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Medical and radiation oncology

Section edited by Dirk Vordermark

This section focuses on clinical research that impacts on the treatment of cancer using systemic chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and radiation.

Page 2 of 15

  1. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies examining the relationship between hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) show inconsistent results in different endemic areas. Furthermore, studies evaluating the as...

    Authors: Xi Zhou, Huaxiong Pan, Peng Yang, Pian Ye, Haiyan Cao and Hao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:477

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  2. Content type: Research article

    There are limited effective drugs that can reach the brain to target brain tumors, in particular glioblastoma, which is one of the most difficult cancers to be cured from. Because the overexpression of the sig...

    Authors: Chia-Chi Liu, Ching-Fang Yu, Shu-Chi Wang, Hsueh-Yin Li, Chiu-Min Lin, Hsia-Han Wang, Carmen Abate and Chi-Shiun Chiang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:473

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    Transformation of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLCBL) type Richter’s syndrome (RS) carries a dismal prognosis. Standard-of-care chemoimmunotherapy for de novo RS is ina...

    Authors: Niamh Appleby, Toby A. Eyre, Maite Cabes, Aimee Jackson, Rebecca Boucher, Francesca Yates, Sonia Fox, Andrew Rawstron, Peter Hillmen and Anna Schuh

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:471

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Only a few patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) recurring after curative resection and peri-operative (neoadjuvant and adjuvant) therapy are included in clinical trials of metastatic PDAC. As ...

    Authors: Olumide B. Gbolahan, Yan Tong, Amikar Sehdev, Bert O’Neil and Safi Shahda

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:468

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Preclinical studies suggest synergistic effectiveness of ascorbic acid (AA, vitamin C) and cytotoxic agents in gastrointestinal malignancies. This phase 1 study aimed to establish the maximum tolerated dose (M...

    Authors: Feng Wang, Ming-Ming He, Zi-Xian Wang, Su Li, Ying Jin, Chao Ren, Si-Mei Shi, Bing-Tian Bi, Shuang-Zhen Chen, Zhi-Da Lv, Jia-Jia Hu, Zhi-Qiang Wang, Feng-Hua Wang, De-Shen Wang, Yu-Hong Li and Rui-Hua Xu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:460

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Gastric cancer ranks the fifth most common cancer, and the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Gastric cancer with liver metastasis (GCLM) has devastating prognosis, however, optimal treatm...

    Authors: Qingwei Li, Xuejun Xu, Dan Su, Tianshuo Zhou, Guangyu Wang and Zhiwei Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:459

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Bevacizumab (Avastin®), a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody, in combination with platinum-doublet chemotherapy has become a routine treatment for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The post-a...

    Authors: Mark-Oliver Zahn, Dominik Linck, Christoph Losem, Christian Gessner, Holger Metze, Vincent E. Gaillard and Hans Werner Tessen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:433

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    The spine is the most frequent location of bone metastases. Local treatment aims at palliation of pain and, given the increased likelihood of long-term cancer survival, at local control. Kyphoplasty and intrao...

    Authors: Frederic Bludau, Grit Welzel, Tina Reis, Yasser Abo-Madyan, Elena Sperk, Frank Schneider, Sven Clausen, Arne M. Ruder, Udo Obertacke, Maged M. Ghaly, Frederik Wenz and Frank A. Giordano

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:430

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  9. Content type: Research article

    A tumor comprising of different types of tissues (such as hair, muscle, bone, etc.) is known as a teratoma. It is a type of germ cell (cells that make sperm or eggs) tumor. When these germ cells have rapid can...

    Authors: Hang Sun, Hongxin Ding, Jianjun Wang, Emma Zhang, Yihua Fang, Zhenhua Li, Xiao Yu, Chongren Wang, Yifan Zhao, Kan Chen, Siwan Wen, Liang Li, Shan Shan, Liu Hong, Face Chen and Pu Su

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:408

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Sunitinib plays an important role in managing the metastatic renal cell cancer (mRCC). Sunitinib-induced hypothyroidism is a common side-effect of the drug. There have been attempts to link hypothyroidism with...

    Authors: Theofanis Vasileiadis, Michail Chrisofos, Michail Safioleas, Konstantinos Kontzoglou, Konstantinos Papazisis and Athina Sdrolia

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:407

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    The importance of definitive radiotherapy for elderly patients with esophageal and esophagogastric-junction cancer is pronounced. However, little is known in terms of the best way to combine radiotherapy with ...

    Authors: Chen Li, Xiaomin Wang, Xin Wang, Chun Han, Ping Wang, Qingsong Pang, Junqiang Chen, Xinchen Sun, Lan Wang, Wencheng Zhang, Yu Lin, Xiaolin Ge, Zongmei Zhou, Wenjie Ni, Xiao Chang, Jun Liang…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:397

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Cancer 2019 19:492

  12. Content type: Research article

    A review of therapies for advanced cancers licenced by the EMA between 2009 and 2013 concluded that for more than half of these drugs there was little evidence of overall survival or quality of life benefit. R...

    Authors: Martin Connock, Xavier Armoiry, Alexander Tsertsvadze, G. J. Melendez-Torres, Pamela Royle, Lazaros Andronis and Aileen Clarke

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:392

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Current recommendation for locally advanced cervical cancer includes pelvic external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) with concurrent chemotherapy followed by brachytherapy. Involvement of pelvic lymph nodes is a...

    Authors: Caryn Wujanto, Bok Ai Choo, David Tan, Arunachalam Ilancheran, Joseph Ng, Jeffrey J. H. Low, Liang Shen, Johann Tang and Vicky Koh

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:385

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Hepatoma arterial-embolization prognostic (HAP) score and its modifications (modified HAP [mHAP] and mHAP-II), consisting of some or all of the following factors of tumor size, number, alpha-fetoprotein, bilir...

    Authors: Yehyun Park, Beom Kyung Kim, Jun Yong Park, Do Young Kim, Sang Hoon Ahn, Kwang-Hyub Han, Jong Eun Yeon, Kwan Soo Byun, Hye Soo Kim, Ji Hoon Kim and Seung Up Kim

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:363

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  15. Content type: Research article

    In clinical practice, the detection of biomarkers is mostly based on primary tumors for its convenience in acquisition. However, immune checkpoints may express differently between primary and metastatic tumor....

    Authors: Xingming Zhang, Xiaoxue Yin, Haoran Zhang, Guangxi Sun, Yaojing Yang, Junru Chen, Xudong Zhu, Peng Zhao, Jinge Zhao, Jiandong Liu, Ni Chen, Jia Wang, Pengfei Shen and Hao Zeng

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:360

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a rare, aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) that often affects men over the age of 60. Systemic metastasis of MCL to eyes is rare and intraocular involvement is even rare...

    Authors: Minghang Pei, Chan Zhao, Fei Gao and Meifen Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:355

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that has progressed after first-line treatment has a poor prognosis. Recent randomized clinical trials (RCTs) have demonstrated survival benefi...

    Authors: Adrian D. Vickers, Katherine B. Winfree, Gebra Cuyun Carter, Urpo Kiiskinen, Min-Hua Jen, Donald Stull, James A. Kaye and David P. Carbone

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:353

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Enzalutamide is an oral androgen receptor targeted agent that has been shown to improve survival in PREVAIL trials and has been approved for patients with chemo-naïve metastatic castration-resistant prostate c...

    Authors: Taro Iguchi, Satoshi Tamada, Minoru Kato, Sayaka Yasuda, Takeshi Yamasaki and Tatsuya Nakatani

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:339

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Abscopal effect is the out-of-field response to localized irradiation therapy that results in systemic antitumorigenic effects such as the regression of a tumor distant from the target site.

    Authors: Aoi Kuroda, Takaya Tabuchi, Eri Iwami, Kotaro Sasahara, Tatsu Matsuzaki, Takahiro Nakajima, Yuki Tsutsumi, Keisuke Eguchi and Takeshi Terashima

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:336

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The treatment of patients with glioma depended on the nature of the lesion and on histological grade of the tumor. Positron emission tomography (PET) using 13N-ammonia (NH3), 11C-methionine (MET) and 18F-fluorode...

    Authors: Qiao He, Linqi Zhang, Bing Zhang, Xinchong Shi, Chang Yi and Xiangsong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:332

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  21. Content type: Research article

    For progressive metastatic medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), the available treatment options with tyrosine kinase inhibitors result in grade 3–4 adverse events in a large number of patients. Peptide Receptor ...

