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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. Breast cancer affects one in eight UK women during their lifetime: many of these women now receive adjuvant chemotherapy and hormone therapy. Joint and muscle pains, aches, and stiffness are common but the nat...

    Authors: Deborah Fenlon, Cassandra Powers, Peter Simmonds, Joanne Clough and Julia Addington-Hall

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:467

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Cancer remains the second leading cause of mortality in the United States. Special events such as health fairs, screening days or cultural festivals are employed often for community education about cancer scre...

    Authors: Cam Escoffery, Kirsten C Rodgers, Michelle C Kegler, Mary Ayala, Erika Pinsker and Regine Haardörfer

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:454

    Content type: Research article

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  3. HIV infection leads to a decreasing immune response, thereby facilitating the appearance of other infections, one of the most important ones being HPV. However, studies are needed for determining associations ...

    Authors: Milena Camargo, Sara C Soto-De Leon, Marina Munoz, Ricardo Sanchez, Diego Peña-Herrera, Andrea Clemencia Pineda-Peña, Otto Sussmann, Carol Paez, Antonio Perez-Prados, Manuel Elkin Patarroyo and Manuel Alfonso Patarroyo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:451

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Colorectal cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer worldwide. Few studies have addressed the causes and risks of treatment refusal in a universal health insurance setting.

    Authors: Chun-Yi Liu, William Tzu-Liang Chen, Pei-Tseng Kung, Chang-Fang Chiu, Yueh-Hsin Wang, Shwn-Huey Shieh and Wen-Chen Tsai

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:446

    Content type: Research article

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  5. There is evidence, although inconsistent, that long term exposure to disinfection by products (DBPs) increases the risk of bowel cancer. No study has been conducted in Australia to examine this association and...

    Authors: Md Bayzidur Rahman, Christine Cowie, Tim Driscoll, Richard J Summerhayes, Bruce K Armstrong and Mark S Clements

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:445

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Cancer of unknown primary (CUP) is a fatal cancer, accounting for 3–5% of all diagnosed cancers. Finding the primary site is important for therapeutic choices and we believe that the organ which is designated ...

    Authors: Matias Riihimäki, Akseli Hemminki, Kristina Sundquist and Kari Hemminki

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:439

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The global burden from cancer is rising, especially as low-income countries like Bangladesh observe rapid aging. So far, there are no comprehensive descriptions reporting diagnosed cancer group that include he...

    Authors: Mohammad Sorowar Hossain, Mohd S Iqbal, Mohiuddin Ahmed Khan, Mohammad Golam Rabbani, Hazera Khatun, Sirajam Munira, M Morshed Zaman Miah, Amin Lutful Kabir, Naima Islam, Tashmim Farhana Dipta, Farzana Rahman, Abdul Mottalib, Salma Afrose, Tasneem Ara, Akhil Ranjan Biswas, Mizanur Rahman…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:438

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Cancer survivorship rates have increased in developed countries largely due to population ageing and improvements in cancer care. Survivorship is a neglected phase of cancer treatment and is often associated w...

    Authors: Lauren J Frensham, Dorota M Zarnowiecki, Gaynor Parfitt, Rebecca M Stanley and James Dollman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:428

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. In the Republic of Korea, cancer is the most common cause of death, and cancer incidence and mortality rates are the highest in East Asia. As alcoholic beverages are carcinogenic to humans, we estimated the bu...

    Authors: Sohee Park, Hai-Rim Shin, Boram Lee, Aesun Shin, Kyu-Won Jung, Duk-Hee Lee, Sun Ha Jee, Sung-Il Cho, Sue Kyung Park, Mathieu Boniol, Paolo Boffetta and Elisabete Weiderpass

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:420

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Previous studies have indicated that survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have an increased morbidity measured in terms of health care utilization. However, earlier studies have several po...

    Authors: Anna Sällfors Holmqvist, Christian Moëll, Lars Hjorth, Anna Lindgren, Stanislaw Garwicz, Thomas Wiebe and Ingrid Øra

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:419

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Research has indicated that the rs12203592 and rs872071 interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4) gene polymorphisms correlate with the risk of cancer, especially skin cancer and haematological malignancies, but t...

    Authors: Songtao Wang, Qing Yan, Pin Chen, Peng Zhao and Aihua Gu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:410

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Smoking is by far the most important cause of cancer that can be modified at the individual level. Cancer incidence and mortality rates in Korea are the highest among all Asian countries, and smoking prevalenc...

    Authors: Sohee Park, Sun Ha Jee, Hai-Rim Shin, Eun Hye Park, Aesun Shin, Kyu-Won Jung, Seung-Sik Hwang, Eun Shil Cha, Young Ho Yun, Sue Kyung Park, Mathieu Boniol and Paolo Boffetta

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:406

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The purpose of the PROLUCA study is to investigate the efficacy of preoperative and early postoperative rehabilitation in a non-hospital setting in patients with operable lung cancer with special focus on exer...

    Authors: Maja S Sommer, Karen Trier, Jette Vibe-Petersen, Malene Missel, Merete Christensen, Klaus R Larsen, Seppo W Langer, Carsten Hendriksen, Paul Clementsen, Jesper H Pedersen and Henning Langberg

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:404

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  14. Despite the excellent results obtained with hormone therapy, the long treatment period and the side effects associated with its use make patient adherence difficult. Moreover, certain aspects of health care ca...

    Authors: Claudia Brito, Margareth Crisóstomo Portela and Mauricio Teixeira Leite de Vasconcellos

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:397

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Aspirin (ASA) use has been associated with improved breast cancer survival in several prospective studies.

    Authors: Michelle D Holmes, Henrik Olsson, Yudi Pawitan, Johanna Holm, Cecilia Lundholm, Therese M-L Andersson, Hans-Olov Adami, Johan Askling and Karin Ekström Smedby

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:391

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The vaccinations against human papilloma virus (HPV) are highly effective in preventing persistent infection. The level of knowledge about HPV and the consequences of an infection with this virus are low in th...

    Authors: Sophie Pils, Elmar A Joura, Max-Paul Winter, Anup Shrestha, Agnes Jaeger-Lansky and Johannes Ott

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:388

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Vitamin and mineral supplement use after a breast cancer diagnosis is common and controversial. Dosages used and the timing of initiation and/or discontinuation of supplements have not been clearly described.

    Authors: Heather Greenlee, Marilyn L Kwan, Isaac J Ergas, Garrett Strizich, Janise M Roh, Allegra T Wilson, Marion Lee, Karen J Sherman, Christine B Ambrosone, Dawn L Hershman, Alfred I Neugut and Lawrence H Kushi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:382

    Content type: Research article

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  18. This study aims to determine cancer risks among patients with type 2 diabetes through a follow-up study on a nationwide population-based cohort that included Taiwanese diabetic patients and general population ...

    Authors: Cheng-Chieh Lin, Jen-Huai Chiang, Chia-Ing Li, Chiu-Shong Liu, Wen-Yuan Lin, Teng-Fu Hsieh and Tsai-Chung Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:381

    Content type: Research article

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  19. There is clear evidence that nutrition and lifestyle can modify colorectal cancer risk. However, it is not clear if those factors can affect colorectal cancer treatment, recurrence, survival and quality of lif...

    Authors: Renate M Winkels, Renate C Heine-Bröring, Moniek van Zutphen, Suzanne van Harten-Gerritsen, Dieuwertje EG Kok, Fränzel JB van Duijnhoven and Ellen Kampman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:374

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. Postmenopausal hormone therapy (HRT) and oral contraceptive (OC) use have in several studies been reported to be associated with a decreased colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. However, data on the association betwe...

    Authors: Jenny Brändstedt, Sakarias Wangefjord, Björn Nodin, Jakob Eberhard, Karin Jirström and Jonas Manjer

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:371

    Content type: Research article

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  21. This study aims to assess the most efficient combinations of vaccination and screening coverage for the prevention of cervical cancer (CC) at different levels of expenditure in Nigeria.

    Authors: Nadia Demarteau, Imran O Morhason-Bello, Babatunde Akinwunmi and Isaac F Adewole

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:365

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The prevalence of patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumourgst (GIST) who fail currently available treatments imatinib and sunitinib (third-line treatment-eligible GIST) is unknown, but is expected to be b...

    Authors: Justyna M Starczewska Amelio, Javier Cid Ruzafa, Kamal Desai, Spiros Tzivelekis, Dominic Muston, Javaria Mona Khalid, Philip Ashman and Andrew Maguire

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:364

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Data on cancers is a challenge in most developing countries. Population-based cancer registries are also not common in developing countries despite the usefulness of such registries in informing cancer prevent...

