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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. Data on the current burden of adenocarcinoma (ADC) and histology-specific human papillomavirus (HPV) type distribution are relevant to predict the future impact of prophylactic HPV vaccines.

    Authors: Jeanne M Pimenta, Claudia Galindo, David Jenkins and Sylvia M Taylor

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:553

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Esophageal cancer (EC) is a frequently occurring cancer with poor prognosis despite combined therapeutic strategies. Many biomarkers have been proposed as predictors of adverse events. We sought to assess the ...

    Authors: Meilan Chen, Jizheng Huang, Zhenli Zhu, Jun Zhang and Ke Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:539

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Cancer 2014 14:892

  3. National organizations recommend screening for hepatitis B virus (HBV) before chemotherapy but differ regarding which patients should be screened. We aimed to determine contemporary screening rates at a cancer...

    Authors: Jessica P Hwang, Michael J Fisch, Anna S-F Lok, Hong Zhang, John M Vierling and Maria E Suarez-Almazor

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:534

    Content type: Research article

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  4. A total of 2,514,346 metric tons (Mt) of asbestos were imported into Spain from 1906 until the ban on asbestos in 2002. Our objective was to study pleural cancer mortality trends as an indicator of mesotheliom...

    Authors: Gonzalo López-Abente, Montserrat García-Gómez, Alfredo Menéndez-Navarro, Pablo Fernández-Navarro, Rebeca Ramis, Javier García-Pérez, Marta Cervantes, Eva Ferreras, María Jiménez-Muñoz and Roberto Pastor-Barriuso

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:528

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Given their frequency of occurrence in the United States, cancer and heart disease often coexist. For patients requiring open-heart surgery, this raises concern that the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) may...

    Authors: Cathy Anne Pinto, Stephen Marcella, David A August, Bart Holland, John B Kostis and Kitaw Demissie

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:519

    Content type: Research article

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  6. One in eight women will develop breast cancer in her lifetime. The best-known awareness event is breast cancer awareness month (BCAM). BCAM month outreach efforts have been associated with increased media cove...

    Authors: Rosemary Thackeray, Scott H Burton, Christophe Giraud-Carrier, Stephen Rollins and Catherine R Draper

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:508

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Bone mineral density (BMD) and lean mass (LM) may both decrease in breast cancer survivors, thereby increasing risk of falls and fractures. Research is needed to determine whether lean mass (LM) and fat mass (...

    Authors: Stephanie M George, Anne McTiernan, Adriana Villaseñor, Catherine M Alfano, Melinda L Irwin, Marian L Neuhouser, Richard N Baumgartner, Kathy B Baumgartner, Leslie Bernstein, Ashley W Smith and Rachel Ballard-Barbash

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:497

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) remains a challenging topic for clinical oncologists. This study sought to evaluate TNBC versus other breast cancer subtypes with respect to survival parameters. We evaluat...

    Authors: Lukas Schwentner, Achim Wöckel, Jochem König, Wolfgang Janni, Florian Ebner, Maria Blettner, Rolf Kreienberg and Reyn Van Ewijk

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:487

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in North America and Western Europe. Patients with lung cancer in general have reduced physical capacity, functional capacity, poor quality of life and increase...

    Authors: Morten Quist, Seppo W Langer, Mikael Rørth, Karl Bang Christensen and Lis Adamsen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:477

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Obesity has been shown to be inversely associated with breast cancer risk in premenopausal women, while increasing risk in postmenopausal women. However, the current evidence is largely based on studies in Cau...

    Authors: Elisa V Bandera, Urmila Chandran, Gary Zirpoli, Zhihong Gong, Susan E McCann, Chi-Chen Hong, Gregory Ciupak, Karen Pawlish and Christine B Ambrosone

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:475

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Knowledge about tumour gene mutation status is essential for the treatment of increasing numbers of cancer patients, and testing quality has a major impact on treatment response and cost. In 2012, 4,629 tests ...

    Authors: Jean-François Emile, Julie Tisserand, Loic Bergougnoux, Frédérique Nowak, Gladwys Faucher, Sylvie Surel, Aude Lamy, Delphine Lecorre, Zofia Helias-Rodzewicz, Paul Hofman, Jean-Christophe Sabourin and Pierre Laurent-Puig

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:472

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Follow-up rate after a fecal occult blood test (FOBT) is low worldwide. In order to increase the follow-up rate, segmentation of the target population has been proposed as a promising strategy, because an inte...

    Authors: Yoshiki Ishikawa, Ying-Fang Zheng, Hiromu Nishiuchi, Takeo Suda, Tadahiko Hasumi and Hiroshi Saito

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:470

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Cancer is a serious health issue in China, but accurate national counts for cancer incidence are not currently available. Knowledge of the cancer burden is necessary for national cancer control planning. In th...

    Authors: Wanqing Chen, Bruce K Armstrong, Rongshou Zheng, Siwei Zhang, Xueqin Yu and Mark Clements

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:458

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Racial disparities in breast cancer survival have been well documented. This study examines the association of race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES) on breast cancer-specific mortality in a large popul...

    Authors: Carol A Parise and Vincent Caggiano

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:449

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Patients with acute leukemia experience a substantial symptom burden and are at risk of developing infections throughout the course of repeated cycles of intensive chemotherapy. Physical activity in recent yea...

    Authors: Mary Jarden, Tom Møller, Lars Kjeldsen, Henrik Birgens, Jesper Frank Christensen, Karl Bang Christensen, Finn Diderichsen, Carsten Hendriksen and Lis Adamsen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:446

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. Breast cancer incidence is increasing. The survival rate varies and is longer in high-income countries. In Brazil, lower-income populations rely on the Unified Public Health System (Sistema Único de Saude, SUS...

    Authors: Débora Balabram, Cassio M Turra and Helenice Gobbi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:434

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Approximately 20–30% of patients with cancer experience a clinically relevant level of emotional distress in response to disease and treatment. This in itself is alarming but it is even more problematic becaus...

    Authors: Susanne Mattsson, Sven Alfonsson, Maria Carlsson, Peter Nygren, Erik Olsson and Birgitta Johansson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:414

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Breast cancer is the leading malignant disease among western women with incidence increasing over time. High mammographic density is a well-established risk factor for breast cancer. We explored trends in mamm...

    Authors: Sophie Sell Hellmann, Elsebeth Lynge, Walter Schwartz, Ilse Vejborg and Sisse Helle Njor

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:409

    Content type: Research article

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  19. It is known that suboptimal adherence rates may affect endocrine treatments for breast cancer, but little information has been reported whether any efforts to improve treatment adherence have been successful. ...

    Authors: Volker Ziller, Ioannis Kyvernitakis, Dana Knöll, Astrid Storch, Olaf Hars and Peyman Hadji

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:407

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R) gene variants are very common and are associated with melanoma risk, but their contribution to melanoma risk prediction compared with traditional risk factors is unknown. We aimed t...

    Authors: Anne E Cust, Chris Goumas, Kylie Vuong, John R Davies, Jennifer H Barrett, Elizabeth A Holland, Helen Schmid, Chantelle Agha-Hamilton, Bruce K Armstrong, Richard F Kefford, Joanne F Aitken, Graham G Giles, D Timothy Bishop, Julia A Newton-Bishop, John L Hopper, Graham J Mann…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:406

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Physical inactivity and overweight are two known risk factors for postmenopausal breast cancer. Former exercise intervention studies showed that physical activity influences sex hormone levels, known to be rel...

    Authors: Willemijn AM van Gemert, Jolein I Iestra, Albertine J Schuit, Anne M May, Tim Takken, Wouter B Veldhuis, Job van der Palen, Harriët Wittink, Petra HM Peeters and Evelyn M Monninkhof

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:395

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. A lot of empirical studies have been conducted to evaluate the prevalence of depression and anxiety among Chinese adults with cancer. We aimed to conduct a meta-analysis in order to evaluate the prevalence and...

    Authors: Yi-Long Yang, Li Liu, Yang Wang, Hui Wu, Xiao-Shi Yang, Jia-Na Wang and Lie Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:393

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Primary human papilloma virus (HPV) screening is more effective than cytology in reducing the risk of cervical cancer, but screening intervals should be extended in HPV-negative women. However, some Markov mod...

    Authors: Karl Ulrich Petry, Franziska Rinnau, Gerd Böhmer, Bettina Hollwitz, Alexander Luyten, Nina Buttmann, Martin Brünger and Thomas Iftner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:379

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Few studies have investigated the impact of urinary incontinence (UI) on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among cancer survivors. UI is prevalent in the general population and can be both an indicator of...

    Authors: Alexandra J White, Bryce B Reeve, Ronald C Chen, Angela M Stover and Debra E Irwin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:377

    Content type: Research article

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  25. This paper presents the level of colorectal cancer awareness among multi-ethnic rural population in Malaysia.

    Authors: Tin Tin Su, Jun Yan Goh, Jackson Tan, Abdul Rahim Muhaimah, Yoganathan Pigeneswaren, Nasirin Sallamun Khairun, Abdul Wahab Normazidah, Devi Kunasekaran Tharisini and Hazreen Abd Majid

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:376

    Content type: Research article

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  26. New Zealand and Australia have the highest incidence and mortality rates from cutaneous melanoma in the world. The predominantly fair-skinned New Zealanders and Australians both enjoy sun, tanned skin and the ...

    Authors: Mary Jane Sneyd and Brian Cox

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:372

    Content type: Research article

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  27. We aimed to examine evidence for an infectious aetiology among teenagers and young adults (TYA) by analysing monthly seasonality of diagnosis and birth amongst 15–24 year olds diagnosed with cancer in England.

    Authors: Marlous van Laar, Sally E Kinsey, Susan V Picton and Richard G Feltbower

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:365

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Invasive cervical cancer is the second most common malignant tumor affecting Brazilian women. Knowledge on Human Papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes in invasive cervical cancer cases is crucial to guide the introdu...

    Authors: Cristina Mendes de Oliveira, José Humberto Tavares Guerreiro Fregnani, Jesus Paula Carvalho, Adhemar Longatto-Filho and José Eduardo Levi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:357

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) has been associated with a higher risk of developing malignancy and mortality, and patients with VTE may therefore benefit from increased surveillance. We aimed to construct a clin...

    Authors: Bruno L Ferreyro, Federico Angriman, Diego Giunta, María Lourdes Posadas-Martínez, Fernando Vazquez, Fernán Gonzalez Bernaldo De Quirós, Andre C K B Amaral and Damon C Scales

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:352

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Anemia refers to low hemoglobin (Hb) level and is a risk factor of cancer patient survival. The National Comprehensive Cancer Network recently suggested that post-diagnosis Hb change, regardless of baseline Hb...

    Authors: Shaogui Wan, Yinzhi Lai, Ronald E Myers, Bingshan Li, Juan P Palazzo, Ashlie L Burkart, Guokai Chen, Jinliang Xing and Hushan Yang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:340

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Women with mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2 are at high risk of developing breast cancer and, in British Columbia, Canada, are offered screening with both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and mammography to facilit...

    Authors: Reka Pataky, Linlea Armstrong, Stephen Chia, Andrew J Coldman, Charmaine Kim-Sing, Barbara McGillivray, Jenna Scott, Christine M Wilson and Stuart Peacock

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:339

    Content type: Research article

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  32. It is clear that genetic variations in the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene affect body mass index and the risk of obesity. Given the mounting evidence showing a positive association between obesity ...

    Authors: Yingsong Lin, Junko Ueda, Kiyoko Yagyu, Hiroshi Ishii, Makoto Ueno, Naoto Egawa, Haruhisa Nakao, Mitsuru Mori, Keitaro Matsuo and Shogo Kikuchi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:337

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Considerable global variation in the incidence of lip, of oral cavity and of pharyngeal cancers exists. Whilst this reflects regional or population differences in risk, interpretation is uncertain due to heter...

    Authors: Anura Ariyawardana and Newell W Johnson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:333

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Post-surgery therapies are given to early-stage breast cancer patients due to the possibility of residual micrometastasis, and optimized by clincopathological parameters such as tumor stage, and hormone recept...

    Authors: Mei-Chi Hsu, Kuo-Ting Lee, Wei-Chiang Hsiao, Chih-Hsing Wu, Hung-Yu Sun, I-Ling Lin and Kung-Chia Young

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:330

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Due to changes in cancer-related risk factors, improvements in diagnostic procedures and treatments, and the aging of the population, in most developed countries cancer accounts for an increasing proportion of...

    Authors: Silvia Francisci, Stefano Guzzinati, Maura Mezzetti, Emanuele Crocetti, Francesco Giusti, Guido Miccinesi, Eugenio Paci, Catia Angiolini and Anna Gigli

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:329

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Less than 20% of Pakistani women with early-onset or familial breast/ovarian cancer harbor germ line mutations in the high-penetrance genes BRCA1, BRCA2 and TP53. Thus, mutations in other genes confer genetic sus...

    Authors: Muhammad U Rashid, Noor Muhammad, Saima Faisal, Asim Amin and Ute Hamann

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:312

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Increasing evidence suggests that a history of diabetes mellitus (DM) may be associated with an increased risk of bladder cancer. We performed a systematic review with meta-analysis to explore this relationship.

    Authors: Zhaowei Zhu, Xianjin Wang, Zhoujun Shen, Yingli Lu, Shan Zhong and Chen Xu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:310

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Young breast cancer (BC) patients less than 45 years old are at higher risk of dying from the disease when compared to their older counterparts. However, specific risk factors leading to this poorer outcome ha...

    Authors: Jinlong Jian, Qing Yang, Yongzhao Shao, Deborah Axelrod, Julia Smith, Baljit Singh, Stephanie Krauter, Luis Chiriboga, Zhaoxu Yang, Jinqing Li and Xi Huang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:307

    Content type: Research article

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  39. We usually report five-year survival from population-based cancer registries in Japan; however these survival estimates may be pessimistic for cancer survivors, because many patients with unfavourable prognosi...

    Authors: Yuri Ito, Tomio Nakayama, Isao Miyashiro, Akiko Ioka and Hideaki Tsukuma

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:304

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Despite salted fish being a classical risk factor of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (NPC), whether secular trends in salted fish consumption worldwide accounted for changes in NPC rates were unknown. The relationshi...

    Authors: Hiu-Ying Lau, Chit-Ming Leung, Yap-Hang Chan, Anne Wing-Mui Lee, Dora Lai-Wan Kwong, Maria Li Lung and Tai-Hing Lam

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:298

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Cancer survivors are a heterogeneous group with complex health problems. Data concerning its total number and growing dynamics for Switzerland are scarce and outdated.

    Authors: Christian Herrmann, Thomas Cerny, Anita Savidan, Penelope Vounatsou, Isabelle Konzelmann, Christine Bouchardy, Harald Frick and Silvia Ess

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:287

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Associations between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and colorectal cancer have been reported previously but few studies have characterized PAH exposure using biological measurements. We evaluated colo...

    Authors: Jonathan N Hofmann, Linda M Liao, Paul T Strickland, Xiao-Ou Shu, Gong Yang, Bu-Tian Ji, Hong-Lan Li, Nathaniel Rothman, Farin Kamangar, Yu-Tang Gao, Wei Zheng and Wong-Ho Chow

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:282

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Diffusely reflected light is influenced by cytologic and morphologic changes that take place during tissue transformation, such as, nuclear changes, extracellular matrix structure and composition as well as bl...

    Authors: Manju M Stephen, Jayaraj L Jayanthi, Nisha G Unni, Philip E Kolady, Valappil T Beena, Panniyammakal Jeemon and Narayanan Subhash

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:278

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Exercise seems to minimize prostate cancer specific mortality risk and treatment related side effects like fatigue and incontinence. However the influence of physical activity on the immunological level remain...

    Authors: Philipp Zimmer, Elke Jäger, Wilhelm Bloch, Eva Maria Zopf and Freerk T Baumann

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:272

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  45. The increasing number of individuals living with cancer has led to a focus on the quality of life of survivors, and their families. Sexual wellbeing is a central component of quality of life, with a growing bo...

    Authors: Janette Perz, Jane M Ussher and Emilee Gilbert

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:270

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: