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Table 1 Composition of the standard and ketogenic diets

From: Differential utilization of ketone bodies by neurons and glioma cell lines: a rationale for ketogenic diet as experimental glioma therapy

Component Control, standard diet Ketogenic diet
Fat 6.1 35.5
Carbohydrate 55.6 0.2
Protein 21.8 13.0
Fiber 3.8 14.8
Ashes 5.3 2.1
Energy [kJ/g] 15.8 15.4
Ketogenic ratio 0.08:1 2.7:1
  1. Components of the diets used are listed in grams per 100 grams of food. The fat in the standard diet derived from soybean oil; the fat source of the ketogenic diet consisted of a mixture of vegetable oils from flaxseed and hempseed with elevated levels of omega-3 fatty acid and medium-chain triglycerides [31]. The ketogenic ratio was calculated according to the following formula: Fats/(Protein + Carbohydrates).