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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the relationship between the glutathione S-transferase μ1 (GSTM1)– and glutathione S-transferase θ1 (GSTT1)– null genotypes and susceptibility to bladder cancer.

    Authors: Tianbiao Zhou, Hong-Yan Li, Wei-Ji Xie, Zhiqing Zhong, Hongzhen Zhong and Zhi-Jun Lin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1088

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. An increasing number of studies have identified spatial differences in colorectal cancer survival. However, little is known about the spatially varying effects of predictors in survival prediction modeling stu...

    Authors: Yu Tian, Jun Li, Tianshu Zhou, Danyang Tong, Shengqiang Chi, Xiangxing Kong, Kefeng Ding and Jingsong Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1084

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Breast and cervical cancers represent a significant cause of morbidity and mortality among women. The purpose of this study was to analyse the survival and time trends in two of the most common female cancers ...

    Authors: Allini Mafra da Costa, Dana Hashim, José Humberto Tavares Guerreiro Fregnani and Elisabete Weiderpass

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1079

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The contribution of genetic polymorphisms to the large inter-individual variation in mammographic density (MD) changes following starting and stopping use of estrogen and progestin combined therapy (EPT) has n...

    Authors: Eunjung Lee, Jianning Luo, Fredrick R. Schumacher, David Van Den Berg, Anna H. Wu, Daniel O. Stram, Leslie Bernstein and Giske Ursin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1072

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Chronic myeloid leukemia is associated with a BCR/ABL oncoprotein inhibited by imatinib mesylate, the first tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Although experimental studies have clearly demonstrated the efficacy of im...

    Authors: Enza Di Felice, Francesca Roncaglia, Francesco Venturelli, Lucia Mangone, Stefano Luminari, Claudia Cirilli, Giuliano Carrozzi and Paolo Giorgi Rossi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1069

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Data on the long-term risks of non-AIDS defining cancers (NADCs) are limited, especially in Asians. The incidence of NADCs may correlate with the epidemiological trend of cancers or oncogenic infection in each...

    Authors: Naoyoshi Nagata, Takeshi Nishijima, Ryota Niikura, Tetsuji Yokoyama, Yumi Matsushita, Koji Watanabe, Katsuji Teruya, Yoshimi Kikuchi, Junichi Akiyama, Mikio Yanase, Naomi Uemura, Shinichi Oka and Hiroyuki Gatanaga

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1066

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Physical activity reduces the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), but the relevant evidence derives primarily from self-reported recreational and occupational activity. Less is known about the contribution of oth...

    Authors: Shahid Mahmood, Dallas R. English, Robert J. MacInnis, Amalia Karahalios, Neville Owen, Roger L. Milne, Graham G. Giles and Brigid M. Lynch

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1063

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Obesity has been associated with aggressive prostate cancer and poor outcomes. It is important to understand how prognostic tools for that guide prostate cancer treatment may be impacted by obesity. The goal o...

    Authors: Charnita Zeigler-Johnson, Aaron Hudson, Karen Glanz, Elaine Spangler and Knashawn H. Morales

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1061

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene plays a key role in response to DNA lesions and is related to the invasion and metastasis of malignancy. Epidemiological studies have indicated associations between ATM rs...

    Authors: Yulu Gu, Jikang Shi, Shuang Qiu, Yichun Qiao, Xin Zhang, Yi Cheng and Yawen Liu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1060

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Doctors who work at cancer hospitals are at high risk of developing emotional distress. This study evaluated the prevalence of burnout, anxiety, and depression in a sample of oncologists of various specialties...

    Authors: Carlos Eduardo Paiva, Beatriz Parreira Martins and Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro Paiva

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1044

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Among women with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), histotype is one of the major prognostic factors. However, few data are available on histotype- specific survival and mortality estimates among these patients....

    Authors: Nimisha Arora, Aline Talhouk, Jessica N. McAlpine, Michael R. Law and Gillian E. Hanley

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1039

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Among cancer patients, prior antidepressant use has been associated with impaired survival. This could be due to differences in stage at diagnosis, in receipt of treatment, or in treatment complications. The p...

    Authors: Ellen Hollands Steffensen, Clint Cary, Jørgen Bjerggaard Jensen, Heidi Larsson, Michael Weiner and Mette Nørgaard

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1035

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Cancer survivors may be at increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, but little is known about whether prescribing guidelines for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease are adequately implemented in...

    Authors: Kendal Chidwick, Helen Strongman, Anthony Matthews, Susannah Stanway, Alexander R. Lyon, Liam Smeeth and Krishnan Bhaskaran

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1018

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Shared decision-making (SDM) is recommended for men facing prostate cancer (PC) screening decisions. We synthesize the evidence on the comparative effectiveness of SDM with usual care.

    Authors: Nahara Anani Martínez-González, Stefan Neuner-Jehle, Andreas Plate, Thomas Rosemann and Oliver Senn

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1015

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Cancer 2018 18:1196

  15. Territorial differences in the access to innovative anticancer drugs have been reported from many countries. The objectives of this study were to evaluate access to innovative treatments for metastatic lung ca...

    Authors: Arnaud Scherpereel, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski, François-Emery Cotté, Jérôme Fernandes, Didier Debieuvre, Cécile Blein, Anne-Françoise Gaudin, Charlène Tournier, Alexandre Vainchtock, Pierre Chauvin, Pierre-Jean Souquet, Virginie Westeel and Christos Chouaïd

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1013

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (RANK)-signaling is involved in tumor growth and spread in experimental models. Binding of RANK ligand (RANKL) to RANK activates signaling, which is inhibited by os...

    Authors: Danja Sarink, Helena Schock, Theron Johnson, Jenny Chang-Claude, Kim Overvad, Anja Olsen, Anne Tjønneland, Patrick Arveux, Agnès Fournier, Marina Kvaskoff, Heiner Boeing, Anna Karakatsani, Antonia Trichopoulou, Carlo La Vecchia, Giovanna Masala, Claudia Agnoli…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1010

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The aim of this study was to determine the HPV positivity rate in patients with laryngeal cancer, and to determine the effect of HPV positivity on survival. An additional aim was to determine if patients with ...

    Authors: Ozlem Onerci Celebi, Ebru Sener, Sefik Hosal, Mustafa Cengiz, Ibrahim Gullu and Gaye Guler Tezel

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1005

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Epidemiologists are beginning to employ metabolomics and lipidomics with archived blood from incident cases and controls to discover causes of cancer. Although several such studies have focused on colorectal c...

    Authors: Kelsi Perttula, Courtney Schiffman, William M B Edmands, Lauren Petrick, Hasmik Grigoryan, Xiaoming Cai, Marc J Gunter, Alessio Naccarati, Silvia Polidoro, Sandrine Dudoit, Paolo Vineis and Stephen M Rappaport

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:996

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Sarcomas are rare, heterogeneous tumours affecting patients of any age. Previous surveys describe that sarcoma patients report a significantly worse experience than those with common cancers. Consequently, Sar...

    Authors: Eugenie Younger, Olga Husson, Lindsey Bennister, Jeremy Whelan, Roger Wilson, Andy Roast, Robin L Jones and Winette TA van der Graaf

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:991

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Survival of esophageal cancer in Linzhou was seen to increase over the past few decades and is higher than the average level of China due to the implementation of comprehensive prevention and control measures....

    Authors: Shuzheng Liu, Lanwei Guo, Qiong Chen, Liang Yu, Bianyun Li, Xiaoqin Cao and Xibin Sun

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:949

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Organizations that issue guidance on breast cancer recommend the use of immunohistochemistry (IHC) for providing appropriate and precise care. However, little focus has been directed to the identification of m...

    Authors: Arturo López-Pineda, Mario F Rodríguez-Moran, Cleto Álvarez-Aguilar, Sarah M Fuentes Valle, Román Acosta-Rosales, Ami S Bhatt, Shruti N Sheth and Carlos D Bustamante

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:933

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Initial primary colorectal cancer (IPCRC) has a high risk of developing into second primary colorectal cancer (SPCRC). Right-sided colon cancer (RCC) and left-sided colon cancer (LCC) have different characteri...

    Authors: Lin Yang, Zhenchong Xiong, Qian Kun Xie, Wenzhuo He, Shousheng Liu, Pengfei Kong, Chang Jiang, Xiaojun Xia and Liangping Xia

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:931

    Content type: Research article

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  23. There is a pressing need to reduce the burden of chronic disease and improve healthcare system sustainability through improved cancer and chronic disease prevention and screening (CCDPS) in primary care. We ai...

    Authors: Donna Patricia Manca, Carolina Fernandes, Eva Grunfeld, Kris Aubrey-Bassler, Melissa Shea-Budgell, Aisha Lofters, Denise Campbell-Scherer, Nicolette Sopcak, Mary Ann O’Brien, Christopher Meaney, Rahim Moineddin, Kerry McBrien, Ginetta Salvalaggio and Paul Krueger

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:927

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Cervical cancer incidence and mortality is high in Uyghur ethnics. Their life style and dietary habit were different from other ethnics living together. Study on the role of trace elements in HPV infection and...

    Authors: Guzhalinuer Abulizi, Yuan-Yuan Zhang, Patiman Mijiti, Hua Li, Guzhalinuer Abuduxikuer, Jing Cai, Zhi-Hong Dong, Gulimire Naizhaer, Xiu-Wei Yang, Miherinisha Maimaiti, Ling-Lu, Guligeina Abudurexiti, Gulixian Tuerxun, Kailibinuer Aierken, Yu-Jie Jiang, Li-Li…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:925

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Greater family size measured with total fertility rate (TFR) and with household size, may offer more life satisfaction to the family members. Positive psychological well-being has been postulated to decrease c...

    Authors: Wenpeng You, Frank J Rühli, Renata J Henneberg and Maciej Henneberg

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:924

    Content type: Research article

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  26. PRKAA1 encodes α-subunit of 5-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which has been implicated in the pathogenesis of carcinoma of the stomach. Previous works have suggested that polymorphisms in the PRKAA1 may be ...

    Authors: Minbin Chen, Baohu Jiang, Bangshun He, Min Tang, Ping Wang, Li Chen, Jianwei Lu and Peihua Lu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:923

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Immunochemical fecal occult blood tests (iFOBTs) are increasingly used for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. In our preceding observational study, sensitivity for detecting advanced colorectal neoplasms by iF...

    Authors: Kaja Tikk, David Czock, Walter E. Haefeli, Annette Kopp-Schneider and Hermann Brenner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:914

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is an illness strongly influenced by sex and gender, with mortality rates in males significantly higher than females. There is still a dearth of understanding on where sex differences e...

    Authors: Alan White, Lucy Ironmonger, Robert J. C. Steele, Nick Ormiston-Smith, Carina Crawford and Amanda Seims

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:906

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The only available predictive models for the outcome of breast cancer patients in New Zealand (NZ) are based on data in other countries. We aimed to develop and validate a predictive model using NZ data for th...

    Authors: J. Mark Elwood, Essa Tawfiq, Sandar TinTin, Roger J. Marshall, Tung M. Phung, Ian Campbell, Vernon Harvey and Ross Lawrenson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:897

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Breast and colorectal cancer are the two most common cancers in Malaysia. Low awareness coupled with stigma and erroneous beliefs delay help-seeking behaviours, lead to late presentation and contribute to poor...

    Authors: Désirée Schliemann, Michael Donnelly, Maznah Dahlui, Siew Yim Loh, Nor Saleha Binti Tamin Ibrahim, Saunthari Somasundaram, Conan Donnelly and Tin Tin Su

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:881

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Cancer risk is associated with serum iron levels. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether haematological parameters reflect serum iron levels and may also be associated with cancer risk.

    Authors: Niwansa Adris, Anita Chai Geik Chua, Matthew William Knuiman, Mark Laurence Divitini, Debbie Trinder and John Kevin Olynyk

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:863

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Observational studies have reported conflicting results on the impact of mammography service screening programmes on the advanced breast cancer rate (ABCR), a correlation that was firmly established in randomi...

    Authors: M. J. M. Broeders, P. Allgood, S. W. Duffy, S. Hofvind, I. D. Nagtegaal, E. Paci, S. M. Moss and L. Bucchi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:860

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The value of hospital registries for describing treatment and survival outcomes for vulval cancer was investigated. Hospital registry data from four major public hospitals in 1984–2016 were used because popula...

    Authors: David Roder, Margaret Davy, Sid Selva-Nayagam, Sellvakumaram Paramasivam, Jacqui Adams, Dorothy Keefe, Ian Olver, Caroline Miller, Elizabeth Buckley, Kate Powell, Kellie Fusco, Dianne Buranyi-Trevarton and Martin K. Oehler

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:858

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Cervical cancer screening is not recommended for women who underwent hysterectomy with no history of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) of grade 2 or higher. We aimed to determine the cervical cancer scr...

    Authors: Ji-Yeon Shin, Kui Son Choi, Mina Suh, Boyoung Park and Jae Kwan Jun

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:810

    Content type: Research article

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  35. In this retrospective study, data from patients listed in the Korea Central Cancer Registry during 1993–2014 were analysed, to investigate the incidence and survival of second primary cancers (SPCs) after a di...

    Authors: Myong Cheol Lim, Young-Joo Won, Jiwon Lim, Tahereh Salehi, Chong Woo Yoo and Robert E. Bristow

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:800

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Obesity and diabetes are two risk factors for cancer. To evaluate the association of body mass index (BMI) with cancer risk in diabetic patients may improve current understanding of potential mechanisms.

    Authors: Hui-lin Xu, Min-lu Zhang, Yu-jie Yan, Fang Fang, Qi Guo, Dong-li Xu, Zuo-feng Zhang, Fen Zhang, Nai-qing Zhao, Wang-hong Xu and Guo-you Qin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:795

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The advancements in cancer therapy have improved the clinical outcomes of cancer patients in recent decades. However, advanced cancer therapy is expensive and requires good health care systems. For kidney canc...

    Authors: Wen-Wei Sung, Shao-Chuan Wang, Tzuo-Yi Hsieh, Cheng-Ju Ho, Cheng-Yu Huang, Yu-Lin Kao, Wen-Jung Chen and Sung-Lang Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:792

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Early detection of oesophageal cancer improves outcomes; however, the optimal strategy for identifying patients at increased risk from the pre-cancerous lesion Barrett’s oesophagus (BE) is not clear. The Cytos...

    Authors: Judith Offman, Beth Muldrew, Maria O’Donovan, Irene Debiram-Beecham, Francesca Pesola, Irene Kaimi, Samuel G. Smith, Ashley Wilson, Zohrah Khan, Pierre Lao-Sirieix, Benoit Aigret, Fiona M. Walter, Greg Rubin, Steve Morris, Christopher Jackson, Peter Sasieni…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:784

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  39. The incidence of breast cancer has increased since the 1970s. Despite favorable trends in prognosis, the role of changes in clinical practice and the introduction of screening remain controversial. We examined...

    Authors: José Antonio Baeyens-Fernández, Elena Molina-Portillo, Marina Pollán, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco, Rosario Del Moral, Lorenzo Arribas-Mir, Emilio Sánchez-Cantalejo Ramírez and María-José Sánchez

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:781

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Cases of non-traumatic splenic rupture are rare and entails a potentially grave medical outcome. Hence, it is important to consider the differential diagnosis of a non-traumatic splenic rupture in patients wit...

    Authors: Kogulakrishnan Kaniappan, Christopher Thiam Seong Lim and Pek Woon Chin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:779

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  41. Ovarian cancer is one of the most lethal cancers and women with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have even poorer survival from it. We assessed the prognosis of ovarian cancer in women with type 2 diabetes treated with m...

    Authors: Elina Urpilainen, Mikko Marttila, Ari Hautakoski, Martti Arffman, Reijo Sund, Pirjo Ilanne-Parikka, Reetta Arima, Jenni Kangaskokko, Ulla Puistola, Marianne Hinkula and Esa Läärä

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:767

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Early diagnosis and treatment is a key factor in reducing mortality and improving patient outcomes. To achieve this, it is important to understan...

    Authors: Danielle Mazza, Xiaoping Lin, Fiona M. Walter, Jane M. Young, David J. Barnes, Paul Mitchell, Bianca Brijnath, Andrew Martin and Jon D. Emery

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:754

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  43. Approximately one third of the colorectal cancer survivors (CRCS) experience high levels of psychological distress. Common concerns experienced by CRCS include distress related to physical problems, anxiety, f...

    Authors: L. Leermakers, S. Döking, B. Thewes, A. M. J. Braamse, M. F. M. Gielissen, J. H. W. de Wilt, E. H. Collette, J. Dekker and J. B. Prins

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:748

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  44. Cervical cancer is the most common cancer among women in Kenya. However, only 3% of women are routinely screened. This study aimed to assess women’s knowledge and attitudes towards cervical cancer and cervical...

    Authors: Murithi Gatumo, Susan Gacheri, Abdul-Rauf Sayed and Andrew Scheibe

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:745

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Quality of cancer care (QoCC) has become an important item for providers, regulators and purchasers of care worldwide. Aim of this study is to present the results of some evidence-based quality indicators (QI)...

    Authors: Laura Ortelli, Alessandra Spitale, Luca Mazzucchelli and Andrea Bordoni

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:733

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Medication adherence refers to whether a patient takes medication according to the frequency prescribed, or continues to take a prescribed medication. Inadequate adherence to medication may cause alterations i...

    Authors: Yunxin He, Eng Hooi Tan, Andrea Li Ann Wong, Chuan Chien Tan, Patrick Wong, Soo Chin Lee and Bee Choo Tai

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:727

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  47. People aged 40–60 years with a family history (FH) of colorectal cancer (CRC) in 1st degree relatives (FDRs) have a 2- to 4-fold increased risk of CRC compared to the average risk population. Therefore, expert...

    Authors: Kaja Tikk, Korbinian Weigl, Michael Hoffmeister, Svitlana Igel, Matthias Schwab, Jochen Hampe, Stefanie J. Klug, Ulrich Mansmann, Frank Kolligs and Hermann Brenner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:720

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on: