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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. This analysis aims at evaluating the impact of multidisciplinary tumor boards on clinical outcome of multiple tumor entities, the effect of the specific number of multidisciplinary tumor boards and potential d...

    Authors: Marius Freytag, Ulrich Herrlinger, Stefan Hauser, Franz G. Bauernfeind, Maria A. Gonzalez-Carmona, Jennifer Landsberg, Jens Buermann, Hartmut Vatter, Tobias Holderried, Thorsten Send, Martin Schumacher, Arne Koscielny, Georg Feldmann, Mario Heine, Dirk Skowasch, Niklas Schäfer…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:355

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The relationships among PIK3CA mutations, medication use and tumor progression remains poorly understood. Aspirin use post-diagnosis may modify components of the PI3K pathway, including AKT and mTOR, and has been...

    Authors: Anne Marie McCarthy, Nitya Pradeep Kumar, Wei He, Susan Regan, Michaela Welch, Beverly Moy, A. John Iafrate, Andrew T. Chan, Aditya Bardia and Katrina Armstrong

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:347

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Familial colorectal cancer type X (FCCTX) is a phenotypically defined subset of hereditary colorectal cancer with unknown and potentially heterogeneous genetic aetiology. FCCTX has been characterized as a colo...

    Authors: Christina Therkildsen, Maria Rasmussen, Lars Smith-Hansen, Thomas Kallemose, Lars Joachim Lindberg and Mef Nilbert

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:345

    Content type: Research article

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  4. To examine the tumor characteristics, treatments and survival outcomes of prostate cancer (PCa) patients with a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level < 4 ng/ml.

    Authors: Zhibo Zheng, Zhien Zhou, Weigang Yan, Yi Zhou, Chuyan Chen, Hanzhong Li and Zhigang Ji

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:340

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Concern for cardiovascular disease (particularly atrial fibrillation-AF) among women with breast cancer is becoming a major issue. We aimed at determining the incidence of cardiovascular disease events (AF, ar...

    Authors: Benoîte Mery, Antoine Fouilloux, Elise Rowinski, Judith Catella-Chatron, Jean-Baptiste Guichard, Antoine Da Costa, Fabien Tinquaut, N. Magné and Laurent Bertoletti

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:337

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Caregiving for childhood cancer survivors may be burdensome for caregivers and affect their physical health and health behaviors. However, studies examining health behaviors in caregivers of childhood cancer s...

    Authors: In Young Cho, Nack-Gyun Chung, Hee Jo Baek, Ji Won Lee, Ki Woong Sung, Dong Wook Shin, Jung Eun Yoo and Yun-Mi Song

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:296

    Content type: Research article

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  7. New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme (NRCMS) was developed to improve the health security for rural residents. This study aimed to assess the trend of disparity between coastland and inland in medical expendit...

    Authors: Rong Fu, Zheng Lin, Fei He, Yixian Jiang, Zhenquan Zheng and Zhijian Hu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:295

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Recent data suggest that the risk of young-onset colorectal cancer (yCRC), in adults less than 50 years of age, is increasing. To confirm findings and identify contemporary trends worldwide, we conducted a sys...

    Authors: Khalid Saad El Din, Jonathan M. Loree, Eric C. Sayre, Sharlene Gill, Carl J. Brown, Hallie Dau and Mary A. De Vera

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:288

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The effects of dietary factors on prognosis of esophageal cancer remain unclear. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the association between dietary intake and the risk of mortality among ...

    Authors: Li-Ping Sun, Lu-Bin Yan, Zhen-Zhen Liu, Wen-Jing Zhao, Cai-Xia Zhang, Yu-Min Chen, Xiang Qian Lao and Xudong Liu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:287

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The objective of this study was to describe the real-world treatment and overall survival (OS) of German patients with a diagnosis of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC), and to explore factors associ...

    Authors: Fränce Hardtstock, David Myers, Tracy Li, Diana Cizova, Ulf Maywald, Thomas Wilke and Frank Griesinger

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:260

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Colorectal cancer (CRC) cases are detected late in Malaysia similar to most Asian countries. The Be Cancer Alert Campaign (BCAC) was a culturally adapted mass media campaign designed to improve CRC awareness and ...

    Authors: Désirée Schliemann, Darishiani Paramasivam, Maznah Dahlui, Christopher R. Cardwell, Saunthari Somasundaram, Nor Saleha Binti Ibrahim Tamin, Conan Donnelly, Tin Tin Su and Michael Donnelly

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:252

    Content type: Research article

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  12. It is evident that comorbidity exacerbate the complexity of the management of lung cancer, however, limited research has been conducted to investigate the impact of comorbidity on health service utilization an...

