Skip to main content

Table 4 Relative frequency and multivariate analysis of HPV infection in HIV- negative and HIV- positive women

From: Human papillomavirus detection in women with and without human immunodeficiency virus infection in Colombia

  HPV positive detection
n (%)* Adjusted OR 95% CI
HIV status     
Negative 513 (44.3) Ref
Positive 149 (69.0) 2.37 1.69-3.34
HIV and one type only HPV (single infection)     
HIV-negative, single infection 250 (21.6) Ref
HIV-positive, single infection 32 (14.8) 1.14 0.85-1.28
HIV and >1 type HPV (multiple infection)     
HIV-negative, multiple infection 263 (22.7) Ref
HIV-positive, multiple infection 117 (54.2) 3.43 2.39-4.92
HIV and HPV Clade 7     
HIV-negative, HPV Clade 7 202 (17.4) Ref
HIV-positive, HPV Clade 7 77 (35.7) 2.48 1.69-3.64
HIV and HPV Clade 9     
HIV-negative, HPV Clade 9 454 (39.2) Ref
HIV-positive, HPV Clade 9 141 (65.3) 2.47 1.73-3.53
HIV; immune status CD4 cell/mm 3 count    
HIV-negative 513 (44.3) Ref
HIV-positive, < 200 63 (29.2) 4.38 2.47-7.77
HIV-positive, 200 - 349 39 (18.1) 3.13 1.64-5.96
HIV-positive, 350 - 500 29 (13.4) 1.91 1.03-3.57
HIV-positive, > 500 18 (8.3) 1.17 0.59-2.32
HIV viral load copies/mL     
HIV-negative 513 (44.3) Ref
HIV-positive, <4,000 121 (56.0) 2.41 0.67-3.48
HIV-positive, 4,000-99,999 15 (6.9) 2.43 0.96-6.14
HIV-positive, >100,000 13 (6.0) 7.32 1.62-33.03
HIV and ART use     
HIV-negative 513 (44.3) Ref
HIV-positive, treatment with ART 133 (61.6) 2.46 1.72-3.51
HIV-positive , without treatment with ART 16 (7.4) 3.32 1.16-9.50
  1. OR adjusted for age, marital status, age at first intercourse, the number of lifetime sexual partners, contraceptive methods used and smoking status, Papanicolaou test, CD4-count, HIV-viral-load and antiretroviral therapy or ART. Abbreviations: 95% CI: confidence interval, OR: odds ratio, HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus, ART: antiretroviral therapy, HPV: Human Papillomavirus.
  2. *Percentages were calculated regarding HIV-positive = 216 and HIV-negative n = 1,159.
  3. Clade 7: HPV-18 and −45; Clade 9: HPV-16, −31, −33 and −58. Values in bold = p < 0.05.