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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. Factors beyond the individual level such as those characterizing the residential environment may be important to breast cancer outcomes. We provide a systematic review and results of meta-analysis of the publi...

    Authors: Tomi F Akinyemiju, Jeanine M Genkinger, Maggie Farhat, Adrienne Wilson, Tiffany L Gary-Webb and Parisa Tehranifar

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:191

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Cadmium is classified as a human lung carcinogen based on evidence from high-exposure occupational settings. Though cadmium has no physiological role, increasing evidence suggests cadmium may mimic steroid hor...

    Authors: Kirsten T Eriksen, Jytte Halkjær, Jaymie R Meliker, Jane A McElroy, Mette Sørensen, Anne Tjønneland and Ole Raaschou-Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:177

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The potential benefits of colorectal cancer screening are limited by low uptake. This study tested whether providing narrative accounts of the colorectal cancer (CRC) screening experience positively affected b...

    Authors: Lesley M McGregor, Christian von Wagner, Gemma Vart, Wing Chee Yuen, Rosalind Raine, Jane Wardle and Kathryn A Robb

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:162

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Breast density and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have both been associated with breast cancer risk. To determine the extent to which these two breast cancer risk factors are associated, we investigate...

    Authors: Brad M Keller, Anne Marie McCarthy, Jinbo Chen, Katrina Armstrong, Emily F Conant, Susan M Domchek and Despina Kontos

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:143

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The burden of cancer is likely to increase among the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive population as it ages due to successful antiretroviral therapy (ART). The purpose of this study was to determine...

    Authors: Chang-Hua Chen, Chih-Yuan Chung, Li-Hsuan Wang, Che Lin, Hsiu-Li Lin and Hsiu-Chen Lin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:133

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Alcohol consumption is associated with higher breast cancer risk. While studies suggest a modest association between alcohol intake and mammographic density, few studies have examined the association in racial...

    Authors: Zoe Quandt, Julie D Flom, Parisa Tehranifar, Diane Reynolds, Mary Beth Terry and Jasmine A McDonald

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:124

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Inflammatory cytokines in the colonic microenvironment have been shown to increase with advance colorectal cancer disease state. However, the contribution of inflammatory cytokines to pre-malignant disease, su...

    Authors: Curtis J Henry, Rebecca L Sedjo, Andrii Rozhok, Jennifer Salstrom, Dennis Ahnen, Theodore R Levin, Ralph D’Agostino Jr, Steven Haffner, James DeGregori and Tim Byers

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:123

    Content type: Research article

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  8. There is increasing evidence that vitamin D deficiency is a risk factor for cancer, however it remains uncertain whether vitamin D deficiency also predisposes to death from cancer. The aim of the study was to ...

    Authors: Germaine Wong, Wai Hon Lim, Joshua Lewis, Jonathan C Craig, Robin Turner, Kathy Zhu, Ee Mun Lim and Richard Prince

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:106

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Analysing human papillomavirus (HPV) viral load is important in determining the risk of developing cervical cancer (CC); most knowledge to date regarding HPV viral load and cervical lesions has been related to...

    Authors: Luisa Del Río-Ospina, Sara Cecilia Soto-De León, Milena Camargo, Darwin Andrés Moreno-Pérez, Ricardo Sánchez, Antonio Pérez-Prados, Manuel Elkin Patarroyo and Manuel Alfonso Patarroyo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:100

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in the development of esophageal cancer remains controversial. Our study aims to test the association between HPV 16 infection and esophageal cancer in China, providing u...

    Authors: Shao-Kai Zhang, Lan-Wei Guo, Qiong Chen, Meng Zhang, Shu-Zheng Liu, Pei-Liang Quan, Jian-Bang Lu and Xi-Bin Sun

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:99

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Primary liver cancer (PLC) is a common cancer worldwide, especially in developing countries. Several previous studies using different datasets have summarized PLC incidence rates and trends in different popula...

    Authors: Yue Zhang, Jian-Song Ren, Ju-Fang Shi, Ni Li, Yu-Ting Wang, Chunfeng Qu, Yawei Zhang and Min Dai

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:94

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is the most common and distressing symptom in breast cancer survivors. Approximately 40% to 80% of cancer patients undergoing active treatment suffer from CRF. Exercise improves ov...

    Authors: José Francisco Meneses-Echávez, Emilio González-Jiménez and Robinson Ramírez-Vélez

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:77

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Despite long-term or permanent health problems, cancer survivors are often motivated to return to work. For cancer survivors who have lost their job, return to work can be more challenging compared to employed...

    Authors: Martine P van Egmond, Saskia FA Duijts, Sylvia J Vermeulen, Allard J van der Beek and Johannes R Anema

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:63

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. The optimal form of exercise for individuals with cancer has yet to be identified, but there is evidence that exercise improves their quality of life. The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy and effici...

    Authors: Aintzane Sancho, Sergio Carrera, Marisol Arietaleanizbeascoa, Veronica Arce, Nere Mendizabal Gallastegui, Anna Giné March, Aitor Sanz-Guinea, Araceli Eskisabel, Ana Lopez Rodriguez, Rosa A Martín, Guillermo Lopez-Vivanco and Gonzalo Grandes

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:40

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. While weight gain following breast cancer is considered common, results supporting these findings are dated. This work describes changes in body weight following breast cancer over 72 months, compares weight w...

    Authors: Dimitrios Vagenas, Tracey DiSipio, Diana Battistutta, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Sheree Rye, John Bashford, Chris Pyke, Christobel Saunders and Sandra C Hayes

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:28

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The ability of medical practitioners to communicate risk estimates effectively to patients diagnosed with melanoma relies on accurate information about prognostic factors and their impact on survival. This stu...

    Authors: Peter D Baade, Patrick Royston, Philipa H Youl, Martin A Weinstock, Alan Geller and Joanne F Aitken

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:27

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Raised serum glucose has been linked to increased risk of many solid cancers. We performed a meta-analysis to quantify and summarise the evidence for this link.

    Authors: Danielle J Crawley, Lars Holmberg, Jennifer C Melvin, Massimo Loda, Simon Chowdhury, Sarah M Rudman and Mieke Van Hemelrijck

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:985

    Content type: Research article

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  18. To analyze and compare the economic outcomes of adjuvant chemotherapy with capecitabine plus oxaliplatin (referred to as the XELOX strategy) and of S-1 (the S-1 strategy) for gastric cancer patients after D2 g...

    Authors: Bin Wu, Te Li, Jian Cai, Yuejuan Xu and Gang Zhao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:984

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Although international comparisons reveal large geographical differences in the incidence of breast and gynaecological cancers, incidence data for ethnic groups in England remains scarce.

    Authors: Megan H Shirley, Isobel Barnes, Shameq Sayeed, Alexander Finlayson and Raghib Ali

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:979

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Head and neck cancer is an important cause of ill health. Survival appears to be improving but the reasons for this are unclear. They could include evolving aetiology, modifications in care, improvements in tr...

    Authors: Andrew Robert Ness, Andrea Waylen, Katrina Hurley, Mona Jeffreys, Chris Penfold, Miranda Pring, Sam Leary, Christine Allmark, Stu Toms, Susan Ring, Tim J Peters, Will Hollingworth, Helen Worthington, Chris Nutting, Sheila Fisher, Simon N Rogers…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:973

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. This is an international study across four European countries (Belgium[BE], the Netherlands[NL], Italy[IT] and Spain[ES]) between 2009 and 2011, describing and comparing care and care setting transitions provi...

    Authors: Winne Ko, Luc Deliens, Guido Miccinesi, Francesco Giusti, Sarah Moreels, Gé A Donker, Bregje Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Oscar Zurriaga, Aurora López-Maside and Lieve Van den Block

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:960

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Our previous studies found the high prevalence of depression and anxiety among Chinese cancer patients, and many empirical studies have been conducted to evaluate the effects of psychological interventions on ...

    Authors: Yi-Long Yang, Guo-Yuan Sui, Guang-Cong Liu, De-Sheng Huang, Si-Meng Wang and Lie Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:956

    Content type: Research article

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  23. HIF-1 (hypoxia-inducible factor 1) is a transcriptional activator that functions as a critical regulator of oxygen homeostasis. Recently, a large number of epidemiological studies have investigated the relatio...

    Authors: Qing Yan, Pin Chen, Songtao Wang, Ning Liu, Peng Zhao and Aihua Gu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:950

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Smoke-free policies shown to reduce population exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) are the norm in hospitals in many countries around the world. Armenia, a transition economy in the South Caucasus, has one of t...

    Authors: Narine K Movsisyan, Varduhi Petrosyan, Arusyak Harutyunyan, Diana Petrosyan and Frances Stillman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:943

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Breast cancer places a heavy burden on the Australian healthcare system, but information about the actual number of women living with breast cancer and their current or future health service needs is limited. ...

    Authors: Xue Qin Yu, Roberta De Angelis, Qingwei Luo, Clare Kahn, Nehmat Houssami and Dianne L O’Connell

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:936

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Recently, with the access of low toxicity biological and targeted therapies, evidence of the existence of a long-term survival subpopulation of cancer patients is appearing. We have studied an unselected popul...

    Authors: Lizet Sanchez, Patricia Lorenzo-Luaces, Carmen Viada, Yaima Galan, Javier Ballesteros, Tania Crombet and Agustin Lage

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:933

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Disparities by race and neighborhood socioeconomic status exist for many colorectal cancer (CRC) outcomes, including screening use and mortality. We used population-based data to determine if disparities also ...

    Authors: Sandi L Pruitt, Nicholas O Davidson, Samir Gupta, Yan Yan and Mario Schootman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:927

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Obesity is a risk factor for cancer incidence and survival, but data on patterns of weight change in cancer survivors are scarce and few stratify by pre-diagnosis weight status. In two population-based cohorts...

    Authors: Sarah E Jackson, Kate Williams, Andrew Steptoe and Jane Wardle

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:926

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Exercise has favorable effects on biomarkers associated with a lower risk of breast cancer, however it is unclear if higher doses of exercise provide additional effects. No clinical trial has systematically ex...

