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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. There is a lack of standardized definition for treatment-related mortality (TRM), which represents an important endpoint in cancer. Our objective was to describe TRM definitions used in studies of children, ad...

    Authors: Thai Hoa Tran, Michelle Lee, Sarah Alexander, Paul Gibson, Ute Bartels, Donna L Johnston, Carol Portwine, Marianna Silva, Jason D Pole and Lillian Sung

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:612

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Cancer is often described as the ‘number one’ health fear, but little is known about whether this affects quality of life by translating into high levels of worry or distress in everyday life, or which populat...

    Authors: Charlotte Vrinten, Cornelia H M van Jaarsveld, Jo Waller, Christian von Wagner and Jane Wardle

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:597

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Treatment variation is an important issue in health care provision. An external peer review programme for multidisciplinary cancer care was introduced in 1994 in the Netherlands to improve the multidisciplinar...

    Authors: Melvin J Kilsdonk, Boukje AC van Dijk, Renee Otter, Wim H van Harten and Sabine Siesling

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:596

    Content type: Research article

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  4. In cancer patients where gastrointestinal function is marginal and malnutrition significant enough to result in the requirement for intensive nutrition support, parenteral nutrition (PN) is indicated. This lon...

    Authors: Pankaj G Vashi, Sadie Dahlk, Brenten Popiel, Carolyn A Lammersfeld, Carol Ireton-Jones and Digant Gupta

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:593

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Differences in cancer awareness between individuals may explain variations in healthcare seeking behaviour and ultimately also variations in cancer survival. It is therefore important to examine cancer awarene...

    Authors: Line Hvidberg, Anette Fischer Pedersen, Christian Nielsen Wulff and Peter Vedsted

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:581

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Seroepidemiological studies have reported associations between exposure to sexually transmitted organisms and prostate cancer risk. This study sought DNA evidence of candidate organisms in archival prostate ca...

    Authors: Melissa A Yow, Sepehr N Tabrizi, Gianluca Severi, Damien M Bolton, John Pedersen, Anthony Longano, Suzanne M Garland, Melissa C Southey and Graham G Giles

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:579

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Poor attendance to cervical cancer (CC) screening is a major risk factor for CC. Efforts to capture underscreened women are considerable and once women agree to participate, the provision of longitudinal valid...

    Authors: Raquel Ibáñez, Josefina Autonell, Montserrat Sardà, Nayade Crespo, Pilar Pique, Amparo Pascual, Clara Martí, Montserrat Fibla, Cristina Gutiérrez, Belén Lloveras, Judit Moreno-Crespi, Anna Torrent, Núria Baixeras, María Alejo, Francesc Xavier Bosch and Silvia de Sanjosé

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:574

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The incidence of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT), the most common cancer in men aged 15 to 45 years, has doubled over the last 30 years in developed countries. Reasons remain unclear but a role of environme...

    Authors: Rémi Béranger, Olivia Pérol, Louis Bujan, Elodie Faure, Jeffrey Blain, Charlotte Le Cornet, Aude Flechon, Barbara Charbotel, Thierry Philip, Joachim Schüz and Béatrice Fervers

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:563

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. The main aim of this study is to estimate the rate of false negative and true IC on the Program for the Early Detection of Breast Cancer (PEDBC) run by the Girona Health Region (GHR) and compare the clinicopat...

    Authors: Gemma Renart-Vicens, Montserrat Puig-Vives, Joan Albanell, Francesc Castañer, Joana Ferrer, Miquel Carreras, Joan Tarradas, Maria Sala and Rafael Marcos-Gragera

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:558

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Although anal cancer is common in HIV positive men who have sex with men, few centres offer systematic screening. Regular digital ano-rectal examination (DARE) is a type of screening that has been recommended ...

    Authors: Jason J Ong, Marcus Chen, Andrew E Grulich and Christopher K Fairley

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:557

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the survival outcome for middle ear cancer and to construct prognostic models to provide patients and clinicians with more accurate estimates of individual survival pr...

    Authors: Weidong Shen, Naoko Sakamoto and Limin Yang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:554

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Seriously ill patients often depend on their informal caregivers to help and support them through the disease course. This study investigated informal cancer caregivers’ experiences of caregiving tasks and con...

    Authors: Line Lund, Lone Ross, Morten Aagaard Petersen and Mogens Groenvold

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:541

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Since the publication of two randomized controlled trials (RCT) in 1996 demonstrating the effectiveness of fecal occult blood test (FOBT) in reducing colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality, several public health in...

    Authors: Gladys N Honein-AbouHaidar, Linda Rabeneck, Lawrence F Paszat, Rinku Sutradhar, Jill Tinmouth and Nancy N Baxter

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:537

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The issue of a potential association between thyroid conditions/hormones and breast cancer has been studied extensively during the last decades but the results have been inconclusive and almost no studies have...

    Authors: Ada Tosovic, Anne-Greth Bondeson, Lennart Bondeson, Ulla-Britt Ericsson and Jonas Manjer

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:536

    Content type: Research article

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  15. New disease mapping techniques widely used in small-area studies enable disease distribution patterns to be identified and have become extremely popular in the field of public health. This paper reports on tre...

    Authors: Gonzalo López-Abente, Nuria Aragonés, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Marina Pollán, Javier García-Pérez, Rebeca Ramis and Pablo Fernández-Navarro

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:535

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Indigenous Australians have lower overall cancer survival which has not yet been fully explained. To address this knowledge deficit, we investigated the associations between comorbidities, cancer treatment and...

    Authors: Suzanne P Moore, Adèle C Green, Freddie Bray, Gail Garvey, Michael Coory, Jennifer Martin and Patricia C Valery

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:517

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The electronic self report assessment - cancer (ESRA-C), has been shown to reduce symptom distress during cancer therapy The purpose of this analysis was to evaluate aspects of how the ESRA-C intervention may ...

    Authors: Donna L Berry, Fangxin Hong, Barbara Halpenny, Anne Partridge, Erica Fox, Jesse R Fann, Seth Wolpin, William B Lober, Nigel Bush, Upendra Parvathaneni, Dagmar Amtmann and Rosemary Ford

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:513

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Few studies consider both the survival and financial benefits of detection of invasive cervical cancer (ICC) at earlier stages. This study estimated the savings in life-years and costs from early diagnosis of ...

    Authors: Mei-Chuan Hung, Meng-Ting Liu, Ya-Min Cheng and Jung-Der Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:505

    Content type: Research article

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  19. We previously showed that human papillomavirus (HPV) serostatus was not an independent risk factor for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma(ESCC) in nonsmokers and nondrinkers; however, HPV increased the risk in...

    Authors: Ju Yang, Huanlei Wu, Sheng Wei, Huihua Xiong, Xiangning Fu, Zhaozhen Qi, Qian Jiang, Wen Li, Guangyuan Hu, Xianglin Yuan and Zhongxing Liao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:501

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Multiple myeloma is an incurable haematological cancer that affects physical, psychological and social domains of quality of life (QOL). Treatment decisions are increasingly guided by QOL issues, creating a ne...

    Authors: Thomas R Osborne, Christina Ramsenthaler, Susanne de Wolf-Linder, Stephen A Schey, Richard J Siegert, Polly M Edmonds and Irene J Higginson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:496

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The methylation of DNA is recognized as a key epigenetic mechanism and evidence for its role in the development of several malignancies is accumulating. We evaluated the relationship between global methylation...

    Authors: Will D King, Janet E Ashbury, Sherryl A Taylor, M Yat Tse, Stephen C Pang, Jacob A Louw and Stephen J Vanner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:488

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Socioeconomic inequalities in cancer mortality in Britain have been shown to be present in the 1990s and early 2000s. Little is known about on-going patterns in such inequalities in cancer mortality. We examin...

    Authors: Sheena E Ramsay, Richard W Morris, Peter H Whincup, Anna Olia Papacosta, Lucy T Lennon and Sasiwarang Goya Wannamethee

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:474

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Breast cancer affects one in eight UK women during their lifetime: many of these women now receive adjuvant chemotherapy and hormone therapy. Joint and muscle pains, aches, and stiffness are common but the nat...

    Authors: Deborah Fenlon, Cassandra Powers, Peter Simmonds, Joanne Clough and Julia Addington-Hall

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:467

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Cancer remains the second leading cause of mortality in the United States. Special events such as health fairs, screening days or cultural festivals are employed often for community education about cancer scre...

    Authors: Cam Escoffery, Kirsten C Rodgers, Michelle C Kegler, Mary Ayala, Erika Pinsker and Regine Haardörfer

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:454

    Content type: Research article

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  25. HIV infection leads to a decreasing immune response, thereby facilitating the appearance of other infections, one of the most important ones being HPV. However, studies are needed for determining associations ...

