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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

Section edited by Manami Inoue

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. Content type: Study protocol

    People aged 40–60 years with a family history (FH) of colorectal cancer (CRC) in 1st degree relatives (FDRs) have a 2- to 4-fold increased risk of CRC compared to the average risk population. Therefore, expert...

    Authors: Kaja Tikk, Korbinian Weigl, Michael Hoffmeister, Svitlana Igel, Matthias Schwab, Jochen Hampe, Stefanie J. Klug, Ulrich Mansmann, Frank Kolligs and Hermann Brenner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:720

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Trans-arterial radio-embolization (TARE) is an emerging treatment for the management of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). TARE may compete with systemic chemotherapy, sorafenib, in intermediate stage patients wi...

    Authors: Carla Rognoni, Oriana Ciani, Silvia Sommariva, Irene Bargellini, Sherrie Bhoori, Roberto Cioni, Antonio Facciorusso, Rita Golfieri, Annagiulia Gramenzi, Vincenzo Mazzaferro, Cristina Mosconi, Francesca Ponziani, Rodolfo Sacco, Franco Trevisani and Rosanna Tarricone

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:715

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Usually misdiagnosed, Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC) is the most aggressive form of non-metastatic breast cancer. This orphan disease is more frequent in North Africa. Despite intensive treatment, the surviv...

    Authors: Meriem Slaoui, Abdou Azaque Zoure, Fatima Zahra Mouh, Youssef Bensouda, Mohammed El Mzibri, Youssef Bakri and Mariam Amrani

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:713

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the Caribbean, including the islands of Trinidad and Tobago (TT). The population of TT consists of over 1.3 million people with diverse ancestral and sociocultura...

    Authors: Wayne A. Warner, Tammy Y. Lee, Kimberly Badal, Tanisha M. Williams, Smriti Bajracharya, Vasavi Sundaram, Nigel A. Bascombe, Ravi Maharaj, Marjorie Lamont-Greene, Allana Roach, Melissa Bondy, Matthew J. Ellis, Timothy R. Rebbeck, Simeon Slovacek, Jingqin Luo, Adetunji T. Toriola…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:712

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) incidence is increasing rapidly. Esophageal cancer has the second lowest 5-year survival rate of people diagnosed with cancer in Canada. Given the poor survival and the potentia...

    Authors: Hla-Hla Thein, Nathaniel Jembere, Kednapa Thavorn, Kelvin K. W. Chan, Peter C. Coyte, Claire de Oliveira, Chin Hur and Craig C. Earle

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:694

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Pancreatic cancer is the fourth-leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States. The silent nature of the disease and its poor prognosis, the need for further research, along with the need to assess the ou...

    Authors: Anas M. Saad, Tarek Turk, Muneer J. Al-Husseini and Omar Abdel-Rahman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:688

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  7. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to explore the opinions of healthcare professionals regarding the management of men with advanced prostate cancer with particular emphasis on treatment timing and sequencing; treatment adverse...

    Authors: Rosa U. Greasley, Rebecca Turner, Karen Collins, Janet Brown, Liam Bourke and Derek J. Rosario

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:667

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  8. Content type: Review

    Gallbladder cancer is a rare malignancy of the biliary tract with a poor prognosis, frequently presenting at an advanced stage. While rare in the United States overall, gallbladder cancer has an elevated incid...

    Authors: Jacklyn M. Nemunaitis, Ursa Brown-Glabeman, Heloisa Soares, Jessica Belmonte, Ben Liem, Itzhak Nir, Victor Phuoc and Rama R. Gullapalli

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:665

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  9. Content type: Research article

    High triglycerides and low levels of high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol are observed to promote tumor growth. However, whether breast cancer heterogeneity may explain the contradictory influence of tri...

    Authors: Trygve Lofterød, Elin S. Mortensen, Hawa Nalwoga, Tom Wilsgaard, Hanne Frydenberg, Terje Risberg, Anne Elise Eggen, Anne McTiernan, Sura Aziz, Erik A. Wist, Andreas Stensvold, Jon B. Reitan, Lars A. Akslen and Inger Thune

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:654

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Although some countries have observed a stabilization in the incidence of CNS, an increasing incidence has been reported from multiple studies. Recent observations point out to the heterogeneity of incidence t...

    Authors: Camille Pouchieu, Anne Gruber, Emilie Berteaud, Patrice Ménégon, Pascal Monteil, Aymeri Huchet, Jean-Rodolphe Vignes, Anne Vital, Hugues Loiseau and Isabelle Baldi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:653

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Despite the clear endocrine-metabolic relationship between androgenic activity and adiposity, the role of androgens in breast cancer prognosis according to patient’s adiposity is scarcely explored. Here, we ai...

    Authors: Elisabetta Venturelli, Annalisa Orenti, Aline S. C. Fabricio, Giulia Garrone, Roberto Agresti, Biagio Paolini, Chiara Bonini, Massimo Gion, Franco Berrino, Christine Desmedt, Danila Coradini and Elia Biganzoli

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:651

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Cancer 2018 18:876

  12. Content type: Research article

    Growing evidence demonstrates that exposure to organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs) is widespread and that these chemicals can alter thyroid hormone regulation and function. We investigated the relationship...

    Authors: Nicole C. Deziel, Huangdi Yi, Heather M. Stapleton, Huang Huang, Nan Zhao and Yawei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:637

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer is the most common malignancy encountered during pregnancy. However, the burden of pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) and subsequent care is understudied in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Here,...

    Authors: Jean Marie Vianney Dusengimana, Vedaste Hategekimana, Ryan Borg, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier, Neil Gupta, Susan Troyan, Lawrence N. Shulman, Ignace Nzayisenga, Temidayo Fadelu, Tharcisse Mpunga and Lydia E. Pace

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:634

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Pancreatic cancer is acquiring increasing prominence as a cause of cancer death in the population. The purpose of this study was to analyze long-term pancreatic cancer mortality trends in Spain and evaluate th...

    Authors: Daniel Seoane-Mato, Olivier Nuñez, Nerea Fernández-de-Larrea, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Marina Pollán, Gonzalo López-Abente and Nuria Aragonés

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:625

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge on periprosthetic infection and mortality rate following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is essential for justifying this treatment in patients with cancer; however, relevant data from population-based...

    Authors: Feng-Chen Kao, Yao-Chun Hsu, Pang-Yu Lai, Chang-Bi Wang, Yuan-Kun Tu and Wen-Kang Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:628

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Within a dramatic socio-political context, cancer represents a growing health burden in the Gaza Strip. We investigated the survival experience of people diagnosed with breast (BC) or colorectal (CRC) cancer f...

    Authors: Chiara Panato, Khaled Abusamaan, Ettore Bidoli, Mokhtar Hamdi-Cherif, Daniela Pierannunzio, Stefano Ferretti, Mahmoud Daher, Fouad Elissawi and Diego Serraino

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:632

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Currently, young colon cancer (CC) patients continue to increase and represent a heterogeneous patient group. The aim of this study was to explore the optimal minimum lymph node count after CC resection for yo...

    Authors: Xu Guan, Yuliuming Wang, Hanqing Hu, Zhixun Zhao, Zheng Jiang, Zheng Liu, Yinggang Chen, Guiyu Wang and Xishan Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:623

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Emergency presentations (EP) represent over a third of all lung cancer admissions in England. Such presentations usually reflect late stage disease and are associated with poor survival. General practitioners ...

    Authors: Camille Maringe, Nora Pashayan, Francisco Javier Rubio, George Ploubidis, Stephen W. Duffy, Bernard Rachet and Rosalind Raine

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:615

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  19. Content type: Research article

    For the expanding population of bladder cancer survivors in Korea, the development of subsequent cancers is a significant concern. Here, we provide the second primary cancer incidence rates and types in Korean...

    Authors: Whi-An Kwon, Jae Young Joung, Jiwon Lim, Chang-Mo Oh, Kyu-Won Jung, Sung Han Kim, Ho Kyung Seo, Weon Seo Park, Jinsoo Chung, Kang Hyun Lee and Young-Joo Won

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:617

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Earlier epidemiological studies indicate that associations between obesity and breast cancer risk may not only depend on menopausal status and use of exogenous hormones, but might also differ by tumor subtype....

    Authors: Cina J. Nattenmüller, Mark Kriegsmann, Disorn Sookthai, Renée Turzanski Fortner, Annika Steffen, Britta Walter, Theron Johnson, Jutta Kneisel, Verena Katzke, Manuela Bergmann, Hans Peter Sinn, Peter Schirmacher, Esther Herpel, Heiner Boeing, Rudolf Kaaks and Tilman Kühn

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:616

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The survival of patients with ovarian cancer has improved because of surgery and chemotherapy. This study aimed to estimate the changes in survival rates among Korean women with ovarian cancer prior to the int...

