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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. Cancer burden among children and adolescents is largely unknown in Bangladesh. This study aims to provide a comprehensive overview on childhood and adolescent cancers and to contribute to the future strategies...

    Authors: Mohammad Sorowar Hossain, Mamtaz Begum, Md Mahmuduzzaman Mian, Shameema Ferdous, Shahinur Kabir, Humayun Kabir Sarker, Sabina Karim, Salma Choudhury, Asaduzzaman Khan, Zohora Jameela Khan and Henrike E. Karim-Kos

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2016 16:104

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Colorectal cancer screening is key to early detection and thus to early treatment, but uptake is often sub-optimal, particularly amongst lower income groups. It is proposed that the imminent introduction of the s...

    Authors: Julie A. Chambers, Alana S. Callander, Rebecca Grangeret and Ronan E. O’Carroll

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2016 16:96

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Polymorphisms in the CYP1A2 genes have the potential to affect the individual capacity to convert pre-carcinogens into carcinogens. With these comprehensive meta-analyses, we aimed to provide a quantitative asses...

    Authors: Vladimir Vukovic, Carolina Ianuale, Emanuele Leoncini, Roberta Pastorino, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Rosarita Amore and Stefania Boccia

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2016 16:83

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Inflammation is associated with cancer but there are conflicting reports on associations of biomarkers of inflammation with cancer risk and mortality. We investigated the associations of C-reactive protein (CR...

    Authors: Leavitt Morrison, Jari A. Laukkanen, Kimmo Ronkainen, Sudhir Kurl, Jussi Kauhanen and Adetunji T. Toriola

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2016 16:80

    Content type: Research article

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  5. FAS/FASL promoter variants are considered in altering transcriptional activity of those genes and consequently alter regulation of cell death. However, no studies have investigated whe...

    Authors: Yan Sun, Wenbin Yu, Erich M. Sturgis, Wei Peng, Dapeng Lei, Qingyi Wei, Xicheng Song and Guojun Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2016 16:70

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Survival after diagnosis is a fundamental concern in cancer epidemiology. In resource-rich settings, ambient clinical databases, municipal data and cancer registries make survival estimation in real-world popu...

    Authors: Esther Freeman, Aggrey Semeere, Megan Wenger, Mwebesa Bwana, F. Chite Asirwa, Naftali Busakhala, Emmanuel Oga, Elima Jedy-Agba, Vivian Kwaghe, Kenneth Iregbu, Antoine Jaquet, Francois Dabis, Habakkuk Azinyui Yumo, Jean Claude Dusingize, David Bangsberg, Kathryn Anastos…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2016 16:65

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Obesity is associated with tumor aggressiveness and disease-specific mortality for more than 15 defined malignancies, including prostate cancer. Preclinical studies suggest that weight loss from caloric restri...

    Authors: Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Jeffery W. Nix, Gary R. Hunter, Soroush Rais-Bahrami, Renee A. Desmond, Balu Chacko, Casey D. Morrow, Maria Azrad, Andrew D. Frugé, Yuko Tsuruta, Travis Ptacek, Scott A. Tully, Roanne Segal and William E. Grizzle

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2016 16:61

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Cancer 2017 17:71

  8. This study investigated whether patients with acquired haemolytic anaemia (AHA) would have elevated cancer risk including that for non-haematological solid tumours. We further examined whether the cancer risk ...

    Authors: Victor C. Kok, Fung-Chang Sung, Chia-Hung Kao, Che-Chen Lin and Chun-Hung Tseng

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2016 16:57

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Epidemiological studies show that cigarette smoking increase the risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), however, whether other common, potentially adverse household inhalants increase NPC risk remains uncertain.

    Authors: Yong-Qiao He, Wen-Qiong Xue, Guo-Ping Shen, Ling-Ling Tang, Yi-Xin Zeng and Wei-Hua Jia

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:1022

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Decreasing trends of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) incidence have been consistently reported in endemic populations but the etiology of NPC remains unclear. The objective of our study was to assess the intern...

    Authors: Zhi-Ming Mai, Ching-Man Lo, Jun Xu, King-Pan Chan, Chit-Ming Wong, Maria Li Lung and Tai-Hing Lam

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:994

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Given evidence shows physical activity, a healthful diet and weight management can improve cancer outcomes and reduce chronic disease risk, the major cancer organisations and health authorities have endorsed r...

    Authors: Elizabeth G. Eakin, Sandra C. Hayes, Marion R. Haas, Marina M. Reeves, Janette L. Vardy, Frances Boyle, Janet E. Hiller, Gita D. Mishra, Ana D. Goode, Michael Jefford, Bogda Koczwara, Christobel M. Saunders, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Kerry S. Courneya, Kathryn H. Schmitz, Afaf Girgis…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:992

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. HPV FOCAL is a randomized trial (ISRCTN79347302, registered 20 Apr 2007) comparing high-risk (hr) HPV testing vs. liquid-based cytology (LBC) for cervical cancer screening of women aged 25–65. We compared the ...

    Authors: Darrel A. Cook, Wendy Mei, Laurie W. Smith, Dirk J. van Niekerk, Kathy Ceballos, Eduardo L. Franco, Andrew J. Coldman, Gina S. Ogilvie and Mel Krajden

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:968

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Lower lung cancer survival rates in Britain and Denmark compared with surrounding countries may, in part, be due to late diagnosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of direct access to low-dose...

    Authors: Louise Mahncke Guldbrandt, Morten Fenger-Grøn, Torben Riis Rasmussen, Finn Rasmussen, Peter Meldgaard and Peter Vedsted

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:934

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Abnormal glucose and lipids levels may impact survival after breast cancer (BC) diagnosis, but their association to other causes of mortality such as cardiovascular (CV) disease may result in a competing risk ...

    Authors: Wahyu Wulaningsih, Mariam Vahdaninia, Mark Rowley, Lars Holmberg, Hans Garmo, Håkan Malmstrom, Mats Lambe, Niklas Hammar, Göran Walldius, Ingmar Jungner, Anthonius C. Coolen and Mieke Van Hemelrijck

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:913

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Disadvantaged populations face many barriers to cancer care, including limited support in navigating through the complexities of the healthcare system. Family members play an integral role in caring for patien...

    Authors: Olive Mbah, Jean G. Ford, Miaozhen Qiu, Jennifer Wenzel, Lee Bone, Janice Bowie, Ahmed Elmi, Jimmie L. Slade, Michele Towson and Adrian S. Dobs

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:907

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. This study aimed to provide an updated analysis of childhood cancer mortality rates and long-term trends to 2013 to describe the current level of deaths and identify changes in recent decades.

    Authors: Limin Yang and Junichiro Fujimoto

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:446

    Content type: Research article

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  17. A Danish cancer pathway has been implemented for patients with serious non-specific symptoms and signs of cancer (NSSC-CPP). The initiative is one of several to improve the long diagnostic interval and the poo...

    Authors: Mads Lind Ingeman, Morten Bondo Christensen, Flemming Bro, Søren T. Knudsen and Peter Vedsted

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:421

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Pain is a prevalent and distressing symptom in patients with cancer, having an enormous impact on functioning and quality of life. Fragmentation of care, inadequate pain communication, and reluctance towards p...

    Authors: Laura MJ Hochstenbach, Annemie M Courtens, Sandra MG Zwakhalen, Maarten van Kleef and Luc P de Witte

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:416

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Translational biomedical research relies on the availability of human tissue to explore disease aetiology and prognostic factors, with the objective of developing better targeted treatments. The establishment ...

    Authors: Jamie Bryant, Rob Sanson-Fisher, Elizabeth Fradgley, Timothy Regan, Breanne Hobden and Stephen P. Ackland

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:413

    Content type: Research article

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  20. To demonstrate how assessment of life expectancy and loss in expectation of life can be used to address a wide range of research questions of public health interest pertaining to the prognosis of cancer patients.

    Authors: Therese M-L Andersson, Paul W. Dickman, Sandra Eloranta, Annika Sjövall, Mats Lambe and Paul C. Lambert

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:412

    Content type: Research article

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  21. An alternative approach to the traditional model of radiologists interpreting screening mammography is necessary due to the shortage of radiologists to interpret screening mammograms in many countries.

    Authors: Gabriela Torres-Mejía, Robert A. Smith, María de la Luz Carranza-Flores, Andy Bogart, Louis Martínez-Matsushita, Diana L. Miglioretti, Karla Kerlikowske, Carolina Ortega-Olvera, Ernesto Montemayor-Varela, Angélica Angeles-Llerenas, Sergio Bautista-Arredondo, Gilberto Sánchez-González, Olga G. Martínez-Montañez, Santos R. Uscanga-Sánchez, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce and Mauricio Hernández-Ávila

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:410

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in women world-wide. In low and middle income countries, where there are no population-based mammographic screening programmes, late presentation is common, ...

    Authors: Yew-Ching Teh, Gie-Hooi Tan, Nur Aishah Taib, Kartini Rahmat, Caroline Judy Westerhout, Farhana Fadzli, Mee-Hoong See, Suniza Jamaris and Cheng-Har Yip

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:405

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Hyperemesis gravidarum is a serious condition affecting 0.8–2.3 % of pregnant women and can be regarded as a restricted period of famine. Research concerning potential long-term consequences of the condition f...

    Authors: Kathrine F. Vandraas, Åse V. Vikanes, Nathalie C. Støer, Rebecca Troisi, Olof Stephansson, Henrik T. Sørensen, Siri Vangen, Per Magnus, Andrej M. Grjibovski and Tom Grotmol

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:398

    Content type: Research article

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  24. A care pathway is defined as patient-focused global care that addresses temporal (effective and coordinated management throughout the illness) and spatial issues (treatment is provided near the health territor...

    Authors: Sandrine Baffert, Huong Ly Hoang, Anne Brédart, Bernard Asselain, Séverine Alran, Hélène Berseneff, Cyrille Huchon, Caroline Trichot, Aline Combes, Karine Alves, Martin Koskas, Thuy Nguyen, Aurélie Roulot, Roman Rouzier and Delphine Héquet

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:394

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Previous studies assessing second primary malignancies (SPMs) after uterine cancer have been conducted in Western populations with conflicting results. This study aimed to define the incidence and risk of SPMs...

    Authors: Kuan-Der Lee, Chao-Yu Chen, Huei-Jean Huang, Ting-Yao Wang, David Teng, Shih-Hao Huang, Chyong-Huey Lai and Min-Chi Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:393

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The benefits associated with some cancer treatments do not come without risk. A serious side effect of some common cancer treatments is cardiotoxicity. Increased recognition of the public health implications o...

    Authors: Aaron Conway, Alexandra L McCarthy, Petra Lawrence and Robyn A Clark

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:366

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Cancer treatment, and in particular end-of-life treatment, is associated with substantial healthcare costs. The purpose of this study was to analyse healthcare costs attributable to the treatment of patients w...

    Authors: Line Stjernholm Tipsmark, Cody Eric Bünger, Miao Wang, Søren Schmidt Morgen, Benny Dahl and Rikke Søgaard

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:354

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) with central nervous system (CNS) involvement in adults is uncommon, and studies of this subject are scant.

    Authors: Chieh-Lung Cheng, Chi-Cheng Li, Hsin-An Hou, Wei-Quan Fang, Chin-Hao Chang, Chien-Ting Lin, Jih-Luh Tang, Wen-Chien Chou, Chien-Yuan Chen, Ming Yao, Shang-Yi Huang, Bor-Sheng Ko, Shang-Ju Wu, Woei Tsay and Hwei-Fang Tien

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:344

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Optimising population-based cervical screening policies is becoming more complex due to the expanding range of screening technologies available and the interplay with vaccine-induced changes in epidemiology. M...

    Authors: Diana Mendes, Iren Bains, Tazio Vanni and Mark Jit

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:334

    Content type: Research article

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  30. A cancer diagnosis elicits greater distress than any other medical diagnosis, and yet very few studies have evaluated the efficacy of structured online self-help therapeutic programs to alleviate this distress...

    Authors: Lisa Beatty, Emma Kemp, Tracey Wade and Bogda Koczwara

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:328

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Sexual dysfunction is a prevalent, long-term complication of breast cancer and its treatment and can be treated effectively with face-to-face sexual counselling. However, relatively few women actually opt for ...

    Authors: Susanna B Hummel, Jacques JDM van Lankveld, Hester SA Oldenburg, Daniela EE Hahn, Eva Broomans and Neil K Aaronson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:321

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. Lynch syndrome is an autosomal dominant cancer predisposition syndrome caused by mutations in the DNA mismatch repair genes MLH1, MSH2, MSH6 and PMS2. Individuals with Lynch syndrome have an increased risk of col...

    Authors: Tristan Snowsill, Nicola Huxley, Martin Hoyle, Tracey Jones-Hughes, Helen Coelho, Chris Cooper, Ian Frayling and Chris Hyde

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:313

    Content type: Research article

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  33. From 2008, Danish general practitioners could refer patients suspected of having cancer to standardised cancer patient pathways (CPPs).

    Authors: Henry Jensen, Marie Louise Tørring, Frede Olesen, Jens Overgaard, Morten Fenger-Grøn and Peter Vedsted

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:308

    Content type: Research article

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  34. High rates of anxiety, depression and unmet needs are evident amongst haematological cancer patients undergoing treatment and their Support Persons. Psychosocial distress may be minimised by ensuring that pati...

    Authors: Jamie Bryant, Rob Sanson-Fisher, William Stevenson, Rochelle Smits, Frans Henskens, Andrew Wei, Flora Tzelepis, Catherine D’Este, Christine Paul and Mariko Carey

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:295

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. Breast cancer is the leading cancer among women, and early diagnosis is essential for future prognosis. Evidence from mainly cross-sectional US studies with self-reported exposure and outcome found positive as...

    Authors: Sophie Sell Hellmann, Sisse Helle Njor, Elsebeth Lynge, My von Euler-Chelpin, Anja Olsen, Anne Tjønneland, Ilse Vejborg and Zorana Jovanovic Andersen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:294

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Adherence to therapy has been established for years as a critical parameter for clinical benefit in medical oncology. This study aimed to assess, in the current practice, the influence of the socio-demographic...

    Authors: Cécile Borel, Sébastien Lamy, Gisèle Compaci, Christian Récher, Pauline Jeanneau, Jean Claude Nogaro, Eric Bauvin, Fabien Despas, Cyrille Delpierre and Guy Laurent

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:288

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In Spain, cervical cancer prevention is based on opportunistic screening, due to the disease’s traditionally low incidence and mortality rates. Changes in sexual behaviour, tourism and migration have, however,...

    Authors: Marta Cervantes-Amat, Gonzalo López-Abente, Nuria Aragonés, Marina Pollán, Roberto Pastor-Barriuso and Beatriz Pérez-Gómez

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:287

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Previous ecological spatial studies of malignant mesothelioma cases, mostly based on mortality data, lack reliable data on individual exposure to asbestos, thus failing to assess the contribution of different ...

    Authors: Marisa Corfiati, Alberto Scarselli, Alessandra Binazzi, Davide Di Marzio, Marina Verardo, Dario Mirabelli, Valerio Gennaro, Carolina Mensi, Gert Schallemberg, Enzo Merler, Corrado Negro, Antonio Romanelli, Elisabetta Chellini, Stefano Silvestri, Mario Cocchioni, Cristiana Pascucci…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:286

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Well-organised quality-controlled screening can substantially reduce the burden of cervical cancer (CC). European guidelines (EuG) for quality assurance in CC screening provide guidance on all aspects of an or...

    Authors: Andrzej Nowakowski, Marek Cybulski, Andrzej Śliwczyński, Arkadiusz Chil, Zbigniew Teter, Przemysław Seroczyński, Marc Arbyn and Ahti Anttila

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:279

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Invasive breast cancers are now commonly classified using gene expression into biologically and clinically distinct tumor subtypes. However, the role of obesity in breast tumor gene expression and intrinsic su...

    Authors: Marilyn L Kwan, Candyce H Kroenke, Carol Sweeney, Philip S Bernard, Erin K Weltzien, Adrienne Castillo, Rachel E Factor, Kaylynn S Maxfield, Inge J Stijleman, Lawrence H Kushi, Charles P Quesenberry Jr., Laurel A Habel and Bette J Caan

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:278

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Mammographic breast density and parenchymal patterns are well-established risk factors for breast cancer. We aimed to report inter-observer agreement on three different subjective ways of assessing mammographi...

    Authors: Rikke Rass Winkel, My von Euler-Chelpin, Mads Nielsen, Pengfei Diao, Michael Bachmann Nielsen, Wei Yao Uldall and Ilse Vejborg

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:274

    Content type: Research article

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  42. In large epidemiological studies it is often challenging to obtain biological samples. Self-sampling by study participants using dried blood spots (DBS) technique has been suggested to overcome this challenge....

    Authors: Amrit Kaur Sakhi, Nasser Ezzatkhah Bastani, Merete Ellingjord-Dale, Thomas Erik Gundersen, Rune Blomhoff and Giske Ursin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:265

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The purpose of the present study was to examine 1) characteristics and attitudes of oncologists toward exercise and toward recommending exercise to their patients, 2) association among oncologists’ own physica...

    Authors: Ji-Hye Park, Minsuk Oh, Yong Jin Yoon, Chul Won Lee, Lee W Jones, Seung Il Kim, Nam Kyu Kim and Justin Y Jeon

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:249

    Content type: Research article

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  44. No information is available on the attitudes of General Practitioners (GPs) and Breast Surgeons (BSs) to their delivery of genetic, environmental and lifestyle risk factor information about breast cancer. The ...

    Authors: Claire Julian-Reynier, Anne-Deborah Bouhnik, D Gareth Evans, Hilary Harris, Christi J van Asperen, Aad Tibben, Joerg Schmidtke and Irmgard Nippert

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2015 15:243

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: