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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. Evidence for the carcinogenicity of shift work in humans is limited because of significant heterogeneity of the results, thus more in-depth research in needed. The Nightingale Study is a nationwide prospective...

    Authors: Anouk Pijpe, Pauline Slottje, Cres van Pelt, Floor Stehmann, Hans Kromhout, Flora E van Leeuwen, Roel CH Vermeulen and Matti A Rookus

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:47

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  2. Perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) are persistent environmental contaminants that affect metabolic regulation, inflammation, and other factors implicated in the development and prog...

    Authors: Kim E Innes, Jeffrey H Wimsatt, Stephanie Frisbee and Alan M Ducatman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:45

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In the oncology setting, there has been increasing interest in evaluating treatment outcomes in terms of quality of life and patient satisfaction. The aim of our study was to investigate the determinants of pa...

    Authors: Thanh Vân France Nguyen, Amélie Anota, Anne Brédart, Alain Monnier, Jean-François Bosset and Mariette Mercier

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:42

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) has endorsed six dimensions of patient-centredness as crucial to providing quality healthcare. These dimensions outline that care must be: 1) respectful to patients’ values, pre...

    Authors: Flora Tzelepis, Shiho K Rose, Robert W Sanson-Fisher, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Mariko L Carey and Christine L Paul

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:41

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The aim of this study was to assess the severity of pain and its impact on the quality of life (QoL) in untreated patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).

    Authors: Karine G Oliveira, Sandra V von Zeidler, Jose RV Podestá, Agenor Sena, Evandro D Souza, Jeferson Lenzi, Nazaré S Bissoli and Sonia A Gouvea

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:39

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Higher sunlight exposure is correlated with lower incidence of breast cancer in ecological studies, but findings from prospective studies regarding the association of circulating levels of vitamin D with the r...

    Authors: Yeonju Kim, Adrian A Franke, Yurii B Shvetsov, Lynne R Wilkens, Robert V Cooney, Galina Lurie, Gertraud Maskarinec, Brenda Y Hernandez, Loïc Le Marchand, Brian E Henderson, Laurence N Kolonel and Marc T Goodman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:29

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Individuals with a personal or family history of cancer, can opt for genetic counseling and DNA-testing. Approximately 25% of these individuals experience clinically relevant levels of psychosocial distress, d...

    Authors: Willem Eijzenga, Neil K Aaronson, Irma Kluijt, Grace N Sidharta, Daniela EE Hahn, Margreet GEM Ausems and Eveline MA Bleiker

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:26

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. The reasons for the increasing breast cancer incidence in indigenous Māori compared to non-Māori New Zealand women are unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the association of an index of combined healt...

    Authors: Fiona McKenzie, Lis Ellison-Loschmann, Mona Jeffreys, Ridvan Firestone, Neil Pearce and Isabelle Romieu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:12

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide and characterized by a poor prognosis. It has a major impact on the psychological wellbeing of patients and their partners. Recently, it has been show...

    Authors: Melanie PJ Schellekens, Desiree GM van den Hurk, Judith B Prins, Johan Molema, A Rogier T Donders, Willem H Woertman, Miep A van der Drift and Anne EM Speckens

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:3

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. There is increasing ambiguity towards national mammographic screening programs due to varying publicized estimates of overdiagnosis, i.e., breast cancer that would not have been diagnosed in the women’s lifeti...

    Authors: Eiliv Lund, Nicolle Mode, Marit Waaseth and Jean-Christophe Thalabard

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:614

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Information on the underlying cause of death of cancer patients is of interest because it can be used to estimate net survival. The population-based Geneva Cancer Registry is unique because registrars are able...

    Authors: Robin Schaffar, Elisabetta Rapiti, Bernard Rachet and Laura Woods

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:609

    Content type: Research article

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  12. A pathway-based genotyping analysis suggested rs2078486 was a novel TP53 SNP, but very few studies replicate this association. TP53 rs1042522 is the most commonly studied SNP, but very few studies examined its po...

