Skip to main content


Epidemiology, prevention and public health

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

Page 20 of 22

  1. Content type: Research article

    The use of computerized systems to support evidence-based practice is commonplace in contemporary medicine. Despite the prolific use of electronic support systems there has been relatively little research on t...

    Authors: Julia M Langton, Nicole Pesa, Shelley Rushton, Robyn L Ward and Sallie-Anne Pearson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:112

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    We sought to identify high-risk areas of pancreatic cancer incidence, and determine if clusters of persons diagnosed with pancreatic cancer were more likely to be located near arsenic-contaminated drinking wat...

    Authors: Wen Liu-Mares, Jill A MacKinnon, Recinda Sherman, Lora E Fleming, Caio Rocha-Lima, Jennifer J Hu and David J Lee

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:111

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    Europe faces an enormous public health challenge with aging populations and rising cancer incidence. Little is known about what concerns the public across European countries regarding cancer care towards the e...

    Authors: Claudia Bausewein, Natalia Calanzani, Barbara A Daveson, Steffen T Simon, Pedro L Ferreira, Irene J Higginson, Dorothee Bechinger-English, Luc Deliens, Marjolein Gysels, Franco Toscani, Lucas Ceulemans, Richard Harding and Barbara Gomes

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:105

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    To analyse the prognostic significance of preoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) serum level in patients with upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUT-UC).

    Authors: Barbara Stein, Andres Jan Schrader, Gerd Wegener, Christoph Seidel, Markus A Kuczyk and Sandra Steffens

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:101

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Study protocol

    The Michigan Prevention Research Center, the University of Michigan Schools of Nursing, Public Health, and Medicine, and the Michigan Department of Community Health propose a multidisciplinary academic-clinica...

    Authors: Maria C Katapodi, Laurel L Northouse, Ann M Schafenacker, Debra Duquette, Sonia A Duffy, David L Ronis, Beth Anderson, Nancy K Janz, Jennifer McLosky, Kara J Milliron, Sofia D Merajver, Linh M Duong and Glenn Copeland

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:97

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Ovarian cancer is the deadliest gynecologic cancer in the US. The consumption of refined sugars has increased dramatically over the past few decades, accounting for almost 15% of total energy intake. Yet, ther...

    Authors: Melony G King, Sara H Olson, Lisa Paddock, Urmila Chandran, Kitaw Demissie, Shou-En Lu, Niyati Parekh, Lorna Rodriguez-Rodriguez and Elisa V Bandera

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:94

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Prostate cancer is the most common male cancer in developed countries, and in Australia approximately one-fifth of men with prostate cancer have advanced disease. By comparison to men with localised prostate c...

    Authors: Suzanne K Chambers, David P Smith, Martin Berry, Stephen J Lepore, Elizabeth Foley, Samantha Clutton, Robert McDowall, Stefano Occhipinti, Mark Frydenberg and Robert A Gardiner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:89

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) survival depends mostly on stage at the time of diagnosis. However, symptom duration at diagnosis or treatment have also been considered as predictors of stage and survival. This study ...

    Authors: Magdalena Esteva, Alfonso Leiva, María Ramos, Salvador Pita-Fernández, Luis González-Luján, Montse Casamitjana, María A Sánchez, Sonia Pértega-Díaz, Amador Ruiz, Paloma Gonzalez-Santamaría, María Martín-Rabadán, Ana M Costa-Alcaraz, Alejandro Espí, Francesc Macià, Josep M Segura, Sergio Lafita…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:87

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    Experimental data suggest that catecholamine hormones are involved in stimulating the aggressiveness of ovarian cancer, but few population-based studies have examined this association. We therefore conducted a...

    Authors: Sigrun A Johannesdottir, Morten Schmidt, Gary Phillips, Ronald Glaser, Eric V Yang, Michael Blumenfeld and Stanley Lemeshow

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:85

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that are inappropriately designed or executed may provide biased findings and mislead clinical practice. In view of recent interest in the treatment and prevention of thromb...

    Authors: Gabriel Rada, Holger J Schünemann, Nawman Labedi, Pierre El-Hachem, Victor F Kairouz and Elie A Akl

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:76

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Obesity has been linked to many adverse health consequences, including breast cancer. This study aims to determine adipocytokine and other biological changes in recently diagnosed breast cancer patients before...

