No data available
C. Rice [20] Implementation of an Evidence-based Cancer Prevention and Control Program through Texas AgriLife Extension: Friend to Friend Pre-event and Post-event Target audience: Uninsured and underserved women in rural Texas Event Type: Health Party Baseline Screening:
Conference: Cancer focus: Breast and Cervical Sample: N = 1,095 participants; 41% under age 50, 32% 50-64, and 27% 65 and older; 93% white, 7% African American Description: 45 health parties were planned throughout 40 counties. The parties were designed for adult women to hear a health professional speak and to identify clinics that provide uninsured women screening. Mammogram Status:
CPRIT, 2011 Event Components: Within last 12 months: 49.4%
  • Group educational sessions were provided by health care providers or cancer survivors; followed by small group discussions Within last 24 months: 10.1%
  • Educational materials were provided in English and Spanish Within the last 3-years: 5.4%
  • Incentives were provided Longer than 3 years: 10.0%
  • One party provided mammogram screening on-site Never had a mammogram: 25.2%
  • Providers came to the events to sign participants up for screening referrals and scheduling of appointments Pap Test Status:
  • Community Guide Strategies: GE, SM, RSB, ROPC Within last 12 months: 54.3%
Within last 24 months: 15.6%
Within last 3 years: 5.1%
Longer than 3-years: 20.9%
Never had a Pap: 4%
Post Event Screening: No data available
Other outcomes: Knowledge
Cost: No data available
D. Dahlke [22] Increasing Screening Rates for Latinas Using Health Fiestas and Promotoras Pre-event and Post-event Target audience: Underserved Latinas Event Type: Cultural Event/Health Fiesta Baseline Screening:
Conference: Cancer focus: Breast and Cervical Sample: N = 8,026 (for the Georgia Events); 86% uninsured Description: The health fiestas were designed to reduce health disparities within the Latino Community through the events and a patient navigation program which were designed to provide access to early detection and screening opportunities. Mammogram status:
CPRIT, 2011 Event Components: In the last 12 months: 4,816 (60%)
  • Educational materials were provided in Spanish Pap Test status:
  • Food, music, dancing, and fun activities were provided Last 12 month: 6,423 (80%)
  • Local health care providers offered free or low-cost screenings Post Event Screening:
  • Community Guide Strategies: 1 on 1, GE, SM, RSB, ROPC Mammogram: 218 (6.8%) of screening eligible
Clinical Breast Exams: 3158 (39.3%)
Other outcomes: Barriers to care
Cost: No data available
Dissertation – Single Component
A. Sun [17] Promoting Breast Cancer Screening Among Chinese American Women Through Young Children’s Theatrical Performance, 2009 Pre-event and Post-event Target audience: Chinese American females, able to read either Chinese or English, 18 or older, and audience members Event Type: Play Baseline Screening:
Dissertation Source: Proquest Cancer focus: Breast Sample: 173 participants; Average age: 40.1; 100% Asian and female; 85% covered by insurance Description: a theatrical pre-school performance in educating Chinese American women about breast cancer detection. Had a mammogram in past year (women > 40 years old):
Event Components: 34 (55.7%)
  • Pre-school theatrical performances were used as an screening educational tool Change in Knowledge Score Pretest to Posttest:
  • Foam boards in the play displayed Susan G. Komen guidelines 10.2% decreased
Community Guide Strategies: SM, GE 41.8% had no change
48.0% increased
Post Event Screening:
No data available
Other outcomes: Attentiveness, Acculturation
Cost: No data available
Conferences – Multiple Components (Special event combined with other community events)
L. Vera-Cala [21] Effectiveness of Cuidandome (Taking Care of Me) Pre-event and Post-event Target audience: Latina-immigrant women in Dane County, WI Event Type: Health Parties Baseline Screening:
Conference: Cancer focus: Breast and Cervical Sample: N = 1,381; Spanish speaking women Description: 167 home health parties led by lay health advisors were performed to increase breast and cervical cancer screening among Latino-immigrant women. Mammogram (n = 222):
APHA Conference, 2011 Event Components: 73 (33%)
  • One hour educational session on breast and cervical cancer Pap Test (n = 222):
  • Same language lay health providers used to promote cervical and breast cancer screening 135 (61%)
  • Provided resources to party participants on how to apply for free or reduced cost screening Post Event Screening:
Community Guide Strategies: GE, SM, MM, RSB, ROPC Mammogram:
1-month post: 91 (41%)
3-months post: 127 (57%)
15-months post: 118 (53%)
Pap Test:
1-month post: 151 (68%)
3-months post: 155 (70%)
15-months post: 140 (63%)
Other outcomes: Intention, Knowledge
Cost: Approximately $130.00 per event
B. Hunt [18] Reaching at-Risk Women to Promote Breast Cancer Screening on the Westside of Chicago Pre-event and Post-event Target audience: Women over 40, African American and Hispanic, uninsured or under insured women Event Type: Forums and Health Fairs Baseline Screening:
Conference: Cancer focus: Breast and Cervical Sample: N = 880; 87% over 40; 58% African American; 36% Mexican or Puerto Rican; 40% no insurance Description: The forums and health fairs were designed to reduce disparities and improve overall breast health outcomes by educating, engaging, and empowering women to increase routine mammogram utilization and to share their knowledge. Mammography (women > 40):
APHA Conference, 2011 Event Components: Within 2 years: 443 (61%)
  • Community health workers provided 45-minute educational presentations and helped participants set-up appointments 2 or more years ago: 187 (26%)
  • Client reminders are sent to participants when due for their next screening Never: 95 (13%)
  • Gifts, raffles, and specialized cookies were provided as incentives Post Event Screening:
  • Transportation was provided Mammography: n = 357 (40.1%)
  • Women requesting screening appointments are assigned patient navigator. Cost: $3,000-$4,000 per forum
Community Guide Strategies: GE, CRR, SM, RSB
  1. Note. Community Guide recommended strategies abbreviations: CRR Client Reminders and Recalls, CI Client Incentives, ROPC Reducing Out-of-Pocket Costs, GE Group Education, 1 on 1 = One-on-One Education, MM Mass Media, SM Small Media, RSB Reducing Structural Barriers.