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Surgical oncology, cancer imaging, and interventional therapeutics

Section edited by Stephen P. Povoski

This section focuses on clinical research that impacts on the diagnosis and treatment of cancer using surgery, diagnostic imaging, interventional therapeutics, and surgical pathology.

Page 1 of 10

  1. Content type: Research article

    Current advancements in neoadjuvant therapy and total mesorectal excision have engendered increased local control. However, the survival benefit of preoperative radiotherapy (RT; 5 × 5 Gy) in rectal cancer pat...

    Authors: Yi-Hung Kuo, Chia-Hsuan Lai, Cheng-Yi Huang, Chih-Jung Chen, Yun-Ching Huang, Wen-Shih Huang and Chih-Chien Chin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:815

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The co-occurrence of type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and pancreatic tumor (PaT) has been previously reported. Pure AIP cases have favorable prognosis and are primarily treated with steroids, while AIP cas...

    Authors: Pei Xiang, Xiaoling Zhang, Chaoyang Wang, Yuejiao Lang, Ling Xu, Li Huang, Jingxian Shen and Shi-Ting Feng

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:814

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The risk of lymph node positivity in early-stage colon cancer is a parameter that impacts therapeutic recommendations. However, little is known about the effect of age on lymph node positivity in colon cancer ...

    Authors: Xin Xie, Jianhao Yin, Zhangjian Zhou, Chengxue Dang, Hao Zhang and Yong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:803

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  4. Content type: Case report

    We report an extremely rare case of vaginal clear cell carcinoma, which originated from the malignant transformation of vaginal adenosis without prenatal diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure.

    Authors: Lihong Pang, Lei Li, Lan Zhu, Jinghe Lang and Yalan Bi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:798

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  5. Content type: Research article

    To demonstrate that post-therapy pathological tumor volume (ypTV) should be considered as an independent prognostic factor in advanced gastric cancer (GC) patients who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) ...

    Authors: Xiaolong Tang, Qingsi He, Hui Qu, Guorui Sun, Jia Liu, Lei Gao, Jingbo Shi, Jianhong Ye and Yahang Liang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:797

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  6. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of volumetric parameters on 18F- fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in gastric-cancer patients, accor...

    Authors: Guobing Liu, Yan Hu, Xi Cheng, Yan Wang, Yushen Gu, Tianshu Liu and Hongcheng Shi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:790

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to compare the oncological outcomes and clinical efficacy of laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) and open pancreaticoduodenectomy (OPD) in patients with pancreatic ductal adeno...

    Authors: Yu-Li Jiang, Ren-Chao Zhang and Yu-Cheng Zhou

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:781

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  8. Content type: Case report

    ROS1 rearrangements are validated drivers in lung cancer, which have been identified in a small subset (1–2%) of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). To date, 18 fusion genes of ROS1 have been identi...

    Authors: Shuguang Xu, Wenxian Wang, Chunwei Xu, Xingliang Li, Junhui Ye, Youcai Zhu and Ting Ge

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:769

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Bladder leiomyosarcoma is the most frequent mesenchymal neoplasm of the bladder. However, the rarity of the disease and some morphological aspects could give serious problems to differential diagnosis.

    Authors: Vincenzo Fiorentino, Francesco Pierconti, Niccolò Lenci, Martina Calicchia, Giuseppe Palermo, Pierfrancesco Bassi, Luigi Maria Larocca and Maurizio Martini

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:763

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Efficacy of treatments for colorectal liver metastases after failure of first-line chemotherapy is limited. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the feasibility, tolerability, and pharmacokineti...

    Authors: Toshihiro Tanaka, Takeshi Sato, Hideyuki Nishiofuku, Tetsuya Masada, Shota Tatsumoto, Nagaaki Marugami, Toshio Otsuji, Masatoshi Kanno, Fumikazu Koyama, Masayuki Sho and Kimihiko Kichikawa

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:758

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  11. Content type: Research article

    For brain metastases from non-specific primary tumors, the most frequently used and validated clinical prognostic assessment tool is Karnofsky performance status (KPS). Given the lack of prognostic factors of ...

    Authors: Jun Imaizumi, Dai Shida, Yoshitaka Narita, Yasuji Miyakita, Taro Tanabe, Atsuo Takashima, Narikazu Boku, Hiroshi Igaki, Jun Itami and Yukihide Kanemitsu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:755

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The 8th edition of the tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) classification classifies inguinal lymph nodes as regional lymph nodes for anal canal carcinoma but non-regional lymph nodes for rectal carcinoma. This differ...

    Authors: Taro Tanabe, Dai Shida, Sho Komukai, Yuya Nakamura, Shunsuke Tsukamoto and Yukihide Kanemitsu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:733

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Recently, the incidence of gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer has been increasing in Eastern countries. Mediastinal lymph node (MLN) metastasis rates among patients with GEJ cancer are reported to be 5–25%...

    Authors: Won Ho Han, Bang Wool Eom, Hong Man Yoon, Daniel Reim, Young-Woo Kim, Moon Soo Kim, Jong Mog Lee and Keun Won Ryu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:719

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Assessing the prognostic significance of specific clinicopathological features plays an important role in surgical management after radical cystectomy. This study investigated the association between ten clini...

    Authors: Lijin Zhang, Bin Wu, Zhenlei Zha, Wei Qu, Hu Zhao and Jun Yuan

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:716

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) arising in the caudate lobe is rare and the treatment is difficult. The aim of this study is to summarize the experience of ultrasound-guided percutaneous ablation therapy for H...

    Authors: Baoxian Liu, Jianting Long, Wei Wang, Tongyi Huang, Xiaohua Xie, Shuling Chen, Guangliang Huang, Chunlin Jiang, Jieyi Ye, Haiyi Long, Xiaoyan Xie and Ming Kuang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:699

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  16. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the safety and efficacy of intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) for the primary or secondary treatment of infants diagnosed with advanced retinoblastoma before 3 months of age.

    Authors: Qiuying Chen, Bin Zhang, Yuhao Dong, Xiaokai Mo, Lu Zhang, Jiejun Xia, Jing Zhang and Shuixing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:693

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Lung cancer is the most important cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide and the overall survival of patients with non-small cell lung cancer has not improved. Transforming growth factor beta or TGF-β is a p...

    Authors: Jue Li, Cheng Shen, Xin Wang, Yutian Lai, Kun Zhou, Pengfei Li, Lunxu Liu and Guowei Che

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:691

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a malignancy with good prognosis. However, the incidence of secondary tumors increases every year after the diagnosis of chronic lymphotcytic leukemia. One of the induced second...

    Authors: Yinjie Zhu, Yanqing Wang, Zhiyu Qian, Jiahua Pan, Qiang Liu, Baijun Dong and Wei Xue

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:676

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet–lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are representative blood markers of systemic inflammatory responses. However, the clinical significance of the combination of these mar...

    Authors: Tetsushi Hirahara, Takaaki Arigami, Shigehiro Yanagita, Daisuke Matsushita, Yasuto Uchikado, Yoshiaki Kita, Shinichiro Mori, Ken Sasaki, Itaru Omoto, Hiroshi Kurahara, Kosei Maemura, Keishi Okubo, Yoshikazu Uenosono, Sumiya Ishigami and Shoji Natsugoe

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:672

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Stereotactic radiotherapy is an emerging treatment option for patients with inoperable renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Haemorrhage has not previously been reported to occur as a result of Stereotactic Body Radioth...

    Authors: Liam A. Hilleary, Christopher Wratten, Shankar Siva, Jenna Hilleary and Jarad M. Martin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:671

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer survivors are at risk of developing breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) after surgical treatment, which may have a negative effect on quality of life. The purpose of this study was to investi...

    Authors: Sung Mook Lim, Yujin Han, Seung Il Kim and Hyung Seok Park

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:669

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  22. Content type: Study protocol

    An important parameter for survival in patients with esophageal carcinoma is lymph node status. The distribution of lymph node metastases depends on tumor characteristics such as tumor location, histology, inv...

