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Medical and radiation oncology

Section edited by Dirk Vordermark

This section focuses on clinical research that impacts on the treatment of cancer using systemic chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and radiation.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Prediction of the outcome of sorafenib therapy using biomarkers is an unmet clinical need in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim was to develop and validate a biomarker-based model f...

    Authors: Hwi Young Kim, Dong Hyeon Lee, Jeong-Hoon Lee, Young Youn Cho, Eun Ju Cho, Su Jong Yu, Yoon Jun Kim and Jung-Hwan Yoon

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:307

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In patients with metastatic renal cell cancer, based on limited evidence, increased sunitinib exposure is associated with better outcome. The survival and toxicity data of patients receiving individualized dos...

    Authors: Anikó Maráz, Adrienn Cserháti, Gabriella Uhercsák, Éva Szilágyi, Zoltán Varga, János Révész, Renáta Kószó, Linda Varga and Zsuzsanna Kahán

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:296

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Trastuzumab (Herceptin® [H]) is the standard of care for HER2-positive locally advanced/metastatic breast cancer and gastric/gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer. However, there is a paucity of data availabl...

    Authors: Volkmar Müller, Michael Clemens, Jacek Jassem, Nedal Al-Sakaff, Petra Auclair, Eveline Nüesch, Debbie Holloway, Mona Shing and Yung-Jue Bang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:295

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  4. Content type: Research article

    To compare the prevalence of nephrotoxicity between patients with a solitary-functioning kidney versus those with bilateral-functioning kidneys during the administration of cisplatin-based chemotherapy for adv...

    Authors: Takamitsu Inoue, Jun Miyazaki, Daishi Ichioka, Shintaro Narita, Susumu Kageyama, Mikio Sugimoto, Koji Mitsuzuka, Yusuke Shiraishi, Hidefumi Kinoshita, Hironobu Wakeda, Takeshi Nomoto, Eiji Kikuchi, Yoshiyuki Matsui, Keiko Fujie, Tomonori Habuchi and Hiroyuki Nishiyama

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:290

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Mainly because of the diversity of clinical presentations, diagnostic delays in lymphoma can be excessive. The time spent in primary care before referral to the specialist may be relatively short compared with...

    Authors: Xavier Bosch, Carmen Sanclemente-Ansó, Ona Escoda, Esther Monclús, Jonathan Franco-Vanegas, Pedro Moreno, Mar Guerra-García, Neus Guasch and Alfons López-Soto

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:276

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The primary pulmonary lymphoma (PPL), with a low incidence, was highly misdiagnosed in clinic. The present study analyzes the clinical features, laboratory and imaging data, pathologic characteristics, and sum...

    Authors: D. Yao, L. Zhang, P. L. Wu, X. L. Gu, Y. F. Chen, L. X. Wang and X. Y. Huang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:281

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Here we assessed the influence of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) during and/or after post-prostatectomy radiotherapy (RT) on biochemical recurrence (BCR) and radiographic progression in patients with prost...

    Authors: Myong Kim, Cheryn Song, In Gab Jeong, Seung-Kwon Choi, Myungchan Park, Myungsun Shim, Young Seok Kim, Dalsan You, Jun Hyuk Hong, Choung-Soo Kim and Hanjong Ahn

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:271

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Several systemic treatments have been shown to increase survival for patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. This study sought to characterize variation in use of the six “focus drugs” (...

    Authors: Megan E. V. Caram, Jason P. Estes, Jennifer J. Griggs, Paul Lin and Bhramar Mukherjee

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:258

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Oxaliplatin is a platinum derivative that has shown efficacy in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. S-1 is an oral fluoropyrimidine that has substituted for 5-fluorouracil in many cancers. This was a multicente...

    Authors: Dae-Won Lee, Kyung-Hun Lee, Hee-Jun Kim, Tae-Yong Kim, Jin-Soo Kim, Sae-Won Han, Do-Youn Oh, Jee Hyun Kim, Seock-Ah Im and Tae-You Kim

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:252

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Esophageal sarcomatoid carcinoma (ESC) is a rare disease with a mixture of both carcinomatous and sarcomatous components in the tumor. Its genetic background and mechanisms of oncogenesis remain largely unknown.

    Authors: Hongyang Lu, Shifeng Yang, Huineng Zhu, Xiaoling Tong, Fajun Xie, Jing Qin, Na Han, Xue Wu, Yun Fan, Yang W. Shao and Weimin Mao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:251

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  11. Content type: Research article

    There is no consensus regarding the optimal time to initiate adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery for stage III colon cancer, and the relevant postoperative complications that cause delays in adjuvant chemother...

    Authors: Peng Gao, Xuan-zhang Huang, Yong-xi Song, Jing-xu Sun, Xiao-wan Chen, Yu Sun, Yu-meng Jiang and Zhen-ning Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:234

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICPIs) are being investigated in clinical trials for patients with glioblastoma. While these therapies hold great promise, management of the patients receiving such treatment can ...

    Authors: Surabhi Ranjan, Martha Quezado, Nancy Garren, Lisa Boris, Christine Siegel, Osorio Lopes Abath Neto, Brett J. Theeler, Deric M. Park, Edjah Nduom, Kareem A. Zaghloul, Mark R. Gilbert and Jing Wu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:239

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The immune system has a known role in the aetiology, progression and final treatment outcome of oral squamous cell cancers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of radical surgery and radiothera...

    Authors: Tadej Dovšak, Alojz Ihan, Vojko Didanovič, Andrej Kansky, Miha Verdenik and Nataša Ihan Hren

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:235

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Primary hepatic angiosarcoma (PHA) is a rare and aggressive solid tumor, with high rates of local recurrence and distant metastasis, and poor prognosis. There are no established treatment guidelines for PHA.

    Authors: Yu Qiao, Jihong Yang, Lili Liu, Yixin Zeng, Jie Ma, Jing Jia, Li Zhang, Xiaoguang Li, Peihong Wu, Wenchao Wang, Dongge Liu, Huan Chen, Yunbo Zhao, Huan Xi and Yao Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:212

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) is increasingly applied in patients with multiple brain metastases and is expected to have less adverse effects in cognitive functioning than whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT...

    Authors: Wietske C. M. Schimmel, Eline Verhaak, Patrick E. J. Hanssens, Karin Gehring and Margriet M. Sitskoorn

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:218

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Patient characteristics and survival outcomes in randomized trials may be different from those in real-life clinical practice. The objective of this study was to describe treatment pathways, safety, drug costs...

    Authors: Rana Maroun, Laura Mitrofan, Laure Benjamin, Gaelle Nachbaur, Franck Maunoury, Philippe Le Jeunne and Isabelle Durand-Zaleski

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:214

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Survival advantage following trans-arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is variable in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We combined pre-TACE radiologic features to derive a novel prognostic signature...

    Authors: David J. Pinato, Madhava Pai, Isabella Reccia, Markand Patel, Alexandros Giakoustidis, Georgios Karamanakos, Azelea Rushd, Shiraz Jamshaid, Alberto Oldani, Glenda Grossi, Mario Pirisi, Paul Tait and Rohini Sharma

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:211

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  18. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the prevalence of metastatic tumors involving the myocardium and study their presentation in order to increase awareness to their existence.

    Authors: Ivana Burazor, Sarit Aviel-Ronen, Massimo Imazio, Orly Goitein, Marina Perelman, Natalia Shelestovich, Ninoslav Radovanovic, Vladimir Kanjuh, Iris Barshack and Yehuda Adler

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:202

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  19. Content type: Research article

    RECORD-4 assessed everolimus in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) who progressed after 1 prior anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) or cytokine and reinforced the clinical benefit ...

    Authors: Lin Yang, Anna Alyasova, Dingwei Ye, Antonia Ridolfi, Luca Dezzani and Robert J. Motzer

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:195

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