    Authors: Ruoxi Ding, Dawei Zhu, Ping He, Yong Ma, Zhishui Chen and Xuefeng Shi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:250

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Increased knowledge of breast cancer risk factors has meant that we are currently exploring risk-based screening, i.e. determining screening strategies based on women’s varying levels of risk. This also enable...

    Authors: Linda Rainey, Daniëlle van der Waal, Anna Jervaeus, Louise S. Donnelly, D. Gareth Evans, Mattias Hammarström, Per Hall, Yvonne Wengström and Mireille J. M. Broeders

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:247

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) is an aggressive disease, and since Chinese authority began to encourage childbearing in 2015, the incidence of PABC has increased. This study investigated the charact...

    Authors: Bo-yue Han, Xiao-guang Li, Hai-yun Zhao, Xin Hu and Hong Ling

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:244

    Content type: Research article

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  15. We assessed breast cancer mortality in older versus younger women according to race/ethnicity, neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES), and health insurance status.

    Authors: Yazmin San Miguel, Scarlett Lin Gomez, James D. Murphy, Richard B. Schwab, Corinne McDaniels-Davidson, Alison J. Canchola, Alfredo A. Molinolo, Jesse N. Nodora and Maria Elena Martinez

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:228

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The burden of disease due to cancer remains substantial. Since the value of real-world evidence has also been recognised by regulatory agencies, we established a Research Ethics Committee (REC) approved resear...

    Authors: C. Moss, A. Haire, F. Cahill, D. Enting, S. Hughes, D. Smith, E. Sawyer, A. Davies, J. Zylstra, K. Haire, A. Rigg and M. Van Hemelrijck

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:187

    Content type: Database

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  17. The exhaustive collection of new sarcoma cases and their second histologic review offer a unique opportunity to study their incidence and time trends in France according to the major subtypes.

    Authors: Brice Amadeo, Nicolas Penel, Jean-Michel Coindre, Isabelle Ray-Coquard, Karine Ligier, Patricia Delafosse, Anne-Marie Bouvier, Sandrine Plouvier, Justine Gallet, Aude Lacourt, Gaëlle Coureau, Alain Monnereau, Simone Mathoulin-Pélissier and Emmanuel Desandes

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:190

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) and the European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS) staging classifications are two broadly used systems for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. This study aims to...

    Authors: Haihong Wang, Zhenyu Lin, Guiling Li, Dejun Zhang, Dandan Yu, Qili Lin, Jing Wang, Ye Zhao, Guoliang Pi and Tao Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:188

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The European Guidelines for breast cancer screening suggest that the impact of population-based mammography screening programmes (MSP) may be assessed using the relative reduction in the incidence of advanced ...

    Authors: Laura Khil, Jan Heidrich, Ina Wellmann, Vanessa Kääb-Sanyal, Stefanie Weigel, Walter Heindel, Hans-Werner Hense and Oliver Heidinger

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:174

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Silica and asbestos are recognized lung carcinogens. However, their role in carcinogenesis at other organs is less clear. Clearance of inhaled silica particles and asbestos fibers from the lungs may lead to tr...

    Authors: Lidija Latifovic, Paul J. Villeneuve, Marie-Élise Parent, Linda Kachuri and Shelley A. Harris

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:171

    Content type: Research article

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  21. To investigate clinicopathological variables influencing overall survival, overall recurrence, and post-recurrence survival (PRS) in patients who experienced curative-intent surgical resection of stage I non-s...

    Authors: Chengdi Wang, Yuxuan Wu, Jun Shao, Dan Liu and Weimin Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:150

    Content type: Research article

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  22. To evaluate and compare the prognostic performance of four nutritional indicators body mass index (BMI), serum albumin (ALB), prognostic nutritional index (PNI) and nutritional risk index (NRI) in oral cancer ...

    Authors: Xiaodan Bao, Fengqiong Liu, Jing Lin, Qing Chen, Lin Chen, Fa Chen, Jing Wang, Yu Qiu, Bin Shi, Lizhen Pan, Lisong Lin and Baochang He

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:146

    Content type: Research article

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  23. There is inconsistent evidence on the association between physical activity and pancreatic cancer risk and few studies have investigated early life or life-course physical activity. The objective of this study...

    Authors: Jaspreet Sandhu, Vanessa De Rubeis, Michelle Cotterchio, Brendan T. Smith, Lauren E. Griffith, Darren R. Brenner, Ayelet Borgida, Steven Gallinger, Sean Cleary and Laura N. Anderson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:139

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy in invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) is still unclear. The objective of the current study was to elucidate the effectiveness of adjuvant chemotherapy in hormone receptor (HR...

    Authors: Guangfu Hu, Guangxia Hu, Chengjiao Zhang, Xiaoyan Lin, Ming Shan, Yanmin Yu, Yongwei Lu, Ruijie Niu, Hui Ye, Cheng Wang and Cheng Xu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:136

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Melanoma can be lethal if not detected early and treated. Early detection can be facilitated via skin self-examination (SSE) and as such, SSE is part of melanoma follow-up care for individuals with a prior his...

    Authors: Adina Coroiu, Chelsea Moran, Catherine Bergeron, Martin Drapeau, Beatrice Wang, Abbas Kezouh, Jochen Ernst, Gerald Batist and Annett Körner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:123

    Content type: Research article

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  26. This study aims to understand the factors that influence whether patients receive potentially curative treatment for early stage lung cancer. A key question was whether indigenous Māori patients were less like...

    Authors: Ross Lawrenson, Chunhuan Lao, Leonie Brown, Lucia Moosa, Lynne Chepulis, Rawiri Keenan, Jacquie Kidd, Karen Middleton, Paul Conaglen, Charles de Groot, Denise Aitken and Janice Wong

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:109

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Epidemiological studies on the association between coffee intake and cancer risk have yielded inconsistent results. To summarize and appraise the quality of the current evidence, we conducted an umbrella revie...

    Authors: Long-Gang Zhao, Zhuo-Ying Li, Guo-Shan Feng, Xiao-Wei Ji, Yu-Ting Tan, Hong-Lan Li, Marc J. Gunter and Yong-Bing Xiang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:101

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV are at increased risk for anal cancer. We evaluated satisfaction with first-time anal cancer screening using high resolution anoscopy (HRA) as a cross sectional ...

    Authors: Rebecca G. Nowak, Chinedu H. Nnaji, Wuese Dauda, Andrew Mitchell, Oluwole Olaomi, Paul Jibrin, Trevor A. Crowell, Stefan D. Baral, Nicaise Ndembi, Manhattan E. Charurat, Joel M. Palefsky, Søren M. Bentzen and Kevin J. Cullen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:98

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Second primary cancer of the esophagus is frequent in head and neck patients, especially in high-risk populations, and has a great impact on the prognosis. Although Positron emission tomography (PET)/computed ...

    Authors: Hsuan-An Su, Shun-Wen Hsiao, Yu-Chun Hsu, Lien-Yen Wang and Hsu-Heng Yen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:69

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Cervical cancer is the most common cancer and the leading cause of cancer death among women in Tanzania. Knowledge of and willingness to receive a cervical cancer screening are important determinants of preven...

    Authors: Qiao Weng, Jie Jiang, Fatma Mrisho Haji, Lamlet Hassan Nondo and Huaijun Zhou

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:63

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The presence of comorbidity affects the care of cancer patients, many of whom are living with multiple comorbidities. The prevalence of cancer comorbidity, beyond summary metrics, is not well known. This study...

    Authors: Helen Fowler, Aurelien Belot, Libby Ellis, Camille Maringe, Miguel Angel Luque-Fernandez, Edmund Njeru Njagi, Neal Navani, Diana Sarfati and Bernard Rachet

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:2

    Content type: Research article

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  32. More people than ever before are currently living with a diagnosis of cancer and the number of people concerned is likely to continue to rise. Cancer survivors are at risk of developing a second primary cancer...

    Authors: Anita Feller, Katarina L. Matthes, Andrea Bordoni, Christine Bouchardy, Jean-Luc Bulliard, Christian Herrmann, Isabelle Konzelmann, Manuela Maspoli, Mohsen Mousavi, Sabine Rohrmann, Katharina Staehelin and Volker Arndt

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:51

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Cancer 2020 20:87

  33. Screening for and active management of comorbidity soon after cancer diagnosis shows promise in altering cancer treatment and outcomes for comorbid patients. Prior to a large multi-centre study, piloting of th...

    Authors: Virginia Signal, Christopher Jackson, Louise Signal, Claire Hardie, Kirsten Holst, Marie McLaughlin, Courtney Steele and Diana Sarfati

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:50

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Leukemia is the most common cancer in childhood. The estimated incidence rate of childhood leukemia in Colombia is one of the highest in America and little is known about its spatial distribution.

    Authors: Laura Andrea Rodriguez-Villamizar, Marcela Pilar Rojas Díaz, Lizbeth Alexandra Acuña Merchán, Feisar Enrique Moreno-Corzo and Paula Ramírez-Barbosa

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:48

    Content type: Research article

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  35. There is increasing recognition that PROs are important in the estimation of the burden of long-term survival among patients with gastric cancer. The study aimed to develop a disease-specific instrument to ass...

    Authors: Xiaojuan Hu, Fen Zhao, Hongmei Yu, Yanhong Luo, Jinchun Liu and Yanbo Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:41

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Childhood cancers represent a small proportion of all cancers but are still a major public health problem. The study analysed long-term trends in childhood cancer incidence and survival in Estonia in relation ...

    Authors: Keiu Paapsi, Aleksei Baburin, Sirje Mikkel, Margit Mägi, Kadri Saks and Kaire Innos

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:30

    Content type: Research article

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  37. We retrospectively compared the prognostic value between the AJCC 8th edition anatomic (AS) and prognostic staging (PS) system for triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) in a cohort from two involved institution...

    Authors: Jiehua He, Julia Y. Tsang, Xiaodan Xu, Jibin Li, Mei Li, Xue Chao, Yuanyuan Xu, Rongzhen Luo, Gary M. Tse and Peng Sun

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:18

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Testosterone implants have been used for over eighty years to treat symptoms of hormone deficiency in pre and postmenopausal women. Evidence supports that androgens are breast protective. However, there is a l...

    Authors: Rebecca L. Glaser, Anne E. York and Constantine Dimitrakakis

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1271

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Endemic Burkitt lymphoma (eBL) is an aggressive B-cell lymphoma, which is a common childhood cancer in areas with intense transmission of Plasmodium falciparum parasites. Early and accurate diagnosis is a prerequ...

    Authors: Cecilia Smith-Togobo, Mette Ø. Pedersen, Steffen G. Jensen, Babatunde Duduyemi, Richard K. Gyasi, Michael F. Ofori, Vivian Paintsil, Lorna Renner, Peter Nørgaard and Lars Hviid

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1270

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in the treatment of prostate cancer may be associated with an increased risk of thromboembolic disease. The aim of our study was to investigate the association of ADT in the ...

    Authors: Kuang-Ming Liao, Yaw-Bin Huang, Chung-Yu Chen and Chen-Chun Kuo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1263

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Formaldehyde, a widely used chemical, is considered a human carcinogen. We report the results of a meta-analyses of studies on the relationship between occupational exposure to formaldehyde and risk of non-Hod...

    Authors: Simona Catalani, Francesca Donato, Egidio Madeo, Pietro Apostoli, Giuseppe De Palma, Enrico Pira, Kenneth A. Mundt and Paolo Boffetta

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1245

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Mouse and human studies support the promise of dry beans to improve metabolic health and to lower cancer risk. In overweight/obese patients with a history of colorectal polyps or cancer, the Beans to Enrich th...

    Authors: Xiaotao Zhang, Gladys Browman, Wesley Siu, Karen M. Basen-Engquist, Samir M. Hanash, Kristi L. Hoffman, Pablo C. Okhuysen, Paul Scheet, Joseph F. Petrosino, Scott Kopetz and Carrie R. Daniel

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1233

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified more than 40 colorectal cancer susceptibility loci, but only a small fraction of heritability was explained. To account for missing heritability, we inves...

    Authors: Nan Song, Jeeyoo Lee, Sooyoung Cho, Jeongseon Kim, Jae Hwan Oh and Aesun Shin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1231

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) are rare malignancies characterised by its capacity to synthesise and secrete monoamines, due to its neuroendocrine origin. Its varied locations and symptoms have traditionally be...

    Authors: Josep Darbà and Alicia Marsà

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1226

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Consumption of moldy food has previously been identified as a risk factor for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in high-risk countries; however, what contributing roles these dietary carcinogenic mycot...

    Authors: Kathy S. Xue, Lili Tang, Guiju Sun, Shaokang Wang, Xu Hu and Jia-Sheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1218

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Cervical cancer is the second cause leading of malignancy-related death among Mexican women. The present study determined the population-based prevalence of high risk Human Papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection an...

    Authors: K. Torres-Poveda, I. Ruiz-Fraga, V. Madrid-Marina, M. Chavez and V. Richardson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1205

    Content type: Research article

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