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Table 4 Factors associated with choosing being a burden to others as top concern in cross-national and national models (GEE and logistic regression)

From: ‘Burden to others’ as a public concern in advanced cancer: a comparative survey in seven European countries

  All countries (GEE) Germanya Portugala Spaina
n = 9344 n = 1208 n = 1101 n = 1226
Cross-National Variables OR OR OR OR
(95% CIs) (95% CIs) (95% CIs) (95% CIs)
Age (ref 16–29)     
Age bands     
 30–39 1.02 (0.86–1.22) n.s. n.s. n.s.
 40–49 1.01 (0.86–1.18) n.s. n.s. n.s.
 50–59 1.13 (0.97–1.33) n.s. n.s. n.s.
 60–69 1.26 (1.07–1.49) n.s. n.s. n.s.
 70+ 1.50 (1.24–1.82) n.s. n.s. n.s.
Gender (ref male)     
Female n.s. 0.69 (0.55–0.88) n.s. n.s.
Living arrangements (ref living with others)     
Living alone 0.82 (0.73–0.93) n.s. 0.60 (0.39–0.93) n.s.
Quality or quantity of life (ref to extend life)     
Both equally important 1.17 (0.92–1.50) 1.52 (0.79–2.93) n.s. n.s.
To improve quality of life 1.43 (1.14–1.80) 1.96 (1.05–3.66) n.s. n.s.
Country Specific Variable     
Marital status (ref being married)     
Divorced/separated n.s. n.s. n.s. 0.75 (0.47–1.19)
Widowed n.s. n.s. n.s. 0.91 (0.53–1.59)
Single n.s. n.s. n.s. 0.55 (0.38–0.80)
  1. Legend: Only countries with significant variables are presented (p ≤ 0.01); a logistic regression.