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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with poorer outcomes in some cancers. Its effect on ovarian cancer is less clear. We consider the effect of DM on overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) ...

    Authors: Setareh Akhavan, Akram Ghahghaei-Nezamabadi, Mitra Modaresgilani, Azam Sadat Mousavi, Mahdi Sepidarkish, Afsaneh Tehranian and Elahe Rezayof

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1246

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) is a heterogeneous population of immature myeloid cells, inhibiting both the innate and adaptive immunity. Recent studies validated that MDSCs caused immune suppression...

    Authors: Lisha Ai, Shidai Mu, Yadan Wang, Huafang Wang, Li Cai, Wenzhu Li and Yu Hu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1220

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Colorectal cancer (CRC) remains the second most common cancer in women worldwide. Physical activity (PA) has been associated with reduced risk of CRC; however, this has been demonstrated more consistently in m...

    Authors: Sunday Oluwafemi Oyeyemi, Tonje Braaten, Idlir Licaj, Eiliv Lund and Kristin Benjaminsen Borch

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1216

    Content type: Research article

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  4. There are racial/ethnic disparities in breast cancer mortality may be attributed to differences in receipt of adjuvant cancer treatment. Our purpose was to determine whether the mortality disparities could be ...

    Authors: Albert J. Farias, Wen-Hsing Wu and Xianglin L. Du

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1214

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Epidemiological studies and cardiovascular prevention trials have shown that low-dose aspirin can reduce colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality, including inhibition of distant metastases. Metformin h...

    Authors: Marilena Petrera, Laura Paleari, Matteo Clavarezza, Matteo Puntoni, Silvia Caviglia, Irene Maria Briata, Massimo Oppezzi, Eva Mihajlovic Mislej, Borut Stabuc, Michael Gnant, Thomas Bachleitner-Hofmann, Wilfried Roth, Dominique Scherer, Walter-E. Haefeli, Cornelia M. Ulrich and Andrea DeCensi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1210

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. Timely assessment of cancer risk from current radiation exposure among medical radiation workers can contribute to the development of strategies to prevent excessive occupational radiation exposure. The purpos...

    Authors: Won Jin Lee, Yeongchull Choi, Seulki Ko, Eun Shil Cha, Jaeyoung Kim, Young Min Kim, Kyoung Ae Kong, Songwon Seo, Ye Jin Bang and Yae Won Ha

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1206

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Mammographic density is a known risk factor for breast cancer, but the underlying pathologic characteristics are not well understood. The current analysis investigated the expression of several markers of inte...

    Authors: Gertraud Maskarinec, Dan Ju, Jaimie Fong, David Horio, Owen Chan, Lenora W. M. Loo and Brenda Y. Hernandez

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1191

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Previous epidemiological studies aimed at describing characteristics of breast (BC) and ovarian cancer (OC) patients tend to examine Hispanic populations using a mix of individuals that come from ethnically di...

    Authors: Ariel Rodriguez-Velazquez, Rosa Velez, Jean Carlo Lafontaine, Claudia B. Colon-Echevarria, Rocio D. Lamboy-Caraballo, Ingrid Ramirez, Adalberto Mendoza, Patricia Casbas-Hernandez and Guillermo N. Armaiz-Pena

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1177

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The incidence and mortality from prostate cancer is expected to increase in the next decade in Thailand. Despite the perceived lower risk in this population vs. developed, western countries, it is becoming an ...

    Authors: Christian S. Alvarez, Eduardo Villamor, Rafael Meza, Laura S. Rozek, Hutcha Sriplung and Alison M. Mondul

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1175

    Content type: Research article

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  10. To determine the psychometric properties and minimal clinically important differences (MCIDs) of the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) in advanced stage lung cancer patients.

    Authors: Mark de Mol, Sabine Visser, Joachim G. J. V. Aerts, Paul Lodder, Jolanda de Vries and Brenda L. den Oudsten

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1173

    Content type: Research article

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  11. There is evidence that derangement in serum electrolytes like sodium and potassium is associated with increased morbidity and mortality among hospitalized critically ill patients, but their role in the context...

    Authors: Arunangshu Ghoshal, Hans Garmo, Niklas Hammar, Ingmar Jungner, Håkan Malmström, Göran Walldius and Mieke Van Hemelrijck

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1169

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The effect of sleep duration on cancer risk remains controversial. We aimed to quantify the available evidence on this relationship using categorical and dose–response meta-analyses.

    Authors: Yuheng Chen, Fengwei Tan, Luopei Wei, Xin Li, Zhangyan Lyu, Xiaoshuang Feng, Yan Wen, Lanwei Guo, Jie He, Min Dai and Ni Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1149

    Content type: Research article

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  13. A minority of European countries have participated in international comparisons with high level data on lung cancer. However, the nature and extent of data collection across the continent is simply unknown, an...

    Authors: Anna Rich, David Baldwin, Inmaculada Alfageme, Paul Beckett, Thierry Berghmans, Stephen Brincat, Otto Burghuber, Alexandru Corlateanu, Tanja Cufer, Ronald Damhuis, Edvardas Danila, Joanna Domagala-Kulawik, Stefano Elia, Mina Gaga, Tuncay Goksel, Bogdan Grigoriu…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1144

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Oesophageal carcinoma (OC) is one of the leading cancers in Sri Lanka. Its increasing incidence despite the implementation of various preventive activities addressing the conventional risk factors indicates th...

    Authors: Ishanka Ayeshwari Talagala, Metthananda Nawarathne and Carukshi Arambepola

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1135

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The French West-Indies rank first for both prostate cancer incidence and mortality rates. Analyzing diagnostic and therapeutic procedures among patients with prostate cancer, using data from a population-based...

    Authors: Clarisse Joachim, Jacqueline Veronique-Baudin, Stephen Ulric-Gervaise, Jonathan Macni, Thierry Almont, Olivier Pierre-Louis, Lidvine Godaert, Moustapha Drame, Jean-Luc Novella, Karim Farid, Vincent Vinh-Hung and Patrick Escarmant

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1130

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Liver fibrosis is involved in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but its effect on the survival of patients with HCC remains controversial. This study aims to explore whether the severity of liver fibrosis has an...

    Authors: Hui Liu, Dong Cen, Yunxian Yu, Yanting Wang, Xiao Liang, Hui Lin and Xiujun Cai

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1125

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Neuroendocrine tumours are uncommon tumours; there is often a long period between the onset of symptoms and diagnosis. This study aims to address the symptoms prior to diagnosis of people with known neuroendoc...

    Authors: Ron Basuroy, Catherine Bouvier, John Keith Ramage, Maia Sissons and Raj Srirajaskanthan

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1122

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Survival rates of lung cancer remains poor and the impact of comorbidities on the prognosis is discussed. The objective of this study was to assess if the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) was associated with 8...

    Authors: A. Seigneurin, P. Delafosse, B. Trétarre, A. S. Woronoff, M. Velten, P. Grosclaude, A. V. Guizard, B. Lapôtre-Ledoux, S. Bara, F. Molinié and M. Colonna

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1091

    Content type: Research article

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  19. We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the relationship between the glutathione S-transferase μ1 (GSTM1)– and glutathione S-transferase θ1 (GSTT1)– null genotypes and susceptibility to bladder cancer.

    Authors: Tianbiao Zhou, Hong-Yan Li, Wei-Ji Xie, Zhiqing Zhong, Hongzhen Zhong and Zhi-Jun Lin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1088

    Content type: Research article

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  20. An increasing number of studies have identified spatial differences in colorectal cancer survival. However, little is known about the spatially varying effects of predictors in survival prediction modeling stu...

    Authors: Yu Tian, Jun Li, Tianshu Zhou, Danyang Tong, Shengqiang Chi, Xiangxing Kong, Kefeng Ding and Jingsong Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1084

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Breast and cervical cancers represent a significant cause of morbidity and mortality among women. The purpose of this study was to analyse the survival and time trends in two of the most common female cancers ...

    Authors: Allini Mafra da Costa, Dana Hashim, José Humberto Tavares Guerreiro Fregnani and Elisabete Weiderpass

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1079

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The contribution of genetic polymorphisms to the large inter-individual variation in mammographic density (MD) changes following starting and stopping use of estrogen and progestin combined therapy (EPT) has n...

    Authors: Eunjung Lee, Jianning Luo, Fredrick R. Schumacher, David Van Den Berg, Anna H. Wu, Daniel O. Stram, Leslie Bernstein and Giske Ursin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1072

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Chronic myeloid leukemia is associated with a BCR/ABL oncoprotein inhibited by imatinib mesylate, the first tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Although experimental studies have clearly demonstrated the efficacy of im...

    Authors: Enza Di Felice, Francesca Roncaglia, Francesco Venturelli, Lucia Mangone, Stefano Luminari, Claudia Cirilli, Giuliano Carrozzi and Paolo Giorgi Rossi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1069

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Data on the long-term risks of non-AIDS defining cancers (NADCs) are limited, especially in Asians. The incidence of NADCs may correlate with the epidemiological trend of cancers or oncogenic infection in each...

    Authors: Naoyoshi Nagata, Takeshi Nishijima, Ryota Niikura, Tetsuji Yokoyama, Yumi Matsushita, Koji Watanabe, Katsuji Teruya, Yoshimi Kikuchi, Junichi Akiyama, Mikio Yanase, Naomi Uemura, Shinichi Oka and Hiroyuki Gatanaga

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1066

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Physical activity reduces the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), but the relevant evidence derives primarily from self-reported recreational and occupational activity. Less is known about the contribution of oth...

    Authors: Shahid Mahmood, Dallas R. English, Robert J. MacInnis, Amalia Karahalios, Neville Owen, Roger L. Milne, Graham G. Giles and Brigid M. Lynch

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1063

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Obesity has been associated with aggressive prostate cancer and poor outcomes. It is important to understand how prognostic tools for that guide prostate cancer treatment may be impacted by obesity. The goal o...

    Authors: Charnita Zeigler-Johnson, Aaron Hudson, Karen Glanz, Elaine Spangler and Knashawn H. Morales

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1061

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene plays a key role in response to DNA lesions and is related to the invasion and metastasis of malignancy. Epidemiological studies have indicated associations between ATM rs...

    Authors: Yulu Gu, Jikang Shi, Shuang Qiu, Yichun Qiao, Xin Zhang, Yi Cheng and Yawen Liu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1060

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Doctors who work at cancer hospitals are at high risk of developing emotional distress. This study evaluated the prevalence of burnout, anxiety, and depression in a sample of oncologists of various specialties...

    Authors: Carlos Eduardo Paiva, Beatriz Parreira Martins and Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro Paiva

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1044

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Among women with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), histotype is one of the major prognostic factors. However, few data are available on histotype- specific survival and mortality estimates among these patients....

    Authors: Nimisha Arora, Aline Talhouk, Jessica N. McAlpine, Michael R. Law and Gillian E. Hanley

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1039

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Among cancer patients, prior antidepressant use has been associated with impaired survival. This could be due to differences in stage at diagnosis, in receipt of treatment, or in treatment complications. The p...

    Authors: Ellen Hollands Steffensen, Clint Cary, Jørgen Bjerggaard Jensen, Heidi Larsson, Michael Weiner and Mette Nørgaard

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1035

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Cancer survivors may be at increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, but little is known about whether prescribing guidelines for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease are adequately implemented in...

    Authors: Kendal Chidwick, Helen Strongman, Anthony Matthews, Susannah Stanway, Alexander R. Lyon, Liam Smeeth and Krishnan Bhaskaran

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1018

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Shared decision-making (SDM) is recommended for men facing prostate cancer (PC) screening decisions. We synthesize the evidence on the comparative effectiveness of SDM with usual care.

    Authors: Nahara Anani Martínez-González, Stefan Neuner-Jehle, Andreas Plate, Thomas Rosemann and Oliver Senn

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1015

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Cancer 2018 18:1196

  33. Territorial differences in the access to innovative anticancer drugs have been reported from many countries. The objectives of this study were to evaluate access to innovative treatments for metastatic lung ca...

    Authors: Arnaud Scherpereel, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski, François-Emery Cotté, Jérôme Fernandes, Didier Debieuvre, Cécile Blein, Anne-Françoise Gaudin, Charlène Tournier, Alexandre Vainchtock, Pierre Chauvin, Pierre-Jean Souquet, Virginie Westeel and Christos Chouaïd

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1013

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (RANK)-signaling is involved in tumor growth and spread in experimental models. Binding of RANK ligand (RANKL) to RANK activates signaling, which is inhibited by os...

    Authors: Danja Sarink, Helena Schock, Theron Johnson, Jenny Chang-Claude, Kim Overvad, Anja Olsen, Anne Tjønneland, Patrick Arveux, Agnès Fournier, Marina Kvaskoff, Heiner Boeing, Anna Karakatsani, Antonia Trichopoulou, Carlo La Vecchia, Giovanna Masala, Claudia Agnoli…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1010

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The aim of this study was to determine the HPV positivity rate in patients with laryngeal cancer, and to determine the effect of HPV positivity on survival. An additional aim was to determine if patients with ...

    Authors: Ozlem Onerci Celebi, Ebru Sener, Sefik Hosal, Mustafa Cengiz, Ibrahim Gullu and Gaye Guler Tezel

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1005

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Epidemiologists are beginning to employ metabolomics and lipidomics with archived blood from incident cases and controls to discover causes of cancer. Although several such studies have focused on colorectal c...

    Authors: Kelsi Perttula, Courtney Schiffman, William M B Edmands, Lauren Petrick, Hasmik Grigoryan, Xiaoming Cai, Marc J Gunter, Alessio Naccarati, Silvia Polidoro, Sandrine Dudoit, Paolo Vineis and Stephen M Rappaport

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:996

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Sarcomas are rare, heterogeneous tumours affecting patients of any age. Previous surveys describe that sarcoma patients report a significantly worse experience than those with common cancers. Consequently, Sar...

    Authors: Eugenie Younger, Olga Husson, Lindsey Bennister, Jeremy Whelan, Roger Wilson, Andy Roast, Robin L Jones and Winette TA van der Graaf

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:991

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Survival of esophageal cancer in Linzhou was seen to increase over the past few decades and is higher than the average level of China due to the implementation of comprehensive prevention and control measures....

    Authors: Shuzheng Liu, Lanwei Guo, Qiong Chen, Liang Yu, Bianyun Li, Xiaoqin Cao and Xibin Sun

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:949

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Organizations that issue guidance on breast cancer recommend the use of immunohistochemistry (IHC) for providing appropriate and precise care. However, little focus has been directed to the identification of m...

    Authors: Arturo López-Pineda, Mario F Rodríguez-Moran, Cleto Álvarez-Aguilar, Sarah M Fuentes Valle, Román Acosta-Rosales, Ami S Bhatt, Shruti N Sheth and Carlos D Bustamante

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:933

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Initial primary colorectal cancer (IPCRC) has a high risk of developing into second primary colorectal cancer (SPCRC). Right-sided colon cancer (RCC) and left-sided colon cancer (LCC) have different characteri...

    Authors: Lin Yang, Zhenchong Xiong, Qian Kun Xie, Wenzhuo He, Shousheng Liu, Pengfei Kong, Chang Jiang, Xiaojun Xia and Liangping Xia

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:931

    Content type: Research article

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  41. There is a pressing need to reduce the burden of chronic disease and improve healthcare system sustainability through improved cancer and chronic disease prevention and screening (CCDPS) in primary care. We ai...

    Authors: Donna Patricia Manca, Carolina Fernandes, Eva Grunfeld, Kris Aubrey-Bassler, Melissa Shea-Budgell, Aisha Lofters, Denise Campbell-Scherer, Nicolette Sopcak, Mary Ann O’Brien, Christopher Meaney, Rahim Moineddin, Kerry McBrien, Ginetta Salvalaggio and Paul Krueger

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:927

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. Cervical cancer incidence and mortality is high in Uyghur ethnics. Their life style and dietary habit were different from other ethnics living together. Study on the role of trace elements in HPV infection and...

    Authors: Guzhalinuer Abulizi, Yuan-Yuan Zhang, Patiman Mijiti, Hua Li, Guzhalinuer Abuduxikuer, Jing Cai, Zhi-Hong Dong, Gulimire Naizhaer, Xiu-Wei Yang, Miherinisha Maimaiti, Ling-Lu, Guligeina Abudurexiti, Gulixian Tuerxun, Kailibinuer Aierken, Yu-Jie Jiang, Li-Li…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:925

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Greater family size measured with total fertility rate (TFR) and with household size, may offer more life satisfaction to the family members. Positive psychological well-being has been postulated to decrease c...

    Authors: Wenpeng You, Frank J Rühli, Renata J Henneberg and Maciej Henneberg

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:924

    Content type: Research article

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  44. PRKAA1 encodes α-subunit of 5-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which has been implicated in the pathogenesis of carcinoma of the stomach. Previous works have suggested that polymorphisms in the PRKAA1 may be ...

    Authors: Minbin Chen, Baohu Jiang, Bangshun He, Min Tang, Ping Wang, Li Chen, Jianwei Lu and Peihua Lu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:923

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Immunochemical fecal occult blood tests (iFOBTs) are increasingly used for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. In our preceding observational study, sensitivity for detecting advanced colorectal neoplasms by iF...

    Authors: Kaja Tikk, David Czock, Walter E. Haefeli, Annette Kopp-Schneider and Hermann Brenner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:914

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on: