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Table 3 Clinical presentations of the respondents

From: Diagnosis delay of breast cancer and its associated factors in Malaysian women

Clinical characteristics Frequency (%)
Location of tumour on right 177 (54.0)
Second breast cancer on contralateral breast 9 (2.7)
First symptom  
   Breast lump 288 (87.8)
   Nipple problems 12 (3.6)
   Breast pain 10 (3.1)
   Changes of breast shape 9 (2.8)
   No symptom 4 (1.2)
   Others 5 (1.5)
Symptom/sign during diagnosis (not exclusive)  
   Breast lump 320 (97.6)
   Nipple retraction 63 (19.2)
   Pain at breast 47 (14.3)
   Peau de orange 36 (11.0)
   Breast ulcer 28 (8.5)
   Gross swelling 25 (7.6)
   Nipple discharge 22 (6.7)
   Fungating 19 (5.8)
   Breast dimpling 7 (2.1)
   Arm oedema 5 (1.5)
   Axillary lymph nodes 87 (26.5)
   Supraclavicular lymph nodes 14 (4.3)
Systemic symptom/sign during diagnosis (not exclusive)  
   Loss of weight 28 (8.5)
   Loss of appetite 20 (6.1)
   Bony pain 7 (2.1)
   Cachexia 4 (1.2)
   Cough 2 (0.6)
   Bone fracture 1 (0.3)
   Short of breath 1 (0.3)