    Authors: Jung-Yun Lee, Sunghoon Kim, Young Tae Kim, Myong Cheol Lim, Boram Lee, Kyu-Won Jung, Jae Weon Kim, Sang-Yoon Park and Young-Joo Won

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:601

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is considered to be a large challenge for clinicians due to the variable overlaps of symptoms with other severe diseases and a high rate of mortality. Prompt diagnosis...

    Authors: Fei Li, Xiaojie Zhang, Yunyun Wang, Ailin Yang, Zhanglin Zhang, Weiping Tang, Nan Zhong and Huidong Shi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:604

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The expression alterations of B4GALT1 have been noted in some types of cancer and they are related to cancer cell proliferation, invasiveness, metastasis, and drug resistance. We aimed to establish the express...

    Authors: Huyang Xie, Yu Zhu, Junyu Zhang, Zheng Liu, Hangcheng Fu, Yifan Cao, Gaoxiang Li, Yijun Shen, Bo Dai, Jiejie Xu and Dingwei Ye

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:590

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer is a global leading cause of morbidity and mortality, attributable to the death of approximately 266,000 women every year. Majority (87%) of cervical cancer deaths occur in developing countries...

    Authors: Mabula M. Mabelele, John Materu, Faraja D. Ng’ida and Michael J. Mahande

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:565

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  25. Content type: Research article

    A low cost and accurate method for detecting high-risk (HR) human papillomavirus (HPV) is important to permit HPV testing for cervical cancer prevention. We used a commercially available HPV method (H13, Hybri...

    Authors: Hong Lou, Eduardo Gharzouzi, Sarita Polo Guerra, Joël Fokom Domgue, Julie Sawitzke, Guillermo Villagran, Lisa Garland, Joseph F. Boland, Sarah Wagner, Héctor Rosas, Jami Troxler, Heidi McMillen, Bailey Kessing, Enrique Alvirez, Miriam Castillo, Hesler Morales…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:562

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  26. Content type: Research article

    High resolution anoscopy (HRA) examination is regarded as the best method for the management of anal high grade squamous intraepithelial lesions to prevent anal squamous carcinoma. However, little is known abo...

    Authors: Anke De-Masi, Esther Davis, Tamzin Cuming, Noreen Chindawi, Francesca Pesola, Carmelina Cappello, Susan Chambers, Julie Bowring, Adam N. Rosenthal, Peter Sasieni and Mayura Nathan

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:554

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Studies have shown that morbidity and mortality rates due to cancer among recent immigrants are lower than those among the native-born population. The objectives of this study were to describe the incidence of...

    Authors: Jennifer Shuldiner, Ying Liu and Aisha Lofters

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:537

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Metabolomics is emerging as an important tool for detecting differences between diseased and non-diseased individuals. However, prospective studies are limited.

    Authors: Marcelle M. Dougan, Yuqing Li, Lisa W. Chu, Robert W. Haile, Alice S. Whittemore, Summer S. Han, Steven C. Moore, Joshua N. Sampson, Irene L. Andrulis, Esther M. John and Ann W. Hsing

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:532

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Polycythemia vera (PV) is a myeloproliferative neoplasm associated with increased thrombotic and cardiovascular risk, which are key contributors to patient morbidity and mortality. The Veterans Health Administ...

    Authors: Shreekant Parasuraman, Jingbo Yu, Dilan Paranagama, Sulena Shrestha, Li Wang, Onur Baser and Robyn Scherber

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:528

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The fecal immunochemical test (FIT) is easier to use and more sensitive than the guaiac fecal occult blood test, but it is unclear how to optimize FIT performance. We compared the sensitivity and specificity f...

    Authors: Elizabeth G. Liles, Nancy Perrin, Ana G. Rosales, David H. Smith, Adrianne C. Feldstein, David M. Mosen and Theodore R. Levin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:509

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Stage is a key predictor of cancer survival. Complete cancer staging is vital for understanding outcomes at population level and monitoring the efficacy of early diagnosis initiatives. Cancer registries usuall...

    Authors: Chiara Di Girolamo, Sarah Walters, Sara Benitez Majano, Bernard Rachet, Michel P. Coleman, Edmund Njeru Njagi and Melanie Morris

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:492

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Following the recommendation of lung cancer screening in the US, screening committees in several European countries are reviewing the evidence for implementing national programmes. However, inadequate particip...

    Authors: Samantha L. Quaife, Charlotte Vrinten, Mamta Ruparel, Samuel M. Janes, Rebecca J. Beeken, Jo Waller and Andy McEwen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:497

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Short telomeres have been associated with increased risk of many cancers, particularly cancers of the gastrointestinal tract including esophagus and stomach. However, the association between telomere length (T...

    Authors: Sheetal Hardikar, Andrea N. Burnett-Hartman, Amanda I. Phipps, Melissa P. Upton, Lee-Ching Zhu and Polly A. Newcomb

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:513

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  34. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to provide more information for cancer prevention strategies by determining the distribution of human papilloma virus (HPV) genotype prevalence in invasive cervical carcinoma (ICC) and precanc...

    Authors: Hongyun WANG, Xiaodong CHENG, Jing YE, Xiuyun XU, Ying HONG, Long SUI, Zhixue YOU and Xing XIE

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:487

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) public research database does not include chemotherapy data due to concerns for incomplete ascertainment. To compensate for perceived lack of data quality man...

    Authors: Mark A. Healy, Arden M. Morris, Paul Abrahamse, Kevin C. Ward, Ikuko Kato and Christine M. Veenstra

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:481

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  36. Content type: Research article

    A gradual decline in the incidence of breast cancer is documented in developed countries especially over last two decades, while in developing countries the incidence continues to rise. We conducted this study...

    Authors: Ashan Fernando, Umesh Jayarajah, Saumyakala Prabashani, Eshani A. Fernando and Sanjeewa A. Seneviratne

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:482

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  37. Content type: Research article

    In the United States, race and socioeconomic status are well known predictors of adverse outcomes in several different cancers. Existing evidence suggests that race and socioeconomic status may impact survival...

    Authors: Alexander L. Lazarides, Julia D. Visgauss, Daniel P. Nussbaum, Cindy L. Green, Dan G. Blazer III, Brian E. Brigman and William C. Eward

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:488

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The Basque Colorectal Cancer Screening Programme began in 2009 and the implementation has been complete since 2013. Faecal immunological testing was used for screening in individuals between 50 and 69 years ol...

    Authors: Arantzazu Arrospide, Isabel Idigoras, Javier Mar, Harry de Koning, Miriam van der Meulen, Myriam Soto-Gordoa, Jose Miguel Martinez-Llorente, Isabel Portillo, Eunate Arana-Arri, Oliver Ibarrondo and Iris Lansdorp-Vogelaar

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:464

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Both the adenoma detection rate (ADR) and proximal serrated polyp detection rate (PSPDR) vary among endoscopists. It is unclear how these variations influence colorectal cancer (CRC) screening effectiveness. W...

    Authors: Maxime E. S. Bronzwaer, Marjolein J. E. Greuter, Arne G. C. Bleijenberg, Joep E. G. IJspeert, Evelien Dekker and Veerle M. H. Coupé

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:465

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Survival rates for upper gastrointestinal (GI) cancer are poor since many are diagnosed at advanced stages. Fast track endoscopy has been introduced to prompt diagnosis for patients with alarm symptoms that co...

    Authors: Sanne Rasmussen, Peter Fentz Haastrup, Kirubakaran Balasubramaniam, René DePont Christensen, Jens Søndergaard and Dorte Ejg Jarbøl

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:440

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  41. Content type: Research article

    In China, stomach cancer is the third most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer death. Few studies have examined Chinese stomach cancer patients’ medical expenses and their associated trends. Th...

    Authors: Xiao-Jie Sun, Ju-Fang Shi, Lan-Wei Guo, Hui-Yao Huang, Neng-Liang Yao, Ji-Yong Gong, Ya-Wen Sun, Guo-Xiang Liu, A-Yan Mao, Xian-Zhen Liao, Ya-Na Bai, Jian-Song Ren, Xin-Yu Zhu, Jin-Yi Zhou, Ling Mai, Bing-Bing Song…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:435

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The increasing epidemic proportions of diabetes mellitus (DM) are a major cause of premature illness and death. However, whether DM confers the same excess risk of gastrointestinal cancer for women as it does ...

    Authors: Hong-juan FANG, Shao-bo SHAN, Yu-hao ZHOU and Li-yong ZHONG

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:422

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