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Experimental therapeutics and drug development

This section covers all aspects of preclinical investigations on therapeutic agents. It welcomes submissions concerning anti-cancer drug discovery and development, and targeted therapies.

Page 1 of 11

  1. Lung cancer (LC) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, which highlights the urgent need for better therapies. Peroxisome proliferator-activated nuclear receptor alpha (PPARα), known as a key nuclear...

    Authors: Lujin Wu, Wei Wang, Meiyan Dai, Huihui Li, Chen Chen and Daowen Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1166

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The CAO/ARO/AIO-94 demonstrated that neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) could decrease the rate of local recurrence rather than distal metastases in advanced rectal cancer. Adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) can eli...

    Authors: Qingguo Li, Dakui Luo, Ji Zhu, Lifeng Yang, Qi Liu, Yanlei Ma, Lei Liang, Sanjun Cai, Zhen Zhang and Xinxiang Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1117

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) represents 15–20% of breast cancers. Due to its heterogeneity and high rates of relapse, there is a need to optimize treatment efficacy. Platinum chemotherapy is still cont...

    Authors: Jessa Gilda P. Pandy, Joanmarie C. Balolong-Garcia, Mel Valerie B. Cruz-Ordinario and Frances Victoria F. Que

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1065

    Content type: Research article

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  4. MYC amplification or overexpression is common in Group 3 medulloblastoma and is associated with the worst prognosis. Recently, protein arginine methyl transferase (PRMT) 5 expression has been closely associate...

    Authors: Nagendra K. Chaturvedi, Sidharth Mahapatra, Varun Kesherwani, Matthew J. Kling, Mamta Shukla, Sutapa Ray, Ranjana Kanchan, Naveenkumar Perumal, Timothy R. McGuire, J. Graham Sharp, Shantaram S. Joshi and Don W. Coulter

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1056

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Neuroblastoma (NB) is a frequent pediatric tumor associated with poor prognosis. The disregulation of Bcl-2, an anti-apoptotic protein, is crucial for the tumoral development and chemoresistance. Autophagy is ...

    Authors: Sonia Cournoyer, Anissa Addioui, Assila Belounis, Mona Beaunoyer, Carine Nyalendo, Roxane Le Gall, Pierre Teira, Elie Haddad, Gilles Vassal and Hervé Sartelet

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1018

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Chemotherapy-induced alimentary mucositis (AM) is difficult to prevent and treatment is rarely effective. Recent study have been showed that glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 and GLP-2 has protective in chemothera...

    Authors: Jung Min Lee, In Kyung Yoo, Jae Min Lee, Seung Han Kim, Hyuk Soon Choi, Eun Sun Kim, Bora Keum, Yeon Seok Seo, Yoon Tae Jeen, Hoon Jai Chun, Hong Sik Lee, Soon Ho Um and Chang Duck Kim

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1016

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The high expression of BLM (Bloom syndrome) helicase in tumors involves its strong association with cell expansion. Bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids own an antitumor property and have developed as candidates fo...

    Authors: Wangming Zhang, Shuang Yang, Jinhe Liu, Linchun Bao, He Lu, Hong Li, Weidong Pan, Yanchao Jiao, Zhixu He and Jielin Liu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1009

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Although the dual anti-HER2 therapy, namely, pertuzumab plus trastuzumab and docetaxel, has shown promising results in HER2+ breast cancer patients, whether the dose, efficacy and safety of this treatment diff...

    Authors: Shanshan Chen, Yu Liang, Zhangying Feng and Mingxia Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:973

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Castrate Resistant Prostate Cancer (CRPC) is an advanced disease resistant to systemic traditional medical or surgical castration, and resistance is primarily attributed to reactivation of AR through multiple ...

    Authors: Louie Semaan, Navneet Mander, Michael L. Cher and Sreenivasa R. Chinni

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:972

    Content type: Research article

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  10. We previously reported the synergistic effect of S-1 and eribulin in preclinical models. In addition, our phase I study revealed the recommended dose for the phase II study of the combination therapy in advanc...

