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Table 7 Lifetime cancer risk of ethyl carbamate in different whole population exposure scenarios.

From: Cancer risk assessment of ethyl carbamate in alcoholic beverages from Brazil with special consideration to the spirits cachaça and tiquira

  Scenario 1 for cachaça all types without weighting Scenario 2 for cachaça all types with weighting Hypothetical scenario 3 for regulated cachaça (including regulated unrecorded cachaça)
EC exposure Mean Median 95th percentile Mean Median 95th percentile Mean Median 95th percentile
Beer 2.7E-05 2.7E-05 3.2E-05 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Wine 1.2E-06 8.6E-07 1.3E-05 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Cachaça 9.2E-05 4.6E-05 3.3E-04 1.1E-04 6.8E-05 3.7E-04 2.7E-05 3.6E-05 3.6E-05
Whisky 1.3E-06 9.6E-07 3.4E-06 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Rum 3.0E-07 2.1E-07 8.0E-07 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Vodka 3.0E-07 1.9E-07 6.4E-07 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Brandy 2.4E-06 1.4E-06 1.0E-05 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Other 5.0E-07 1.2E-07 2.1E-06 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Tiquira 1.3E-06 9.2E-07 3.3E-06 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Unrecorded 2.0E-04 1.1E-04 7.1E-04 (similar to scenario 1) 5.9E-05 8.0E-05 8.0E-05
Total alcohol 3.3E-04 1.9E-04 1.1E-03 3.5E-04 2.1E-04 1.1E-03 1.2E-04 1.5E-04 1.8E-04
Total plus other foods 3.6E-04 2.2E-04 1.1E-03 3.7E-04 2.4E-04 1.2E-03 1.5E-04 1.7E-04 2.1E-04
  1. Calculated with HT25 of of 0.16 mg/kg bw/day (Lifetime cancer risk = Exposure/HT25·0.25).