    Authors: Milena Camargo, Sara C Soto-De Leon, Marina Munoz, Ricardo Sanchez, Diego Peña-Herrera, Andrea Clemencia Pineda-Peña, Otto Sussmann, Carol Paez, Antonio Perez-Prados, Manuel Elkin Patarroyo and Manuel Alfonso Patarroyo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:451

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Colorectal cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer worldwide. Few studies have addressed the causes and risks of treatment refusal in a universal health insurance setting.

    Authors: Chun-Yi Liu, William Tzu-Liang Chen, Pei-Tseng Kung, Chang-Fang Chiu, Yueh-Hsin Wang, Shwn-Huey Shieh and Wen-Chen Tsai

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:446

    Content type: Research article

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  27. There is evidence, although inconsistent, that long term exposure to disinfection by products (DBPs) increases the risk of bowel cancer. No study has been conducted in Australia to examine this association and...

    Authors: Md Bayzidur Rahman, Christine Cowie, Tim Driscoll, Richard J Summerhayes, Bruce K Armstrong and Mark S Clements

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:445

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Cancer of unknown primary (CUP) is a fatal cancer, accounting for 3–5% of all diagnosed cancers. Finding the primary site is important for therapeutic choices and we believe that the organ which is designated ...

    Authors: Matias Riihimäki, Akseli Hemminki, Kristina Sundquist and Kari Hemminki

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:439

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The global burden from cancer is rising, especially as low-income countries like Bangladesh observe rapid aging. So far, there are no comprehensive descriptions reporting diagnosed cancer group that include he...

    Authors: Mohammad Sorowar Hossain, Mohd S Iqbal, Mohiuddin Ahmed Khan, Mohammad Golam Rabbani, Hazera Khatun, Sirajam Munira, M Morshed Zaman Miah, Amin Lutful Kabir, Naima Islam, Tashmim Farhana Dipta, Farzana Rahman, Abdul Mottalib, Salma Afrose, Tasneem Ara, Akhil Ranjan Biswas, Mizanur Rahman…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:438

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Cancer survivorship rates have increased in developed countries largely due to population ageing and improvements in cancer care. Survivorship is a neglected phase of cancer treatment and is often associated w...

    Authors: Lauren J Frensham, Dorota M Zarnowiecki, Gaynor Parfitt, Rebecca M Stanley and James Dollman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:428

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  31. In the Republic of Korea, cancer is the most common cause of death, and cancer incidence and mortality rates are the highest in East Asia. As alcoholic beverages are carcinogenic to humans, we estimated the bu...

    Authors: Sohee Park, Hai-Rim Shin, Boram Lee, Aesun Shin, Kyu-Won Jung, Duk-Hee Lee, Sun Ha Jee, Sung-Il Cho, Sue Kyung Park, Mathieu Boniol, Paolo Boffetta and Elisabete Weiderpass

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:420

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Previous studies have indicated that survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have an increased morbidity measured in terms of health care utilization. However, earlier studies have several po...

    Authors: Anna Sällfors Holmqvist, Christian Moëll, Lars Hjorth, Anna Lindgren, Stanislaw Garwicz, Thomas Wiebe and Ingrid Øra

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:419

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Research has indicated that the rs12203592 and rs872071 interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4) gene polymorphisms correlate with the risk of cancer, especially skin cancer and haematological malignancies, but t...

    Authors: Songtao Wang, Qing Yan, Pin Chen, Peng Zhao and Aihua Gu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:410

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Smoking is by far the most important cause of cancer that can be modified at the individual level. Cancer incidence and mortality rates in Korea are the highest among all Asian countries, and smoking prevalenc...

    Authors: Sohee Park, Sun Ha Jee, Hai-Rim Shin, Eun Hye Park, Aesun Shin, Kyu-Won Jung, Seung-Sik Hwang, Eun Shil Cha, Young Ho Yun, Sue Kyung Park, Mathieu Boniol and Paolo Boffetta

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:406

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The purpose of the PROLUCA study is to investigate the efficacy of preoperative and early postoperative rehabilitation in a non-hospital setting in patients with operable lung cancer with special focus on exer...

    Authors: Maja S Sommer, Karen Trier, Jette Vibe-Petersen, Malene Missel, Merete Christensen, Klaus R Larsen, Seppo W Langer, Carsten Hendriksen, Paul Clementsen, Jesper H Pedersen and Henning Langberg

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:404

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  36. Despite the excellent results obtained with hormone therapy, the long treatment period and the side effects associated with its use make patient adherence difficult. Moreover, certain aspects of health care ca...

