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Translational oncology

This section aims to consider publications which bridge laboratory basic science and applied clinical research. The section will publish studies of diagnostic and prognostic markers which may ultimately be applicable in a clinical setting with a special focus on molecular and experimental pathology. Submissions need to be REMARK compliant as established in NCI-EORTC's "Reporting Recommendations for Tumor Marker Prognostic Studies " (J Clin Oncol 23:9067, 2005) and should report biomarkers that have a clear biologic relevance to a particular tumor type.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Hormone sensitive lipase (HSL) is a neutral lipase that preferentially catalyzes the hydrolysis of diacylglycerol contributing to triacylglycerol breakdown in the adipose tissue. HSL has been implicated to pla...

    Authors: Mu Xu, Hui-Hua Chang, Xiaoman Jung, Aune Moro, Caroline Ei Ne Chou, Jonathan King, O. Joe Hines, James Sinnett-Smith, Enrique Rozengurt and Guido Eibl

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:797

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is among the deadliest cancers due to its heterogeneity, contributing to chemoresistance and recurrence. Cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) are suggested to play an important role in ...

    Authors: Harshul Pandit, Yan Li, Xuanyi Li, Weizhong Zhang, Suping Li and Robert C. G. Martin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:783

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The death receptors TRAIL-R1 and TRAIL-R2 are frequently overexpressed in cancer and there is an emerging evidence for their important role in malignant progression, also in the case of pancreatic ductal adeno...

    Authors: Jan-Paul Gundlach, Charlotte Hauser, Franka Maria Schlegel, Christine Böger, Christian Röder, Christoph Röcken, Thomas Becker, Jan-Hendrik Egberts, Holger Kalthoff and Anna Trauzold

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:777

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Programmed death ligand 1/2 (PD-L1/PD-L2) expression has been established as a prognostic factor for various solid tumors and as a predictive factor for PD-1 blockade therapy, but scant data on its role in gal...

    Authors: Jianzhen Lin, Junyu Long, Xueshuai Wan, Jingci Chen, Yi Bai, Anqiang Wang, Xiaobo Yang, Yan Wu, Simon C. Robson, Xinting Sang and Haitao Zhao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:766

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most aggressive cancers with high metastatic potential. Clinical observations suggest that there is disease heterogeneity among patients with different sit...

    Authors: Ibrahim H. Sahin, Harold Elias, Joanne F. Chou, Marinela Capanu and Eileen M. O’Reilly

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:769

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Controversy exists for the use of Ki67 protein expression as a predictive marker to select patients who do or do not derive benefit from adjuvant endocrine therapy. Whether other proliferation markers, like Cy...

    Authors: Karin Beelen, Mark Opdam, Tesa Severson, Rutger Koornstra, Andrew Vincent, Jelle Wesseling, Joyce Sanders, Jan Vermorken, Paul van Diest and Sabine Linn

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:761

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with metastatic disease can become cured if neoadjuvant treatment can enable a resection. The search for predictive biomarkers is often performed on primary tumours tissue. In ...

    Authors: M. B. Mogensen, M. Rossing, O. Østrup, P. N. Larsen, P. J. Heiberg Engel, L. N. Jørgensen, E. V. Hogdall, J. Eriksen, P. Ibsen, P. Jess, M. Grauslund, H. J. Nielsen, F. C. Nielsen, B. Vainer and K. Osterlind

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:752

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The receptor CXCR4 and its ligand CXCL12 play crucial roles in breast cancer. Despite the fact that the spontaneous feline mammary carcinoma (FMC) is considered a suitable model for breast cancer studies, the ...

    Authors: Cláudia S. Marques, Ana Rita Santos, Andreia Gameiro, Jorge Correia and Fernando Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:741

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have reported radiotherapy interruption (RTI) is associated with poor local control in two-dimensional radiotherapy (2DRT) era. However, it remains unclear whether RTI still affects local cont...

    Authors: Ji-Jin Yao, Ya-Nan Jin, Si-Yang Wang, Fan Zhang, Guan-Qun Zhou, Wang-Jian Zhang, Zhi-Bin, Cheng, Jun Ma, Zhen-Yu Qi and Ying Sun

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:740

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The development of both chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer (LC) is influenced by smoking related chronic pulmonary inflammation caused by an excessive innate immune response to smoke ...

    Authors: Janna Berg, Ann Rita Halvorsen, May-Bente Bengtson, Kristin A. Taskén, Gunhild M. Mælandsmo, Arne Yndestad, Bente Halvorsen, Odd Terje Brustugun, Pål Aukrust, Thor Ueland and Åslaug Helland

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:739

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  11. Content type: Research article

    MLKL is the most important executor of necroptosis pathway. Recent studies have demonstrated that MLKL could serve as a potential prognostic biomarker for cancer patients. However, most studies reported so far...

    Authors: Binwu Hu, Deyao Shi, Xiao Lv, Songfeng Chen, Qin Huang, Mao Xie and Zengwu Shao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:736

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Multiple myeloma (MM) patients with t(14;20) have a poor prognosis and their outcome has not improved following the introduction of bortezomib (Bzb). The mechanism underlying the resistance to proteasome inhib...

    Authors: Ya-Wei Qiang, Shiqiao Ye, Yuhua Huang, Yu Chen, Frits Van Rhee, Joshua Epstein, Brian A. Walker, Gareth J. Morgan and Faith E. Davies

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:724

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is an important immunotherapy cytokine for various diseases including cancer. Some studies reported the efficacy and safety on cisplatin combined with IL-2 versus cisplatin alone for treat...

    Authors: Liping Han, Qiufang Jiang, Wei Yao, Tian Fu and Qingdi Zeng

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:725

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is one mechanism of carcinoma migration, while complex tumour migration or bulk migration is another - best demontrated by tumour cells invading blood vessels.

    Authors: Martin Zacharias, Luka Brcic, Sylvia Eidenhammer and Helmut Popper

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:717

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The role of forkhead-box A1 (FOXA1) and Androgen receptor (AR) in breast cancer (BC) has been extensively studied. However, the prognostic role of their co-expression in Estrogen receptor positive (ER+) BC has...

    Authors: Nelson Rangel, Nicoletta Fortunati, Simona Osella-Abate, Laura Annaratone, Claudio Isella, Maria Graziella Catalano, Letizia Rinella, Jasna Metovic, Renzo Boldorini, Davide Balmativola, Pietro Ferrando, Francesca Marano, Paola Cassoni, Anna Sapino and Isabella Castellano

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:703

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Invasive cervical cancer (ICC) is caused by high-risk human papillomavirus types (HR-HPVs) and is usually preceded by a long phase of intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Before invasion, (epi) genetic changes, po...

    Authors: Barbara Pardini, Daniela De Maria, Antonio Francavilla, Cornelia Di Gaetano, Guglielmo Ronco and Alessio Naccarati

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:696

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  17. Content type: Research article

    MicroRNAs can be used in the prognosis of malignancies; however, their regulatory mechanisms are unknown, especially in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC).

    Authors: Ce Li, Qian Dong, Xiaofang Che, Ling Xu, Zhi Li, Yibo Fan, Kezuo Hou, Shuo Wang, Jinglei Qu, Lu Xu, Ti Wen, Xianghong Yang, Xiujuan Qu and Yunpeng Liu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:681

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Oral cancer is a serious problem owing to its poor prognosis and destruction of patients’ eating ability as well as facial appearance. Epidemiological studies can provide aetiological clues for prevention. The...

    Authors: Jin-Ye Fu, Chun-Xiao Wu, Chen-Ping Zhang, Jing Gao, Jian-Feng Luo, Shu-Kun Shen, Ying Zheng and Zhi-Yuan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:686

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Almost all of the extracellular matrix (ECM) components can be degraded by the endoproteinases matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Important regulators of MMPs, and thereby of the extracellular environment, are ...

    Authors: Camilla Böckelman, Ines Beilmann-Lehtonen, Tuomas Kaprio, Selja Koskensalo, Taina Tervahartiala, Harri Mustonen, Ulf-Håkan Stenman, Timo Sorsa and Caj Haglund

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:679

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Novel non-invasive biomarkers for gastric cancer (GC) are needed, because the present diagnostic methods for GC are either invasive or insensitive and non-specific in clinic. The presence of stable circulating...

    Authors: Gaoping Zhao, Tao Jiang, Yanzhuo Liu, Guoli Huai, Chunbin Lan, Guiquan Li, Guiqing Jia, Kang Wang and Maozhu Yang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:676

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  21. Content type: Research article

    RECQL is a number of the RecQ DNA helicase family and plays an important role in maintaining genome stability. Although several studies have reported that RECQL mutations were correlated with the susceptibilit...

    Authors: Huiying Xu, Ye Xu, Tao Ouyang, Jinfeng Li, Tianfeng Wang, Zhaoqing Fan, Tie Fan, Benyao Lin and Yuntao Xie

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:662

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  22. Content type: Research article

    A previous report showed that a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonist (exenatide) induced apoptosis in endometrial cancer cells. However, the pathophysiological role of GLP-1R in endometrial cancer...

    Authors: Ranka Kanda, Haruko Hiraike, Osamu Wada-Hiraike, Takayuki Ichinose, Kazunori Nagasaka, Yuko Sasajima, Eiji Ryo, Tomoyuki Fujii, Yutaka Osuga and Takuya Ayabe

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:657

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Rhabdomyosarcomas (RMSs) are the most frequent soft tissue sarcoma in children and adolescents, defined by skeletal muscle differentiation and the status of FOXO1 fusions. In pediatric malignancies, in particu...

    Authors: Giulia Bertolini, Luca Bergamaschi, Andrea Ferrari, Salvatore L. Renne, Paola Collini, Cecilia Gardelli, Marta Barisella, Giovanni Centonze, Stefano Chiaravalli, Cinzia Paolino, Massimo Milione, Maura Massimino, Michela Casanova and Patrizia Gasparini

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:652

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Histone acetyltransferase p300 is a crucial transcriptional coactivator and has been implicated as a poor prognostic factor in human cancers. However, little is known about the substantial functions and mechan...

    Authors: Xue Hou, Run Gong, Jianhua Zhan, Ting Zhou, Yuxiang Ma, Yuanyuan Zhao, Yaxiong Zhang, Gang Chen, Zhonghan Zhang, Shuxiang Ma, Xi Chen, Fangfang Gao, Shaodong Hong, Fan Luo, Wenfeng Fang, Yunpeng Yang…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:641

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Primary malignant melanoma of the vagina is extremely rare, with a poorer prognosis than cutaneous malignant melanoma. Previous studies have explored the repurposing of itraconazole, a common oral anti-fungal ...

    Authors: Kayo Inoue, Hiroshi Tsubamoto, Roze Isono-Nakata, Kazuko Sakata and Nami Nakagomi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:630

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  26. Content type: Research article

    This study examined the prognostic significance of microtubule-associated protein light chain 3B (LC3B) expression in oropharyngeal and oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The prognostic significance of...

    Authors: Kenneth Lai, Slade Matthews, James S. Wilmott, Murray C. Killingsworth, Jim L. Yong, Nicole J. Caixeiro, James Wykes, Allan Samakeh, Dion Forstner, Mark Lee, John McGuinness, Navin Niles, Angela Hong, Ardalan Ebrahimi and Cheok Soon Lee

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:624

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Prostate Stem Cell Antigen (PSCA) is frequently expressed in prostate cancer but its exact function is unclear.

    Authors: Marie-Christine Heinrich, Cosima Göbel, Martina Kluth, Christian Bernreuther, Charlotte Sauer, Cornelia Schroeder, Christina Möller-Koop, Claudia Hube-Magg, Patrick Lebok, Eike Burandt, Guido Sauter, Ronald Simon, Hartwig Huland, Markus Graefen, Hans Heinzer, Thorsten Schlomm…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:612

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Aberrant hyperactivation of epithelial proliferation, AKT signaling, and association with unopposed estrogen (E2) exposure is the most common endometrial cancer dysfunction. In the normal uterus, progesterone ...

    Authors: Jung-Yoon Yoo, Hee-Bum Kang, Russell R. Broaddus, John I. Risinger, Kyung-Chul Choi and Tae Hoon Kim

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:605

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the major causes of tumor death; thus, the identification of markers related to its diagnosis and prognosis is critical. Previous studies have revealed that epithelial-...

    Authors: Yuki Shimoda, Yasunari Ubukata, Tadashi Handa, Takehiko Yokobori, Takayoshi Watanabe, Dolgormaa Gantumur, Kei Hagiwara, Takahiro Yamanaka, Mariko Tsukagoshi, Takamichi Igarashi, Akira Watanabe, Norio Kubo, Kenichiro Araki, Norifumi Harimoto, Ayaka Katayama, Toshiaki Hikino…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:597

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Cancer antigen (CA) 125 (CA-125) is used in ovarian cancer detection and monitoring, whose serum level has a positive correlation with tumor stage. The aim of this study was to obtain a prediction metastasis e...

    Authors: Juan Fernando Sánchez Vega, Magdali del Rocío Murillo Bacilio, Adrián Santiago Vintimilla Condoy, Araceli Miroslava Palta González, José Alfredo Crespo Astudillo and Franklin Geovany Mora-Bravo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:587

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  31. Content type: Research article

    CDCP1, a transmembrane protein with tumor pro-metastatic activity, was recently identified as a prognostic marker in TNBC, the most aggressive breast cancer subtype still lacking an effective molecular targete...

    Authors: Luca Forte, Federica Turdo, Cristina Ghirelli, Piera Aiello, Patrizia Casalini, Marilena Valeria Iorio, Elvira D’Ippolito, Patrizia Gasparini, Roberto Agresti, Beatrice Belmonte, Gabriella Sozzi, Lucia Sfondrini, Elda Tagliabue, Manuela Campiglio and Francesca Bianchi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:586

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Ceramide synthesis and metabolism is a promising target in cancer drug development. γ-tocotrienol (GT3), a member of the vitamin E family, orchestrates multiple effects that ensure the induction of apoptosis i...

    Authors: Victoria E. Palau, Kanishka Chakraborty, Daniel Wann, Janet Lightner, Keely Hilton, Marianne Brannon, William Stone and Koyamangalath Krishnan

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:564

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  33. Content type: Case report

    Renal epithelioid angiomyolipomas (EAML) are rare tumors with aggressive behavior. EAML can be sporadic or develop within the tuberous sclerosis complex syndrome, where mutations of TSC1 or TSC2 genes (critical n...

    Authors: Marta Espinosa, Juan Maria Roldán-Romero, Ignacio Duran, Enrique de Álava, María Apellaniz-Ruiz, Alberto Cascón, Carmen Garrigos, Mercedes Robledo and Cristina Rodriguez-Antona

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:561

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  34. Content type: Research article

    It is frequently asked whether chemotherapy can still play a role in metastatic melanoma considering the effectiveness of the available drugs today, including antiCTLA4/antiPD1 immunotherapy and antiBRAF/antiM...

    Authors: Michele Guida, Stefania Tommasi, Sabino Strippoli, Maria Iole Natalicchio, Simona De Summa, Rosamaria Pinto, Antonio Cramarossa, Anna Albano, Salvatore Pisconti, Michele Aieta, Ruggiero Ridolfi, Amalia Azzariti, Gabriella Guida, Vito Lorusso and Giusepe Colucci

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:552

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) isoforms, particularly the diffusible VEGF-121, could play a major role in the response of recurrent glioblastoma (GB) to anti-angiogenetic treatment with bevacizumab....

    Authors: Maurizio Martini, Ivana de Pascalis, Quintino Giorgio D’Alessandris, Vincenzo Fiorentino, Francesco Pierconti, Hany El-Sayed Marei, Lucia Ricci-Vitiani, Roberto Pallini and Luigi Maria Larocca

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:553

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  36. Content type: Research article

    An important component of the RAS signalling pathway, the RAS p21 oncogene, is frequently hyperactivated in breast cancer. Its expression in tumor tissue has been linked to poor clinical outcome. This study wa...

    Authors: Malgorzata Banys-Paluchowski, Tanja Fehm, Wolfgang Janni, Bahriye Aktas, Peter A. Fasching, Sabine Kasimir-Bauer, Karin Milde-Langosch, Klaus Pantel, Brigitte Rack, Sabine Riethdorf, Erich-Franz Solomayer, Isabell Witzel and Volkmar Müller

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:541

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Recent progress in molecular analysis has advanced the understanding of medulloblastoma (MB) and is anticipated to facilitate management of the disease. MB is composed of 4 molecular subgroups: WNT, SHH, Group...

    Authors: Chanhee Lee, Joongyub Lee, Seung Ah Choi, Seung-Ki Kim, Kyu-Chang Wang, Sung-Hye Park, Se Hoon Kim, Ji Yeoun Lee and Ji Hoon Phi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:535

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The 21-gene Recurrence Score (RS) result predicts outcome and chemotherapy benefit in node-negative and node-positive (N+), estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) patients treated with endocrine therapy. The purpose...

    Authors: Frédérique Penault-Llorca, Thomas Filleron, Bernard Asselain, Frederick L. Baehner, Pierre Fumoleau, Magali Lacroix-Triki, Joseph M. Anderson, Carl Yoshizawa, Diana B. Cherbavaz, Steven Shak, Lise Roca, Christine Sagan, Jérôme Lemonnier, Anne-Laure Martin and Henri Roché

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:526

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The phosphatase chronophin (CIN/PDXP) has been shown to be an important regulator of glioma cell migration and invasion. It has two known substrates: p-Ser3-cofilin, the phosphorylated form of the actin bindin...

    Authors: Markus Schulze, Maria Hutterer, Anja Sabo, Sabine Hoja, Julia Lorenz, Tanja Rothhammer-Hampl, Christel Herold-Mende, Lucia Floßbach, Camelia Monoranu and Markus J. Riemenschneider

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:524

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Dickkopf-1 (DKK1) is a Wnt/ß-catenin pathway antagonist related to gastric cancer (GC) carcinogenesis. However, the prognostic role of combined DKK1 and ß-catenin expression in advanced GC (AGC) is not clear.

    Authors: Soon Auck Hong, Su Hyun Yoo, Han Hong Lee, Der Sheng Sun, Hye Sung Won, Okran Kim and Yoon Ho Ko

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:506

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) is an antibody-drug conjugate that carries a cytotoxic drug (DM1) to HER2-positive cancer. The target of T-DM1 (HER2) is present also on cancer-derived exosomes. We hypothesized t...

    Authors: Mark Barok, Maija Puhka, Gyorgy Vereb, Janos Szollosi, Jorma Isola and Heikki Joensuu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:504

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  42. Content type: Research article

    6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) contributes substantially to remarkable improvement in the survival of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients. However, 6-MP also has dose-limiting toxicities, particular...

    Authors: Hong Zhou, Lei Li, Peng Yang, Lin Yang, Jin E. Zheng, Ying Zhou and Yong Han

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:516

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Microsatellite instability (MSI) is a major predictive and diagnostic marker in several cancers including colorectal carcinomas. Diagnostic testing for microsatellites is generally performed using capillary se...

    Authors: Isabel Förster, Michael Brockmann, Oliver Schildgen and Verena Schildgen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:484

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Extra-capsular growth (ECG) describes the extension of neoplastic cells beyond the lymph node capsule. Aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of ECG and its association with a stem cell like...

    Authors: Helena Link, Martin Angele, Miriam Schüller, Petra Ganschow, Lena Machetanz, Markus Guba, Jens Werner, Thomas Kirchner and Jens Neumann

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:483

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