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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

Section edited by Manami Inoue

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. Content type: Study protocol

    After completion of curative breast cancer treatment, patients go through a transition from patient to survivor. During this re-entry phase, patients are faced with a broad range of re-entry topics, concerning...

    Authors: Sanne W van den Berg, Marieke F M Gielissen, Petronella B Ottevanger and Judith B Prins

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:394

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Lower concentrations of the insulin–like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) and elevated concentrations of insulin or C-peptide have been associated with an increase in colorectal cancer risk (CRC). How...

    Authors: Adriana C Vidal, Pauline Kay Lund, Cathrine Hoyo, Joseph Galanko, Lauren Burcal, Rachel Holston, Berri Massa, Oluwaseun Omofoye, Robert S Sandler and Temitope O Keku

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:389

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  3. Content type: Debate

    Peto's paradox stipulates that there is no association between body mass (a surrogate of number of cells and longevity) and cancer prevalence in wildlife species. Resolving this paradox is a very promising res...

    Authors: Benjamin Roche, Michael E Hochberg, Aleah F Caulin, Carlo C Maley, Robert A Gatenby, Dorothée Misse and Frédéric Thomas

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:387

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Both diabetes and glucose-lowering medications have been associated with an increased risk of cancer incidence. This study will compare cancer incidence rates in individuals with and without diabetes; and will...

    Authors: Rachel Dankner, Ran Balicer, Paolo Boffetta, Lital Keinan Boker, Sylvan Wallenstein, Laurence Freedman, Margalit Goldfracht, Jesse Roth, Ronald Tamler and Derek LeRoith

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:364

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Advances in childhood cancer treatment over the past decades have significantly improved survival, resulting in a rapidly growing group of survivors. However, both chemo- and radiotherapy may adversely affect ...

    Authors: Annelies Overbeek, Marleen H van den Berg, Leontien CM Kremer, Marry M van den Heuvel-Eibrink, Wim JE Tissing, Jacqueline J Loonen, Birgitta Versluys, Dorine Bresters, Gertjan JL Kaspers, Cornelis B Lambalk, Flora E van Leeuwen and Eline van Dulmen-den Broeder

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:363

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Bladder cancer results from complex interactions between many genetic and environment factors. The polymorphism Ser326Cys in hOGG1 gene has been reported to be associated with bladder cancer in some studies, thou...

    Authors: Changwei Ji, Zhao Liu, Huimei Chen, Hongqian Guo and Changjian Liu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:335

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed non-melanoma cancer among men. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) has been the core therapy for men with advanced prostate cancer. It is only in recent years that...

    Authors: C Ellen Lee, Andrea Kilgour and YK James Lau

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:324

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    Germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation testing offered shortly after a breast cancer diagnosis to inform women’s treatment choices - treatment-focused genetic testing ‘TFGT’ - has entered clinical practice in speciali...

    Authors: Kaaren J Watts, Bettina Meiser, Gillian Mitchell, Judy Kirk, Christobel Saunders, Michelle Peate, Jessica Duffy, Patrick J Kelly, Margaret Gleeson, Kristine Barlow-Stewart, Belinda Rahman, Michael Friedlander and Kathy Tucker

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:320

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Studies have revealed both higher cancer survival in the US than in Germany and substantial improvement of cancer survival in the past in these countries. This population-based study aims at comparing most rec...

    Authors: Bernd Holleczek and Hermann Brenner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:317

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Evaluating the cost-effectiveness of breast cancer screening requires estimates of the absolute risk of breast cancer, which is modified by various risk factors. Breast cancer incidence, and thus mortality, is...

    Authors: Sharareh Taghipour, Dragan Banjevic, Joanne Fernandes, Anthony B Miller, Neil Montgomery, Andrew K S Jardine and Bart J Harvey

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:299

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    Postcancer fatigue is a frequently occurring, severe, and invalidating problem, impairing quality of life. Although it is possible to effectively treat postcancer fatigue with cognitive behaviour therapy, the ...

    Authors: Hetty Prinsen, Gijs Bleijenberg, Machiel J Zwarts, Maria T E Hopman, Arend Heerschap and Hanneke W M van Laarhoven

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:256

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Pap screening, an effective method for cervical cancer prevention, is now supported by molecular human papillomavirus (HPV) testing. Recently commercialised preventive vaccines also provide new tools for the p...

    Authors: Giovanna Orlando, Elisabetta Tanzi, Liliane Chatenoud, Maria Gramegna and Giuliano Rizzardini

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:204

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  13. Content type: Research article

    This study systematically reviewed the evidence on the influence of stigma and nihilism on lung cancer patterns of care; patients’ psychosocial and quality of life (QOL) outcomes; and how this may link to publ...

    Authors: Suzanne K Chambers, Jeffrey Dunn, Stefano Occhipinti, Suzanne Hughes, Peter Baade, Sue Sinclair, Joanne Aitken, Pip Youl and Dianne L O’Connell

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:184

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  14. Content type: Study protocol

    Psychological distress is common in cancer survivors. Although there is some evidence on effectiveness of psychosocial care in distressed cancer patients, referral rate is low. Lack of adequate screening instr...

    Authors: Anne-Marie H Krebber, C René Leemans, Remco de Bree, Annemieke van Straten, Filip Smit, Egbert F Smit, Annemarie Becker, Guus M Eeckhout, Aartjan TF Beekman, Pim Cuijpers and Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:173

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    In the US, Hispanic women have a higher incidence of, and mortality from, cervical cancer than non-Hispanic white women. The reason for this disparity may be attributable to both low rates of screening and poo...

    Authors: Catherine Duggan, Gloria Coronado, Javiera Martinez, Theresa L Byrd, Elizabeth Carosso, Cathy Lopez, Maria Benavides and Beti Thompson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:170

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The cooperation between phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induced protein 1 (NOXA) and myeloid cell leukemia 1 (MCL1) is critical in the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. Human papillomavirus 16 (HPV16), by inducing ...

    Authors: Ziyuan Zhou, Erich M Sturgis, Zhensheng Liu, Li-E Wang, Qingyi Wei and Guojun Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:159

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  17. Content type: Research article

    To determine the impact of preexisting ischemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke on overall survival in prostate cancer patients.

    Authors: Christina G Jespersen, Mette Nørgaard, Truls E Bjerklund Johansen, Mette Søgaard and Michael Borre

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:519

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  18. Content type: Research article

    In Taiwan, there is a high incidence of breast cancer and a high prevalence of viral hepatitis. In this case-control study, we used a population-based insurance dataset to evaluate whether breast cancer in wom...

    Authors: Fu-Hsiung Su, Shih-Ni Chang, Pei-Chun Chen, Fung-Chang Sung, Chien-Tien Su and Chih-Ching Yeh

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:495

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Concomitant chemo-radiotherapy (CCRT) has become an indispensable organ, but not always function preserving treatment modality for advanced head and neck cancer. To prevent/limit the functional side effects of...

    Authors: Valesca P Retèl, Lisette van der Molen, Frans JM Hilgers, Coen RN Rasch, Annemiek AAMHJ L'Ortye, Lotte MG Steuten and Wim H van Harten

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:475

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are causally associated with ano-genital and a subset of head and neck cancers. Rising incidence of HPV+ anal cancers and head and neck cancers have now been demonstrated in the de...

    Authors: Robin Crawford, Anne-Laure Grignon, Sarah Kitson, David M Winder, Siolian LR Ball, Katie Vaughan, Margaret A Stanley, Jane C Sterling and Peter KC Goon

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:473

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Overall, Indigenous Australians with cancer are diagnosed with more advanced disease, receive less cancer treatment and have poorer cancer survival than non-Indigenous Australians. The prognosis for Indigenous...

    Authors: Suzanne P Moore, Adèle C Green, Gail Garvey, Michael D Coory and Patricia C Valery

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:460

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Cigarette smoking is an established risk factor of lung cancer development while the current epidemiological evidence is suggestive of an increased lung cancer risk associated with alcohol consumption. Dietary...

    Authors: Chikako Kiyohara, Takahiko Horiuchi, Koichi Takayama and Yoichi Nakanishi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:459

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Magnolol, a plant lignan isolated from the bark and seed cones of Magnolia officinalis, has been shown to have chemopreventive effects on chemically-induced skin cancer development. The objectives of this investi...

    Authors: Chandeshwari Chilampalli, Ruth Guillermo, Xiaoying Zhang, Radhey S Kaushik, Alan Young, David Zeman, Michael B Hildreth, Hesham Fahmy and Chandradhar Dwivedi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:456

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  24. Content type: Research article

    It is well established that drinking alcohol raises the risk of liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma). However, it has not been sufficiently established as to whether or not drinking cessation subsequently r...

    Authors: Gawain A Heckley, Johan Jarl, Benedict O Asamoah and Ulf G-Gerdtham

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:446

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The debate continues as to whether younger women who present with breast cancer have a more aggressive form of disease and a worse prognosis. The objectives of this study were to determine the incidence of bre...

    Authors: Elrasheid AH Kheirelseid, Jennifer ME Boggs, Catherine Curran, Ronan W Glynn, Cara Dooley, Karl J Sweeney and Michael J Kerin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:383

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The National Comprehensive Cancer Network clinical practice guidelines in oncology-gastric cancer guidelines have been widely used to provide appropriate recommendations for the treatment of patients with gast...

    Authors: Xiaolong Zhang, Nanjing Li, Wen Wei, Wenxiu Yao, Ke Xie, Jiankun Hu, Lida Shen, Weizheng Ji, You Lu, Feng Wen, Yu Jiang, Feng Xu, Hong Feng, Feng Bi and Qiu Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:369

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  27. Content type: Research article

    This paper describes the development of a Cancer Awareness Measure for colorectal (CRC) cancer (Bowel/Colorectal CAMa) (study 1) and presents key results from a population-representative survey using the measure ...

    Authors: Emily Power, Alice Simon, Dorota Juszczyk, Sara Hiom and Jane Wardle

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:366

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Oral cancer incidence is high on the Island of Puerto Rico (PR), particularly among males. As part of a larger study conducted in PR, we evaluated smoking and drinking as risk factors for oral potentially mali...

    Authors: Lin Li, Walter J Psoter, Carmen J Buxó, Augusto Elias, Lumarie Cuadrado and Douglas E Morse

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:324

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Mammographic density (MD) and malignant-appearing microcalcifications (MAMCs) represent the earliest mammographic findings of non-palpable breast carcinomas. Matrix proteoglycans versican and decorin are frequ...

    Authors: Spyros S Skandalis, Vassiliki T Labropoulou, Panagiota Ravazoula, Eleni Likaki-Karatza, Katalin Dobra, Haralabos P Kalofonos, Nikos K Karamanos and Achilleas D Theocharis

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:314

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  30. Content type: Research article

    XELOX (capecitabine + oxaliplatin) and FOLFOX 4 (5-FU + folinic acid + oxaliplatin) have shown similar improvements in survival in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC). A US cost-minimization stud...

    Authors: Vicki C Tse, Wai Tong Ng, Victor Lee, Anne WM Lee, Daniel TT Chua, June Chau and Sarah M McGhee

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:288

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Using a longitudinal design, aim of this study was to investigate the relation between mental adjustment to cancer and anxiety, depression, health-related quality of life (HRQL) and survival in patients treate...

    Authors: Mia Johansson, Anna Rydén and Caterina Finizia

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:283

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  32. Content type: Research article

    France stands among high-risk areas for colorectal cancer. Different trends in CRC incidence are reported around the world. The aim of this study was to provide temporal trends in CRC incidence over a 30-year ...

    Authors: Marion Chauvenet, Vanessa Cottet, Côme Lepage, Valérie Jooste, Jean Faivre and Anne-Marie Bouvier

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:282

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Cancer screening rates in Korea for five cancer types have increased steadily since 2002. With regard to the life-time cancer screening rates in 2009 according to cancer sites, the second highest was breast ca...

    Authors: Mi Jin Park, Eun-Cheol Park, Kui Son Choi, Jae Kwan Jun and Hoo-Yeon Lee

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:257

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The economic costs of treating patients with metastatic breast cancer have been examined in several studies, but available estimates of economic burden are at least a decade old. In this study, we characterize...

    Authors: Montserrat Vera-Llonch, Derek Weycker, Andrew Glass, Sue Gao, Rohit Borker, Angie Qin and Gerry Oster

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:250

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Recent refinements of lung MRI techniques have reduced the examination time and improved diagnostic sensitivity and specificity. We conducted a study to assess the feasibility of MRI for the detection of prima...

    Authors: Nai-Yuan Wu, Hui-Cheng Cheng, James S Ko, Yu-Chen Cheng, Po-Wei Lin, Wei-Chan Lin, Cheng-Yen Chang and Der-Ming Liou

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:242

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  36. Content type: Research article

    A new lower-cost rapid-throughput human papillomavirus (HPV) test (careHPV, Qiagen, Gaithersburg, USA) has been shown to have high sensitivity for the detection of high grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.

    Authors: Ju-Fang Shi, Karen Canfell, Jie-Bin Lew, Fang-Hui Zhao, Rosa Legood, Yan Ning, Leonardo Simonella, Li Ma, Yoon-Jung Kang, Yong-Zhen Zhang, Megan A Smith, Jun-Feng Chen, Xiang-Xian Feng and You-Lin Qiao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:239

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Few data exist on survival or health-related quality of life (QOL) related to herbal remedy use among long-term breast cancer survivors. The objective of this report is to examine whether herbal remedy use is ...

    Authors: Huiyan Ma, Catherine L Carpenter, Jane Sullivan-Halley and Leslie Bernstein

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:222

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Partnership for Health-2 (PFH-2) is a web-based version of Partnership for Health, an evidence-based smoking cessation intervention for childhood cancer survivors. This paper describes the PFH-2 intervention a...

    Authors: Janet S de Moor, Elaine Puleo, Jennifer S Ford, Mark Greenberg, David C Hodgson, Vida L Tyc, Jamie Ostroff, Lisa R Diller, Andrea Gurmankin Levy, Kim Sprunck-Harrild and Karen M Emmons

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:165

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Family size and birth order are known to influence the risk of some cancers. However, it is still unknown whether these effects change from early to later adulthood. We used the data of the Swedish Family-Canc...

    Authors: Melanie Bevier, Marianne Weires, Hauke Thomsen, Jan Sundquist and Kari Hemminki

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:163

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Childhood cancer differs from most common adult cancers, suggesting a distinct aetiology for some types of childhood cancer. Our objective in this study was to test the difference in incidence rates of 4 non-C...

    Authors: Beatriz de Camargo, Juliana Moreira de Oliveira Ferreira, Rejane de Souza Reis, Sima Ferman, Marceli de Oliveira Santos and Maria S Pombo-de-Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:160

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Geographical variations in medical practice are expected to be small when the evidence about the effectiveness and safety of a particular technology is abundant. This would be the case of the prescription of c...

    Authors: Manuel Ridao-López, Sandra García-Armesto, Begoña Abadía-Taira, Salvador Peiró-Moreno and Enrique Bernal-Delgado

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:145

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality among women in Malaysia. Delayed diagnosis is preventable and has major effects on patients' prognosis and survival. The objectives of our study were to i...

    Authors: Bachok Norsa'adah, Krishna G Rampal, Mohd A Rahmah, Nyi N Naing and Biswa M Biswal

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:141

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