    Authors: Yanli Li, Shen-Chih Chang, Rungui Niu, Li Liu, Christina R Crabtree-Ide, Baoxing Zhao, Jianping Shi, Xiaoyou Han, Jiawei Li, Jia Su, Lin Cai, Shunzhang Yu, Zuo-Feng Zhang and Lina Mu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:607

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Excision repair cross-complementing group 2 (ERCC2) plays important roles in the repair of DNA damage and adducts. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ERCC2 gene are suspected to influence the risks of ora...

    Authors: Enjiao Zhang, Zhigang Cui, Zhongfei Xu, Weiyi Duan, Shaohui Huang, Xuexin Tan, Zhihua Yin, Changfu Sun and Li Lu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:594

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The association of reproductive factors with hormone receptor (HR)-negative breast tumors remains uncertain.

    Authors: Rebecca Ritte, Kaja Tikk, Annekatrin Lukanova, Anne Tjønneland, Anja Olsen, Kim Overvad, Laure Dossus, Agnès Fournier, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Verena Grote, Heiner Boeing, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Dimitrios Trichopoulos, Domenico Palli…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:584

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Owing to the high mortality and rapidly growing costs related to lung cancer, it is worth examining the health benefits of prevention for major types of lung cancer. This study attempts to quantify the quality...

    Authors: Szu-Chun Yang, Wu-Wei Lai, Wu-Chou Su, Shang-Yin Wu, Helen HW Chen, Yi-Lin Wu, Mei-Chuan Hung and Jung-Der Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:579

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Lifestyle factors, including food and nutrition, physical activity, body composition and reproductive factors, and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with breast cancer risk, but few studies...

    Authors: Taeko Mizoo, Naruto Taira, Keiko Nishiyama, Tomohiro Nogami, Takayuki Iwamoto, Takayuki Motoki, Tadahiko Shien, Junji Matsuoka, Hiroyoshi Doihara, Setsuko Ishihara, Hiroshi Kawai, Kensuke Kawasaki, Youichi Ishibe, Yutaka Ogasawara, Yoshifumi Komoike and Shinichiro Miyoshi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:565

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of family history of cancer and personal history of other medical conditions in the aetiology of the oral cavity cancer in France.

    Authors: Loredana Radoï, Sophie Paget-Bailly, Florence Guida, Diane Cyr, Gwenn Menvielle, Annie Schmaus, Matthieu Carton, Sylvie Cénée, Marie Sanchez, Anne-Valérie Guizard, Brigitte Trétarre, Isabelle Stücker and Danièle Luce

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:560

    Content type: Research article

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  18. A diagnosis of prostate cancer leads to emotional distress and anxiety, prompting calls for rapid diagnostic pathways. Nevertheless, it remains unclear what impact time between diagnosis and surgery has upon p...

    Authors: Maria Theresa Redaniel, Richard M Martin, David Gillatt, Julia Wade and Mona Jeffreys

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:559

    Content type: Research article

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  19. We have previously shown that a functional polymorphism of the UGT2B15 gene (rs1902023) was associated with increased risk of prostate cancer (PC). Novel functional polymorphisms of the UGT2B17 and UGT2B15 genes ...

    Authors: Adriana C Vidal, Cocoa Tucker, Joellen M Schildkraut, Ricardo M Richardson, Megan McPhail, Stephen J Freedland, Cathrine Hoyo and Delores J Grant

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:556

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Data on the current burden of adenocarcinoma (ADC) and histology-specific human papillomavirus (HPV) type distribution are relevant to predict the future impact of prophylactic HPV vaccines.

    Authors: Jeanne M Pimenta, Claudia Galindo, David Jenkins and Sylvia M Taylor

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:553

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Esophageal cancer (EC) is a frequently occurring cancer with poor prognosis despite combined therapeutic strategies. Many biomarkers have been proposed as predictors of adverse events. We sought to assess the ...

    Authors: Meilan Chen, Jizheng Huang, Zhenli Zhu, Jun Zhang and Ke Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:539

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Cancer 2014 14:892

  22. National organizations recommend screening for hepatitis B virus (HBV) before chemotherapy but differ regarding which patients should be screened. We aimed to determine contemporary screening rates at a cancer...

