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Translational oncology

This section aims to consider publications which bridge laboratory basic science and applied clinical research. The section will publish studies of diagnostic and prognostic markers which may ultimately be applicable in a clinical setting with a special focus on molecular and experimental pathology. Submissions need to be REMARK compliant as established in NCI-EORTC's "Reporting Recommendations for Tumor Marker Prognostic Studies " (J Clin Oncol 23:9067, 2005) and should report biomarkers that have a clear biologic relevance to a particular tumor type.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Almost all of the extracellular matrix (ECM) components can be degraded by the endoproteinases matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Important regulators of MMPs, and thereby of the extracellular environment, are ...

    Authors: Camilla Böckelman, Ines Beilmann-Lehtonen, Tuomas Kaprio, Selja Koskensalo, Taina Tervahartiala, Harri Mustonen, Ulf-Håkan Stenman, Timo Sorsa and Caj Haglund

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:679

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  2. Content type: Research article

    RECQL is a number of the RecQ DNA helicase family and plays an important role in maintaining genome stability. Although several studies have reported that RECQL mutations were correlated with the susceptibilit...

    Authors: Huiying Xu, Ye Xu, Tao Ouyang, Jinfeng Li, Tianfeng Wang, Zhaoqing Fan, Tie Fan, Benyao Lin and Yuntao Xie

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:662

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  3. Content type: Research article

    A previous report showed that a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonist (exenatide) induced apoptosis in endometrial cancer cells. However, the pathophysiological role of GLP-1R in endometrial cancer...

    Authors: Ranka Kanda, Haruko Hiraike, Osamu Wada-Hiraike, Takayuki Ichinose, Kazunori Nagasaka, Yuko Sasajima, Eiji Ryo, Tomoyuki Fujii, Yutaka Osuga and Takuya Ayabe

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:657

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Rhabdomyosarcomas (RMSs) are the most frequent soft tissue sarcoma in children and adolescents, defined by skeletal muscle differentiation and the status of FOXO1 fusions. In pediatric malignancies, in particu...

    Authors: Giulia Bertolini, Luca Bergamaschi, Andrea Ferrari, Salvatore L. Renne, Paola Collini, Cecilia Gardelli, Marta Barisella, Giovanni Centonze, Stefano Chiaravalli, Cinzia Paolino, Massimo Milione, Maura Massimino, Michela Casanova and Patrizia Gasparini

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:652

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Histone acetyltransferase p300 is a crucial transcriptional coactivator and has been implicated as a poor prognostic factor in human cancers. However, little is known about the substantial functions and mechan...

    Authors: Xue Hou, Run Gong, Jianhua Zhan, Ting Zhou, Yuxiang Ma, Yuanyuan Zhao, Yaxiong Zhang, Gang Chen, Zhonghan Zhang, Shuxiang Ma, Xi Chen, Fangfang Gao, Shaodong Hong, Fan Luo, Wenfeng Fang, Yunpeng Yang…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:641

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Primary malignant melanoma of the vagina is extremely rare, with a poorer prognosis than cutaneous malignant melanoma. Previous studies have explored the repurposing of itraconazole, a common oral anti-fungal ...

    Authors: Kayo Inoue, Hiroshi Tsubamoto, Roze Isono-Nakata, Kazuko Sakata and Nami Nakagomi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:630

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  7. Content type: Research article

    This study examined the prognostic significance of microtubule-associated protein light chain 3B (LC3B) expression in oropharyngeal and oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The prognostic significance of...

    Authors: Kenneth Lai, Slade Matthews, James S. Wilmott, Murray C. Killingsworth, Jim L. Yong, Nicole J. Caixeiro, James Wykes, Allan Samakeh, Dion Forstner, Mark Lee, John McGuinness, Navin Niles, Angela Hong, Ardalan Ebrahimi and Cheok Soon Lee

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:624

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Prostate Stem Cell Antigen (PSCA) is frequently expressed in prostate cancer but its exact function is unclear.

    Authors: Marie-Christine Heinrich, Cosima Göbel, Martina Kluth, Christian Bernreuther, Charlotte Sauer, Cornelia Schroeder, Christina Möller-Koop, Claudia Hube-Magg, Patrick Lebok, Eike Burandt, Guido Sauter, Ronald Simon, Hartwig Huland, Markus Graefen, Hans Heinzer, Thorsten Schlomm…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:612

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Aberrant hyperactivation of epithelial proliferation, AKT signaling, and association with unopposed estrogen (E2) exposure is the most common endometrial cancer dysfunction. In the normal uterus, progesterone ...

    Authors: Jung-Yoon Yoo, Hee-Bum Kang, Russell R. Broaddus, John I. Risinger, Kyung-Chul Choi and Tae Hoon Kim

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:605

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the major causes of tumor death; thus, the identification of markers related to its diagnosis and prognosis is critical. Previous studies have revealed that epithelial-...

    Authors: Yuki Shimoda, Yasunari Ubukata, Tadashi Handa, Takehiko Yokobori, Takayoshi Watanabe, Dolgormaa Gantumur, Kei Hagiwara, Takahiro Yamanaka, Mariko Tsukagoshi, Takamichi Igarashi, Akira Watanabe, Norio Kubo, Kenichiro Araki, Norifumi Harimoto, Ayaka Katayama, Toshiaki Hikino…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:597

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Cancer antigen (CA) 125 (CA-125) is used in ovarian cancer detection and monitoring, whose serum level has a positive correlation with tumor stage. The aim of this study was to obtain a prediction metastasis e...

    Authors: Juan Fernando Sánchez Vega, Magdali del Rocío Murillo Bacilio, Adrián Santiago Vintimilla Condoy, Araceli Miroslava Palta González, José Alfredo Crespo Astudillo and Franklin Geovany Mora-Bravo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:587

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  12. Content type: Research article

    CDCP1, a transmembrane protein with tumor pro-metastatic activity, was recently identified as a prognostic marker in TNBC, the most aggressive breast cancer subtype still lacking an effective molecular targete...

    Authors: Luca Forte, Federica Turdo, Cristina Ghirelli, Piera Aiello, Patrizia Casalini, Marilena Valeria Iorio, Elvira D’Ippolito, Patrizia Gasparini, Roberto Agresti, Beatrice Belmonte, Gabriella Sozzi, Lucia Sfondrini, Elda Tagliabue, Manuela Campiglio and Francesca Bianchi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:586

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Ceramide synthesis and metabolism is a promising target in cancer drug development. γ-tocotrienol (GT3), a member of the vitamin E family, orchestrates multiple effects that ensure the induction of apoptosis i...

    Authors: Victoria E. Palau, Kanishka Chakraborty, Daniel Wann, Janet Lightner, Keely Hilton, Marianne Brannon, William Stone and Koyamangalath Krishnan

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:564

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Renal epithelioid angiomyolipomas (EAML) are rare tumors with aggressive behavior. EAML can be sporadic or develop within the tuberous sclerosis complex syndrome, where mutations of TSC1 or TSC2 genes (critical n...

    Authors: Marta Espinosa, Juan Maria Roldán-Romero, Ignacio Duran, Enrique de Álava, María Apellaniz-Ruiz, Alberto Cascón, Carmen Garrigos, Mercedes Robledo and Cristina Rodriguez-Antona

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:561

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  15. Content type: Research article

    It is frequently asked whether chemotherapy can still play a role in metastatic melanoma considering the effectiveness of the available drugs today, including antiCTLA4/antiPD1 immunotherapy and antiBRAF/antiM...

    Authors: Michele Guida, Stefania Tommasi, Sabino Strippoli, Maria Iole Natalicchio, Simona De Summa, Rosamaria Pinto, Antonio Cramarossa, Anna Albano, Salvatore Pisconti, Michele Aieta, Ruggiero Ridolfi, Amalia Azzariti, Gabriella Guida, Vito Lorusso and Giusepe Colucci

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:552

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) isoforms, particularly the diffusible VEGF-121, could play a major role in the response of recurrent glioblastoma (GB) to anti-angiogenetic treatment with bevacizumab....

    Authors: Maurizio Martini, Ivana de Pascalis, Quintino Giorgio D’Alessandris, Vincenzo Fiorentino, Francesco Pierconti, Hany El-Sayed Marei, Lucia Ricci-Vitiani, Roberto Pallini and Luigi Maria Larocca

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:553

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  17. Content type: Research article

    An important component of the RAS signalling pathway, the RAS p21 oncogene, is frequently hyperactivated in breast cancer. Its expression in tumor tissue has been linked to poor clinical outcome. This study wa...

    Authors: Malgorzata Banys-Paluchowski, Tanja Fehm, Wolfgang Janni, Bahriye Aktas, Peter A. Fasching, Sabine Kasimir-Bauer, Karin Milde-Langosch, Klaus Pantel, Brigitte Rack, Sabine Riethdorf, Erich-Franz Solomayer, Isabell Witzel and Volkmar Müller

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:541

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Recent progress in molecular analysis has advanced the understanding of medulloblastoma (MB) and is anticipated to facilitate management of the disease. MB is composed of 4 molecular subgroups: WNT, SHH, Group...

    Authors: Chanhee Lee, Joongyub Lee, Seung Ah Choi, Seung-Ki Kim, Kyu-Chang Wang, Sung-Hye Park, Se Hoon Kim, Ji Yeoun Lee and Ji Hoon Phi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:535

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The 21-gene Recurrence Score (RS) result predicts outcome and chemotherapy benefit in node-negative and node-positive (N+), estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) patients treated with endocrine therapy. The purpose...

    Authors: Frédérique Penault-Llorca, Thomas Filleron, Bernard Asselain, Frederick L. Baehner, Pierre Fumoleau, Magali Lacroix-Triki, Joseph M. Anderson, Carl Yoshizawa, Diana B. Cherbavaz, Steven Shak, Lise Roca, Christine Sagan, Jérôme Lemonnier, Anne-Laure Martin and Henri Roché

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:526

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The phosphatase chronophin (CIN/PDXP) has been shown to be an important regulator of glioma cell migration and invasion. It has two known substrates: p-Ser3-cofilin, the phosphorylated form of the actin bindin...

    Authors: Markus Schulze, Maria Hutterer, Anja Sabo, Sabine Hoja, Julia Lorenz, Tanja Rothhammer-Hampl, Christel Herold-Mende, Lucia Floßbach, Camelia Monoranu and Markus J. Riemenschneider

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:524

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Dickkopf-1 (DKK1) is a Wnt/ß-catenin pathway antagonist related to gastric cancer (GC) carcinogenesis. However, the prognostic role of combined DKK1 and ß-catenin expression in advanced GC (AGC) is not clear.

    Authors: Soon Auck Hong, Su Hyun Yoo, Han Hong Lee, Der Sheng Sun, Hye Sung Won, Okran Kim and Yoon Ho Ko

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:506

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) is an antibody-drug conjugate that carries a cytotoxic drug (DM1) to HER2-positive cancer. The target of T-DM1 (HER2) is present also on cancer-derived exosomes. We hypothesized t...

    Authors: Mark Barok, Maija Puhka, Gyorgy Vereb, Janos Szollosi, Jorma Isola and Heikki Joensuu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:504

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  23. Content type: Research article

    6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) contributes substantially to remarkable improvement in the survival of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients. However, 6-MP also has dose-limiting toxicities, particular...

    Authors: Hong Zhou, Lei Li, Peng Yang, Lin Yang, Jin E. Zheng, Ying Zhou and Yong Han

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:516

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Invasive urothelial carcinoma (iUC) is a major cause of death in humans, and approximately 165,000 individuals succumb to this cancer annually worldwide. Comparative oncology using relevant animal models is ne...

    Authors: Shingo Maeda, Hirotaka Tomiyasu, Masaya Tsuboi, Akiko Inoue, Genki Ishihara, Takao Uchikai, James K. Chambers, Kazuyuki Uchida, Tomohiro Yonezawa and Naoaki Matsuki

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:472

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Cancer cell repopulation during chemotherapy or radiotherapy is a major factor limiting the efficacy of treatment. Cancer stem cells (CSC) may play critical roles during this process. We aim to demonstrate the...

    Authors: Licun Wu, Walter Blum, Chang-Qi Zhu, Zhihong Yun, Laszlo Pecze, Mikihiro Kohno, Mei-Lin Chan, Yidan Zhao, Emanuela Felley-Bosco, Beat Schwaller and Marc de Perrot

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:471

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease and personalized medicine is the hope for the improvement of the clinical outcome. Multi-gene signatures for breast cancer stratification have been extensively studied ...

    Authors: Shujun Huang, Leigh Murphy and Wayne Xu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:473

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Microsatellite instability (MSI) is a major predictive and diagnostic marker in several cancers including colorectal carcinomas. Diagnostic testing for microsatellites is generally performed using capillary se...

    Authors: Isabel Förster, Michael Brockmann, Oliver Schildgen and Verena Schildgen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:484

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Extra-capsular growth (ECG) describes the extension of neoplastic cells beyond the lymph node capsule. Aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of ECG and its association with a stem cell like...

    Authors: Helena Link, Martin Angele, Miriam Schüller, Petra Ganschow, Lena Machetanz, Markus Guba, Jens Werner, Thomas Kirchner and Jens Neumann

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:483

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Metformin (Met) is a widely available diabetic drug and shows suppressed effects on renal cell carcinoma (RCC) metabolism and proliferation. Laboratory studies in RCC suggested that metformin has remarkable an...

    Authors: Muyun Wei, Shaowei Mao, Guoliang Lu, Liang Li, Xiaopeng Lan, Zhongxian Huang, Yougen Chen, Miaoqing Zhao, Yueran Zhao and Qinghua Xia

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:434

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  30. Content type: Research article

    In various cancers, overexpression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and elevated prostaglandin (PG) E2 synthesis have been associated with tumor development and progression. The potential of COX-2 inhibitors in cance...

    Authors: Anna Semmlinger, Viktoria von Schoenfeldt, Verena Wolf, Alexandra Meuter, Theresa Maria Kolben, Thomas Kolben, Christine Zeder-Goess, Florian Weis, Julia Gallwas, Rachel Wuerstlein, Kerstin Hermelink, Elisa Schmoeckel, Nadia Harbeck, Doris Mayr, Sven Mahner, Udo Jeschke…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:431

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The relapse rate in early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after surgical resection is high. Prognostic biomarkers may help identify patients who may benefit from additional therapy. The Helicase-like ...

    Authors: Ludovic Dhont, Melania Pintilie, Ethan Kaufman, Roya Navab, Shirley Tam, Arsène Burny, Frances Shepherd, Alexandra Belayew, Ming-Sound Tsao and Céline Mascaux

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:429

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  32. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to assess the prognostic value of CYFRA 21-1 in a series of patients with anal canal squamous cell carcinoma treated by radiation-based therapy.

    Authors: Mathieu Gauthé, Marion Richard-Molard, Eugénie Rigault, Bruno Buecher, Pascale Mariani, Dominique Bellet, Wulfran Cacheux and Astrid Lièvre

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:417

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The strong invasive and metastatic nature of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) leads to poor prognosis. Collagen triple helix repeat containing 1 (CTHRC1) is involved in cell migration, motility and invasion....

    Authors: Weiling He, Hui Zhang, Yuefeng Wang, Yanbin Zhou, Yifeng Luo, Yongmei Cui, Neng Jiang, Wenting Jiang, Han Wang, Di Xu, Shuhua Li, Zhuo Wang, Yangshan Chen, Yu Sun, Yang Zhang, Hsian-Rong Tseng…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:400

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The anticancer immune response has been reported to correlate with cancer progression. Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), which are one of the indicators of host immunity, affect the tumor growth, metastas...

    Authors: Masatsune Shibutani, Kiyoshi Maeda, Hisashi Nagahara, Tatsunari Fukuoka, Shinji Matsutani, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Hiroaki Tanaka, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:371

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) has attracted much interest as a novel biomarker for epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC). Research focus has been directed at GDF15 as a diagnostic detection, while the ...

    Authors: Dan Zhao, Xiaobing Wang and Wei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:328

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer (CC) is the fourth cause of mortality by neoplasia in women worldwide. The use of immunomarkers is an alternative tool to complement currently used algorithms for detection of cancer, and to im...

    Authors: Ana E. Zacapala-Gómez, Napoleón Navarro-Tito, Luz del C. Alarcón-Romero, Carlos Ortuño-Pineda, Berenice Illades-Aguiar, Eduardo Castañeda-Saucedo, Julio Ortiz-Ortiz, Olga L. Garibay-Cerdenares, Marco A. Jiménez-López and Miguel A. Mendoza-Catalán

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:349

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Topoisomerase II alpha (TOP2A) protein has been shown to be a proliferation marker associated with tumor grade and Ki67 index. The prognostic effect of TOP2A seems different among different subtypes of breast ...

    Authors: Xin An, Fei Xu, Rongzhen Luo, Qiufan Zheng, Jiabin Lu, Yanhua Yang, Tao Qin, Zhongyu Yuan, Yanxia Shi, Wenqi Jiang and Shusen Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:331

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Recent studies have shown that tumors with extensive tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) have a higher probability of pathologic complete response, even in luminal/human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2)-nega...

    Authors: Sung Gwe Ahn, Yoon Jin Cha, Soon June Bae, Chanik Yoon, Hak Woo Lee and Joon Jeong

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:320

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The VeriStrat test is a serum proteomic signature originally discovered in non-responders to second line gefitinib treatment and subsequently used to predict differential benefit from erlotinib versus chemothe...

    Authors: Mary Jo Fidler, Cristina L. Fhied, Joanna Roder, Sanjib Basu, Selina Sayidine, Ibtihaj Fughhi, Mark Pool, Marta Batus, Philip Bonomi and Jeffrey A. Borgia

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:310

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  40. Content type: Study protocol

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common cause of all cancer deaths in Europe and the Western world with a lifetime risk of approximately 5%. Despite several improvements in the treatment of patients ...

    Authors: Susen Burock, Severin Daum, Ulrich Keilholz, Konrad Neumann, Wolfgang Walther and Ulrike Stein

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:297

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The introduction of targeted treatments for subsets of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has highlighted the importance of accurate molecular diagnosis to determine if an actionable genetic alteration is pres...

    Authors: Ales Ryska, Peter Berzinec, Luka Brcic, Tanja Cufer, Rafal Dziadziuszko, Maya Gottfried, Ilona Kovalszky, Włodzimierz Olszewski, Buge Oz, Lukas Plank and Jozsef Timar

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:269

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  42. Content type: Research article

    We have previously identified tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) as a prognostic marker in glioblastomas. TIMP-1 has been associated with chemotherapy resistance, and CD63, a known TIMP-1-bindin...

    Authors: Charlotte Aaberg-Jessen, Mia D. Sørensen, Ana L. S. A. Matos, José M. Moreira, Nils Brünner, Arnon Knudsen and Bjarne W. Kristensen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:270

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Patients suffering from squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx (LSCC) with lymphatic metastasis have a relatively poor prognosis and often require radical therapeutic management. The mechanisms which drive meta...

    Authors: Anke Schlüter, Patrick Weller, Oliver Kanaan, Ivonne Nel, Lukas Heusgen, Benedikt Höing, Pia Haßkamp, Sebastian Zander, Magis Mandapathil, Nina Dominas, Judith Arnolds, Boris A. Stuck, Stephan Lang, Agnes Bankfalvi and Sven Brandau

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:272

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  44. Content type: Research article

    CD73 is one of the critical component in the formation of immunosuppressive microenvironment in cancers. We aimed to provide an overview of the current status of CD73 expression and its relationship with clini...

    Authors: Tao Jiang, Xiaofeng Xu, Meng Qiao, Xuefei Li, Chao Zhao, Fei Zhou, Guanghui Gao, Fengying Wu, Xiaoxia Chen, Chunxia Su, Shengxiang Ren, Changyun Zhai and Caicun Zhou

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:267

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is characterized by abnormalities of numerous signaling proteins that play pivotal roles in cancer development and progression. Many of these proteins have been reported to b...

    Authors: Bao-Feng Jin, Fan Yang, Xiao-Min Ying, Lin Gong, Shuo-Feng Hu, Qing Zhao, Yi-Da Liao, Ke-Zhong Chen, Teng Li, Yan-Hong Tai, Yuan Cao, Xiao Li, Yan Huang, Xiao-Yan Zhan, Xuan-He Qin, Jin Wu…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:259

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