    Authors: Claudia Brito, Margareth Crisóstomo Portela and Mauricio Teixeira Leite de Vasconcellos

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:397

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Aspirin (ASA) use has been associated with improved breast cancer survival in several prospective studies.

    Authors: Michelle D Holmes, Henrik Olsson, Yudi Pawitan, Johanna Holm, Cecilia Lundholm, Therese M-L Andersson, Hans-Olov Adami, Johan Askling and Karin Ekström Smedby

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:391

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The vaccinations against human papilloma virus (HPV) are highly effective in preventing persistent infection. The level of knowledge about HPV and the consequences of an infection with this virus are low in th...

    Authors: Sophie Pils, Elmar A Joura, Max-Paul Winter, Anup Shrestha, Agnes Jaeger-Lansky and Johannes Ott

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:388

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Vitamin and mineral supplement use after a breast cancer diagnosis is common and controversial. Dosages used and the timing of initiation and/or discontinuation of supplements have not been clearly described.

    Authors: Heather Greenlee, Marilyn L Kwan, Isaac J Ergas, Garrett Strizich, Janise M Roh, Allegra T Wilson, Marion Lee, Karen J Sherman, Christine B Ambrosone, Dawn L Hershman, Alfred I Neugut and Lawrence H Kushi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:382

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. This study aims to determine cancer risks among patients with type 2 diabetes through a follow-up study on a nationwide population-based cohort that included Taiwanese diabetic patients and general population ...

    Authors: Cheng-Chieh Lin, Jen-Huai Chiang, Chia-Ing Li, Chiu-Shong Liu, Wen-Yuan Lin, Teng-Fu Hsieh and Tsai-Chung Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:381

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. There is clear evidence that nutrition and lifestyle can modify colorectal cancer risk. However, it is not clear if those factors can affect colorectal cancer treatment, recurrence, survival and quality of lif...

    Authors: Renate M Winkels, Renate C Heine-Bröring, Moniek van Zutphen, Suzanne van Harten-Gerritsen, Dieuwertje EG Kok, Fränzel JB van Duijnhoven and Ellen Kampman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:374

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  42. Postmenopausal hormone therapy (HRT) and oral contraceptive (OC) use have in several studies been reported to be associated with a decreased colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. However, data on the association betwe...

    Authors: Jenny Brändstedt, Sakarias Wangefjord, Björn Nodin, Jakob Eberhard, Karin Jirström and Jonas Manjer

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:371

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. This study aims to assess the most efficient combinations of vaccination and screening coverage for the prevention of cervical cancer (CC) at different levels of expenditure in Nigeria.

    Authors: Nadia Demarteau, Imran O Morhason-Bello, Babatunde Akinwunmi and Isaac F Adewole

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:365

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. The prevalence of patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumourgst (GIST) who fail currently available treatments imatinib and sunitinib (third-line treatment-eligible GIST) is unknown, but is expected to be b...

    Authors: Justyna M Starczewska Amelio, Javier Cid Ruzafa, Kamal Desai, Spiros Tzivelekis, Dominic Muston, Javaria Mona Khalid, Philip Ashman and Andrew Maguire

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:364

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Data on cancers is a challenge in most developing countries. Population-based cancer registries are also not common in developing countries despite the usefulness of such registries in informing cancer prevent...

    Authors: Dennis O Laryea, Baffour Awuah, Yaw A Amoako, E Osei-Bonsu, Joslin Dogbe, Rita Larsen-Reindorf, Daniel Ansong, Kwasi Yeboah-Awudzi, Joseph K Oppong, Thomas O Konney, Kwame O Boadu, Samuel B Nguah, Nicholas A Titiloye, Nicholas O Frimpong, Fred K Awittor and Iman K Martin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:362

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. The evidence base to inform the decision making process in patients with early stage oral cancer and a clinical and radiological N0 neck remains insufficient to answer the question when it is safe to “watch an...

    Authors: Thomas Mücke, David A Mitchell, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Lucas M Ritschl, Klaus-Dietrich Wolff and Anastasios Kanatas

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:346

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Fundamental etiologic differences have been suggested to cause earlier onset of breast cancer in less developed countries (LDCs) than in more developed countries (MDCs). We explored this hypothesis using world...

    Authors: Reza Ghiasvand, Hans-Olov Adami, Iraj Harirchi, Rahim Akrami and Kazem Zendehdel

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:343

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: