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Table 2 Comparison of intratumoral injection of TEA and some hemostatic agents used in bronchoscopic procedure related bleeding

From: Bronchoscopic intratumoral injection of tranexamic acid to prevent excessive bleeding during multiple forceps biopsies of lesions with a high risk of bleeding: a prospective case series

  TEA* Epinephrine [5] (1:1,000) Terlipressin [3]
Dosage 250-500 mg 2 ml 1 mg
Untoward reactions None Vasoconstriction Increase in heart rate
   Hypertension Tachyarrhythmias Decrease in blood pressure
Other possible properties Antitumor [22]   
  Partial reversion of platelet aggregation dysfunction due to antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel [23]   
Cost ($) [24] 1.25-2.50 1.84 29.86
  1. *TEA-tranexamic acid.