    Authors: Carolien M. Beukhof, Tessa Brabander, Francien H. van Nederveen, Marie-Louise F. van Velthuysen, Yolanda B. de Rijke, Leo J. Hofland, Gaston J. H. Franssen, Lideke A. C. Fröberg, Boen L. R. Kam, W. Edward Visser, Wouter W. de Herder and Robin P. Peeters

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:325

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is increasingly used to treat locally advanced breast cancer (LABC). Improved response to NAC correlates with better survival outcomes. The dual purpose of this study is to repor...

    Authors: Jonathan Klein, William Tran, Elyse Watkins, Danny Vesprini, Frances C. Wright, Nicole J. Look Hong, Sonal Ghandi, Alex Kiss and Gregory J. Czarnota

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:306

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  23. Content type: Research article

    In stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with concomitant chemoradiotherapy, there is a high rate of relapse. Some of these relapses are only local and can be treated by stereotactic ablative ra...

    Authors: Shakeel Sumodhee, Pierre-Yves Bondiau, Michel Poudenx, Charlotte Cohen, Arash O. Naghavi, Bernard Padovani, Daniel Maneval, Jocelyn Gal, Axel Leysalle, Hannah Ghalloussi, Josiane Otto and Jérôme Doyen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:305

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Upregulation of SLC2A genes that encode glucose transporter (GLUT) protein is associated with poor prognosis in many cancers. In colorectal cancer, studies reporting the association between overexpression of GLUT...

    Authors: Eunyoung Kim, Sohee Jung, Won Seo Park, Joon-Hyop Lee, Rumi Shin, Seung Chul Heo, Eun Kyung Choe, Jae Hyun Lee, Kwangsoo Kim and Young Jun Chai

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:302

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  25. Content type: Study protocol

    The treatment paradigm for metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC) patients is evolving. PET/CT now offers improved sensitivity and accuracy in staging. Recent randomized trial data supports escal...

    Authors: Neil R. Parikh, Claudia Huiza, Jill S. Patel, Sonny Tsai, Nathisha Kalpage, May Thein, Sage Pitcher, Steve P. Lee, Warren S. Inouye, Mark L. Jordan, Homayoon Sanati, Lida Jafari, Carol J. Bennett, Greg E. Gin, Amar U. Kishan, Robert E. Reiter…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:291

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  26. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to identify potential predictive factors for the survival of advanced non small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients undergoing first-line platinum-based chemotherapy.

    Authors: Jun Ying, Danfei Zhou, Tongjie Gu, Jianda Huang and Haijian Liu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:288

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  27. Content type: Study protocol

    Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) confined to the central nervous system (CNS) with rising incidence among patients > 65 years. Although elderly patient...

    Authors: Elisabeth Schorb, Juergen Finke, Gabriele Ihorst, Benjamin Kasenda, Heidi Fricker and Gerald Illerhaus

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:287

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Platinum/fluoropyrimidine regimens are the backbone of first-line chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer (AGC). However response rates to first line chemotherapy range from 30 to 50% and disease progression ...

    Authors: Maria Di Bartolomeo, Monica Niger, Federica Morano, Salvatore Corallo, Maria Antista, Stefano Tamberi, Sara Lonardi, Samantha Di Donato, Rossana Berardi, Mario Scartozzi, Giovanni Gerardo Cardellino, Francesco Di Costanzo, Lorenza Rimassa, Alberto Gianluigi Luporini, Raffaella Longarini, Alberto Zaniboni…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:283

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  29. Content type: Research article

    A first-line biologic treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) is still controversial. We, therefore, performed a meta-analysis to determine the efficacy of first-line cetuximab versus bevacizumab for...

    Authors: Bobo Zheng, Xin Wang, Mingtian Wei, Quan Wang, Jiang Li, Liang Bi, Xiangbing Deng and Ziqiang Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:280

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The efficacy of bevacizumab combined with erlotinib (B + E) for the treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, especially for sorafenib-refractory patients, has been observed and evaluated in several tria...

    Authors: Liyun He, Huan Deng, Jun Lei, Fengming Yi, Jine Li, Xiu De Fan, Yiping Wei, Jianjun Xu and Wenxiong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:276

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounts for 75–85% of primary liver cancers and is prevalent in the Asia-Pacific region. Till now, trans-arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is still one of common modalities in m...

    Authors: Liang-Cheng Chen, Wen-Yen Chiou, Hon-Yi Lin, Moon-Sing Lee, Yuan-Chen Lo, Li-Wen Huang, Chun-Ming Chang, Tsung-Hsing Hung, Chih-Wen Lin, Kuo-Chih Tseng, Dai-Wei Liu, Feng-Chun Hsu and Shih-Kai Hung

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:275

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In the era of genome-guided personalized cancer treatment, we must understand chemotherapy-induced genomic changes in tumors. This study evaluated whether adjuvant FOLFOX chemotherapy modifies the mutational p...

    Authors: Kazuaki Harada, Wataru Okamoto, Sachiyo Mimaki, Yasuyuki Kawamoto, Hideaki Bando, Riu Yamashita, Satoshi Yuki, Takayuki Yoshino, Yoshito Komatsu, Atsushi Ohtsu, Naoya Sakamoto and Katsuya Tsuchihara

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:255

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Growing evidence indicates that inflammation contributes to cancer progression, and several inflammatory markers have been reported to be associated with the clinical outcomes in patients with various types of...

    Authors: Masatsune Shibutani, Kiyoshi Maeda, Hisashi Nagahara, Tatsunari Fukuoka, Shinji Matsutani, Kenjiro Kimura, Ryosuke Amano, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:241

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Locally advanced uterine cervical cancer (LAUCC) with lateral tumor extension may not always be covered adequately by conventional intracavitary brachytherapy (ICBT). Hybrid intracavitary and interstitial brac...

    Authors: Naoya Murakami, Kazuma Kobayashi, Satoshi Shima, Keisuke Tsuchida, Tairo Kashihara, Nikolaos Tselis, Rei Umezawa, Kana Takahashi, Koji Inaba, Yoshinori Ito, Hiroshi Igaki, Yuko Nakayama, Koji Masui, Ken Yoshida, Tomoyasu Kato and Jun Itami

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:221

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    Despite multimodality treatments including neurosurgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, glioblastoma (GBM) prognosis remains poor. GBM is classically considered as a radioresistant tumor, because of its high l...

    Authors: Paul Lesueur, Justine Lequesne, Jean-Michel Grellard, Audrey Dugué, Elodie Coquan, Pierre-Emmanuel Brachet, Julien Geffrelot, William Kao, Evelyne Emery, David Hassanein Berro, Laurent Castera, Nicolas Goardon, Joëlle Lacroix, Marie Lange, Aurélie Capel, Alexandra Leconte…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:198

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Chemoradiotherapy effectively treats superficial esophageal cancer and is optimal to preserve organs. However, late toxicity, particularly in cardiac diseases, obstructs clinical outcomes. We revealed the risk...

    Authors: Yoshito Hayashi, Hideki Iijima, Fumiaki Isohashi, Yoshiki Tsujii, Tetsuji Fujinaga, Kengo Nagai, Shunsuke Yoshii, Akihiko Sakatani, Satoshi Hiyama, Shinichiro Shinzaki, Tomoki Makino, Makoto Yamasaki, Kazuhiko Ogawa, Yuichiro Doki and Tetsuo Takehara

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:195

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Current prognostic markers cannot adequately predict the clinical outcome of breast cancer patients. Therefore, additional biomarkers need to be included in routine immune panels. FOXA1 was a significant predi...

    Authors: Shahin De Lara, Jenny Nyqvist, Elisabeth Werner Rönnerman, Khalil Helou, Elisabeth Kenne Sarenmalm, Zakaria Einbeigi, Per Karlsson, Toshima Z. Parris and Anikó Kovács

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:187

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  38. Content type: Case report

    Pneumatosis intestinalis is a rare adverse event that occurs in patients with lung cancer, especially those undergoing treatment with epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI). Osi...

    Authors: Yuki Nukii, Atsushi Miyamoto, Sayaka Mochizuki, Shuhei Moriguchi, Yui Takahashi, Kazumasa Ogawa, Kyoko Murase, Shigeo Hanada, Hironori Uruga, Hisashi Takaya, Nasa Morokawa and Kazuma Kishi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:186

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this analysis was to model the effect of local control (LC) on overall survival (OS) in patients treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for liver or lung metastases from colorectal cancer.

    Authors: Rainer J. Klement, N. Abbasi-Senger, S. Adebahr, H. Alheid, M. Allgaeuer, G. Becker, O. Blanck, J. Boda-Heggemann, T. Brunner, M. Duma, M. J. Eble, I. Ernst, S. Gerum, D. Habermehl, P. Hass, C. Henkenberens…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:173

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  40. Content type: Study protocol

    Glioblastoma, a high-grade glial infiltrating tumor, is the most frequent malignant brain tumor in adults and carries a dismal prognosis. External beam radiotherapy (EBRT) increases overall survival but this i...

    Authors: Anne Laprie, Soléakhéna Ken, Thomas Filleron, Vincent Lubrano, Laure Vieillevigne, Fatima Tensaouti, Isabelle Catalaa, Sergio Boetto, Jonathan Khalifa, Justine Attal, Guillaume Peyraga, Carlos Gomez-Roca, Emmanuelle Uro-Coste, Georges Noel, Gilles Truc, Marie-Pierre Sunyach…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:167

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes is related with increased cancer mortality across multiple cancer types. Its role in lung cancer mortality is still unclear. We aim to determine the prognostic value of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) an...

    Authors: Milana Bergamino, Antonio J. Rullan, Maria Saigí, Inmaculada Peiró, Eduard Montanya, Ramón Palmero, José Carlos Ruffinelli, Arturo Navarro, María Dolores Arnaiz, Isabel Brao, Samantha Aso, Susana Padrones, Felipe Cardenal and Ernest Nadal

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:165

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is characterized by a high propensity for metastases and a poor prognosis irrespective of high sensitivity for initial chemotherapy. Although interstitial pneumonia (IP) is one of...

    Authors: Masayuki Shirasawa, Tomoya Fukui, Seiichiro Kusuhara, Yasuhiro Hiyoshi, Yoshiro Nakahara, Noriko Nishinarita, Satoshi Igawa and Katsuhiko Naoki

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:163

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Identifying high-risk patients for platinum resistance is critical for improving clinical management of ovarian cancer. We aimed to use automated image analysis of hematoxylin & eosin (H&E) stained sections to...

    Authors: C. Lan, J. Li, X. Huang, A. Heindl, Y. Wang, S. Yan and Y. Yuan

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:159

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  44. Content type: Research article

    We analyzed the efficacy and toxicity of cabazitaxel (CBZ) at high and low initial doses in Japanese patients with docetaxel-resistant castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC).

    Authors: Naoki Terada, Toshiyuki Kamoto, Hiromasa Tsukino, Shoichiro Mukai, Shusuke Akamatsu, Takahiro Inoue, Osamu Ogawa, Shintaro Narita, Tomonori Habuchi, Shinichi Yamashita, Koji Mitsuzuka, Yoichi Arai, Shuya Kandori, Takahiro Kojima, Hiroyuki Nishiyama, Yoshiaki Kawamura…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:156

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  45. Content type: Case report

    Epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) have been emerged as the standard selection in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with EGFR sensitive mutations. However, primar...

    Authors: Junhui Wang and Jianxin Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:131

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  46. Content type: Research article

    We conducted a randomized trial to evaluate the efficacy of heparinoid moisturization for radiation dermatitis. We report the time-course of sebum content after whole breast radiotherapy (WBRT) and the efficac...

    Authors: Mami Ogita, Kenji Sekiguchi, Keiko Akahane, Ryoko Ito, Chiori Haga, Satoru Arai, Yasushi Ishida and Jiro Kawamori

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:125

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  47. Content type: Study protocol

    Induction chemotherapy followed by chemoradiation is a treatment option for patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). However, overall survival is comparable to chemotherapy alone and local prog...

    Authors: Victoria Y. Strauss, Rachel Shaw, Pradeep S. Virdee, Christopher N. Hurt, Elizabeth Ward, Bethan Tranter, Neel Patel, John Bridgewater, Philip Parsons, Ganesh Radhakrishna, Eric O’Neill, David Sebag-Montefiore, Maria Hawkins, Pippa G. Corrie, Timothy Maughan and Somnath Mukherjee

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:121

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