    Authors: Eliza R. C. Hagens, Mark I. van Berge Henegouwen, Johanna W. van Sandick, Miguel A. Cuesta, Donald L. van der Peet, Joos Heisterkamp, Grard A. P. Nieuwenhuijzen, Camiel Rosman, Joris J. G. Scheepers, Meindert N. Sosef, Richard van Hillegersberg, Sjoerd M. Lagarde, Magnus Nilsson, Jari Räsänen, Philippe Nafteux, Piet Pattyn…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:662

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Yes-associated protein (YAP) plays a crucial role in tumour development and it is the main effector of the Hippo signalling pathway. However, the mechanism underlying YAP downregulation in laryngeal cancer is ...

    Authors: Xiaomin Tang, Yuxuan Sun, Ganglun Wan, Jiaqiang Sun, Jingwu Sun and Chunchen Pan

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:654

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The optimal reconstructive method after diaphyseal malignant bone tumor resection remains controversial. This multicenter clinical study was designed to investigate the clinical value and complications of segm...

    Authors: Kai Zheng, Xiu-chun Yu, Yong-cheng Hu, Zeng-wu Shao, Ming Xu, Bai-chuan Wang and Feng Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:638

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The recent implementation of PET with prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-specific radiotracers into the clinical practice has resulted in the significant improvement of accuracy in the detection of pros...

    Authors: Heike Endepols, Agnieszka Morgenroth, Boris D. Zlatopolskiy, Philipp Krapf, Johannes Zischler, Raphael Richarz, Sergio Muñoz Vásquez, Bernd Neumaier and Felix M. Mottaghy

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:633

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  26. Content type: Research article

    A major barrier to effective treatment of glioblastoma (GBM) is the large intertumoral heterogeneity at the genetic and cellular level. In early phase clinical trials, patient heterogeneity in response to ther...

    Authors: Erlend Skaga, Evgeny Kulesskiy, Artem Fayzullin, Cecilie J. Sandberg, Swapnil Potdar, Aija Kyttälä, Iver A. Langmoen, Aki Laakso, Emília Gaál-Paavola, Markus Perola, Krister Wennerberg and Einar O. Vik-Mo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:628

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Sentinel node biopsy (SNB) is the standard procedure for axillary staging in patients with clinically lymph node negative invasive breast cancer. Completion axillary lymph node dissection (c-ALND) may not be n...

    Authors: Shabaz Majid, Lisa Rydén and Jonas Manjer

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:626

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is standard staging procedure for nodal status in breast cancer, but lacks therapeutic benefit for patients with benign sentinel nodes. For patients with positive sentinel nod...

    Authors: Looket Dihge, Mattias Ohlsson, Patrik Edén, Pär-Ola Bendahl and Lisa Rydén

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:610

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Currently, there are three main surgical approaches for resectable esophageal cancer: open transthoracic esophagectomy (OTE), conventional minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) and robot-assisted esophagectom...

    Authors: Yang Yang, Xiaobin Zhang, Bin Li, Zhigang Li, Yifeng Sun, Teng Mao, Rong Hua, Yu Yang, Xufeng Guo, Yi He, Hecheng Li, Hezhong Chen and Lijie Tan

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:608

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma waiting for liver transplantation are commonly treated with locoregional treatments, such as TACE and ablation, to prevent tumor progression and dropout and to improve lo...

    Authors: Malin Sternby Eilard, Mats Andersson, Peter Naredi, Charalampos Geronymakis, Per Lindnér, Christian Cahlin, William Bennet and Magnus Rizell

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:568

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Pre-operative discrimination of malignant from benign adnexal masses is crucial for planning additional imaging, preparation, surgery and postoperative care. This study aimed to define key ultrasound and clini...

    Authors: Maciej Stukan, Michał Badocha and Karol Ratajczak

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:564

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Cabazitaxel (CBZ) chemotherapy for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) is believed to be palliative because the radiological response rate is low and a durable response is rare. Here, we de...

    Authors: Takeo Kosaka, Hiroshi Hongo and Mototsugu Oya

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:562

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Despite recent advances in the treatments of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the prognosis of HCC patients remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic performance of pret...

    Authors: Mian-Tao Wu, Su-Yin He, Shu-Lin Chen, Lin-Fang Li, Zheng-Qiang He, Yuan-Ying Zhu, Xia He and Hao Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:538

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus (BSCCE) is generally detected at advanced stage and the prognosis is poorer than advanced conventional esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Therefore, early det...

    Authors: Lianjun Di, Kuang-I Fu, Xinglong Wu, Xuemei Liu, Rui Xie, Rong Zhu and Biguang Tuo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:513

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  35. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the long-term efficacy of the minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagectomy (MIILE) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients, a retrospective comparison of the quality of life (QOL) a...

    Authors: Qi Wang, Zixiang Wu, Tianwei Zhan, Shuai Fang, Sai Zhang, Gang Shen and Ming Wu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:500

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  36. Content type: Research article

    To determine whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-detected extramural vascular invasion (mrEMVI) status is associated with quantitative perfusion parameters derived from dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-...

    Authors: Yan Chen, Xinyue Yang, Ziqiang Wen, Yiyan Liu, Baolan Lu, Shenping Yu and Xiaojuan Xiao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:498

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The traditional pathologic grading for human renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has low concordance between biopsy and surgical specimen. There is a need to investigate adjunctive pathology technique that does not rel...

    Authors: Sara L. Best, Yuming Liu, Adib Keikhosravi, Cole R. Drifka, Kaitlin M. Woo, Guneet S. Mehta, Marie Altwegg, Terra N. Thimm, Matthew Houlihan, Jeremy S. Bredfeldt, E. Jason Abel, Wei Huang and Kevin W. Eliceiri

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:490

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Laparoscopic-assisted pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (LAPPG) is a minimally invasive function-preserving surgery for early gastric cancer. This study was designed to investigate the clinical outcomes between L...

    Authors: Xiang Xia, Jia Xu, Chunchao Zhu, Hui Cao, Fengrong Yu and Gang Zhao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:481

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  39. Content type: Research article

    To explore prognostic value of the pre-treatment primary lesion apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LA-NPC).

    Authors: Tao-xiang Huang, Nian Lu, Shan-shan Lian, Hui Li, Shao-han Yin, Zhi-jun Geng and Chuan-miao Xie

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:470

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The optimal surgical margins assessment is capital in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) management. We evaluated the clinical benefits of integrating intraoperative macroscopic margin (MM) assessment and nar...

    Authors: Alessandro Baj, Nicola Fusco, Alessandro Bolzoni, Daniela Carioli, Camilla Mazzucato, Alice Faversani, Lorenzo Bresciani, Marco Maggioni and Pasquale Capaccio

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:467

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence and factors associated with major depressive disorder (MDD) among adults with cancer have been documented in the scientific literature. However, this data is limited among children and adolescen...

    Authors: Benedict Akimana, Catherine Abbo, Joyce Balagadde-Kambugu and Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:466

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  42. Content type: Research article

    To explore imaging biomarkers that can be used for diagnosis and prediction of pathologic stage in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) using multiple machine learning algorithms based on CT image feature analysis.

    Authors: Lingming Yu, Guangyu Tao, Lei Zhu, Gang Wang, Ziming Li, Jianding Ye and Qunhui Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:464

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Patients undergoing major cancer surgery frequently require post-acute care for complications and adverse effects. Enhanced recovery after surgery programmes mean that patients are increasingly discharged home...

    Authors: Kerry N. L. Avery, Hollie S. Richards, Amanda Portal, Trudy Reed, Ruth Harding, Robert Carter, Leon Bamforth, Kate Absolom, Elaine O’Connell Francischetto, Galina Velikova and Jane M. Blazeby

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:463

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