    Authors: Dennis O Laryea, Baffour Awuah, Yaw A Amoako, E Osei-Bonsu, Joslin Dogbe, Rita Larsen-Reindorf, Daniel Ansong, Kwasi Yeboah-Awudzi, Joseph K Oppong, Thomas O Konney, Kwame O Boadu, Samuel B Nguah, Nicholas A Titiloye, Nicholas O Frimpong, Fred K Awittor and Iman K Martin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:362

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The evidence base to inform the decision making process in patients with early stage oral cancer and a clinical and radiological N0 neck remains insufficient to answer the question when it is safe to “watch an...

    Authors: Thomas Mücke, David A Mitchell, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Lucas M Ritschl, Klaus-Dietrich Wolff and Anastasios Kanatas

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:346

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Fundamental etiologic differences have been suggested to cause earlier onset of breast cancer in less developed countries (LDCs) than in more developed countries (MDCs). We explored this hypothesis using world...

    Authors: Reza Ghiasvand, Hans-Olov Adami, Iraj Harirchi, Rahim Akrami and Kazem Zendehdel

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:343

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The study aimed to examine the association between health-related quality of life (HRQOL) assessed with overall survival (OS) and recurrence after diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC).

    Authors: Carlos KH Wong, Wai-Lun Law, Yuk-Fai Wan, Jensen Tung-Chung Poon and Cindy Lo-Kuen Lam

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:337

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Smoking has recently been established as a risk factor for rectal cancer. We examined whether the smoking-related increase in rectal cancer differed by gender.

    Authors: Ranjan Parajuli, Eivind Bjerkaas, Aage Tverdal, Loïc Le Marchand, Elisabete Weiderpass and Inger T Gram

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:321

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Individuals who live in rural areas are at greater risk for brain cancer, and pesticide exposure may contribute to this increased risk. The aims of this research were to analyze the mortality trends and to est...

    Authors: Adalberto Luiz Miranda Filho, Rosalina Jorge Koifman, Sergio Koifman and Gina Torres Rego Monteiro

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:320

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Based on data from the population-based Qidong Cancer Registry, we report a survival analysis for female breast cancer patients diagnosed during 19722011 in order to assess the long-term trends for the prognosis...

    Authors: Jian Zhu, Jian-Guo Chen, Yong-Sheng Chen, Yong-Hui Zhang, Lu-Lu Ding and Tao-Yang Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:318

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Oral cancer is an important health issue, with changing incidence in many countries. Oropharyngeal cancer (OPC, in tonsil and oropharygeal areas) is increasing, while oral cavity cancer (OCC, other sites in th...

    Authors: Ajit Auluck, Blake Byron Walker, Greg Hislop, Scott A Lear, Nadine Schuurman and Miriam Rosin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:316

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. People with cancer receive regular structured follow up after initial treatment, usually by a specialist in a cancer centre. Increasing numbers of cancer survivors prompts interest in alternative structured fo...

    Authors: Rebekah Dickinson, Susan Hall, Jenny E Sinclair, Christine Bond and Peter Murchie

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:311

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The use of cancer related therapy in cancer patients at the end-of-life has increased over time in many countries. Given a lack of published Swiss data, the objective of this study was to describe delivery of ...

    Authors: Klazien W Matter-Walstra, Rita Achermann, Roland Rapold, Dirk Klingbiel, Andrea Bordoni, Silvia Dehler, Gernot Jundt, Isabelle Konzelmann, Kerri M Clough-Gorr, Thomas D Szucs, Matthias Schwenkglenks and Bernhard C Pestalozzi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:306

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Gastric cancer remains a major health issue and a leading cause of death worldwide. This study presented a long-term survival data of gastric cancer registered in Shanghai of China from 1972–2003, with aims to...

    Authors: Leizhen Zheng, Chunxiao Wu, Pan Xi, Meiling Zhu, Li Zhang, Siyu Chen, Xiaoping Li, Jianchun Gu and Ying Zheng

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:300

    Content type: Research article

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  34. There is evidence that cancer survivors are at increased risk of second primary cancers. Changes in the prevalence of risk factors and diagnostic techniques may have affected more recent risks.

    Authors: Aishah Coyte, David S Morrison and Philip McLoone

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:272

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Despite the improvement in the care management, women cancer patients who are still in employment find themselves for the most part obliged to stop working while they are having treatment. Their return-to-work...

    Authors: Clémence Vidor, Ariane Leroyer, Véronique Christophe, Mélanie Seillier, Jérome Foncel, Justine Van de Maële, Jacques Bonneterre and Sophie Fantoni

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:267

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  36. Loss of lean body mass (LBM) is a common occurrence after treatment for breast cancer and is related to deleterious metabolic health outcomes [Clin Oncol, 22(4):281–288, 2010; Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 34(5):950–9...

    Authors: Cameron McDonald, Judy Bauer, Sandra Capra and Joseph Coll

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:264

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  37. Evaluation of the effectiveness of a patient decision aid (nurse-managed telephone support line and/or colorectal cancer screening website), distributed to patients by their family physician, in improving feca...

    Authors: Kathleen Clouston, Alan Katz, Patricia J Martens, Jeff Sisler, Donna Turner, Michelle Lobchuk, Susan McClement and Gary Crow

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:263

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. With 14.234 diagnoses and over 4047 deaths reported in 2007, colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common cancer and second most common cause of cancer-related mortality in Australia. The direct treatment...

    Authors: Driss A Ouakrim, Alex Boussioutas, Trevor Lockett, John L Hopper and Mark A Jenkins

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:261

    Content type: Research article

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  39. A large proportion of breast cancer cases are thought related to environmental factors. Identification of specific geographical areas with high risk (clusters) may give clues to potential environmental risk fa...

    Authors: Rikke Baastrup Nordsborg, Jaymie R Meliker, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Geoffrey M Jacquez, Aslak Harbo Poulsen and Ole Raaschou-Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:255

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Although oral cavity, pharyngeal, oesophageal and gastric cancers share some risk factors, no comparative analysis of mortality rate trends in these illnesses has been undertaken in Spain. This study aimed to ...

    Authors: Daniel Seoane-Mato, Nuria Aragonés, Eva Ferreras, Javier García-Pérez, Marta Cervantes-Amat, Pablo Fernández-Navarro, Roberto Pastor-Barriuso and Gonzalo López-Abente

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:254

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Physical therapy treatment of patients with lymphedema includes treatment based on the principles of ‘Complete Decongestive Therapy’ (CDT). CDT consists of the following components; skin care, manual lymphatic...

    Authors: Mette Tambour, Berit Tange, Robin Christensen and Bibi Gram

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:239

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  42. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is increasingly present in breast cancer survivors, possibly worsened by cancer-related treatments, such as chemotherapy. MetS greatly increases risk of cardiovascular disease and dia...

    Authors: Christina M Dieli-Conwright, Joanne E Mortimer, E Todd Schroeder, Kerry Courneya, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Thomas A Buchanan, Debu Tripathy and Leslie Bernstein

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:238

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  43. Identification of factors associated with work disability in cancer survivors on long term sick leave may support these survivors in choosing effective measures to facilitate vocational rehabilitation and retu...

    Authors: Peter van Muijen, Saskia FA Duijts, Karin Bonefaas-Groenewoud, Allard J van der Beek and Johannes R Anema

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:236

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Physician recommendations for cancer screening and prevention are associated with patient compliance. However, time constraints may limit physicians’ ability to provide all recommended preventive services, esp...

    Authors: Deanna Kepka, Alexandria Smith, Christopher Zeruto and K Robin Yabroff

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:233

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Colorectal cancer is an important public health problem in Spain. Over the last decade, several regions have carried out screening programmes, but population participation rates remain below recommended Europe...

    Authors: Carolina Guiriguet-Capdevila, Laura Muñoz-Ortiz, Irene Rivero-Franco, Carme Vela-Vallespín, Mercedes Vilarrubí-Estrella, Miquel Torres-Salinas, Jaume Grau-Cano, Andrea Burón-Pust, Cristina Hernández-Rodríguez, Antonio Fuentes-Peláez, Dolores Reina-Rodríguez, Rosa De León-Gallo, Leonardo Mendez-Boo and Pere Torán-Monserrat

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:232

    Content type: Study protocol

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  46. The aim of this study was to examine breast density in relation to breast cancer specific survival and to assess if this potential association was modified by mode of detection. An additional aim was to study ...

    Authors: Åsa Olsson, Hanna Sartor, Signe Borgquist, Sophia Zackrisson and Jonas Manjer

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:229

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: