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Translational oncology

This section aims to consider publications which bridge laboratory basic science and applied clinical research. The section will publish studies of diagnostic and prognostic markers which may ultimately be applicable in a clinical setting with a special focus on molecular and experimental pathology. Submissions need to be REMARK compliant as established in NCI-EORTC's "Reporting Recommendations for Tumor Marker Prognostic Studies " (J Clin Oncol 23:9067, 2005) and should report biomarkers that have a clear biologic relevance to a particular tumor type.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Development of chemo−/radioresistance is a major challenge for the current prostate cancer (CaP) therapy. We have previously demonstrated that epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) is associated with CaP g...

    Authors: Jie Ni, Paul Cozzi, Julia Beretov, Wei Duan, Joseph Bucci, Peter Graham and Yong Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1092

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Inter-patient heterogeneity in radiation-induced DNA damage responses is proposed to reflect intrinsic variations in tumour and normal tissue radiation sensitivity, but the prediction of phenotype by a molecul...

    Authors: Kevin Lee Min Chua, Eugenia Li Ling Yeo, Waseem Ahamed Shihabudeen, Sze Huey Tan, Than Than Shwe, Enya Hui Wen Ong, Paula Yeng Po Lam, Khee Chee Soo, Yoke Lim Soong, Kam Weng Fong, Terence Wee Kiat Tan, Joseph Tien Seng Wee and Melvin Lee Kiang Chua

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1095

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Experimental models of prostate cancer have demonstrated increased levels of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) in the blood and faeces of mice. Hence, the quantification of these autofluorescent molecules could be hypo...

    Authors: Daniel Riani Gotardelo, Lilia Coronato Courrol, Maria Helena Bellini, Flávia Rodrigues de Oliveira Silva and Carlos Roberto Jorge Soares

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1090

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Triptolide induces apoptosis and DNA damage followed by inhibition of DNA repair associated gene expression. However, there is the limited data for biomarker to predict the benefit to triptolide in various can...

    Authors: Seung Tae Kim, Sun Young Kim, Jeeyun Lee, Kyung Kim, Se Hoon Park, Young Suk Park, Ho Yeong Lim, Won Ki Kang and Joon Oh Park

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1103

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Invasive micropapillary carcinoma (IMPC) is an unusual and distinct subtype of invasive breast tumor with high propensity for regional lymph node metastases. This study was to identify risk factors accounting ...

    Authors: Fu-Gui Ye, Chen Xia, Ding Ma, Pei-Yang Lin, Xin Hu and Zhi-Ming Shao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1085

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  6. Content type: Research article

    WNT/βcatenin (WNTβ) pathway is activated in early stages of embryonic development. We aimed to evaluate the significance of βcatenin in germ cell tumors (GCTs) and explore associations with the inflamed enviro...

    Authors: Michal Chovanec, Zuzana Cierna, Viera Miskovska, Katarina Machalekova, Katarina Kalavska, Katarina Rejlekova, Daniela Svetlovska, Dusan Macak, Stanislav Spanik, Karol Kajo, Pavel Babal, Michal Mego and Jozef Mardiak

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1062

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Small extracellular vesicles (small-EVs) are membranous vesicles that contain unique information regarding the condition of cells and contribute to the recruitment and reprogramming of components associated wi...

    Authors: Chan-Hyeong Lee, Eun-Ju Im, Pyong-Gon Moon and Moon-Chang Baek

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1058

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  8. Content type: Research article

    It is urgent to find some biochemical markers for predicting the radiochemotherapy sensitivity. microRNAs have a huge potential as a predictive biomarker in gastric cancer. The current study aims to identify t...

    Authors: Xiaowen Liu, Hong Cai, Weiqi Sheng, Hua Huang, Ziwen Long and Yanong Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1048

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  9. Content type: Research article

    P38 mitogen activated protein kinase is an intermediary signal transduction factor with context-specific roles in breast cancer. Recent mechanistic studies add to the growing consensus that P38 is a tumour sup...

    Authors: Simon J. Johnston, Dena Ahmad, Mohammed A. Aleskandarany, Sasagu Kurozumi, Chris C. Nolan, Maria Diez-Rodriguez, Andrew R. Green and Emad A. Rakha

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1027

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Even though the post-operative outcome varies greatly among patients with nodal positive colon cancer (UICC stage III), personalized prediction of systemic disease recurrence is currently insufficient. We inve...

    Authors: Andreas Sperlich, Alexander Balmert, Dietrich Doll, Sabine Bauer, Fabian Franke, Gisela Keller, Dirk Wilhelm, Anna Mur, Michael Respondek, Helmut Friess, Ulrich Nitsche and Klaus-Peter Janssen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:998

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The imbalance between the action of the tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMPs) and the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is one component of metastasis physiology. TIMP-1 overrides MMP-9 activit...

    Authors: Renato F. Ivanovic, Nayara I. Viana, Denis R. Morais, Caio Moura, Iran A. Silva, Katia R. Leite, José Pontes-Junior, William C. Nahas, Miguel Srougi and Sabrina T. Reis

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:992

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The prognostic biomarker for patients undergoing curative liver metastasectomy for colorectal cancer (CRC) is lacking. The purpose was to investigate the prognostic role of a lack of CDX2 expression, which has...

    Authors: Yasuyuki Shigematsu, Kentaro Inamura, Noriko Yamamoto, Yoshihiro Mise, Akio Saiura, Yuichi Ishikawa, Shunji Takahashi and Hiroaki Kanda

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:980

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    The prognosis for pancreatic cancer remains poor despite diagnostic advances and treatments with new chemotherapeutic regimens. The five year survival rate remains below 3%. Consequently, there is an urgent ne...

    Authors: Cindy Canivet, Sophie Gourgou-Bourgade, Bertrand Napoléon, Laurent Palazzo, Nicolas Flori, Pierre Guibert, Guillaume Piessen, Dominique Farges-Bancel, Jean-François Seitz, Eric Assenat, Véronique Vendrely, Stéphanie Truant, Geoffroy Vanbiervliet, Philippe Berthelémy, Stéphane Garcia, Anne Gomez-Brouchet…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:986

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  14. Content type: Research article

    We developed a novel plasma amino acid profile-based index (API) to detect ovarian, uterine, cervical, and endometrial cancers. In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether abnormal API values could be normaliz...

    Authors: Yukio Suzuki, Aya Tokinaga-Uchiyama, Taichi Mizushima, Yasuyo Maruyama, Tae Mogami, Nahoko Shikata, Atsuko Ikeda, Hiroshi Yamamoto and Etsuko Miyagi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:973

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene alterations and amplification are frequently reported in cases of glioblastoma (GBM). However, EGFR-activating mutations that confer proven sensitivity to tyrosine kin...

    Authors: Lea Loriguet, Mony Chenda Morisse, Julie Dremaux, Louison Collet, Christophe Attencourt, Alexandre Coutte, Mathieu Boone, Henri Sevestre, Antoine Galmiche, Brigitte Gubler, Bruno Chauffert and Stephanie Trudel

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:964

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Prior small studies have shown increased expression of sperm protein 17 (Sp17) in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) tissue and suggest Sp17 as a potential biomarker for EOC. However, how Sp17 expression varies w...

    Authors: Laurie L. Brunette, Paulette Y. Mhawech-Fauceglia, Lingyun Ji, Joseph G. Skeate, Heike E. Brand, Kate Lawrenson, Saloni Walia, Maurizio Chiriva-Internati, Susan Groshen, Lynda D. Roman, W. Martin Kast and Diane M. Da Silva

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:970

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The prognostic role of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been proposed in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, it is currently unclear which cutoff values of NLR could consistently an...

    Authors: Jae-Keun Cho, Myoung Woo Kim, Ick Soo Choi, Uk Yeol Moon, Min-Ji Kim, Insuk Sohn, Seonwoo Kim and Han-Sin Jeong

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:969

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Epithelial ovarian cancer is a common malignancy, with no clinically approved diagnostic biomarker. Engrailed-2 (EN2) is a homeodomain-containing transcription factor, essential during embryological neural dev...

    Authors: Sophie Elena McGrath, Nicola Annels, Thumuluru K. Madhuri, Anil Tailor, Simon A. Butler-Manuel, Richard Morgan, Hardev Pandha and Agnieszka Michael

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:943

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  19. Content type: Review

    Traditional therapeutics have encountered a bottleneck caused by diagnosis delay and subjective and unreliable assessment. Biomarkers can overcome this bottleneck and guide us toward personalized precision med...

    Authors: Liang Zhong, Yutong Liu, Kai Wang, Zhijing He, Zhaojian Gong, Zhili Zhao, Yaocheng Yang, Xiaofei Gao, Fangjie Li, Hanjiang Wu, Sheng Zhang and Lin Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:911

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Interactions between cancer cells and the surrounding microenvironment are crucial determinants of cancer progression. During this process, bi-directional communication among tumor cells and cancer associated ...

    Authors: Francesca Andriani, Elena Landoni, Mavis Mensah, Federica Facchinetti, Rosalba Miceli, Elda Tagliabue, Marta Giussani, Maurizio Callari, Loris De Cecco, Mario Paolo Colombo, Luca Roz, Ugo Pastorino and Gabriella Sozzi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:899

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  21. Content type: Research article

    An emerging immunotherapy is infusion of tumor infiltrating Lymphocytes (TIL), with objective response rates of around 50% versus 19% for ipilimumab. As an Advanced Therapeutic Medicinal Products (ATMP), TIL i...

    Authors: Valesca P. Retèl, Lotte M. G. Steuten, Marnix H. Geukes Foppen, Janne C. Mewes, Melanie A. Lindenberg, John B. A. G. Haanen and Wim H. van Harten

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:895

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Pseudogenes are RNA transcripts with high homology with its parent protein-coding genes. Although pseudogenes lost the ability to produce protein, it still exert import biological function, and play important ...

    Authors: Fengqiong Liu, Ruijie Gong, Baochang He, Fa Chen and Zhijian Hu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:894

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Treatment with programmed cell death receptor (PD-1) and programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors is a promising strategy to lift tumour-induced immune response suppression. However, the current syste...

    Authors: J. Rotman, C. H. Mom, E. S. Jordanova, T. D. de Gruijl and G. G. Kenter

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:888

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  24. Content type: Research article

    In breast cancer (BC), deregulation of DNA methylation leads to aberrant expressions and functions of key regulatory genes. In our study, we investigated the relationship between the methylation profiles of ge...

    Authors: Lenka Kalinkova, Iveta Zmetakova, Bozena Smolkova, Gabriel Minarik, Tatiana Sedlackova, Viera Horvathova Kajabova, Zuzana Cierna, Michal Mego and Ivana Fridrichova

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:875

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The preoperative growth of human glioblastomas (GBMs) has been shown to vary among patients. In animal studies, angiogenesis has been linked to hypoxia and faster growth of GBM, however, its relation to the gr...

    Authors: Vilde Elisabeth Mikkelsen, Anne Line Stensjøen, Unn Sophie Granli, Erik Magnus Berntsen, Øyvind Salvesen, Ole Solheim and Sverre Helge Torp

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:862

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the early anti-tumor efficiency of different therapeutic agents with a combination of multi-b-value DWI, DCE-MRI and texture analysis.

    Authors: Ming Meng, Huadan Xue, Jing Lei, Qin Wang, Jingjuan Liu, Yuan Li, Ting Sun, Haiyan Xu and Zhengyu Jin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:833

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Oxidative stress induces various intracellular damage, which might be correlated with tumorigenesis. Accumulated oxidative stresses might inactivate protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) by oxidizing it, and indu...

    Authors: Usama Khamis Hussein, Ho Sung Park, Jun Sang Bae, Kyoung Min Kim, Yun Jo Chong, Chan Young Kim, Keun Sang Kwon, Myoung Ja Chung, Ho Lee, Myoung Jae Kang, Woo Sung Moon and Kyu Yun Jang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:836

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Nucleophosmin is a non-ribosomal nucleolar phosphoprotein that is found primarily in the nucleolus region of cell nucleus, plays multiple important roles in tumor processes. Accumulated previous studies have r...