    Authors: Jessica P Hwang, Michael J Fisch, Anna S-F Lok, Hong Zhang, John M Vierling and Maria E Suarez-Almazor

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:534

    Content type: Research article

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  23. A total of 2,514,346 metric tons (Mt) of asbestos were imported into Spain from 1906 until the ban on asbestos in 2002. Our objective was to study pleural cancer mortality trends as an indicator of mesotheliom...

    Authors: Gonzalo López-Abente, Montserrat García-Gómez, Alfredo Menéndez-Navarro, Pablo Fernández-Navarro, Rebeca Ramis, Javier García-Pérez, Marta Cervantes, Eva Ferreras, María Jiménez-Muñoz and Roberto Pastor-Barriuso

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:528

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Given their frequency of occurrence in the United States, cancer and heart disease often coexist. For patients requiring open-heart surgery, this raises concern that the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) may...

    Authors: Cathy Anne Pinto, Stephen Marcella, David A August, Bart Holland, John B Kostis and Kitaw Demissie

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:519

    Content type: Research article

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  25. One in eight women will develop breast cancer in her lifetime. The best-known awareness event is breast cancer awareness month (BCAM). BCAM month outreach efforts have been associated with increased media cove...

    Authors: Rosemary Thackeray, Scott H Burton, Christophe Giraud-Carrier, Stephen Rollins and Catherine R Draper

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:508

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Bone mineral density (BMD) and lean mass (LM) may both decrease in breast cancer survivors, thereby increasing risk of falls and fractures. Research is needed to determine whether lean mass (LM) and fat mass (...

    Authors: Stephanie M George, Anne McTiernan, Adriana Villaseñor, Catherine M Alfano, Melinda L Irwin, Marian L Neuhouser, Richard N Baumgartner, Kathy B Baumgartner, Leslie Bernstein, Ashley W Smith and Rachel Ballard-Barbash

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:497

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) remains a challenging topic for clinical oncologists. This study sought to evaluate TNBC versus other breast cancer subtypes with respect to survival parameters. We evaluat...

    Authors: Lukas Schwentner, Achim Wöckel, Jochem König, Wolfgang Janni, Florian Ebner, Maria Blettner, Rolf Kreienberg and Reyn Van Ewijk

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:487

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in North America and Western Europe. Patients with lung cancer in general have reduced physical capacity, functional capacity, poor quality of life and increase...

    Authors: Morten Quist, Seppo W Langer, Mikael Rørth, Karl Bang Christensen and Lis Adamsen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:477

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  29. Obesity has been shown to be inversely associated with breast cancer risk in premenopausal women, while increasing risk in postmenopausal women. However, the current evidence is largely based on studies in Cau...

    Authors: Elisa V Bandera, Urmila Chandran, Gary Zirpoli, Zhihong Gong, Susan E McCann, Chi-Chen Hong, Gregory Ciupak, Karen Pawlish and Christine B Ambrosone

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:475

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Knowledge about tumour gene mutation status is essential for the treatment of increasing numbers of cancer patients, and testing quality has a major impact on treatment response and cost. In 2012, 4,629 tests ...

    Authors: Jean-François Emile, Julie Tisserand, Loic Bergougnoux, Frédérique Nowak, Gladwys Faucher, Sylvie Surel, Aude Lamy, Delphine Lecorre, Zofia Helias-Rodzewicz, Paul Hofman, Jean-Christophe Sabourin and Pierre Laurent-Puig

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:472

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Follow-up rate after a fecal occult blood test (FOBT) is low worldwide. In order to increase the follow-up rate, segmentation of the target population has been proposed as a promising strategy, because an inte...

    Authors: Yoshiki Ishikawa, Ying-Fang Zheng, Hiromu Nishiuchi, Takeo Suda, Tadahiko Hasumi and Hiroshi Saito

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:470

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Cancer is a serious health issue in China, but accurate national counts for cancer incidence are not currently available. Knowledge of the cancer burden is necessary for national cancer control planning. In th...

    Authors: Wanqing Chen, Bruce K Armstrong, Rongshou Zheng, Siwei Zhang, Xueqin Yu and Mark Clements

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:458

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Racial disparities in breast cancer survival have been well documented. This study examines the association of race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES) on breast cancer-specific mortality in a large popul...

    Authors: Carol A Parise and Vincent Caggiano

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:449

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Patients with acute leukemia experience a substantial symptom burden and are at risk of developing infections throughout the course of repeated cycles of intensive chemotherapy. Physical activity in recent yea...

    Authors: Mary Jarden, Tom Møller, Lars Kjeldsen, Henrik Birgens, Jesper Frank Christensen, Karl Bang Christensen, Finn Diderichsen, Carsten Hendriksen and Lis Adamsen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:446

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  35. Breast cancer incidence is increasing. The survival rate varies and is longer in high-income countries. In Brazil, lower-income populations rely on the Unified Public Health System (Sistema Único de Saude, SUS...

    Authors: Débora Balabram, Cassio M Turra and Helenice Gobbi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:434

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Approximately 20–30% of patients with cancer experience a clinically relevant level of emotional distress in response to disease and treatment. This in itself is alarming but it is even more problematic becaus...

    Authors: Susanne Mattsson, Sven Alfonsson, Maria Carlsson, Peter Nygren, Erik Olsson and Birgitta Johansson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:414

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  37. Breast cancer is the leading malignant disease among western women with incidence increasing over time. High mammographic density is a well-established risk factor for breast cancer. We explored trends in mamm...

    Authors: Sophie Sell Hellmann, Elsebeth Lynge, Walter Schwartz, Ilse Vejborg and Sisse Helle Njor

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:409

    Content type: Research article

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  38. It is known that suboptimal adherence rates may affect endocrine treatments for breast cancer, but little information has been reported whether any efforts to improve treatment adherence have been successful. ...

    Authors: Volker Ziller, Ioannis Kyvernitakis, Dana Knöll, Astrid Storch, Olaf Hars and Peyman Hadji

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:407

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R) gene variants are very common and are associated with melanoma risk, but their contribution to melanoma risk prediction compared with traditional risk factors is unknown. We aimed t...

    Authors: Anne E Cust, Chris Goumas, Kylie Vuong, John R Davies, Jennifer H Barrett, Elizabeth A Holland, Helen Schmid, Chantelle Agha-Hamilton, Bruce K Armstrong, Richard F Kefford, Joanne F Aitken, Graham G Giles, D Timothy Bishop, Julia A Newton-Bishop, John L Hopper, Graham J Mann…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:406

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Physical inactivity and overweight are two known risk factors for postmenopausal breast cancer. Former exercise intervention studies showed that physical activity influences sex hormone levels, known to be rel...

    Authors: Willemijn AM van Gemert, Jolein I Iestra, Albertine J Schuit, Anne M May, Tim Takken, Wouter B Veldhuis, Job van der Palen, Harriët Wittink, Petra HM Peeters and Evelyn M Monninkhof

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:395

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  41. A lot of empirical studies have been conducted to evaluate the prevalence of depression and anxiety among Chinese adults with cancer. We aimed to conduct a meta-analysis in order to evaluate the prevalence and...

    Authors: Yi-Long Yang, Li Liu, Yang Wang, Hui Wu, Xiao-Shi Yang, Jia-Na Wang and Lie Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:393

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Primary human papilloma virus (HPV) screening is more effective than cytology in reducing the risk of cervical cancer, but screening intervals should be extended in HPV-negative women. However, some Markov mod...

    Authors: Karl Ulrich Petry, Franziska Rinnau, Gerd Böhmer, Bettina Hollwitz, Alexander Luyten, Nina Buttmann, Martin Brünger and Thomas Iftner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:379

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Few studies have investigated the impact of urinary incontinence (UI) on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among cancer survivors. UI is prevalent in the general population and can be both an indicator of...

    Authors: Alexandra J White, Bryce B Reeve, Ronald C Chen, Angela M Stover and Debra E Irwin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:377

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. This paper presents the level of colorectal cancer awareness among multi-ethnic rural population in Malaysia.

    Authors: Tin Tin Su, Jun Yan Goh, Jackson Tan, Abdul Rahim Muhaimah, Yoganathan Pigeneswaren, Nasirin Sallamun Khairun, Abdul Wahab Normazidah, Devi Kunasekaran Tharisini and Hazreen Abd Majid

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2013 13:376

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: