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Medical and radiation oncology

Section edited by Dirk Vordermark

This section focuses on clinical research that impacts on the treatment of cancer using systemic chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and radiation.

Page 4 of 12

  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Systemic treatment for advanced cancer offers uncertain and sometimes little benefit while the burden can be high. Hence, treatment decisions require Shared Decision Making (SDM). The CHOICE trial examines the...

    Authors: I. Henselmans, E. M. A. Smets, J. C. J. M. de Haes, M. G. W. Dijkgraaf, F. Y. de Vos and H. W. M. van Laarhoven

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:55

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The 21-gene recurrence score (RS) assay determines the benefit of adding chemotherapy to endocrine therapy for patients with early stage, estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. The RS ri...

    Authors: Gulisa Turashvili, Edi Brogi, Monica Morrow, Maura Dickler, Larry Norton, Clifford Hudis and Hannah Y. Wen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:42

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    Glioblastoma relapses in the vast majority of cases within 1 year. Maximum safe resection of the recurrent glioblastoma can be offered in some cases. Re-irradiation has been established for the treatment of re...

    Authors: Christoph Straube, Hagen Scherb, Jens Gempt, Jan Kirschke, Claus Zimmer, Friederike Schmidt-Graf, Bernhard Meyer and Stephanie E. Combs

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:15

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  4. Content type: Research article

    To compare the efficacy of crizotinib, pemetrexed and other chemotherapy regimens as a first-line treatment in patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in real...

    Authors: Jianya Zhou, Jing Zheng, Xiaochen Zhang, Jing Zhao, Yanping Zhu, Qian Shen, Yuehong Wang, Ke Sun, Zeying Zhang, Zhijie Pan, Yihong Shen and Jianying Zhou

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:10

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Systemic inflammatory parameters are associated with poor outcomes in malignant patients. Several inflammation-based cumulative prognostic score systems were established for various solid tumors. However, ther...

    Authors: Feifei Sun, Jia Zhu, Suying Lu, Zijun Zhen, Juan Wang, Junting Huang, Zonghui Ding, Musheng Zeng and Xiaofei Sun

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:5

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  6. Content type: Research article

    LUX-Lung 3 showed afatinib improved progression-free survival (PFS) compared with cisplatin plus pemetrexed in patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations. In this study, chemotherapy efficacy...

    Authors: Toshihiko Kaneda, Hiroshige Yoshioka, Motohiro Tamiya, Akihiro Tamiya, Akito Hata, Asukaka Okada, Takashi Niwa, Takayuki Shiroyama, Masaki Kanazu, Tadashi Ishida and Nobuyuki Katakami

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:6

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Historical data indicate that surgical resection may benefit select patients with metastatic gastric and gastroesophageal junction cancer. However, randomized clinical trials are lacking. The current RENAISSAN...

    Authors: Salah-Eddin Al-Batran, Thorsten O. Goetze, Daniel W. Mueller, Arndt Vogel, Michael Winkler, Sylvie Lorenzen, Alexander Novotny, Claudia Pauligk, Nils Homann, Thomas Jungbluth, Christoph Reissfelder, Karel Caca, Steffen Retter, Eva Horndasch, Julia Gumpp, Claus Bolling…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:893

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  8. Content type: Research article

    This phase II bridging study assessed the safety and efficacy of nab-paclitaxel/gemcitabine (Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Clinical Trial [MPACT] regimen) in Chinese patients with metastatic pancreatic can...

    Authors: Ruihua Xu, Xianjun Yu, Jihui Hao, Liwei Wang, Hongming Pan, Guohong Han, Jianming Xu, Yanqiao Zhang, Shujun Yang, Jia Chen, Jieer Ying, Guanghai Dai, Mingyu Li, Damir Begic, Brian Lu and Lin Shen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:885

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  9. Content type: Research article

    It is well known that patient characteristics and survival outcomes in randomized trials may not necessarily be similar to those in real-life clinical practice. The aim of the present study was to analyse seco...

    Authors: Radek Lakomy, Alexandr Poprach, Zbynek Bortlicek, Bohuslav Melichar, Renata Chloupkova, Rostislav Vyzula, Milada Zemanova, Katerina Kopeckova, Marek Svoboda, Ondrej Slaby, Igor Kiss, Hana Studentova, Jaroslav Juracek, Ondrej Fiala, Jindrich Kopecky, Jindrich Finek…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:880

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  10. Content type: Study protocol

    Ultrasonography (US) is recommended as a standard surveillance tool for patients with a high risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the low sensitivity of US for small HCC can lead to surv...

    Authors: Hyun A Kim, Kyung Ah Kim, Joon-Il Choi, Jeong Min Lee, Chang Hee Lee, Tae Wook Kang, Young-Mi Ku, Su Lim Lee, Yang Shin Park, Jeong Hee Yoon, Seong Hyun Kim and Moon Hyung Choi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:877

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Preliminary evidence suggests that changes in plasma brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels may contribute to the occurrence of chemotherapy-associated cognitive impairment (CACI), and a previous stud...

    Authors: Terence Ng, Ying Yun Lee, Jung-woo Chae, Angie Hui Ling Yeo, Maung Shwe, Yan Xiang Gan, Raymond C. H. Ng, Pat Pak Yan Chu, Chiea Chuen Khor, Han Kiat Ho and Alexandre Chan

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:867

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Capecitabine is an oral prodrug of fluorouracil, which is a common agent used in the management of many solid tumor malignancies. Dermatologic reaction is common with various chemotherapy agents but is not com...

    Authors: Rena A. Shah, Daniel D. Bennett and Mark E. Burkard

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:866

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Compared with World Health Organization-defined acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) not otherwise specified, patients with AML with myelodysplasia-related changes (AML-MRC) are generally older and more likely to hav...

    Authors: John F. Seymour, Hartmut Döhner, Aleksandra Butrym, Agnieszka Wierzbowska, Dominik Selleslag, Jun Ho Jang, Rajat Kumar, James Cavenagh, Andre C. Schuh, Anna Candoni, Christian Récher, Irwindeep Sandhu, Teresa Bernal del Castillo, Haifa Kathrin Al-Ali, Jose Falantes, Richard M. Stone…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:852

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  14. Content type: Study protocol

    In Japan, S-1 plus cisplatin (SP) regimen has become a standard therapy for patients with advanced gastric cancer. Moreover, the S-1 plus oxaliplatin regimen is now a standard treatment.

    Authors: Yasuyuki Kawamoto, Yoshito Komatsu, Satoshi Yuki, Kentaro Sawada, Tetsuhito Muranaka, Kazuaki Harada, Hiroshi Nakatsumi, Hiraku Fukushima, Atsushi Ishiguro, Masayoshi Dazai, Kazuteru Hatanaka, Michio Nakamura, Ichiro Iwanaga, Minoru Uebayashi, Susumu Sogabe, Yoshimitsu Kobayashi…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:837

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  15. Content type: Research article

    To appraise the ability of a radiomics based analysis to predict local response and overall survival for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Authors: Luca Cozzi, Nicola Dinapoli, Antonella Fogliata, Wei-Chung Hsu, Giacomo Reggiori, Francesca Lobefalo, Margarita Kirienko, Martina Sollini, Davide Franceschini, Tiziana Comito, Ciro Franzese, Marta Scorsetti and Po-Ming Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:829

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Leukocytoclastic vasculitis is typically mediated by deposition of immune complexes and is related to many causes, including medication. To the best of our knowledge, leukocytoclastic vasculitis related to cis...

    Authors: Júlia Coelho França Quintanilha, Marília Berlofa Visacri, Laís Sampaio Amaral, Carmen Silvia Passos Lima, Maria Letícia Cintra and Patricia Moriel

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:831

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The efficacy and safety of eribulin in patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer has been demonstrated in phase III trials. However, as patients receiving eribulin in daily practice do not nec...

    Authors: Sakura Iizumi, Tatsunori Shimoi, Natsuko Tsushita, Seiko Bun, Akihiko Shimomura, Emi Noguchi, Makoto Kodaira, Mayu Yunokawa, Kan Yonemori, Chikako Shimizu, Yasuhiro Fujiwara and Kenji Tamura

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:819

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    For metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC), conventional radiotherapy with 10 × 3 Gy in 2 weeks results in better local progression-free survival (LPFS) than 5 × 4 Gy in 1 week. Since patients with MSCC are...

    Authors: Dirk Rades, Jon Cacicedo, Antonio J. Conde-Moreno, Claudia Doemer, Jürgen Dunst, Darejan Lomidze, Barbara Segedin, Denise Olbrich and Niels Henrik Holländer

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:818

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Médecins Sans Frontières is supporting comprehensive HIV care and treatment for Kaposi Sarcoma (KS) in Guinea, where antiretroviral coverage is low and access to KS treatment is very limited. We aimed to evalu...

    Authors: Cavin E. Bekolo, Mohamed M. Soumah, Ousseni W. Tiemtore, Abdourahimi Diallo, Joseph-Desire Yuma, Letizia Di Stefano, Carol Metcalf and Mohamed Cisse

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:806

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Cancer cachexia in elderly patients may substantially impact physical function and medical dependency. The aim of this study was to estimate the impact of cachexia on activity of daily living (ADL), length of ...

    Authors: Tateaki Naito, Taro Okayama, Takashi Aoyama, Takuya Ohashi, Yoshiyuki Masuda, Madoka Kimura, Hitomi Shiozaki, Haruyasu Murakami, Hirotsugu Kenmotsu, Tetsuhiko Taira, Akira Ono, Kazushige Wakuda, Hisao Imai, Takuya Oyakawa, Takeshi Ishii, Shota Omori…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:800

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Utilisation of radiation therapy for regional Australia and around the world has been the focus of much health policy the last decade. Radiation therapy centres have been built in Australian regional and rural...

    Authors: Sandra C. Thompson, Shelley Cheetham and Siddhartha Baxi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:794

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  22. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the incidence of neck muscle spasm in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients that received intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), and to analyse the patient- and treatment-related risk factors a...

    Authors: Lu-Lu Zhang, Guan-Qun Zhou, Zhen-Yu Qi, Xiao-Jun He, Jia-Xiang Li, Ling-Long Tang, Yan-Ping Mao, Ai-Hua Lin, Jun Ma and Ying Sun

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:788

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The magnitude and rapidity of the tumor response to androgen deprivation is known to predict the durability of the therapy. We have investigated the predictive value of categorizing patients by the half-life o...

    Authors: Yong Jin Kang, Won Sik Jang, Jong Kyou Kwon, Cheol Yong Yoon, Joo Yong Lee, Won Sik Ham and Young Deuk Choi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:789

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  24. Content type: Debate

    Cancer treatment during pregnancy is a growing problem especially now that women delay childbearing. Systemic treatment of these malignancies during pregnancy centers mainly on the anticancer drugs anthracycli...

    Authors: Marialuisa Framarino-dei-Malatesta, Paolo Sammartino and Angela Napoli

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:777

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Pediatric papillary thyroid carcinoma frequently presents with lymph node involvement and distant metastases. Sorafenib, an oral multikinase inhibitor, has been used to treat radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy-r...

    Authors: Yousuke Higuchi, Takayuki Motoki, Hisashi Ishida, Kiichiro Kanamitsu, Kana Washio, Takanori Oyama, Takuo Noda, Yasuko Tsurumaru, Ayumi Okada, Hirokazu Tsukahara and Akira Shimada

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:775

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  26. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the role of ablative radiotherapy doses in the treatment of hilar or intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (CCC) using stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT).

    Authors: Eleni Gkika, Lukas Hallauer, Simon Kirste, Sonja Adebahr, Nico Bartl, Hannes Philipp Neeff, Ralph Fritsch, Volker Brass, Ursula Nestle, Anca Ligia Grosu and Thomas Baptist Brunner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:781

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Pseudoprogression refers to a specific pattern of response sometimes observed in malignant melanoma patients receiving treatment with immune-checkpoint inhibitors. Although cases with pseudoprogression documen...

    Authors: Yukinori Ozaki, Junichi Shindoh, Yuji Miura, Hiromichi Nakajima, Ryosuke Oki, Miyuki Uchiyama, Jun Masuda, Keiichi Kinowaki, Chihiro Kondoh, Yuko Tanabe, Tsuyoshi Tanaka, Shusuke Haruta, Masaki Ueno, Shigehisa Kitano, Takeshi Fujii, Harushi Udagawa…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:778

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  28. Content type: Case report

    Pemetrexed, a multitargeted antifolate cytotoxic agent, is currently used primarily in combination with cisplatin for metastatic non-small cell lung cancer and for malignant mesothelioma. Acute renal toxicity ...

    Authors: Maureen Assayag, Philippe Rouvier, Marion Gauthier, Ghania Costel, Philippe Cluzel, Lucile Mercadal, Gilbert Deray and Corinne Isnard Bagnis

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:770

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  29. Content type: Correspondence

    The routine use of adjuvant whole brain radiotherapy (AWBRT) after surgery or stereotactic radiosurgery is now discouraged by a number of international expert panels. Three decades of randomised studies have s...

    Authors: Mark B. Pinkham, Arjun Sahgal, Andrew P. Pullar and Matthew C. Foote

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:768

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  30. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the safety and efficacy of abiraterone acetate (AA) in the “real life” clinical practice for men with chemotherapy-naïve metastatic castration-resistant prostate.

    Authors: Luca Cindolo, Clara Natoli, Cosimo De Nunzio, Michele De Tursi, Maurizio Valeriani, Silvana Giacinti, Salvatore Micali, Mino Rizzo, Giampaolo Bianchi, Eugenio Martorana, Marcello Scarcia, Giuseppe Mario Ludovico, Pierluigi Bove, Anastasia Laudisi, Oscar Selvaggio, Giuseppe Carrieri…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:753

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  31. Content type: Research article

    There are three main therapeutic strategies, namely expectant management (dilation and curettage only), prophylactic chemotherapy and prophylactic total hysterectomy for treating older women with complete hyda...

    Authors: Peng Zhao, Qinqing Chen and Weiguo Lu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:733

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Pregnancy is an unquantifiable risk to accelerate tumor growth of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), and whether pregnancy induces an unfavorable prognosis of radioiodine refractory papillary thyroid carcinoma...

    Authors: Yuchen Jin, Min Liu, Lingxiao Cheng and Libo Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:735

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have been accepted as a prognostic marker in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC, UICC stage IV). However, the prognostic value of CTCs in patients with non-metastat...

    Authors: Chaogang Yang, Kun Zou, Liang Zheng and Bin Xiong

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:725

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Trastuzumab-related cardiotoxicity has been reported in patients receiving trastuzumab concurrently with other agents, especially with anthracyclines. Cardiac function damage is generally rare, precox and mild...

    Authors: Santino Minichillo, Ilaria Gallelli, Elena Barbieri, Marta Cubelli, Daniela Rubino, Sara Quercia, Massimo Dall’Olio, Claudio Rapezzi and Claudio Zamagni

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:722

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  35. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the safety and efficacy of carbon ion radiotherapy (C-ion RT) for 80 years or older patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

    Authors: Shintaro Shiba, Takanori Abe, Kei Shibuya, Hiroyuki Katoh, Yoshinori Koyama, Hirohumi Shimada, Satoru Kakizaki, Ken Shirabe, Hiroyuki Kuwano, Tatsuya Ohno and Takashi Nakano

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:721

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  36. Content type: Case report

    Hereditary diffuse gastric carcinoma (HDGC) accounts for 1–3% of all gastric carcinomas. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumors in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract but th...

    Authors: Huijie Fan, Pei Lu, Li Xu, Yanru Qin and Jing Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:720

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GIST) are rarely encountered mesenchymal tumours of the gastrointestinal tract (1.5 people per 100,000/year) that are even more rarely seen in paediatric patients (1–2% of all...

    Authors: Piotr Rutkowski, Heather Magnan, Alexander J. Chou and Charlotte Benson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:717

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Many studies have combined sorafenib with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) to treat patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the results are disputable. Thus, we conducted this...

    Authors: Rong Cai, Rongfeng Song, Pengfei Pang, Yan Yan, Yifeng Liao, Cuiling Zhou, Shuncong Wang, Xiuling Zhou, Huaping Wang, Hongyu Zhang, Huanhuan Sun and Haiqing Ma

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:714

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  39. Content type: Technical advance

    To investigate whether the incorporation of 18FDG-PET into the automatic treatment planning process may be able to decrease the dose to active bone marrow (BM) for locally advanced anal cancer patients undergoing...

    Authors: Pierfrancesco Franco, Christian Fiandra, Francesca Arcadipane, Elisabetta Trino, Francesca Romana Giglioli, Riccardo Ragona and Umberto Ricardi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:710

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Metastatic colorectal cancer imposes a substantial burden on patients and society. Over the last years, progresses in the treatment have been made especially due to the introduction of monoclonal antibodies, s...

    Authors: Andrea Queiróz Ungari, Leonardo Régis Leira Pereira, Altacílio Aparecido Nunes and Fernanda Maris Peria

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:691

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  41. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of nab-paclitaxel in patients with refractory advanced non-small cell lung cancer who failed previous chemotherapy.

    Authors: Hisashi Tanaka, Kageaki Taima, Takeshi Morimoto, Yoshihito Tanaka, Masamichi Itoga, Kunihiko Nakamura, Akihito Hayashi, Mika Kumagai, Hideo Yasugahira, Megumi Mikuniya, Koichi Okudera, Shingo Takanashi and Sadatomo Tasaka

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:683

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) has increasingly contributed to the management of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients. The objective of this paper was to explore the prognostic significance of apparent...

    Authors: Dan-Fang Yan, Wen-Bao Zhang, Shan-Bao Ke, Feng Zhao, Sen-Xiang Yan, Qi-Dong Wang and Li-Song Teng

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:678

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  43. Content type: Study protocol

    Both enzalutamide and abiraterone have demonstrated improved radiographic progression-free and overall survival for castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) compared with placebo controls before docetaxel t...

    Authors: Kouji Izumi, Atsushi Mizokami, Mikio Namiki, Shogo Inoue, Nobumichi Tanaka, Yuko Yoshio, Kei Ishibashi, Manabu Kamiyama, Noriyasu Kawai, Hideki Enokida, Takashi Shima and Shizuko Takahara

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:677

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  44. Content type: Research article

    To assess the feasibility and potential impact on target delineation of respiratory-gated (4D) contrast-enhanced 18Fluorine fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography - computed tomography (PET-CT), in...

    Authors: Andrew Scarsbrook, Gillian Ward, Patrick Murray, Rebecca Goody, Karen Marshall, Garry McDermott, Robin Prestwich and Ganesh Radhakrishna

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:671

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Whole-lesion apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram analysis has been introduced and proved effective in assessment of multiple tumors. However, the application of whole-volume ADC histogram analysis i...

    Authors: Song Liu, Yujuan Zhang, Ling Chen, Wenxian Guan, Yue Guan, Yun Ge, Jian He and Zhengyang Zhou

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:665

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Five-year survival in patients with localized prostate cancer (PCa) is nearly 100%, but metastatic disease still remains incurable. Clinical management of metastatic patients has become increasingly complex as...

    Authors: Mariarosa Pascale, Che Ngwa Azinwi, Barbara Marongiu, Gianfranco Pesce, Flavio Stoffel and Enrico Roggero

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:651

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Human epidermal growth factor receptor 3 (HER3) is important in maintaining epidermal growth factor receptor-driven cancers and mediating resistance to targeted therapy. A phase I study of anti-HER3 monoclonal...

    Authors: Kerry Lynn Reynolds, Philippe L. Bedard, Se-Hoon Lee, Chia-Chi Lin, Josep Tabernero, Maria Alsina, Ezra Cohen, José Baselga, George Blumenschein Jr, Donna M. Graham, Ignacio Garrido-Laguna, Dejan Juric, Sunil Sharma, Ravi Salgia, Abdelkader Seroutou, Xianbin Tian…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:646

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