    Authors: Siying Chen, Hairong He, Yan Wang, Leichao Liu, Yang Liu, Haisheng You, Yalin Dong and Jun Lyu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:838

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Neck dissection is standard in surgical management of oral squamous cell carcinomas (oscc). However, the immunologic link between primary tumor and lymph nodes is insufficiently understood. Galectin 3 (Gal3) p...

    Authors: Falk Wehrhan, Maike Büttner-Herold, Luitpold Distel, Jutta Ries, Patrick Moebius, Raimund Preidl, Carol I. Geppert, Friedrich W. Neukam, Marco Kesting and Manuel Weber

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:823

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Practical and reliable genotyping procedures with a considerable number of samples are required not only for risk-adapted therapeutic strategies, but also for stratifying patients into future clinical trials f...

    Authors: Tomoya Yokota, Masakuni Serizawa, Ayumu Hosokawa, Kimihide Kusafuka, Keita Mori, Toshiro Sugiyama, Yasuhiro Tsubosa and Yasuhiro Koh

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:826

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Hypoxia is a hallmark of the solid tumor microenvironment and is associated with poor outcomes in cancer patients. The present study was performed to investigate mechanisms underlying the hypoxia-induced pheno...

    Authors: Myung-Chul Kim, Sung-Hyun Hwang, Na-Yon Kim, Hong-Seok Lee, Sumin Ji, Yeseul Yang and Yongbaek Kim

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:819

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The function of hornerin (HRNR), a member of the S100 protein family, is poorly clarified in the development of human tumors. The role of HRNR in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression is investigated in t...

    Authors: Shun-Jun Fu, Shun-Li Shen, Shao-Qiang Li, Yun-Peng Hua, Wen-Jie Hu, BeiChu Guo and Bao-Gang Peng

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:815

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Doxorubicin-based chemotherapy is currently the most frequently used treatment for triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), yet the response rate is not high due to the lack of a biomarker allowing identification...

    Authors: Bray Denard, Sharon Jiang, Yan Peng and Jin Ye

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:813

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Molecular analysis of circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) is becoming increasingly important in clinical treatment decisions. A pilot External Quality Assessment (EQA) scheme for ctDNA analysis was organized by fou...

    Authors: Cleo Keppens, Elisabeth M. C. Dequeker, Simon J. Patton, Nicola Normanno, Francesca Fenizia, Rachel Butler, Melanie Cheetham, Jennifer A. Fairley, Hannah Williams, Jacqueline A. Hall, Ed Schuuring and Zandra C. Deans

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:804

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Hormone sensitive lipase (HSL) is a neutral lipase that preferentially catalyzes the hydrolysis of diacylglycerol contributing to triacylglycerol breakdown in the adipose tissue. HSL has been implicated to pla...

    Authors: Mu Xu, Hui-Hua Chang, Xiaoman Jung, Aune Moro, Caroline Ei Ne Chou, Jonathan King, O. Joe Hines, James Sinnett-Smith, Enrique Rozengurt and Guido Eibl

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:797

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is among the deadliest cancers due to its heterogeneity, contributing to chemoresistance and recurrence. Cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) are suggested to play an important role in ...

    Authors: Harshul Pandit, Yan Li, Xuanyi Li, Weizhong Zhang, Suping Li and Robert C. G. Martin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:783

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The death receptors TRAIL-R1 and TRAIL-R2 are frequently overexpressed in cancer and there is an emerging evidence for their important role in malignant progression, also in the case of pancreatic ductal adeno...

    Authors: Jan-Paul Gundlach, Charlotte Hauser, Franka Maria Schlegel, Christine Böger, Christian Röder, Christoph Röcken, Thomas Becker, Jan-Hendrik Egberts, Holger Kalthoff and Anna Trauzold

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:777

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Programmed death ligand 1/2 (PD-L1/PD-L2) expression has been established as a prognostic factor for various solid tumors and as a predictive factor for PD-1 blockade therapy, but scant data on its role in gal...

    Authors: Jianzhen Lin, Junyu Long, Xueshuai Wan, Jingci Chen, Yi Bai, Anqiang Wang, Xiaobo Yang, Yan Wu, Simon C. Robson, Xinting Sang and Haitao Zhao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:766

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most aggressive cancers with high metastatic potential. Clinical observations suggest that there is disease heterogeneity among patients with different sit...

    Authors: Ibrahim H. Sahin, Harold Elias, Joanne F. Chou, Marinela Capanu and Eileen M. O’Reilly

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:769

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Controversy exists for the use of Ki67 protein expression as a predictive marker to select patients who do or do not derive benefit from adjuvant endocrine therapy. Whether other proliferation markers, like Cy...

    Authors: Karin Beelen, Mark Opdam, Tesa Severson, Rutger Koornstra, Andrew Vincent, Jelle Wesseling, Joyce Sanders, Jan Vermorken, Paul van Diest and Sabine Linn

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:761

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with metastatic disease can become cured if neoadjuvant treatment can enable a resection. The search for predictive biomarkers is often performed on primary tumours tissue. In ...

    Authors: M. B. Mogensen, M. Rossing, O. Østrup, P. N. Larsen, P. J. Heiberg Engel, L. N. Jørgensen, E. V. Hogdall, J. Eriksen, P. Ibsen, P. Jess, M. Grauslund, H. J. Nielsen, F. C. Nielsen, B. Vainer and K. Osterlind

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:752

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The receptor CXCR4 and its ligand CXCL12 play crucial roles in breast cancer. Despite the fact that the spontaneous feline mammary carcinoma (FMC) is considered a suitable model for breast cancer studies, the ...

    Authors: Cláudia S. Marques, Ana Rita Santos, Andreia Gameiro, Jorge Correia and Fernando Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:741

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have reported radiotherapy interruption (RTI) is associated with poor local control in two-dimensional radiotherapy (2DRT) era. However, it remains unclear whether RTI still affects local cont...

    Authors: Ji-Jin Yao, Ya-Nan Jin, Si-Yang Wang, Fan Zhang, Guan-Qun Zhou, Wang-Jian Zhang, Zhi-Bin, Cheng, Jun Ma, Zhen-Yu Qi and Ying Sun

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:740

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The development of both chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer (LC) is influenced by smoking related chronic pulmonary inflammation caused by an excessive innate immune response to smoke ...

    Authors: Janna Berg, Ann Rita Halvorsen, May-Bente Bengtson, Kristin A. Taskén, Gunhild M. Mælandsmo, Arne Yndestad, Bente Halvorsen, Odd Terje Brustugun, Pål Aukrust, Thor Ueland and Åslaug Helland

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:739

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  45. Content type: Research article

    MLKL is the most important executor of necroptosis pathway. Recent studies have demonstrated that MLKL could serve as a potential prognostic biomarker for cancer patients. However, most studies reported so far...

    Authors: Binwu Hu, Deyao Shi, Xiao Lv, Songfeng Chen, Qin Huang, Mao Xie and Zengwu Shao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:736

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Multiple myeloma (MM) patients with t(14;20) have a poor prognosis and their outcome has not improved following the introduction of bortezomib (Bzb). The mechanism underlying the resistance to proteasome inhib...

    Authors: Ya-Wei Qiang, Shiqiao Ye, Yuhua Huang, Yu Chen, Frits Van Rhee, Joshua Epstein, Brian A. Walker, Gareth J. Morgan and Faith E. Davies

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:724

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is an important immunotherapy cytokine for various diseases including cancer. Some studies reported the efficacy and safety on cisplatin combined with IL-2 versus cisplatin alone for treat...

    Authors: Liping Han, Qiufang Jiang, Wei Yao, Tian Fu and Qingdi Zeng

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:725

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is one mechanism of carcinoma migration, while complex tumour migration or bulk migration is another - best demontrated by tumour cells invading blood vessels.

    Authors: Martin Zacharias, Luka Brcic, Sylvia Eidenhammer and Helmut Popper

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:717

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