    Authors: Christine M Friedenreich, Sarah MacLaughlin, Heather K Neilson, Frank Z Stanczyk, Yutaka Yasui, Aalo Duha, Brigid M Lynch, Ciara Kallal and Kerry S Courneya

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:919

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  30. Persistent infection with high-risk (HR) human papillomavirus (HPV) causes cervical cancer, the fourth most frequent cancer in the Kingdom of Bahrain, with an annual incidence of four per 100,000 women. The ai...

    Authors: Khairya Moosa, Adel Salman Alsayyad, Wim Quint, Kusuma Gopala and Rodrigo DeAntonio

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:905

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Thyroid carcinoma is the leading cause of death among endocrine cancers second to carcinoma of the ovary. Now a day, the incidence of thyroid malignancy is increasing more rapidly than any other malignancy. Bu...

    Authors: Tadele Melak, Biniam Mathewos, Bamlaku Enawgaw and Debasu Damtie

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:899

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In contrast with breast cancers (BCs) in other parts of the world, most previous studies reported that the majority of BCs in sub-Saharan Africa are estrogen-receptor (ER) negative. However, a recent study usi...

    Authors: Eva Johanna Kantelhardt, Assefa Mathewos, Abreha Aynalem, Tigeneh Wondemagegnehu, Ahmedin Jemal, Martina Vetter, Erdme Knauf, Anne Reeler, Solomon Bogale, Christoph Thomssen, Andreas Stang, Tufa Gemechu, Pietro Trocchi and Bekuretsion Yonas

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:895

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The reasons for the worldwide sex disparity in the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain elusive. We investigated the role of multiple pregnancies on the associations between viral hepatitis C (HC...

    Authors: Sania Amr, Emily A Iarocci, Ghada R Nasr, Doa’a Saleh, Jan Blancato, Kirti Shetty and Christopher A Loffredo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:893

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) have been investigated as etiologic factors for some cancers, but epidemiological data on possible associations between dietary carbohydrate intake and esophageal can...

    Authors: Petra H Lahmann, Torukiri I Ibiebele, Penelope M Webb, Christina M Nagle and David C Whiteman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:877

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Breast cancer in women and prostate cancer are the first and second leading tumour respectively in terms of incidence world-wide. Our objective is to ascertain the similarities and differences between mortalit...

    Authors: Gonzalo López-Abente, Sergio Mispireta and Marina Pollán

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:874

    Content type: Research article

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  36. A remarkable increase in the number of thyroid cancer cases has been reported in recent years; however, the markers to predict high-risk groups have not been fully established.

    Authors: Young Ae Cho, Sun-Young Kong, Aesun Shin, Jeonghee Lee, Eun Kyung Lee, You Jin Lee and Jeongseon Kim

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:873

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Despite many prospective and retrospective studies about the association of dietary habit and lung cancer, the topic still remains controversial. So, this study aims to investigate the association of lung canc...

    Authors: Mostafa Hosseini, Parisa Adimi Naghan, Ali Moghadas Jafari, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Shervin Taslimi, Kian Khodadad, Forouzan Mohammadi, Makan Sadr, Mansour Rezaei, Esmaeil Mortaz and Mohammad Reza Masjedi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:860

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Indigenous and/or minority ethnic women are known to experience longer delays for treatment of breast cancer, which has been shown to contribute to ethnic inequities in breast cancer mortality. We examined fac...

    Authors: Sanjeewa Seneviratne, Ian Campbell, Nina Scott, Marion Kuper-Hommel, Glenys Round and Ross Lawrenson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:839

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Epidemiological evidence of relationships between endometriosis and epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) has been obtained mainly from Western countries. Our goal was to determine the risk of EOC due to endometrios...

    Authors: Kuan-Chin Wang, Wen-Hsun Chang, Wen-Ling Lee, Nicole Huang, Hsin-Yi Huang, Ming-Shyen Yen, Chao-Yu Guo and Peng-Hui Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:831

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Gender-based differences in disease onset in murine models of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) and in patients with Neurofibromatosis type-1-(NF-1)-associated or spontaneous MPNST has not been w...

    Authors: Elizabeth Shurell, Linh M Tran, Jonathan Nakashima, Kathleen B Smith, Brenna M Tam, Yunfeng Li, Sarah M Dry, Noah Federman, William D Tap, Hong Wu and Fritz C Eilber

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:827

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Comorbidity has an adverse impact on cancer survival partly through its negative impact on receipt of curative treatment. Comorbidity is unevenly distributed within populations, with some ethnic and socioecono...

    Authors: Diana Sarfati, Jason Gurney, James Stanley and Jonathan Koea

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:821

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Evidence has accumulated which suggests that sex steroids influence colorectal cancer development and progression. We therefore assessed the association of repeat polymorphisms in the estrogen receptor β gene (ES...

    Authors: Anja Rudolph, Hong Shi, Asta Försti, Michael Hoffmeister, Juan Sainz, Lina Jansen, Kari Hemminki, Hermann Brenner and Jenny Chang-Claude

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:817

    Content type: Research article

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