    Authors: Majed S Alokail, Nasser Al-Daghri, Amal Abdulkareem, Hossam M Draz, Sobhy M Yakout, Abdullah M Alnaami, Shaun Sabico, Amal M Alenad and George P Chrousos

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:54

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    Maintenance therapy with gefitinib notably improves survival in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and EGFR mutation-positive tumors, but the economic impact of this practice is unclear.

    Authors: Jun Zhu, Te Li, Xiaohui Wang, Ming Ye, Jian Cai, Yuejuan Xu and Bin Wu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:39

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    Cancer of unknown primary site (CUP) is considered an aggressive metastatic disease but whether the prognosis differs from metastatic cancers of known primary site is not known. Such data may give insight into...

    Authors: Matias Riihimäki, Hauke Thomsen, Akseli Hemminki, Kristina Sundquist and Kari Hemminki

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:36

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Exercise programmes are beneficial for cancer patients however evidence is limited in patients with multiple myeloma (MM), a cancer that is characterised by osteolytic bone disease, giving rise to high levels ...

    Authors: Lara Groeneveldt, Gill Mein, Rachel Garrod, Andrew P Jewell, Ken Van Someren, Richard Stephens, Shirley P D’Sa and Kwee L Yong

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:31

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    Fertility is an important issue for long-term survivors of malignancies developing during reproductive years. We designed a population-based study to investigate childbirth in female young adult survivors of n...

    Authors: Nancy N Baxter, Rinku Sutradhar, M Elizabeth DelGuidice, Shawn Forbes, Lawrence F Paszat, Andrew S Wilton, David Urbach and Linda Rabeneck

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:30

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    Studies evaluating the association between alcohol intake and ovarian carcinoma (OC) are inconsistent. Because OC and ovarian borderline tumor histologic types differ genetically, molecularly and clinically, l...

    Authors: Linda E Kelemen, Elisa V Bandera, Kathryn L Terry, Mary Anne Rossing, Louise A Brinton, Jennifer A Doherty, Roberta B Ness, Susanne Krüger Kjær, Jenny Chang-Claude, Martin Köbel, Galina Lurie, Pamela J Thompson, Michael E Carney, Kirsten Moysich, Robert Edwards, Clare Bunker…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:28

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    Despite the increase in cancer incidence in the last years in Serbia, no nation-wide, population-based cancer epidemiology data have been reported. In this study cancer incidence and mortality rates for Serbia...

    Authors: Jovan Mihajlović, Petros Pechlivanoglou, Marica Miladinov-Mikov, Snežana Živković and Maarten J Postma

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:18

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    Stage shift is widely considered a major determinant of the survival benefit conferred by breast cancer screening. However, factors and mechanisms underlying such a prognostic advantage need further clarificat...

    Authors: Anna Crispo, Maddalena Barba, Giuseppe D’Aiuto, Michelino De Laurentiis, Maria Grimaldi, Massimo Rinaldo, Giuseppina Caolo, Massimiliano D’Aiuto, Immacolata Capasso, Emanuela Esposito, Alfonso Amore, Maurizio Di Bonito, Gerardo Botti and Maurizio Montella

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:15

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to determine the proportions and predictors of first-degree relatives (FDRs) of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients (i) ever receiving any CRC testing and (ii) receiving CRC screening in...

    Authors: Ryan J Courtney, Christine L Paul, Mariko L Carey, Robert W Sanson-Fisher, Finlay A Macrae, Catherine D’Este, David Hill, Daniel Barker and Jody Simmons

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:13

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    HPV is related to a number of cancer types, causing a considerable burden in both genders in Europe. Female vaccination programs can substantially reduce the incidence of HPV-related diseases in women and, to ...

    Authors: Rémi Marty, Stéphane Roze, Xavier Bresse, Nathalie Largeron and Jayne Smith-Palmer

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:10

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Faced with a life-threatening illness, such as cancer, many patients develop stress symptoms, i.e. avoidance behaviour, intrusive thoughts and worry. Stress management interventions have proven to be effective...

    Authors: Cecilia Arving, Inger Thormodsen, Guri Brekke, Olav Mella, Sveinung Berntsen and Karin Nordin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:9

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    Diabetic patients have a higher risk of bladder cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Theoretically, BPH patients may have an increased risk of bladder cancer because residual urine in the bladder sur...

    Authors: Chin-Hsiao Tseng

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:7

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    This study reports the reliability and validity of a questionnaire designed to measure the time from detection of a breast cancer to arrival at a cancer hospital, as well as the factors that are associated wit...

    Authors: Karla Unger-Saldaña, Ingris Peláez-Ballestas and Claudia Infante-Castañeda

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:626

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    In breast cancer, diabetes diagnosed prior to cancer (previously diagnosed) is associated with advanced cancer stage and increased mortality. However, in the general population, 40% of diabetes is undiagnosed ...

    Authors: Robert I Griffiths, Mark D Danese, Michelle L Gleeson and José M Valderas

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:613

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    An n-6 essential fatty acid, arachidonic acid (ARA) is converted into prostaglandin E2, which is involved in tumour extension. However, it is unclear whether dietary ARA intake leads to cancer in humans. We thus ...

    Authors: Mai Sakai, Saki Kakutani, Chika Horikawa, Hisanori Tokuda, Hiroshi Kawashima, Hiroshi Shibata, Hitomi Okubo and Satoshi Sasaki

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:606

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    Asbestos is classified as a human carcinogen, and studies have consistently demonstrated that workplace exposure to it increases the risk of developing lung cancer. Few studies have evaluated risks in populati...

    Authors: Paul J Villeneuve, Marie-Élise Parent, Shelley A Harris and Kenneth C Johnson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:595

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    In the past few years, the number of clinical trials has increased rapidly in East Asia, especially for gastric and hepatobiliary cancer that are prevalent in Asian populations. However, the actual degree of u...

    Authors: Su Jin Lee, Lee Chun Park, Jeeyun Lee, Seonwoo Kim, Moon Ki Choi, Jung Yong Hong, Sylvia Park, Chi Hoon Maeng, Wonjin Chang, Young Saing Kim, Se Hoon Park, Joon Oh Park, Ho Yeong Lim, Won Ki Kang and Young Suk Park

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:594

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    There are limited population-based studies focusing on the chemopreventive effects of selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors against colorectal cancer. The purpose of this study is to assess the trends ...

    Authors: Yi-Hsin Yang, Yea-Huei Kao Yang, Ching-Lan Cheng, Pei-Shan Ho and Ying-Chin Ko

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:582

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Study protocol

    There is a lack of psychotherapeutic trials of treatments of comorbid depression in cancer patients. Our study determines the efficacy of a manualized short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy and predictors of o...

    Authors: Rüdiger Zwerenz, Manfred E Beutel, Barbara H Imruck, Jörg Wiltink, Antje Haselbacher, Christian Ruckes, Heinz Schmidberger, Gerald Hoffmann, Marcus Schmidt, Uwe Köhler, Dagmar Langanke, Rolf-Dieter Kortmann, Susanne Kuhnt, Gregor Weißflog, Yvette Barthel, Katja Leuteritz…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:578

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Study protocol

    Women with cancer are significantly more likely to fall than women without cancer placing them at higher risk of fall-related fractures, other injuries and disability. Currently, no evidence-based fall prevent...

    Authors: Kerri M Winters-Stone, Fuzhong Li, Fay Horak, Shiuh-Wen Luoh, Jill A Bennett, Lillian Nail and Nathan Dieckmann

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:577

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to systematically review the evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and to conduct a meta-analysis of the effects of yoga on physical and psychosocial outcomes in cancer patients an...

    Authors: Laurien M Buffart, Jannique GZ van Uffelen, Ingrid I Riphagen, Johannes Brug, Willem van Mechelen, Wendy J Brown and Mai JM Chinapaw

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:559

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    While knowledge and risk perception have been associated with screening for second primary cancer (SPC), there are no clinically useful indicators to identify who is at risk of not being properly screened for ...

    Authors: Beomseok Suh, Dong Wook Shin, So Young Kim, Jae-Hyun Park, Weon Young Chang, Seung Pyung Lim, Chang-Yeol Yim, Be-Long Cho, Eun-Cheol Park and Jong-Hyock Park

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:557

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    Gail and others developed a model (GAIL) using age-at-menarche, age-at-birth of first live child, number of previous benign breast biopsy examinations, and number of first-degree-relatives with breast cancer a...

    Authors: Fei Gao, David Machin, Khuan-Yew Chow, Yu-Fan Sim, Stephen W Duffy, David B Matchar, Chien-Hui Goh and Kee-Seng Chia

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:529

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Study protocol

    Limited research has examined the association between physical activity, health-related fitness, and disease outcomes in breast cancer survivors. Here, we present the rationale and design of the Alberta Moving Be

    Authors: Kerry S Courneya, Jeff K Vallance, S Nicole Culos-Reed, Margaret L McNeely, Gordon J Bell, John R Mackey, Yutaka Yasui, Yan Yuan, Charles E Matthews, David CW Lau, Diane Cook and Christine M Friedenreich

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:525

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    A population-based breast cancer screening programme was implemented in the Central Denmark Region in 2008–09. The objective of this registry-based study was to examine the association between socio-demographi...