    Authors: Tsutomu Iwasa, Junji Tsurutani, Satomi Watanabe, Ryoji Kato, Yutaka Mizuno, Yasuyuki Kojima, Tsutomu Takashima, Nobuki Matsunami, Takashi Morimoto, Jun Yamamura, Shoichiro Ohtani, Yuko Tanabe, Tetsuhiro Yoshinami, Toshimi Takano, Yoshifumi Komoike and Kazuhiko Nakagawa

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:962

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The efficacy of hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. We conducted a multi-center randomized phase II study comparing a sequential HAIC-sora...

    Authors: Masaaki Kondo, Manabu Morimoto, Satoshi Kobayashi, Shinichi Ohkawa, Hisashi Hidaka, Takahide Nakazawa, Hiroshi Aikata, Takeshi Hatanaka, Daichi Takizawa, Kotaro Matsunaga, Chiaki Okuse, Michihiro Suzuki, Masataka Taguri, Takako Ishibashi, Kazushi Numata, Shin Maeda…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:954

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In the quest for new anti-cancer drugs, the drug discovery process has shifted to screening of active ingredients in traditional eastern medicine. Matrine is an active alkaloid isolated from plants of the Soph...

    Authors: Yuming Zou, Melika Sarem, Shengnan Xiang, Honggang Hu, Weidong Xu and V. Prasad Shastri

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:949

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Intra-arterial therapy with embolics is established for the treatment of malignancies of the liver. However, there are no studies comparing the different effects of various embolics used in clinical practice. ...

    Authors: Christian Ziemann, Jonas Roller, Markus M. Malter, Kira Keller, Otto Kollmar, Matthias Glanemann, Michael D. Menger and Jens Sperling

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:938

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Leukemia is a cancer of blood and bone marrow cells, causing about 300,000 deaths worldwide. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising alternative for the treatment of malignant tumors. KillerRed is a genetica...

    Authors: Meng Yuan, Chengcheng Liu, Jiao Li, Wenpeng Ma, Xiaozhuo Yu, Ping Zhang and Yanhong Ji

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:934

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Current therapies fail to cure over a third of osteosarcoma patients and around three quarters of those with metastatic disease. “Smac mimetics” (also known as “IAP antagonists”) are a new class of anti-cancer...

    Authors: Tanmay M. Shekhar, Ingrid J. G. Burvenich, Michael A. Harris, Angela Rigopoulos, Damien Zanker, Alex Spurling, Belinda S. Parker, Carl R. Walkley, Andrew M. Scott and Christine J. Hawkins

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:924

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Free flap-mediated gene therapy in the tumor bed following surgical resection is a promising approach in cancer targeted treatment of residual disease. We investigated the selective killing efficacy of a lenti...

    Authors: Jianhua Zhang, Yuanbo Liu, Mengqing Zang, Shan Zhu, Bo Chen, Shanshan Li, Bingjian Xue and Li Yan

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:921

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Renal cell carcinomas (RCC) harboring a TFE3 gene fusion (TfRCC) represent an aggressive subset of kidney tumors. Key signaling pathways of TfRCC are unknown and preclinical in vivo data are lacking. We investiga...

    Authors: Eric C. Kauffman, Martin Lang, Soroush Rais-Bahrami, Gopal N. Gupta, Darmood Wei, Youfeng Yang, Carole Sourbier and Ramaprasad Srinivasan

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:917

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-based T cell therapy is in early clinical trials to target the neuroectodermal tumor, neuroblastoma. No preclinical or clinical efficacy data are available for retinoblastoma to...

    Authors: Lena Andersch, Josefine Radke, Anika Klaus, Silke Schwiebert, Annika Winkler, Elisa Schumann, Laura Grunewald, Felix Zirngibl, Carina Flemmig, Michael C. Jensen, Claudia Rossig, Antonia Joussen, Anton Henssen, Angelika Eggert, Johannes H. Schulte and Annette Künkele

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:895

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Capacitive-resistive electric transfer (CRET) is a non-invasive therapeutic strategy that applies radiofrequency electric currents within the 400–600 kHz range to tissue repair and regeneration. Previous studi...

    Authors: María Luisa Hernández-Bule, Enrique Medel, Clara Colastra, Raquel Roldán and Alejandro Úbeda

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:889

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Abrogation of growth factor-dependent signaling represents an effective therapeutic strategy for patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Here we evaluated the effectiveness of targeting the epidermal growth fac...

    Authors: Lena-Christin Conradi, Melanie Spitzner, Anna-Lena Metzger, Merle Kisly, Peter Middel, Hanibal Bohnenberger, Jochen Gaedcke, Michael B. Ghadimi, Torsten Liersch, Joseph Rüschoff, Tim Beißbarth, Alexander König and Marian Grade

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:880

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Bronchial carcinoids are neuroendocrine tumors that present as typical (TC) and atypical (AC) variants, the latter being more aggressive, invasive and metastatic. Studies of tumor initiating cell (TIC) biology...

    Authors: Reza Bayat Mokhtari, Narges Baluch, Evgeniya Morgatskaya, Sushil Kumar, Angelo Sparaneo, Lucia Anna Muscarella, Sheyun Zhao, Hai-Ling Cheng, Bikul Das and Herman Yeger

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:864

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The activity of MP1, a pyrrolomycin, was studied in MYCN amplified neuroblastoma (NB) alone and combined with temsirolimus (TEM).

    Authors: Timothy R. McGuire, Don W. Coulter, Dachang Bai, Jason A. Sughroue, Jerry Li, Zunhua Yang, Zhen Qiao, Yan Liu, Daryl J. Murry, Yashpal S. Chhonker, Erin M. McIntyre, Gracey Alexander, John G. Sharp and Rongshi Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:837

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in elderly patients remains a great challenge. In this prospective single arm study (ChiCTR-OPC-15006492), we evaluated the efficacy and safety of a novel consolidatio...

    Authors: Xiaoyang Li, Yuexin Dong, Ya Li, Ruibao Ren, Wen Wu, Hongming Zhu, Yunxiang Zhang, Jiong Hu and Junmin Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:819

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Adoptive transfer of immune cells such as T cells and natural killer (NK) cells has emerged as a targeted method of controlling the immune system against cancer. Despite their significant therapeutic potential...

    Authors: Jung-Won Choi, Eui Soo Lee, Se Young Kim, Su Il Park, Sena Oh, Jung Hwa Kang, Hyun Aae Ryu and Seahyoung Lee

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:817

    Content type: Research article

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  25. To describe the patterns of second-line treatment of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) after docetaxel treatment in a Spanish population, to identify the factors associated ...

    Authors: Javier Puente, Aranzazu González-del-Alba, Núria Sala-Gonzalez, María José Méndez-Vidal, Alvaro Pinto, Ángel Rodríguez, José Miguel Cuevas Sanz, Jacobo Rodrigo Muñoz del Toro, Eduardo Useros Rodríguez, Ángela García García-Porrero and Sergio Vázquez

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:766

    Content type: Research article

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  26. MAPK/ERK kinases transmit signals from many growth factors/kinase receptors during normal cell growth/differentiation, and their dysregulation is a hallmark of diverse types of cancers. A plethora of drugs wer...

    Authors: Ning Wang, Yanhua Fan, Chun-Mao Yuan, Jialei Song, Yao Yao, Wuling Liu, Babu Gajendran, Eldad Zacksenhaus, Yanmei Li, Jielin Liu, Xiao Jiang Hao and Yaacov Ben-David

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:764

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most severe type of primary brain tumor with a high mortality rate. Although extensive treatments for GBM, including resection, irradiation, chemotherapy and immunotherapy,...

    Authors: Jui-Chieh Chen, I-Neng Lee, Cheng Huang, Yu-Ping Wu, Chiu-Yen Chung, Ming-Hsueh Lee, Martin Hsiu-Chu Lin and Jen-Tsung Yang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:756

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Genipin is a compound derived from gardenia fruit extract. Although Genipin has anti-tumor effects in various cancers, its effect and mechanism in gastric cancer remain unclear. Here, we investigated the relat...

    Authors: Min Jee Jo, Soyeon Jeong, Hye Kyeong Yun, Dae Yeong Kim, Bo Ram Kim, Jung Lim Kim, Yoo Jin Na, Seong Hye Park, Yoon A. Jeong, Bu Gyeom Kim, Hassan Ashktorab, Duane T. Smoot, Jun Young Heo, Jeongsu Han, Dae-Hee Lee and Sang Cheul Oh

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:739

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Soft tissue sarcoma (STS) comprises a family of rare, heterogeneous tumors of mesenchymal origin. Single-agent doxorubicin remains the first-line standard-of-care treatment for advanced and inoperable STS, but...

    Authors: Jasmien Cornillie, Agnieszka Wozniak, Britt Van Renterghem, Nathalie Van Winkel, Jasmien Wellens, Yemarshet K. Gebreyohannes, Maria Debiec-Rychter, Raf Sciot, Daphne Hompes and Patrick Schöffski

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:724

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Multiple myeloma (MM), characterized by cancerous proliferation of plasmablasts (PB) and plasma cells (PC), remains incurable in many patients. Differentially expressed molecules between MM PCs and healthy PCs...

    Authors: Ying Fang, Ruonan Xu, Bing Zhai, Chunmei Hou, Ning Ma, Liang Wang, Gencheng Han, Zhenyu Jiang and Renxi Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:700

    Content type: Research article

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  31. While multiagent chemotherapy has dramatically improved the prognosis of sarcoma, the novel chemotherapeutics have hardly developed over the past 30 years. Caffeine can induce apoptosis, delays in cell cycle p...

    Authors: Kensaku Abe, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Akihiko Takeuchi and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:689

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Metastasis is a leading cause of breast cancer mortality. The induction of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and complex oncogenic signaling is a vital step in the evolution of highly metastatic and t...

    Authors: Jia-Hong Chen, Wen-Chien Huang, Oluwaseun Adebayo Bamodu, Peter Mu-Hsin Chang, Tsu-Yi Chao and Tse-Hung Huang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:634

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is a devastating sequela associated with cancer. Talc pleurodesis is a common treatment strategy for MPE but has been estimated to be unsuccessful in up to 20–50% of patients. ...

    Authors: Tim N. Beck, Alexander Y. Deneka, Louis Chai, Colin Kanach, Priya Johal, Nicolas J. Alvarez, Yanis Boumber, Erica A. Golemis and Glenn W. Laub

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:614

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Podoplanin (PDPN), a transmembrane O-glycoprotein, is up-regulated in many tumors and is involved in tumor metastasis and malignant progression. In previous studies, we generated a functional blocking monoclonal ...

    Authors: Mengqiao Xu, Xia Wang, Yanfang Pan, Xingpeng Zhao, Bin Yan, Changgeng Ruan, Lijun Xia and Yiming Zhao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:599

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy. Some advanced disease is, or becomes, resistant to radioactive iodine therapy (refractory disease); this holds poor prognosis of 10% 10-year overall surv...

    Authors: Sarah R. Brown, Andrew Hall, Hannah L. Buckley, Louise Flanagan, David Gonzalez de Castro, Kate Farnell, Laura Moss, Rebecca Gregory, Kate Newbold, Yong Du, Glenn Flux and Jonathan Wadsley

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:582

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. Molecular markers predicting survival in esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) are rare. Specifically, in favorable oncologic situations, e.g. nodal negativity or major neoadjuvant therapy response, there is a lack ...

    Authors: Lars M. Schiffmann, Heike Göbel, Heike Löser, Fabian Schorn, Jan Paul Werthenbach, Hans F. Fuchs, Patrick S. Plum, Marc Bludau, Thomas Zander, Wolfgang Schröder, Christiane J. Bruns, Hamid Kashkar, Alexander Quaas and Florian Gebauer

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:531

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The phase III EMILIA and TH3RESA trials demonstrated clinical benefits of trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) therapy in patients with previously treated HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Data from these...

    Authors: Edith A. Perez, Sanne Lysbet de Haas, Wolfgang Eiermann, Carlos H. Barrios, Masakazu Toi, Young-Hyuck Im, Pier Franco Conte, Miguel Martin, Tadeusz Pienkowski, Xavier B. Pivot, Howard A. Burris III, Sven Stanzel, Monika Patre and Paul Anthony Ellis

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:517

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Cancer 2019 19:620

  38. Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) is a peripheral T-cell malignancy caused by long-term human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-1) infection. Survivin-responsive, conditionally replicating adenoviruses reg...

    Authors: Shinsuke Suzuki, Hiroki Kofune, Kimiharu Uozumi, Makoto Yoshimitsu, Naomichi Arima, Kenji Ishitsuka, Shin-ichi Ueno and Ken-ichiro Kosai

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:516

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Liposarcoma (LPS) is a tumor derived from adipose tissue, and has the highest incidence among soft tissue sarcomas. Dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDLPS) is a malignant tumor with poor prognosis. Recurrence and...

    Authors: Eun Byeol Jo, Young Sang Lee, Hyunjoo Lee, Jae Berm Park, Hyojun Park, Yoon-La Choi, Doopyo Hong and Sung Joo Kim

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:496

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Testosterone suppression is the standard treatment for advanced prostate cancer, and it is associated with side-effects that impair patients’ quality of life, like sexual dysfunction, osteoporosis, weight gain...

    Authors: Gustavo Werutsky, Fernando Cotait Maluf, Eduardo Henrique Cronemberger, Vinicius Carrera Souza, Suelen Patricia dos Santos Martins, Fábio Peixoto, Oren Smaletz, Fábio Schutz, Daniel Herchenhorn, Telma Santos, Flavio Mavignier Carcano, David Queiroz Muniz, Paulo R. S. Nunes Filho, Facundo Zaffaroni, Carlos Barrios and André Fay

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:487

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. While recent years have seen a revolution in the treatment of metastatic cutaneous melanoma, no treatment has yet been able to demonstrate any prolonged survival in metastatic uveal melanoma. Thus, metastatic ...

    Authors: Henrik Jespersen, Roger Olofsson Bagge, Gustav Ullenhag, Ana Carneiro, Hildur Helgadottir, Ingrid Ljuslinder, Max Levin, Charlotta All-Eriksson, Bengt Andersson, Ulrika Stierner, Lisa M. Nilsson, Jonas A. Nilsson and Lars Ny

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:415

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. Previous work in our laboratory demonstrated that antiprogestin mifepristone impairs the growth and adhesion of highly metastatic cancer cells, and causes changes in their cellular morphology. In this study, w...

    Authors: Sabrina J. Ritch, BreeAnn N. Brandhagen, Alicia A. Goyeneche and Carlos M. Telleria

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:376

    Content type: Technical advance

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  43. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) represents one of the most common malignancies worldwide with a high mortality rate mainly due to lack of early detection markers, frequent association with metast...

    Authors: Subhayan Sur, Hiroshi Nakanishi, Robert Steele and Ratna B. Ray

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:354

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Optimising breast cancer treatment remains a challenge. Resistance to therapy is a major problem in both ER- and ER+ breast cancer. Tumour recurrence after chemotherapy and/or targeted therapy leads to more ag...

    Authors: Lana McClements, Stephanie Annett, Anita Yakkundi, Martin O’Rourke, Andrea Valentine, Nermeen Moustafa, Abdelrahim Alqudah, Bruno M. Simões, Fiona Furlong, Amy Short, Stuart A. McIntosh, Helen O. McCarthy, Robert B. Clarke and Tracy Robson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:351

    Content type: Research article

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