Open Access

Erratum to: Global and regional estimates of cancer mortality and incidence by site: II. results for the global burden of disease 2000

  • Kenji Shibuya1Email author,
  • Colin D Mathers1,
  • Cynthia Boschi-Pinto2,
  • Alan D Lopez3 and
  • Christopher JL Murray4
BMC Cancer20033:20

DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-3-20

Received: 17 July 2003

Accepted: 23 July 2003

Published: 23 July 2003

The original article was published in BMC Cancer 2002 2:37

After the publication of this work [1], we noticed the typographical errors in Tables 8, 9, 16, and 17: there were inconsistencies between the ranking of cancer mortality and incidence and their corresponding figures. Here we briefly present the results along with the revisions of the relevant tables since the ranking was corrected while the figures remained the same as the original.

Tables 1 and 2 represent the ranking of the number of deaths by cancer site in the world and three selected sub regions: African Region with a high child and adult mortality (AfrE), European Region with a very low child and adult mortality (EurA), and South East Asia Region with a low child and adult mortality (SearB). Lung cancer was the leading cause of cancer deaths in the world, accounting for 17% of total cancer mortality, followed by cancers of stomach (12% of total), colon and rectum (9%), liver (9%), and breast (7%). In males, lung, stomach, and liver cancers were the three most common causes of cancer deaths. The leading cause of cancer deaths among females was breast cancer, but lung cancer was already one of the largest causes of female cancer mortality.
Table 1

Ranking of the global cancer deaths by site, 2000

Site

Number of deaths (000s)

Proporion of total (%)

Both sexes

  

Trachea, bronchus, and lung

1,201.1

17.1

Stomach

836.2

11.9

Colon and rectum

607.3

8.7

Liver

605.9

8.6

Breast

468.9

6.7

Oesophagus

431.2

6.1

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

332.3

4.7

Mouth and oropharynx

319.6

4.6

Prostate

263.6

3.8

Leukaemia

260.1

3.7

Cervix uteri

259.6

3.7

Pancreas

222.6

3.2

Bladder

177.4

2.5

Ovary

128.6

1.8

Corpus uteri

72.9

1.0

Melanoma of the skin

65.1

0.9

Males

  

Trachea, bronchus, and lung

877.3

22.5

Stomach

512.0

13.2

Liver

414.9

10.7

Colon and rectum

311.8

8.0

Oesophagus

273.6

7.0

Prostate

263.6

6.8

Mouth and oropharynx

222.4

5.7

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

168.6

4.3

Leukaemia

145.3

3.7

Bladder

123.9

3.2

Pancreas

117.0

3.0

Melanoma of the skin

35.1

0.9

Females

  

Breast

466.3

14.9

Stomach

324.2

10.4

Trachea, bronchus, and lung

323.8

10.4

Colon and rectum

295.5

9.4

Cervix uteri

259.6

8.3

Liver

191.0

6.1

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

163.7

5.2

Oesophagus

157.6

5.0

Ovary

128.6

4.1

Leukaemia

114.7

3.7

Pancreas

105.6

3.4

Mouth and oropharynx

97.2

3.1

Corpus uteri

72.9

2.3

Bladder

53.5

1.7

Melanoma of the skin

30.1

1.0

Table 2

Ranking of selected regional cancer deaths by site, 2000

WHO sub region

AfrE (high child and adult mortality)

EurA (very low child and adult mortality)

SearB (low child and adult mortality)

Site

Number of deaths (000s)

Proportion of total (%)

 

Number of deaths (000s)

Proportion of total (%)

 

Number of deaths (000s)

Proportion of total (%)

Both sexes

        

Cervix uteri

36.8

12.4

Trachea, bronchus, and lung

207.2

19.5

Trachea, bronchus, and lung

48.3

16.6

Liver

33.3

11.2

Colon and rectum

141.8

13.3

Liver

36.5

12.5

Breast

23.0

7.8

Breast

92.7

8.7

Breast

29.1

10.0

Mouth and oropharynx

21.4

7.2

Prostate

70.2

6.6

Colon and rectum

27.6

9.5

Oesophagus

20.6

7.0

Stomach

66.8

6.3

Mouth and oropharynx

18.6

6.4

Prostate

19.2

6.5

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

55.0

5.2

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

15.8

5.4

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

18.8

6.4

Pancreas

53.6

5.0

Cervix uteri

15.4

5.3

Stomach

17.0

5.7

Liver

38.6

3.6

Leukaemia

14.7

5.1

Colon and rectum

14.1

4.8

Bladder

37.6

3.5

Stomach

12.5

4.3

Trachea, bronchus, and lung

14.0

4.7

Leukaemia

37.3

3.5

Ovary

8.7

3.0

Leukaemia

11.8

4.0

Oesophagus

29.2

2.7

Prostate

8.1

2.8

Ovary

6.7

2.3

Ovary

25.7

2.4

Pancreas

6.8

2.3

Bladder

6.3

2.1

Mouth and oropharynx

24.9

2.3

Bladder

5.8

2.0

Melanoma of the skin

5.3

1.8

Corpus uteri

16.0

1.5

Oesophagus

5.6

1.9

Pancreas

5.2

1.8

Melanoma of the skin

15.5

1.5

Corpus uteri

4.0

1.4

Corpus uteri

1.7

0.6

Cervix uteri

8.3

0.8

Melanoma of the skin

1.7

0.6

Males

        

Liver

23.5

15.2

Trachea, bronchus, and lung

158.0

26.6

Trachea, bronchus, and lung

40.8

26.4

Prostate

19.2

12.5

Colon and rectum

72.1

12.1

Liver

25.9

16.7

Mouth and oropharynx

14.3

9.3

Prostate

70.2

11.8

Colon and rectum

13.9

9.0

Oesophagus

13.8

8.9

Stomach

38.9

6.5

Mouth and oropharynx

13.1

8.4

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

13.7

8.9

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

27.6

4.6

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

9.6

6.2

Stomach

9.8

6.3

Bladder

27.1

4.6

Prostate

8.1

5.3

Trachea, bronchus, and lung

9.4

6.1

Pancreas

26.7

4.5

Leukaemia

7.6

4.9

Colon and rectum

8.8

5.7

Liver

25.3

4.3

Stomach

7.1

4.6

Leukaemia

6.9

4.5

Oesophagus

21.4

3.6

Bladder

4.4

2.8

Bladder

4.3

2.8

Leukaemia

20.0

3.4

Pancreas

3.5

2.3

Pancreas

2.7

1.8

Mouth and oropharynx

19.2

3.2

Oesophagus

3.3

2.1

Melanoma of the skin

2.2

1.5

Melanoma of the skin

8.3

1.4

Melanoma of the skin

0.7

0.5

Females

        

Cervix uteri

36.8

26.0

Breast

91.8

19.6

Breast

29.0

21.2

Breast

23.0

16.3

Colon and rectum

69.7

14.9

Cervix uteri

15.4

11.2

Liver

9.8

6.9

Trachea, bronchus, and lung

49.2

10.5

Colon and rectum

13.6

10.0

Stomach

7.2

5.1

Stomach

27.9

6.0

Liver

10.6

7.8

Mouth and oropharynx

7.1

5.0

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

27.4

5.9

Ovary

8.7

6.3

Oesophagus

6.8

4.8

Pancreas

26.9

5.8

Trachea, bronchus, and lung

7.5

5.5

Ovary

6.7

4.8

Ovary

25.7

5.5

Leukaemia

7.2

5.2

Colon and rectum

5.3

3.7

Leukaemia

17.2

3.7

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

6.1

4.5

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

5.2

3.7

Corpus uteri

16.0

3.4

Mouth and oropharynx

5.5

4.0

Leukaemia

4.9

3.5

Liver

13.3

2.8

Stomach

5.5

4.0

Trachea, bronchus, and lung

4.5

3.2

Bladder

10.5

2.2

Corpus uteri

4.0

2.9

Melanoma of the skin

3.0

2.1

Cervix uteri

8.3

1.8

Pancreas

3.3

2.4

Pancreas

2.5

1.8

Oesophagus

7.8

1.7

Oesophagus

2.3

1.7

Bladder

2.0

1.4

Melanoma of the skin

7.2

1.5

Bladder

1.4

1.0

Corpus uteri

1.7

1.2

Mouth and oropharynx

5.7

1.2

Melanoma of the skin

1.0

0.7

The distribution of common cancer incidence was somewhat similar to that of mortality: lung cancer was the most common cancer in the world in 2000, accounting for 13% of total cancer incidence, followed by cancers of colon and rectum (10% of total), breast (10%), stomach (10%), and liver (6%) (Table 3). As in mortality distribution, there is a significant variation in the distribution of site-specific cancer incidence by region (Table 4). The variations in the distribution of site-specific new cases of cancer by region were also similar to those observed in mortality distribution.
Table 3

Ranking of the global cancer incidence by site, 2000

Site

Number of new cases (000s)

Proportion of total (%)

Both sexes

  

Trachea, bronchus and lung

1,305.6

12.7

Colon and rectum

1,045.0

10.2

Breast

1,031.9

10.0

Stomach

973.1

9.5

Liver

626.4

6.1

Prostate

550.2

5.3

Cervix uteri

487.5

4.7

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

481.1

4.7

Oesophagus

452.7

4.4

Mouth and oropharynx

420.7

4.1

Bladder

382.9

3.7

Leukaemia

364.7

3.5

Corpus uteri

326.3

3.2

Pancreas

226.2

2.2

Ovary

221.3

2.2

Melanoma of the skin

206.7

2.0

Males

  

Trachea, bronchus and lung

939.9

18.2

Stomach

589.3

11.4

Prostate

550.2

10.6

Colon and rectum

527.8

10.2

Liver

422.0

8.2

Oesophagus

286.5

5.5

Bladder

277.2

5.4

Mouth and oropharynx

267.1

5.2

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

238.5

4.6

Leukaemia

195.2

3.8

Pancreas

119.3

2.3

Melanoma of the skin

118.2

2.3

Females

  

Breast

1,031.9

20.1

Colon and rectum

517.3

10.1

Cervix uteri

487.5

9.5

Stomach

383.9

7.5

Trachea, bronchus and lung

365.7

7.1

Corpus uteri

326.3

6.4

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

242.6

4.7

Ovary

221.3

4.3

Liver

204.4

4.0

Leukaemia

169.5

3.3

Oesophagus

166.2

3.2

Mouth and oropharynx

153.6

3.0

Pancreas

106.9

2.1

Bladder

105.7

2.1

Melanoma of the skin

88.5

1.7

Table 4

Ranking of the selected regional cancer incidence by site, 2000

WHO sub region

AfrE (high child and adult mortality)

EurA (very low child and adult mortality)

SearB (low child and adult mortality)

Site

Number of new cases (000s)

Proportion of total (%)

Site

Number of new cases (000s)

Proportion of total (%)

Site

Number of new cases (000s)

Proportion of total (%)

Both sexes

        

Cervix uteri

67.9

16.4

Colon and rectum

264.7

15.4

Breast

53.9

12.3

Breast

39.8

9.6

Trachea, bronchus and lung

227.3

13.2

Trachea, bronchus and lung

51.4

11.7

Liver

34.7

8.3

Breast

221.8

12.9

Colon and rectum

44.3

10.1

Prostate

28.2

6.8

Prostate

139.1

8.1

Liver

40.3

9.2

Mouth and oropharynx

27.9

6.7

Bladder

86.5

5.0

Cervix uteri

32.8

7.5

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

26.6

6.4

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

80.2

4.7

Mouth and oropharynx

25.4

5.8

Oesophagus

21.2

5.1

Stomach

79.6

4.6

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

22.9

5.2

Colon and rectum

20.3

4.9

Corpus uteri

68.3

4.0

Leukaemia

21.5

4.9

Stomach

19.4

4.7

Pancreas

55.5

3.2

Corpus uteri

19.9

4.5

Leukaemia

16.2

3.9

Melanoma of the skin

49.1

2.8

Ovary

18.1

4.1

Trachea, bronchus and lung

14.8

3.6

Leukaemia

48.6

2.8

Stomach

15.3

3.5

Ovary

12.2

2.9

Liver

40.1

2.3

Prostate

13.4

3.1

Bladder

10.7

2.6

Ovary

39.4

2.3

Bladder

10.1

2.3

Melanoma of the skin

7.7

1.8

Mouth and oropharynx

38.6

2.2

Pancreas

7.2

1.7

Corpus uteri

6.0

1.4

Oesophagus

31.2

1.8

Oesophagus

6.2

1.4

Pancreas

5.4

1.3

Cervix uteri

18.8

1.1

Melanoma of the skin

3.1

0.7

Male

  

Male

  

Male

  

Prostate

28.2

14.8

Trachea, bronchus and lung

172.0

19.6

Trachea, bronchus and lung

43.1

22.0

Liver

23.6

12.4

Prostate

139.1

15.9

Liver

28.6

14.6

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

18.6

9.8

Colon and rectum

133.8

15.3

Colon and rectum

21.4

11.0

Mouth and oropharynx

16.5

8.7

Bladder

65.1

7.4

Mouth and oropharynx

16.0

8.2

Oesophagus

14.1

7.4

Stomach

45.6

5.2

Prostate

13.4

6.9

Colon and rectum

12.0

6.3

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

39.3

4.5

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

13.3

6.8

Stomach

10.9

5.8

Mouth and oropharynx

28.7

3.3

Leukaemia

10.7

5.5

Trachea, bronchus and lung

9.8

5.2

Pancreas

27.4

3.1

Stomach

8.6

4.4

Leukaemia

9.2

4.9

Liver

26.1

3.0

Bladder

7.7

3.9

Bladder

7.3

3.8

Leukaemia

25.6

2.9

Oesophagus

3.8

1.9

Melanoma of the skin

3.4

1.8

Oesophagus

22.8

2.6

Pancreas

3.7

1.9

Pancreas

2.8

1.5

Melanoma of the skin

22.6

2.6

Melanoma of the skin

1.2

0.6

Female

  

Female

  

Female

  

Cervix uteri

67.9

30.2

Breast

221.8

26.2

Breast

53.9

22.3

Breast

39.8

17.7

Colon and rectum

131.0

15.4

Cervix uteri

32.8

13.6

Ovary

12.2

5.4

Corpus uteri

68.3

8.1

Colon and rectum

22.8

9.4

Mouth and oropharynx

11.4

5.1

Trachea, bronchus and lung

55.3

6.5

Corpus uteri

19.9

8.2

Liver

11.1

4.9

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

40.9

4.8

Ovary

18.1

7.5

Stomach

8.4

3.7

Ovary

39.4

4.6

Liver

11.7

4.8

Colon and rectum

8.2

3.7

Stomach

33.9

4.0

Leukaemia

10.8

4.5

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

8.0

3.6

Pancreas

28.1

3.3

Lymphomas and multiple myeloma

9.6

4.0

Oesophagus

7.2

3.2

Melanoma of the skin

26.5

3.1

Mouth and oropharynx

9.4

3.9

Leukaemia

7.0

3.1

Leukaemia

23.0

2.7

Trachea, bronchus and lung

8.3

3.4

Corpus uteri

6.0

2.7

Bladder

21.4

2.5

Stomach

6.7

2.8

Trachea, bronchus and lung

5.0

2.2

Cervix uteri

18.8

2.2

Pancreas

3.6

1.5

Melanoma of the skin

4.3

1.9

Liver

14.0

1.7

Oesophagus

2.5

1.0

Bladder

3.4

1.5

Mouth and oropharynx

9.9

1.2

Bladder

2.4

1.0

Pancreas

2.6

1.2

Oesophagus

8.4

1.0

Melanoma of the skin

1.9

0.8

We regret any inconvenience that this inaccuracy in the tables might have caused. We wish to thank Dr. Robert Dubrow of Yale University School of Medicine for bringing this matter to our attention.

Notes

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Global Program on Evidence for Health Policy, World Health Organization
(2)
Family and Community Health/Child and Adolescent Health and Development, World Health Organization
(3)
School of Population Health, University of Queensland
(4)
Executive Director, Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization

References

  1. Shibuya K, Mathers CD, Boschi-Pinto C, Lopez AD, Murray CJL: Global and regional estimates of cancer mortality and incidence by site: II. results for the global burden of disease 2000. BMC Cancer. 2002, 2: 37-10.1186/1471-2407-2-37.View ArticlePubMedPubMed CentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Pre-publication history

    1. The pre-publication history for this paper can be accessed here:http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2407/3/20/prepub

Copyright

© Shibuya et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2003

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article: verbatim copying and redistribution of this article are permitted in all media for any purpose, provided this notice is preserved along with the article's original URL.

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