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Table 3 Ethyl carbamate occurrence in European-style alcoholic beverages from large international samplings (data from EFSA [4])

From: Cancer risk assessment of ethyl carbamate in alcoholic beverages from Brazil with special consideration to the spirits cachaça and tiquira

  Ethyl carbamate [mg/l]
Type of beverage Mean Median 95th percentile
Beer 0.005 0.005 0.006
Wine 0.007 0.005 0.078
Spirits (excluding fruit spirits) 0.094 0.022 0.390
- Whisky 0.040 0.030 0.106
- Rum 0.017 0.012 0.045
- Vodka 0.008 0.005 0.017
- Brandy 0.078 0.045 0.345