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Table 5 Exposure with ethyl carbamate from alcoholic beverages in Brazil.

From: Cancer risk assessment of ethyl carbamate in alcoholic beverages from Brazil with special consideration to the spirits cachaça and tiquira

  Scenario 1 for cachaça all types without weighting Scenario 2 for cachaça all types with weighting Hypothetical scenario 3 for regulated cachaça (including regulated unrecorded cachaça)
EC exposure Mean Median 95th percentile Mean Median 95th percentile Mean Median 95th percentile
Beer 17.3 17.3 20.8 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Wine 0.77 0.55 8.61 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Cachaça 59.0 29.5 208.0 69.9 43.5 239.1 17.1 23.3 23.3
Whisky 0.82 0.62 2.18 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Rum 0.19 0.14 0.51 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Vodka 0.19 0.12 0.41 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Brandy 1.51 0.87 6.70 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Other 0.32 0.08 1.34 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Tiquira 0.80 0.59 2.09 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Unrecorded 130.1 71.9 452.1 (similar to scenario 1) 37.7 51.4 51.4
Total alcohol 211.1 121.7 702.7 221.9 135.7 733.7 76.7 94.9 117.3
Total plus other foodsa 227.8 138.4 719.4 238.6 152.4 750.4 93.4 111.6 134.0
  1. Calculated as ng/kg bw/day (calculated for a 60 kg person)
  2. a an exposure of 16.7 ng/kg bw/day is assumed for other foods by EFSA based on an international JECFA estimate, see [4, 5] for details.