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Genetics, genomics and epigenetics

Section edited by Ian Cree

This section considers articles on all aspects of genome-scale analysis, functional genomics, genetic association studies, pharmacogenomics and epigenetics in relation to cancer biology, diagnosis and therapy.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    A systematic review was conducted to assess the diagnostic test accuracy of polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based microsatellite instability (MSI) testing for identifying Lynch syndrome in patients with colore...

    Authors: Helen Coelho, Tracey Jones-Hughes, Tristan Snowsill, Simon Briscoe, Nicola Huxley, Ian M. Frayling and Chris Hyde

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:836

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  2. Content type: Research article

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) exhibit essential regulatory functions related to cell growth, apoptosis, development and differentiation. Dysregulated expression of miRNAs is associated with a wide variety of human diseas...

    Authors: Guanyu Wang, Fulu Dong, Zhiyao Xu, Sherven Sharma, Xiaotong Hu, Dafang Chen, Lumin Zhang, Jinping Zhang and Qinghua Dong

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:805

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Female breast cancer is frequently diagnosed at a later stage and the leading cause of cancer deaths world-wide. Levels of cell-free circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) can potentially be used as biomarkers to meas...

    Authors: Amal Qattan, Haya Intabli, Wafa Alkhayal, Chafica Eltabache, Taher Tweigieri and Suad Bin Amer

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:799

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Colorectal cancer is a heterogeneous group of malignancies with complex molecular subtypes. While colon cancer has been widely investigated, studies on rectal cancer are very limited. Here, we performed multi-...

    Authors: Mingshan Liu, Yang Liu, Jiabo Di, Zhe Su, Hong Yang, Beihai Jiang, Zaozao Wang, Meng Zhuang, Fan Bai and Xiangqian Su

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:787

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most frequently diagnosed digestive tract cancers and carries a high risk of mortality. Acetaldehyde (AA), a carcinogenic intermediate of ethanol metabolism contributes to the...

    Authors: Sudakshina Ghosh, Biswabandhu Bankura, Soumee Ghosh, Makhan Lal Saha, Arup Kumar Pattanayak, Souvik Ghatak, Manalee Guha, Senthil Kumar Nachimuthu, Chinmoy Kumar Panda, Suvendu Maji, Subrata Chakraborty, Biswanath Maity and Madhusudan Das

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:782

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  6. Content type: Research article

    ESR1 mutations have attracted attention as a potentially important marker and treatment target in endocrine therapy-resistant breast cancer patients. The E380Q mutation, which is one o...

    Authors: Takashi Takeshita, Yutaka Yamamoto, Mutsuko Yamamoto-Ibusuki, Aiko Sueta, Mai Tomiguchi, Keiichi Murakami, Yoko Omoto and Hirotaka Iwase

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:786

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Expression of caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is frequently altered in many human cancers and both tumor suppression and promotion functions of Cav-1 have been suggested based on its expression status. However, it remains ...

    Authors: Byung-Kyu Ryu, Min-Goo Lee, Nam-Hoon Kim, Kil Yeon Lee, Shin-Ju Oh, Jung-Rock Moon, Hyo Jong Kim and Sung-Gil Chi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:766

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Among the sex hormones, oestrogen may play a role in colorectal cancer, particularly in conjunction with oestrogen receptor-β (ERβ). The expression of ERβ isoform variants and their correlations with familial ...

    Authors: Paulo Roberto Stevanato Filho, Samuel Aguiar Júnior, Maria Dirlei Begnami, Hellen Kuasne, Ranyell Matheus Spencer, Wilson Toshihiko Nakagawa, Tiago Santoro Bezerra, Bruna Catin Kupper, Renata Maymi Takahashi, Mateus Barros Filho, Silvia Regina Rogatto and Ademar Lopes

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:754

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Neuroendocrine prostate cancer (NEPC) may be rising in prevalence as patients with advanced prostate cancer potentially develop resistance to contemporary anti-androgen treatment through a neuroendocrine pheno...

    Authors: Harrison K. Tsai, Jonathan Lehrer, Mohammed Alshalalfa, Nicholas Erho, Elai Davicioni and Tamara L. Lotan

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:759

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is characterized by overexpression of the c-myc oncogene, which in the vast majority of cases is a consequence of an IGH/MYC translocation. While myc is the seminal event, BL is a complex am...

    Authors: Cliff I. Oduor, Yasin Kaymaz, Kiprotich Chelimo, Juliana A. Otieno, John Michael Ong’echa, Ann M. Moormann and Jeffrey A. Bailey

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:761

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  11. Content type: Research article

    To better predict the likelihood of response to chemotherapy, we have conducted a study comparing the gene expression patterns of primary tumours with their corresponding response to systemic chemotherapy in t...

    Authors: Cemile Dilara Savci-Heijink, Hans Halfwerk, Jan Koster and Marc Joan Van de Vijver

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:755

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The association of genes XRCC1, TP53 and MDM2 with breast cancer (BC) has never been tested in Kyrgyz population. We, therefore, aimed to identify an association of alleles and genotypes of polymorphic markers Ar...

    Authors: Jainagul Isakova, Elnura Talaibekova, Nazira Aldasheva, Denis Vinnikov and Almaz Aldashev

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:758

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  13. Content type: Research article

    While cure rates for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (cALL) now exceed 80%, over 60% of survivors will face treatment-related long-term sequelae, including cardiometabolic complications such as obesity,...

    Authors: Jade England, Simon Drouin, Patrick Beaulieu, Pascal St-Onge, Maja Krajinovic, Caroline Laverdière, Emile Levy, Valérie Marcil and Daniel Sinnett

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:751

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Melanoma is the most lethal type of skin cancer. Since chemoresistance is a significant barrier, identification of regulators affecting chemosensitivity is necessary in order to create new forms of interventio...

    Authors: Priscila Daniele Ramos Cirilo, Luciana Nogueira de Sousa Andrade, Bruna Renata Silva Corrêa, Mei Qiao, Tatiane Katsue Furuya, Roger Chammas and Luiz Otavio Ferraz Penalva

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:750

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Non-coding RNAs play an important role in human carcinogenesis. YRNAs (Ro-associated Y), a novel class of non-coding RNAs, have been identified as biomarker in various malignancies, but remain to be studied in...

    Authors: Yuri Tolkach, Anna Franziska Stahl, Eva-Maria Niehoff, Chenming Zhao, Glen Kristiansen, Stefan Cajetan Müller and Jörg Ellinger

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:749

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Understanding the underlying molecular mechanisms involved in the formation of cutaneous malignant melanoma is critical for improved diagnosis and treatment. Keratinocytic nuclear receptor Retinoid X Receptor ...

    Authors: Sharmeen Chagani, Rong Wang, Evan L. Carpenter, Christiane V. Löhr, Gitali Ganguli-Indra and Arup K. Indra

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:736

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Circulating cell-free miRNAs have emerged as promising minimally-invasive biomarkers for early detection, prognosis and monitoring of cancer. They can exist in the bloodstream incorporated into extracellular v...

    Authors: Edgars Endzeliņš, Andreas Berger, Vita Melne, Cristina Bajo-Santos, Kristīne Soboļevska, Artūrs Ābols, Marta Rodriguez, Daiga Šantare, Anastasija Rudņickiha, Vilnis Lietuvietis, Alicia Llorente and Aija Linē

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:730

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to identify miRNAs specifically dysregulated in BRAF-mutated colorectal cancer, which could lead to a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying oncogenesis of this mali...

    Authors: Hidekazu Takahashi, Masanobu Takahashi, Shinobu Ohnuma, Michiaki Unno, Yuki Yoshino, Kota Ouchi, Shin Takahashi, Yasuhide Yamada, Hideki Shimodaira and Chikashi Ishioka

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:723

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Multiple Myeloma is a cancer of plasma cells associated with significantly reduced survival. Long term survivorship from myeloma is very rare and despite advances in its treatment the disease is generally cons...

    Authors: Vallari Shah, Kevin D. Boyd, Richard S. Houlston and Martin F. Kaiser

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2017 17:718

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