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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    To determine the impact of preexisting ischemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke on overall survival in prostate cancer patients.

    Authors: Christina G Jespersen, Mette Nørgaard, Truls E Bjerklund Johansen, Mette Søgaard and Michael Borre

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:519

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In Taiwan, there is a high incidence of breast cancer and a high prevalence of viral hepatitis. In this case-control study, we used a population-based insurance dataset to evaluate whether breast cancer in wom...

    Authors: Fu-Hsiung Su, Shih-Ni Chang, Pei-Chun Chen, Fung-Chang Sung, Chien-Tien Su and Chih-Ching Yeh

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:495

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Concomitant chemo-radiotherapy (CCRT) has become an indispensable organ, but not always function preserving treatment modality for advanced head and neck cancer. To prevent/limit the functional side effects of...

    Authors: Valesca P Retèl, Lisette van der Molen, Frans JM Hilgers, Coen RN Rasch, Annemiek AAMHJ L'Ortye, Lotte MG Steuten and Wim H van Harten

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:475

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are causally associated with ano-genital and a subset of head and neck cancers. Rising incidence of HPV+ anal cancers and head and neck cancers have now been demonstrated in the de...

    Authors: Robin Crawford, Anne-Laure Grignon, Sarah Kitson, David M Winder, Siolian LR Ball, Katie Vaughan, Margaret A Stanley, Jane C Sterling and Peter KC Goon

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:473

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Overall, Indigenous Australians with cancer are diagnosed with more advanced disease, receive less cancer treatment and have poorer cancer survival than non-Indigenous Australians. The prognosis for Indigenous...

    Authors: Suzanne P Moore, Adèle C Green, Gail Garvey, Michael D Coory and Patricia C Valery

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:460

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Cigarette smoking is an established risk factor of lung cancer development while the current epidemiological evidence is suggestive of an increased lung cancer risk associated with alcohol consumption. Dietary...

    Authors: Chikako Kiyohara, Takahiko Horiuchi, Koichi Takayama and Yoichi Nakanishi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:459

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Magnolol, a plant lignan isolated from the bark and seed cones of Magnolia officinalis, has been shown to have chemopreventive effects on chemically-induced skin cancer development. The objectives of this investi...

    Authors: Chandeshwari Chilampalli, Ruth Guillermo, Xiaoying Zhang, Radhey S Kaushik, Alan Young, David Zeman, Michael B Hildreth, Hesham Fahmy and Chandradhar Dwivedi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:456

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  8. Content type: Research article

    It is well established that drinking alcohol raises the risk of liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma). However, it has not been sufficiently established as to whether or not drinking cessation subsequently r...

    Authors: Gawain A Heckley, Johan Jarl, Benedict O Asamoah and Ulf G-Gerdtham

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:446

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The debate continues as to whether younger women who present with breast cancer have a more aggressive form of disease and a worse prognosis. The objectives of this study were to determine the incidence of bre...

    Authors: Elrasheid AH Kheirelseid, Jennifer ME Boggs, Catherine Curran, Ronan W Glynn, Cara Dooley, Karl J Sweeney and Michael J Kerin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:383

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The National Comprehensive Cancer Network clinical practice guidelines in oncology-gastric cancer guidelines have been widely used to provide appropriate recommendations for the treatment of patients with gast...

    Authors: Xiaolong Zhang, Nanjing Li, Wen Wei, Wenxiu Yao, Ke Xie, Jiankun Hu, Lida Shen, Weizheng Ji, You Lu, Feng Wen, Yu Jiang, Feng Xu, Hong Feng, Feng Bi and Qiu Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:369

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  11. Content type: Research article

    This paper describes the development of a Cancer Awareness Measure for colorectal (CRC) cancer (Bowel/Colorectal CAMa) (study 1) and presents key results from a population-representative survey using the measure ...

    Authors: Emily Power, Alice Simon, Dorota Juszczyk, Sara Hiom and Jane Wardle

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:366

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Oral cancer incidence is high on the Island of Puerto Rico (PR), particularly among males. As part of a larger study conducted in PR, we evaluated smoking and drinking as risk factors for oral potentially mali...

    Authors: Lin Li, Walter J Psoter, Carmen J Buxó, Augusto Elias, Lumarie Cuadrado and Douglas E Morse

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:324

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Mammographic density (MD) and malignant-appearing microcalcifications (MAMCs) represent the earliest mammographic findings of non-palpable breast carcinomas. Matrix proteoglycans versican and decorin are frequ...

    Authors: Spyros S Skandalis, Vassiliki T Labropoulou, Panagiota Ravazoula, Eleni Likaki-Karatza, Katalin Dobra, Haralabos P Kalofonos, Nikos K Karamanos and Achilleas D Theocharis

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:314

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  14. Content type: Research article

    XELOX (capecitabine + oxaliplatin) and FOLFOX 4 (5-FU + folinic acid + oxaliplatin) have shown similar improvements in survival in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC). A US cost-minimization stud...

    Authors: Vicki C Tse, Wai Tong Ng, Victor Lee, Anne WM Lee, Daniel TT Chua, June Chau and Sarah M McGhee

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:288

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Using a longitudinal design, aim of this study was to investigate the relation between mental adjustment to cancer and anxiety, depression, health-related quality of life (HRQL) and survival in patients treate...

    Authors: Mia Johansson, Anna Rydén and Caterina Finizia

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:283

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  16. Content type: Research article

    France stands among high-risk areas for colorectal cancer. Different trends in CRC incidence are reported around the world. The aim of this study was to provide temporal trends in CRC incidence over a 30-year ...

    Authors: Marion Chauvenet, Vanessa Cottet, Côme Lepage, Valérie Jooste, Jean Faivre and Anne-Marie Bouvier

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:282

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Cancer screening rates in Korea for five cancer types have increased steadily since 2002. With regard to the life-time cancer screening rates in 2009 according to cancer sites, the second highest was breast ca...

    Authors: Mi Jin Park, Eun-Cheol Park, Kui Son Choi, Jae Kwan Jun and Hoo-Yeon Lee

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:257

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The economic costs of treating patients with metastatic breast cancer have been examined in several studies, but available estimates of economic burden are at least a decade old. In this study, we characterize...

    Authors: Montserrat Vera-Llonch, Derek Weycker, Andrew Glass, Sue Gao, Rohit Borker, Angie Qin and Gerry Oster

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:250

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Recent refinements of lung MRI techniques have reduced the examination time and improved diagnostic sensitivity and specificity. We conducted a study to assess the feasibility of MRI for the detection of prima...

    Authors: Nai-Yuan Wu, Hui-Cheng Cheng, James S Ko, Yu-Chen Cheng, Po-Wei Lin, Wei-Chan Lin, Cheng-Yen Chang and Der-Ming Liou

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:242

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  20. Content type: Research article

    A new lower-cost rapid-throughput human papillomavirus (HPV) test (careHPV, Qiagen, Gaithersburg, USA) has been shown to have high sensitivity for the detection of high grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.

    Authors: Ju-Fang Shi, Karen Canfell, Jie-Bin Lew, Fang-Hui Zhao, Rosa Legood, Yan Ning, Leonardo Simonella, Li Ma, Yoon-Jung Kang, Yong-Zhen Zhang, Megan A Smith, Jun-Feng Chen, Xiang-Xian Feng and You-Lin Qiao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:239

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Few data exist on survival or health-related quality of life (QOL) related to herbal remedy use among long-term breast cancer survivors. The objective of this report is to examine whether herbal remedy use is ...

    Authors: Huiyan Ma, Catherine L Carpenter, Jane Sullivan-Halley and Leslie Bernstein

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:222

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Partnership for Health-2 (PFH-2) is a web-based version of Partnership for Health, an evidence-based smoking cessation intervention for childhood cancer survivors. This paper describes the PFH-2 intervention a...

    Authors: Janet S de Moor, Elaine Puleo, Jennifer S Ford, Mark Greenberg, David C Hodgson, Vida L Tyc, Jamie Ostroff, Lisa R Diller, Andrea Gurmankin Levy, Kim Sprunck-Harrild and Karen M Emmons

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:165

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Family size and birth order are known to influence the risk of some cancers. However, it is still unknown whether these effects change from early to later adulthood. We used the data of the Swedish Family-Canc...

    Authors: Melanie Bevier, Marianne Weires, Hauke Thomsen, Jan Sundquist and Kari Hemminki

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:163

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Childhood cancer differs from most common adult cancers, suggesting a distinct aetiology for some types of childhood cancer. Our objective in this study was to test the difference in incidence rates of 4 non-C...

    Authors: Beatriz de Camargo, Juliana Moreira de Oliveira Ferreira, Rejane de Souza Reis, Sima Ferman, Marceli de Oliveira Santos and Maria S Pombo-de-Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:160

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Geographical variations in medical practice are expected to be small when the evidence about the effectiveness and safety of a particular technology is abundant. This would be the case of the prescription of c...

    Authors: Manuel Ridao-López, Sandra García-Armesto, Begoña Abadía-Taira, Salvador Peiró-Moreno and Enrique Bernal-Delgado

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:145

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality among women in Malaysia. Delayed diagnosis is preventable and has major effects on patients' prognosis and survival. The objectives of our study were to i...

    Authors: Bachok Norsa'adah, Krishna G Rampal, Mohd A Rahmah, Nyi N Naing and Biswa M Biswal

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:141

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  27. Content type: Research article

    There are large ethnic differences in cervical cancer survival in New Zealand that are only partly explained by stage at diagnosis. We investigated the association of comorbidity with cervical cancer survival,...

    Authors: Naomi Brewer, Barry Borman, Diana Sarfati, Mona Jeffreys, Steven T Fleming, Soo Cheng and Neil Pearce

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:132

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  28. Content type: Research article

    It is unclear whether individualized treatments based on biological factors have improved the prognosis of recurrent breast cancer. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the survival improvement of patients...

    Authors: Hideo Shigematsu, Hidetoshi Kawaguchi, Yoshiaki Nakamura, Kimihiro Tanaka, Satoko Shiotani, Chinami Koga, Sumiko Nishimura, Kenichi Taguchi, Kenichi Nishiyama and Shinji Ohno

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:118

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  29. Content type: Research article

    In this work, we have conducted a case-control study in order to assess the effect of tobacco and three genetic polymorphisms in XPC, ERCC2 and ERCC5 genes (rs2228001, rs13181 and rs17655) in bladder cancer devel...

    Authors: Kamel Rouissi, Islem Ben Bahria, Karim Bougatef, Raja Marrakchi, Nejla Stambouli, Khouloud Hamdi, Mohamed Cherif, Mohamed Riadh Ben Slama, Mohamed Sfaxi, Fethi Ben Othman, Mohamed Chebil, Amel Benammar Elgaaied and Slah Ouerhani

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:101

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 (FGFR4) displays multiple biological activities, including mitogenic and angiogenic activity, and plays important roles in the etiology and progression of prostate cancer. Gly3...

    Authors: Bin Xu, Na Tong, Shu Q Chen, Li X Hua, Zeng J Wang, Zheng D Zhang and Ming Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:84

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Cancer can be a distressing experience for cancer patients and carers, impacting on psychological, social, physical and spiritual functioning. However, health professionals often fail to detect distress in the...

    Authors: Karen L Hughes, Hilary Sargeant and Anna L Hawkes

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:46

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer (BrCa) is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among women in the industrialized world. More than half of women presenting with metastatic BrCa develop bone metastases. Bone metastases increase the...

    Authors: Annette Ø Jensen, Jacob B Jacobsen, Mette Nørgaard, Mellissa Yong, Jon P Fryzek and Henrik T Sørensen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:29

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Metformin protection against cancer risk in Orientals is uncertain. We examined the possible metformin effect on total, esophageal, gastric, colorectal (CRC), hepatocellular (HCC) and pancreatic cancers in a T...

    Authors: Meei-Shyuan Lee, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Mark L Wahlqvist, Hsin-Ni Tsai, Yu-Hung Chang and Yi-Chen Huang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:20

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  34. Content type: Research article

    A number of studies have identified advanced age as a barrier to accessing specialised oncological care. Many factors can influence the care provided for elderly patients after a diagnosis of cancer has been e...

    Authors: Fleur Delva, Emilie Marien, Marianne Fonck, Muriel Rainfray, Jean-Louis Demeaux, Philippe Moreaud, Pierre Soubeyran, Annie J Sasco and Simone Mathoulin-Pélissier

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:5

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  35. Content type: Technical advance

    The Oncotype DX® Colon Cancer Assay is a new diagnostic test for determining the likelihood of recurrence in stage II colon cancer patients after surgical resection using fixed paraffin embedded (FPE) primary col...

    Authors: Kim M Clark-Langone, Chithra Sangli, Jayadevi Krishnakumar and Drew Watson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2010 10:691

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Oral leukoplakia (OL) is the best-known potentially malignant disorder. A new binary system to grade dysplasia was proposed by WHO, but the biological significance in predicting malignant transformation risk i...

    Authors: Wei Liu, Yu-Feng Wang, Hai-Wei Zhou, Peng Shi, Zeng-Tong Zhou and Guo-Yao Tang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2010 10:685

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The internet portal http://​www.​brustkrebs-studien.​de (BKS) was launched in 2000 by the German Society of Senology (DGS) and the Baden-Württemberg Insti...

    Authors: Markus Wallwiener, Christian W Wallwiener, Sara Y Brucker, Andreas D Hartkopf, Tanja N Fehm and Julia K Kansy

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2010 10:663

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Survival time for lung cancer is poor with over 90% of patients dying within five years of diagnosis primarily due to detection at late stage. The main objective of this study was to evaluate Fourier transform...

    Authors: Paul D Lewis, Keir E Lewis, Robin Ghosal, Sion Bayliss, Amanda J Lloyd, John Wills, Ruth Godfrey, Philip Kloer and Luis AJ Mur

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2010 10:640

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