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Translational oncology

This section aims to consider publications which bridge laboratory basic science and applied clinical research. The section will publish studies of diagnostic and prognostic markers which may ultimately be applicable in a clinical setting with a special focus on molecular and experimental pathology. Submissions need to be REMARK compliant as established in NCI-EORTC's "Reporting Recommendations for Tumor Marker Prognostic Studies " (J Clin Oncol 23:9067, 2005) and should report biomarkers that have a clear biologic relevance to a particular tumor type.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Small GTP binding protein Rac1 is a component of NADPH oxidases and is essential for superoxide-induced cell death. Rac1 is activated by guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs), and this activation can be b...

    Authors: Nan Wu, Dong Ren, Su Li, Wenli Ma, Shaoyan Hu, Yan Jin and Sheng Xiao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:67

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a common and clinically relevant side effect of chemotherapy. Approximately 50% of all leukemia, lymphoma, colorectal- and breast cancer patients are affected.

    Authors: Fiona Streckmann, Maryam Balke, Helmar C. Lehmann, Vanessa Rustler, Christina Koliamitra, Thomas Elter, Michael Hallek, Michael Leitzmann, Tilman Steinmetz, Petra Heinen, Freerk T. Baumann and Wilhelm Bloch

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:62

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer anti-estrogen resistance 1 (BCAR1/p130cas) is a hub for diverse oncogenic signaling cascades and promotes tumor development and progression.

    Authors: Asmus Heumann, Nina Heinemann, Claudia Hube-Magg, Dagmar S. Lang, Katharina Grupp, Martina Kluth, Sarah Minner, Christina Möller-Koop, Markus Graefen, Hans Heinzer, Maria Christina Tsourlakis, Waldemar Wilczak, Corinna Wittmer, Frank Jacobsen, Hartwig Huland, Ronald Simon…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:37

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The Intratumoral Microvessel Density (IMVD) is commonly used to quantify tumoral vascularization and is usually assessed by pan-endothelial markers, such as CD31. Endoglin (CD105) is a protein predominantly ex...

    Authors: Virginia Di Paolo, Ida Russo, Renata Boldrini, Lucilla Ravà, Marco Pezzullo, Maria Chiara Benedetti, Angela Galardi, Marta Colletti, Rossella Rota, Domenico Orlando, Alessandro Crocoli, Hector Peinado, Giuseppe Maria Milano and Angela Di Giannatale

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:31

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Neuroblastoma is a paediatric cancer that despite multimodal therapy still has a poor outcome for many patients with high risk tumours. Retinoic acid (RA) promotes differentiation of some neuroblastoma tumours...

    Authors: Rasha Swadi, Grace Mather, Barry L. Pizer, Paul D. Losty, Violaine See and Diana Moss

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:28

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Early diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) simplifies treatment and improves treatment outcomes. We previously described a diagnostic metabolomic biomarker derived from semi-quantitative gas chromatography-mas...

    Authors: Farshad Farshidfar, Karen A. Kopciuk, Robert Hilsden, S. Elizabeth McGregor, Vera C. Mazurak, W. Donald Buie, Anthony MacLean, Hans J. Vogel and Oliver F. Bathe

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:26

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The key-stone-pathogen, Porphyromonas gingivalis associates not only with periodontal diseases but with a variety of other chronic diseases such as cancer. We previously reported an association between the presen...

    Authors: She-Gan Gao, Jun-Qiang Yang, Zhi-Kun Ma, Xiang Yuan, Chen Zhao, Guang-Chao Wang, Hua Wei, Xiao-Shan Feng and Yi-Jun Qi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:17

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Approximately 10–15% of ovarian carcinomas (OC) are attributed to inherited susceptibility, the majority of which are due to mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2 (BRCA1/2). These patients display superior clinical outcome...

    Authors: Robert L. Hollis, Alison M. Meynert, Michael Churchman, Tzyvia Rye, Melanie Mackean, Fiona Nussey, Mark J. Arends, Andrew H. Sims, Colin A. Semple, C. Simon Herrington and Charlie Gourley

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:16

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  9. Content type: Research article

    In metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), the localization of the primary tumour has been shown to be of prognostic as well as predictive relevance.

    Authors: Florian Huemer, Josef Thaler, Gudrun Piringer, Hubert Hackl, Lisa Pleyer, Clemens Hufnagl, Lukas Weiss and Richard Greil

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:11

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  10. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the predictive value of chemokine CCL27 for identifying early stage nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients within a population seropositive for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) capsid antigen-specific ...

    Authors: Min-jie Mao, Ning Xue, Xue-ping Wang, Pei-dong Chi, Yi-jun Liu, Qi Huang, Shu-qin Dai and Wan-li Liu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:9

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Invasive cribriform and intraductal carcinoma (CR/IDC) is associated with adverse outcome of prostate cancer patients. The aim of this study was to determine the molecular aberrations associated with CR/IDC in...

    Authors: René Böttcher, Charlotte F. Kweldam, Julie Livingstone, Emilie Lalonde, Takafumi N. Yamaguchi, Vincent Huang, Fouad Yousif, Michael Fraser, Robert G. Bristow, Theodorus van der Kwast, Paul C. Boutros, Guido Jenster and Geert J. L. H. van Leenders

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:8

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a model organism that has emerged as a tool for cancer research, cancer being the second most common cause of death after cardiovascular disease for humans in the developed world. Zebra...

    Authors: Pablo Cabezas-Sainz, Jorge Guerra-Varela, María J. Carreira, Javier Mariscal, María Roel, Juan A. Rubiolo, Andrés A. Sciara, Miguel Abal, Luis M. Botana, Rafael López and Laura Sánchez

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:3

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Hepatocellular (HCC) and cholangiocellular carcinomas (CCC) display an exceptionally poor prognosis. Especially for advanced disease no efficient standard therapy is currently available. Recently, somatostatin...

    Authors: Daniel Kaemmerer, Robin Schindler, Franziska Mußbach, Uta Dahmen, Annelore Altendorf-Hofmann, Olaf Dirsch, Jörg Sänger, Stefan Schulz and Amelie Lupp

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:896

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Because glycosylation is one of the most common post-translational modifications of proteins and because changes in glycosylation have been shown to have a significant correlation with the development of many ...

    Authors: Jie Chen, Meng Fang, Xiaoling Chen, Changhong Yi, Jun Ji, Cheng Cheng, Mengmeng Wang, Xing Gu, Quansheng Sun and Chunfang Gao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:881

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Sorafenib is a multiple receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor known to prolong overall survival in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Predicting this drug’s survival benefits is challenging be...

    Authors: Tomoyuki Hayashi, Taro Yamashita, Takeshi Terashima, Tsuyoshi Suda, Hikari Okada, Yoshiro Asahina, Takehiro Hayashi, Yasumasa Hara, Kouki Nio, Hajime Sunagozaka, Hajime Takatori, Kuniaki Arai, Yoshio Sakai, Tatsuya Yamashita, Eishiro Mizukoshi, Masao Honda…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:870

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  16. Content type: Research article

    p53R2 is a target of p53 gene, which is essential for DNA repair, mitochondrial DNA synthesis, protection against oxidative stress, chromosomal instability, chronic inflammation and tumorigenesis. This study i...

    Authors: Jiewei Chen, Shuman Li, Yongbo Xiao, Xuan Zou, Xinke Zhang, Mingshu Zhu, Muyan Cai and Dan Xie

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:846

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The need for novel biomarkers that could aid in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) detection, together with the relevance of Matrix Metalloproteases (MMPs) -1, -2, -7, -9 and -10 in lung tumorigenesis, prompte...

    Authors: Sonia Blanco-Prieto, Leticia Barcia-Castro, María Páez de la Cadena, Francisco Javier Rodríguez-Berrocal, Lorena Vázquez-Iglesias, María Isabel Botana-Rial, Alberto Fernández-Villar and Loretta De Chiara

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:823

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Epigenetic alterations have been recognized as important contributors to the pathogenesis of PDAC. However, the role of histone variants in pancreatic tumor progression is still not completely understood. The ...

    Authors: Monika Bauden, Theresa Kristl, Agata Sasor, Bodil Andersson, György Marko-Varga, Roland Andersson and Daniel Ansari

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:810

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    Cancer clinical trials are essential for testing new treatments and represent state-of-the-art cancer treatment, but only a small percentage of patients ever enroll in a trial. Under-enrollment is an even grea...

    Authors: Susan Eggly, Lauren M. Hamel, Elisabeth Heath, Mark A. Manning, Terrance L. Albrecht, Ellen Barton, Mark Wojda, Tanina Foster, Michael Carducci, Dina Lansey, Ting Wang, Rehab Abdallah, Narineh Abrahamian, Seongho Kim, Nicole Senft and Louis A. Penner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:807

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Transcriptomic profiling of breast tumors provides opportunity for subtyping and molecular-based patient stratification. In diagnostic applications the specimen profiled should be representative of the express...

    Authors: Govindasamy-Muralidharan Karthik, Mattias Rantalainen, Gustav Stålhammar, John Lövrot, Ikram Ullah, Amjad Alkodsi, Ran Ma, Lena Wedlund, Johan Lindberg, Jan Frisell, Jonas Bergh and Johan Hartman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:802

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Haematuria is a common finding in general practice which requires visual inspection of the bladder by cystoscopy as well as upper tract imaging. In addition, patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (N...

    Authors: Wei Shen Tan, Andrew Feber, Liqin Dong, Rachael Sarpong, Sheida Rezaee, Simon Rodney, Pramit Khetrapal, Patricia de Winter, Frelyn Ocampo, Rumana Jalil, Norman R. Williams, Chris Brew-Graves and John D. Kelly

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:767

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Growing evidence has indicated that some inflammatory markers, including lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and prognostic nutritional...

    Authors: Yongxi Song, Yuchong Yang, Peng Gao, Xiaowan Chen, Dehao Yu, Yingying Xu, Junhua Zhao and Zhenning Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:744

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  23. Content type: Research article

    TP53 Arg72Pro (SNP rs1042522) is associated with risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common subtype of NHL. However, the relationship ...

    Authors: Yalu Liu, Xiaogan Wang, Ning Ding, Lan Mi, Lingyan Ping, Xuan Jin, Jiao Li, Yan Xie, Zhitao Ying, Weiping Liu, Chen Zhang, Lijuan Deng, Yuqin Song and Jun Zhu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:743

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Patients suffering from advanced stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) often exhibit a poor prognosis or dismal clinical outcomes due to ineffective chemotherapy or a multi-drug resistance (MDR) process. Thus, ...

    Authors: Jun Hou, Zhixian Hong, Fan Feng, Yantao Chai, Yunkai Zhang, Qiyu Jiang, Yan Hu, Shunquan Wu, Yingsong Wu, Xunian Gao, Qiong Chen, Yong Wan, Jingfeng Bi and Zheng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:729

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  25. Content type: Research article

    MicroRNAs may act as oncogenes or tumour suppressor genes, which make these small molecules potential diagnostic/prognostic factors and targets for anticancer therapies. Several common oncogenic microRNAs have...

    Authors: Malgorzata Bulkowska, Agata Rybicka, Kerem Mert Senses, Katarzyna Ulewicz, Katarzyna Witt, Joanna Szymanska, Bartlomiej Taciak, Robert Klopfleisch, Eva Hellmén, Izabella Dolka, Ali O. Gure, Joanna Mucha, Mariusz Mikow, Slawomir Gizinski and Magdalena Krol

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:728

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by a lack of estrogen and progesterone receptor expression (ESR and PGR, respectively) and an absence of human epithelial growth factor receptor (ERBB2) ampli...

    Authors: Melissa Quintero, Douglas Adamoski, Larissa Menezes dos Reis, Carolline Fernanda Rodrigues Ascenção, Krishina Ratna Sousa de Oliveira, Kaliandra de Almeida Gonçalves, Marília Meira Dias, Marcelo Falsarella Carazzolle and Sandra Martha Gomes Dias

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:727

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) may be a useful molecule for targeted immunotherapy. Therefore, this meta-analysis aimed to investigate PD-L1 expression in breast cancer and its associations with clinic...

    Authors: Hye Min Kim, Jinae Lee and Ja Seung Koo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:690

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Cytotoxic chemotherapeutics form the cornerstone of systemic treatment of many cancers. Patients are dosed at maximum tolerated dose (MTD), which is carefully determined in phase I studies. In contrast, in mur...

    Authors: Wayne J. Aston, Danika E. Hope, Anna K. Nowak, Bruce W. Robinson, Richard A. Lake and W. Joost Lesterhuis

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:684

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Lung cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers, and is a leading cause of cancer mortality world-wide. Due to lack of early specific symptoms, the majority of patients present with advanced, inopera...

    Authors: Lara Edbrooke, Sanchia Aranda, Catherine L. Granger, Christine F. McDonald, Mei Krishnasamy, Linda Mileshkin, Louis Irving, Sabine Braat, Ross A. Clark, Ian Gordon and Linda Denehy

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:663

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of biomarkers in assessing the risk of breast cancer recurrence in patients with node-negative or micrometastatic grade II breast cancer. Specifically, w...

    Authors: Elise Deluche, Laurence Venat-Bouvet, Sophie Leobon, Veronique Fermeaux, Joelle Mollard, Nadira Saidi, Isabelle Jammet, Yves Aubard and Nicole Tubiana-Mathieu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:662

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer is the second leading cause of death among female patients with cancer in the world. High risk human papillomavirus has causal roles in cervical cancer initiation and progression by deregulatin...

    Authors: Sunyoung Park, Kiyoon Eom, Jungho Kim, Hyeeun Bang, Hye-young Wang, Sungwoo Ahn, Geehyuk Kim, Hyoungsoon Jang, Sunghyun Kim, Dongsup Lee, Kwang Hwa Park and Hyeyoung Lee

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:658

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  32. Content type: Research article

    There is evidence that some ovarian tumours evoke an immune response, which can be assessed by tumour infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs). To facilitate adoption of TILs as a clinical biomarker, a standardised met...

    Authors: Fiona R. James, Mercedes Jiminez-Linan, Jennifer Alsop, Marie Mack, Honglin Song, James D. Brenton, Paul D. P. Pharoah and H. Raza Ali

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:657

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has led to the highest cancer-related mortality for decades. To enhance the efficiency of early diagnosis and therapy, more efforts are urgently needed to reveal the origins ...

    Authors: Rong-quan He, Xiao-jiao Li, Lu Liang, You Xie, Dian-zhong Luo, Jie Ma, Zhi-gang Peng, Xiao-hua Hu and Gang Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:655

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer is the most common cancer in females and is ranked second in cancer-related deaths all over the world in women. Despite improvement in diagnosis, the survival rate of this disease has still not i...

    Authors: Azhar R. Hussain, Abdul Khalid Siraj, Maqbool Ahmed, Rong Bu, Poyil Pratheeshkumar, Alanood M. Alrashed, Zeeshan Qadri, Dahish Ajarim, Fouad Al-Dayel, Shaham Beg and Khawla S. Al-Kuraya

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:640

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Phosphatase and Tensin homolog (PTEN) is a tumor suppressor gene. Loss of its function is the most frequent genetic alteration in endometrioid endometrial cancers (70–80%) and high grade tumors (90%). We asses...

    Authors: Charles-André Philip, Ido Laskov, Marie-Claude Beauchamp, Maud Marques, Oreekha Amin, Joanna Bitharas, Roy Kessous, Liron Kogan, Tahira Baloch, Walter H. Gotlieb and Amber Yasmeen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:638

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The insulin growth factor (IGF) pathway has been proposed as a potential therapeutic target in bladder cancer. We characterized the expression of components of the IGF pathway — insulin growth factor receptors...

    Authors: Yann Neuzillet, Elodie Chapeaublanc, Clémentine Krucker, Leanne De Koning, Thierry Lebret, François Radvanyi and Isabelle Bernard-Pierrot

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:636

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Prostate cancer (PCa) is a heterogeneous disease with a variable natural history, genetics, and treatment outcome. The Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway is increasingly recognized as being potentially important ...

    Authors: Annelies Gonnissen, Sofie Isebaert, Christiaan Perneel, Chad M. McKee, Clare Verrill, Richard J. Bryant, Filip Van Utterbeeck, Evelyne Lerut, Karin Haustermans and Ruth J. Muschel

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:634

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Replication-competent adenoviruses (Ad) produced cytotoxic effects on infected tumors and have been examined for the clinical applicability. A biomarkers to predict the cytotoxicity is valuable in a clinical s...

    Authors: Suguru Yamauchi, Boya Zhong, Kiyoko Kawamura, Shan Yang, Shuji Kubo, Masato Shingyoji, Ikuo Sekine, Yuji Tada, Koichiro Tatsumi, Hideaki Shimada, Kenzo Hiroshima and Masatoshi Tagawa

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:622

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Molecular biomarkers capable of predicting recurrence patterns and prognosis are helpful for risk stratification and providing appropriate treatment to patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this stu...

    Authors: Shinichi Umeda, Mitsuro Kanda, Hiroyuki Sugimoto, Haruyoshi Tanaka, Masamichi Hayashi, Suguru Yamada, Tsutomu Fujii, Hideki Takami, Yukiko Niwa, Naoki Iwata, Chie Tanaka, Daisuke Kobayashi, Michitaka Fujiwara and Yasuhiro Kodera

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:610

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Protein Induced by Vitamin K Absence or Antagonist-II (PIVKA-II) is an efficient biomarker specific for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Some researchers have proved that levels of PIVKA-II reflect HCC oncogene...

    Authors: Rentao Yu, Zhaoxia Tan, Xiaomei Xiang, Yunjie Dan and Guohong Deng

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:608

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  41. Content type: Research article

    MiRNAs are often deregulated in colorectal cancer and might function as tumor suppressors or as oncogenes. They participate in controlling key signaling pathways involved in proliferation, invasion and apoptos...

    Authors: Edita Baltruskeviciene, Diana Schveigert, Vaidotas Stankevicius, Ugnius Mickys, Tadas Zvirblis, Jaroslav Bublevic, Kestutis Suziedelis and Eduardas Aleknavicius

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:607

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  42. Content type: Research article

    N-acetyltransferase 10 (NAT10) is a histone acetyltransferase which is involved in a wide range of cellular processes. Recent evidences indicate that NAT10 is involved in the development of human cancers. Prev...

    Authors: Qijiong Li, Xiaofeng Liu, Kemin Jin, Min Lu, Chunfeng Zhang, Xiaojuan Du and Baocai Xing

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:605

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The recently developed reagent, eribulin mesylate (eribulin), is a microtubule dynamics inhibitor with a mechanism of action that differs from those of taxanes and vinca alkaloids. This drug is considered to b...

    Authors: Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Wakaba Fukushima, Yuka Asano, Wataru Goto, Koji Takada, Satoru Noda, Tsutomu Takashima, Naoyoshi Onoda, Masahiko Ohsawa, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:604

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The EGFR and downstream signaling pathways play an important role in tumorigenesis in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Gene copy number alteration is one mechanism for overexpressing the EGFR protein and w...

    Authors: Shiang-Fu Huang, Huei-Tzu Chien, Sou-De Cheng, Wen-Yu Chuang, Chun-Ta Liao and Hung-Ming Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:592

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Neuron-Specific enolase (NSE) has been used as a typical tumor marker and shows a potential to diagnose malignant pleural effusion (MPE). The ability of NSE in diagnosing MPE has been investigated in many stud...

    Authors: Jing Zhu, Mei Feng, Liqun Liang, Ni Zeng, Chun Wan, Ting Yang, Yongchun Shen and Fuqiang Wen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:590

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  46. Content type: Research article

    The Empty Spiracles Homeobox (EMX-) 2 gene has been associated with regulation of growth and differentiation in neuronal development. While recent studies provide evidence that EMX2 regulates tumorigenesis of ...

    Authors: Berk Aykut, Markus Ochs, Praveen Radhakrishnan, Adrian Brill, Hermine Höcker, Sandra Schwarz, Daniel Weissinger, Roland Kehm, Yakup Kulu, Alexis Ulrich and Martin Schneider

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:555

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  47. Content type: Research article

    The levels of liver function tests (LFTs) are often used to assess liver injury and non-liver disease-related mortality. In our study, the relationship between pretreatment serum LFTs and overall survival (OS)...

    Authors: Hao Huang, Xue-Ping Wang, Xiao-Hui Li, Hao Chen, Xin Zheng, Jian-Hua Lin, Ting Kang, Lin Zhang and Pei-Song Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:544

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