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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that are inappropriately designed or executed may provide biased findings and mislead clinical practice. In view of recent interest in the treatment and prevention of thromb...

    Authors: Gabriel Rada, Holger J Schünemann, Nawman Labedi, Pierre El-Hachem, Victor F Kairouz and Elie A Akl

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:76

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Obesity has been linked to many adverse health consequences, including breast cancer. This study aims to determine adipocytokine and other biological changes in recently diagnosed breast cancer patients before...

    Authors: Majed S Alokail, Nasser Al-Daghri, Amal Abdulkareem, Hossam M Draz, Sobhy M Yakout, Abdullah M Alnaami, Shaun Sabico, Amal M Alenad and George P Chrousos

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:54

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Maintenance therapy with gefitinib notably improves survival in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and EGFR mutation-positive tumors, but the economic impact of this practice is unclear.

    Authors: Jun Zhu, Te Li, Xiaohui Wang, Ming Ye, Jian Cai, Yuejuan Xu and Bin Wu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:39

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Cancer of unknown primary site (CUP) is considered an aggressive metastatic disease but whether the prognosis differs from metastatic cancers of known primary site is not known. Such data may give insight into...

    Authors: Matias Riihimäki, Hauke Thomsen, Akseli Hemminki, Kristina Sundquist and Kari Hemminki

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:36

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Exercise programmes are beneficial for cancer patients however evidence is limited in patients with multiple myeloma (MM), a cancer that is characterised by osteolytic bone disease, giving rise to high levels ...

    Authors: Lara Groeneveldt, Gill Mein, Rachel Garrod, Andrew P Jewell, Ken Van Someren, Richard Stephens, Shirley P D’Sa and Kwee L Yong

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:31

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Fertility is an important issue for long-term survivors of malignancies developing during reproductive years. We designed a population-based study to investigate childbirth in female young adult survivors of n...

    Authors: Nancy N Baxter, Rinku Sutradhar, M Elizabeth DelGuidice, Shawn Forbes, Lawrence F Paszat, Andrew S Wilton, David Urbach and Linda Rabeneck

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:30

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Studies evaluating the association between alcohol intake and ovarian carcinoma (OC) are inconsistent. Because OC and ovarian borderline tumor histologic types differ genetically, molecularly and clinically, l...

    Authors: Linda E Kelemen, Elisa V Bandera, Kathryn L Terry, Mary Anne Rossing, Louise A Brinton, Jennifer A Doherty, Roberta B Ness, Susanne Krüger Kjær, Jenny Chang-Claude, Martin Köbel, Galina Lurie, Pamela J Thompson, Michael E Carney, Kirsten Moysich, Robert Edwards, Clare Bunker…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:28

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Despite the increase in cancer incidence in the last years in Serbia, no nation-wide, population-based cancer epidemiology data have been reported. In this study cancer incidence and mortality rates for Serbia...

    Authors: Jovan Mihajlović, Petros Pechlivanoglou, Marica Miladinov-Mikov, Snežana Živković and Maarten J Postma

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:18

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Stage shift is widely considered a major determinant of the survival benefit conferred by breast cancer screening. However, factors and mechanisms underlying such a prognostic advantage need further clarificat...

    Authors: Anna Crispo, Maddalena Barba, Giuseppe D’Aiuto, Michelino De Laurentiis, Maria Grimaldi, Massimo Rinaldo, Giuseppina Caolo, Massimiliano D’Aiuto, Immacolata Capasso, Emanuela Esposito, Alfonso Amore, Maurizio Di Bonito, Gerardo Botti and Maurizio Montella

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:15

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The aim of this study was to determine the proportions and predictors of first-degree relatives (FDRs) of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients (i) ever receiving any CRC testing and (ii) receiving CRC screening in...

    Authors: Ryan J Courtney, Christine L Paul, Mariko L Carey, Robert W Sanson-Fisher, Finlay A Macrae, Catherine D’Este, David Hill, Daniel Barker and Jody Simmons

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:13

    Content type: Research article

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  11. HPV is related to a number of cancer types, causing a considerable burden in both genders in Europe. Female vaccination programs can substantially reduce the incidence of HPV-related diseases in women and, to ...

    Authors: Rémi Marty, Stéphane Roze, Xavier Bresse, Nathalie Largeron and Jayne Smith-Palmer

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:10

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Faced with a life-threatening illness, such as cancer, many patients develop stress symptoms, i.e. avoidance behaviour, intrusive thoughts and worry. Stress management interventions have proven to be effective...

    Authors: Cecilia Arving, Inger Thormodsen, Guri Brekke, Olav Mella, Sveinung Berntsen and Karin Nordin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:9

    Content type: Study protocol

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  13. Diabetic patients have a higher risk of bladder cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Theoretically, BPH patients may have an increased risk of bladder cancer because residual urine in the bladder sur...

    Authors: Chin-Hsiao Tseng

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:7

    Content type: Research article

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  14. This study reports the reliability and validity of a questionnaire designed to measure the time from detection of a breast cancer to arrival at a cancer hospital, as well as the factors that are associated wit...

    Authors: Karla Unger-Saldaña, Ingris Peláez-Ballestas and Claudia Infante-Castañeda

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:626

    Content type: Research article

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  15. In breast cancer, diabetes diagnosed prior to cancer (previously diagnosed) is associated with advanced cancer stage and increased mortality. However, in the general population, 40% of diabetes is undiagnosed ...

    Authors: Robert I Griffiths, Mark D Danese, Michelle L Gleeson and José M Valderas

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:613

    Content type: Research article

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  16. An n-6 essential fatty acid, arachidonic acid (ARA) is converted into prostaglandin E2, which is involved in tumour extension. However, it is unclear whether dietary ARA intake leads to cancer in humans. We thus ...

    Authors: Mai Sakai, Saki Kakutani, Chika Horikawa, Hisanori Tokuda, Hiroshi Kawashima, Hiroshi Shibata, Hitomi Okubo and Satoshi Sasaki

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:606

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Asbestos is classified as a human carcinogen, and studies have consistently demonstrated that workplace exposure to it increases the risk of developing lung cancer. Few studies have evaluated risks in populati...

    Authors: Paul J Villeneuve, Marie-Élise Parent, Shelley A Harris and Kenneth C Johnson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:595

    Content type: Research article

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  18. In the past few years, the number of clinical trials has increased rapidly in East Asia, especially for gastric and hepatobiliary cancer that are prevalent in Asian populations. However, the actual degree of u...

    Authors: Su Jin Lee, Lee Chun Park, Jeeyun Lee, Seonwoo Kim, Moon Ki Choi, Jung Yong Hong, Sylvia Park, Chi Hoon Maeng, Wonjin Chang, Young Saing Kim, Se Hoon Park, Joon Oh Park, Ho Yeong Lim, Won Ki Kang and Young Suk Park

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:594

    Content type: Research article

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  19. There are limited population-based studies focusing on the chemopreventive effects of selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors against colorectal cancer. The purpose of this study is to assess the trends ...

    Authors: Yi-Hsin Yang, Yea-Huei Kao Yang, Ching-Lan Cheng, Pei-Shan Ho and Ying-Chin Ko

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:582

    Content type: Research article

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  20. There is a lack of psychotherapeutic trials of treatments of comorbid depression in cancer patients. Our study determines the efficacy of a manualized short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy and predictors of o...

    Authors: Rüdiger Zwerenz, Manfred E Beutel, Barbara H Imruck, Jörg Wiltink, Antje Haselbacher, Christian Ruckes, Heinz Schmidberger, Gerald Hoffmann, Marcus Schmidt, Uwe Köhler, Dagmar Langanke, Rolf-Dieter Kortmann, Susanne Kuhnt, Gregor Weißflog, Yvette Barthel, Katja Leuteritz…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:578

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. Women with cancer are significantly more likely to fall than women without cancer placing them at higher risk of fall-related fractures, other injuries and disability. Currently, no evidence-based fall prevent...

    Authors: Kerri M Winters-Stone, Fuzhong Li, Fay Horak, Shiuh-Wen Luoh, Jill A Bennett, Lillian Nail and Nathan Dieckmann

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:577

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. This study aimed to systematically review the evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and to conduct a meta-analysis of the effects of yoga on physical and psychosocial outcomes in cancer patients an...

    Authors: Laurien M Buffart, Jannique GZ van Uffelen, Ingrid I Riphagen, Johannes Brug, Willem van Mechelen, Wendy J Brown and Mai JM Chinapaw

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:559

    Content type: Research article

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  23. While knowledge and risk perception have been associated with screening for second primary cancer (SPC), there are no clinically useful indicators to identify who is at risk of not being properly screened for ...

    Authors: Beomseok Suh, Dong Wook Shin, So Young Kim, Jae-Hyun Park, Weon Young Chang, Seung Pyung Lim, Chang-Yeol Yim, Be-Long Cho, Eun-Cheol Park and Jong-Hyock Park

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:557

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Gail and others developed a model (GAIL) using age-at-menarche, age-at-birth of first live child, number of previous benign breast biopsy examinations, and number of first-degree-relatives with breast cancer a...

    Authors: Fei Gao, David Machin, Khuan-Yew Chow, Yu-Fan Sim, Stephen W Duffy, David B Matchar, Chien-Hui Goh and Kee-Seng Chia

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:529

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Limited research has examined the association between physical activity, health-related fitness, and disease outcomes in breast cancer survivors. Here, we present the rationale and design of the Alberta Moving Be

    Authors: Kerry S Courneya, Jeff K Vallance, S Nicole Culos-Reed, Margaret L McNeely, Gordon J Bell, John R Mackey, Yutaka Yasui, Yan Yuan, Charles E Matthews, David CW Lau, Diane Cook and Christine M Friedenreich

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:525

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. A population-based breast cancer screening programme was implemented in the Central Denmark Region in 2008–09. The objective of this registry-based study was to examine the association between socio-demographi...

    Authors: Line Flytkjær Jensen, Anette Fischer Pedersen, Berit Andersen and Peter Vedsted

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:518

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Risk factors for lung cancer, such as cigarette smoking, environmental pollution, asbestos, and genetic determinants, are well-known, whereas involvement of the human papillomavirus (HPV) is still unclear.

    Authors: Antonella Galvan, Sara Noci, Francesca Taverna, Claudia Lombardo, Silvia Franceschi, Ugo Pastorino and Tommaso A Dragani

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:512

    Content type: Research article

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  28. There are few studies of the effects of nasal snuff and environmental factors on the risk of nasal cancer. This study aimed to investigate the impact of using nasal snuff and of other risk factors on the risk ...

    Authors: Eberhard M Greiser, Karin Halina Greiser, Wolfgang Ahrens, Rudolf Hagen, Roland Lazszig, Heinz Maier, Bernhard Schick and Hans Peter Zenner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:506

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Infectious agents have been shown to contribute to the development of lymphoid malignancies. The different distribution of lymphoid malignancies in Asian and Western populations suggests possibly different eti...

    Authors: Yi-Chang Liu, Yi-Hsin Yang, Hui-Hua Hsiao, Wen-Chi Yang, Ta-Chih Liu, Chao-Sung Chang, Ming-Yu Yang, Pai-Mei Lin, Jui-Feng Hsu, Pi-Yu Chang and Sheng-Fung Lin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:503

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is a multifunctional protein playing both a key role in the metabolism of cholesterol and triglycerides, and in tissue repair and inflammation. The ApoE gene (19q13.2) has three major isof...

    Authors: Emma De Feo, Benedetto Simone, Roberto Persiani, Ferdinando Cananzi, Alberto Biondi, Dario Arzani, Rosarita Amore, Domenico D’Ugo, Gualtiero Ricciardi and Stefania Boccia

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:494

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Organised cervical screening, introduced in 1991, appears to have reduced rates of cervical cancer incidence and mortality in women in Australia. This study aimed to assess whether cervical cancer rates in mig...

    Authors: Nayyereh Aminisani, Bruce K Armstrong, Sam Egger and Karen Canfell

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:491

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The incidence of anal cancer, a Human Papillomavirus (HPV)-related neoplasia, has been increasing in recent decades, mainly in men who have sex with men (MSM). Cytological changes of the anal epithelium induce...

    Authors: Maria Gabriella Donà, Maria Benevolo, Amina Vocaturo, Guido Palamara, Alessandra Latini, Amalia Giglio, Domenico Moretto, Francesca Rollo, Giampaolo Impara, Fabrizio Ensoli, Fulvia Pimpinelli, Aldo Di Carlo and Massimo Giuliani

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:476

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Gastric cancer is the second most common cause of death from cancer in the world. Epidemiological findings on alcohol use in relation to gastric cancer remain controversial. The aim of this study was to examin...

    Authors: Ruta Everatt, Abdonas Tamosiunas, Irena Kuzmickiene, Dalia Virviciute, Ricardas Radisauskas, Regina Reklaitiene and Egle Milinaviciene

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:475

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Current studies on adherence to endocrine therapy in breast cancer patients suffer from methodological limitations due to a lack of well-validated methods for assessing adherence. There is no gold standard for...

    Authors: Anne S Oberguggenberger, Monika Sztankay, Beate Beer, Birthe Schubert, Verena Meraner, Herbert Oberacher, Georg Kemmler, Johannes Giesinger, Eva Gamper, Barbara Sperner-Unterweger, Christian Marth, Bernhard Holzner and Michael Hubalek

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:474

    Content type: Research article

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  35. A large proportion of women with breast cancer (BC) are elderly. However, there is a lack of information regarding BC prognostic factors and care in this population. The aims of this study were to assess the p...

    Authors: Pegdwende Olivia Dialla, Tienhan Sandrine Dabakuyo, Sophie Marilier, Julie Gentil, Patrick Roignot, Ariane Darut-Jouve, Marie-Laure Poillot, Valérie Quipourt and Patrick Arveux

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:472

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Adjuvant Online (AOL) is web-accessible risk-assessment model that predicts the mortality and the benefits of adjuvant therapy (http://​www.​newadjuvantonlin​e.​com

    Authors: Minkyu Jung, Geon Woo Kim, Inkyung Jung, Joong Bae Ahn, Jae Kyung Roh, Sun Young Rha, Hyun Cheol Chung, Nam Kyu Kim, Tae Il Kim and Sang Joon Shin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:471

    Content type: Research article

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  37. There has been limited study on the effect of infection with different hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes on the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in hepatitis B virus (HBV) endemic regions of Asia.

    Authors: Jin-Kyoung Oh, Hai-Rim Shin, Min Kyung Lim, Heeyoun Cho, Dong-Il Kim, Youngmee Jee, Haesun Yun and Keun-Young Yoo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:452

    Content type: Research article

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  38. A 21-gene recurrence score (RS) assay may inform adjuvant systematic treatment decisions in women with early stage breast cancer. We sought to investigate the cost effectiveness of using the RS-assay versus cu...

    Authors: Malek B Hannouf, Bin Xie, Muriel Brackstone and Gregory S Zaric

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:447

    Content type: Research article

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  39. To reduce mortality, women with a family history of breast cancer often start mammography screening at a younger age than the general population. Breast density is high in over 50% of women younger than 50 yea...

    Authors: Sepideh Saadatmand, Emiel J T Rutgers, RobAEM Tollenaar, Hermien M Zonderland, MargreetGEM Ausems, KristienBMI Keymeulen, Margreet S Schlooz-Vries, Linetta B Koppert, Eveline A M Heijnsdijk, Caroline Seynaeve, Cees Verhoef, Jan C Oosterwijk, Inge-Marie Obdeijn, Harry J de Koning and Madeleine M A Tilanus-Linthorst

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:440

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. There has been substantial increase in use of androgen deprivation therapy as adjuvant management of prostate cancer. However, this leads to a range of musculoskeletal toxicities including reduced bone mass an...

    Authors: Robert U Newton, Dennis R Taaffe, Nigel Spry, Prue Cormie, Suzanne K Chambers, Robert A Gardiner, David HK Shum, David Joseph and Daniel A Galvão

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:432

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC), comprised of basal (BCC) and squamous (SCC) cell carcinomas, is the most common cancer in Caucasians. Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure is the most important environmental r...

    Authors: Michelle R Iannacone, Wei Wang, Heather G Stockwell, Kathleen O’Rourke, Anna R Giuliano, Vernon K Sondak, Jane L Messina, Richard G Roetzheim, Basil S Cherpelis, Neil A Fenske and Dana E Rollison

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:417

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Causes of the rapidly increasing incidence of breast cancer in Middle East and Asian countries are incompletely understood. We evaluated risk factors for postmenopausal breast cancer and estimated their attrib...

    Authors: Reza Ghiasvand, Shahram Bahmanyar, Kazem Zendehdel, Sedigheh Tahmasebi, Abdolrasoul Talei, Hans-Olov Adami and Sven Cnattingius

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:414

    Content type: Research article

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