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Table 3 Risk factors for low ovarian symptom awareness

From: Ovarian cancer symptom awareness and anticipated delayed presentation in a population sample

  Mean (sd) number of ovarian symptoms recognised out of 11
  Unadjusted Statistic Adjusted1 Statistic
Age groups     
  50-59 years 7.06 (2.61) F (2, 1032) = 10.18, p = 0.000*** 7.23 (2.62) F (2, 1018) = 16.93, p = 0.000***
  60-69 years 7.13 (2.61)   7.00 (2.65)  
  70+ years 6.27 (2.92)   6.08 (2.94)  
Ethnic background     
  White ethnicity 6.85 (2.74) ^ 6.73 (2.80) ^
  Other ethnicity 7.18 (2.36)   6.86 (2.41)  
Relationship status     
  Married or cohabiting 7.16 (2.56) t (1038) = 3.65, p = 0.000*** 7.08 (2.61) t (1025) = 4.41, p = 0.000***
  Not married or cohabiting 6.55 (2.86)   6.30 (2.97)  
Education     
  Up to 16 years 6.58 (2.81) F (2, 1018) = 6.34, p = 0.002** 6.49 (2.85) F (2, 1005) = 8.23, p = 0.000***
  Secondary 7.16 (2.58)   7.08 (2.60)  
  Degree and above 7.21 (2.57)   7.37 (2.56)  
Socioeconomic status     
  First quartile (most deprived) 6.39 (2.75) F (3,902) = 2.82, p = 0.04* 6.29 (2.74) F (3,886) = 2.82, p = 0.03*
  Second quartile 7.07 (2.68)   7.02 (2.72)  
  Third quartile 7.10 (2.74)   6.85 (2.84)  
  Fourth quartile (least deprived) 6.87 (2.65)   6.56 (2.86)  
Experience of ovarian cancer     
  Experience of ovarian cancer 7.23 (2.52) t (1036) = 2.51, p = 0.01** 7.32 (2.43) t (1021) = 3.84, p = 0.000***
  No experience of ovarian cancer 6.75 (2.78)   6.59 (2.86)  
Anticipated delay     
  Up to three weeks 6.99 (2.67) t (1004) = 1.57, p = 0.12 6.90 (2.75) t (993) = 0.27, p = 0.006**
  More than three weeks 6.56 (2.83)   6.11 (2.83)  
  1. *p ≤ .05, **p ≤ .01, *** p ≤ .001, ^ sample size not large enough in some cells to conduct statistical tests.
  2. F = ANOVA, t = independent t-test, r = Pearson’s correlation.
  3. 1Adjusted for sample non-representativeness in age, education, region, and relationship status.