    Authors: Line Flytkjær Jensen, Anette Fischer Pedersen, Berit Andersen and Peter Vedsted

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:518

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    Risk factors for lung cancer, such as cigarette smoking, environmental pollution, asbestos, and genetic determinants, are well-known, whereas involvement of the human papillomavirus (HPV) is still unclear.

    Authors: Antonella Galvan, Sara Noci, Francesca Taverna, Claudia Lombardo, Silvia Franceschi, Ugo Pastorino and Tommaso A Dragani

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:512

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    There are few studies of the effects of nasal snuff and environmental factors on the risk of nasal cancer. This study aimed to investigate the impact of using nasal snuff and of other risk factors on the risk ...

    Authors: Eberhard M Greiser, Karin Halina Greiser, Wolfgang Ahrens, Rudolf Hagen, Roland Lazszig, Heinz Maier, Bernhard Schick and Hans Peter Zenner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:506

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    Infectious agents have been shown to contribute to the development of lymphoid malignancies. The different distribution of lymphoid malignancies in Asian and Western populations suggests possibly different eti...

    Authors: Yi-Chang Liu, Yi-Hsin Yang, Hui-Hua Hsiao, Wen-Chi Yang, Ta-Chih Liu, Chao-Sung Chang, Ming-Yu Yang, Pai-Mei Lin, Jui-Feng Hsu, Pi-Yu Chang and Sheng-Fung Lin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:503

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is a multifunctional protein playing both a key role in the metabolism of cholesterol and triglycerides, and in tissue repair and inflammation. The ApoE gene (19q13.2) has three major isof...

    Authors: Emma De Feo, Benedetto Simone, Roberto Persiani, Ferdinando Cananzi, Alberto Biondi, Dario Arzani, Rosarita Amore, Domenico D’Ugo, Gualtiero Ricciardi and Stefania Boccia

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:494

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    Organised cervical screening, introduced in 1991, appears to have reduced rates of cervical cancer incidence and mortality in women in Australia. This study aimed to assess whether cervical cancer rates in mig...

    Authors: Nayyereh Aminisani, Bruce K Armstrong, Sam Egger and Karen Canfell

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:491

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of anal cancer, a Human Papillomavirus (HPV)-related neoplasia, has been increasing in recent decades, mainly in men who have sex with men (MSM). Cytological changes of the anal epithelium induce...

    Authors: Maria Gabriella Donà, Maria Benevolo, Amina Vocaturo, Guido Palamara, Alessandra Latini, Amalia Giglio, Domenico Moretto, Francesca Rollo, Giampaolo Impara, Fabrizio Ensoli, Fulvia Pimpinelli, Aldo Di Carlo and Massimo Giuliani

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:476

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    Gastric cancer is the second most common cause of death from cancer in the world. Epidemiological findings on alcohol use in relation to gastric cancer remain controversial. The aim of this study was to examin...

    Authors: Ruta Everatt, Abdonas Tamosiunas, Irena Kuzmickiene, Dalia Virviciute, Ricardas Radisauskas, Regina Reklaitiene and Egle Milinaviciene

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:475

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    Current studies on adherence to endocrine therapy in breast cancer patients suffer from methodological limitations due to a lack of well-validated methods for assessing adherence. There is no gold standard for...

    Authors: Anne S Oberguggenberger, Monika Sztankay, Beate Beer, Birthe Schubert, Verena Meraner, Herbert Oberacher, Georg Kemmler, Johannes Giesinger, Eva Gamper, Barbara Sperner-Unterweger, Christian Marth, Bernhard Holzner and Michael Hubalek

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:474

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    A large proportion of women with breast cancer (BC) are elderly. However, there is a lack of information regarding BC prognostic factors and care in this population. The aims of this study were to assess the p...

    Authors: Pegdwende Olivia Dialla, Tienhan Sandrine Dabakuyo, Sophie Marilier, Julie Gentil, Patrick Roignot, Ariane Darut-Jouve, Marie-Laure Poillot, Valérie Quipourt and Patrick Arveux

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2012 12:472

    Published on: