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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. Our previous studies found the high prevalence of depression and anxiety among Chinese cancer patients, and many empirical studies have been conducted to evaluate the effects of psychological interventions on ...

    Authors: Yi-Long Yang, Guo-Yuan Sui, Guang-Cong Liu, De-Sheng Huang, Si-Meng Wang and Lie Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:956

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. HIF-1 (hypoxia-inducible factor 1) is a transcriptional activator that functions as a critical regulator of oxygen homeostasis. Recently, a large number of epidemiological studies have investigated the relatio...

    Authors: Qing Yan, Pin Chen, Songtao Wang, Ning Liu, Peng Zhao and Aihua Gu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:950

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Smoke-free policies shown to reduce population exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) are the norm in hospitals in many countries around the world. Armenia, a transition economy in the South Caucasus, has one of t...

    Authors: Narine K Movsisyan, Varduhi Petrosyan, Arusyak Harutyunyan, Diana Petrosyan and Frances Stillman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:943

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Breast cancer places a heavy burden on the Australian healthcare system, but information about the actual number of women living with breast cancer and their current or future health service needs is limited. ...

    Authors: Xue Qin Yu, Roberta De Angelis, Qingwei Luo, Clare Kahn, Nehmat Houssami and Dianne L O’Connell

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:936

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Recently, with the access of low toxicity biological and targeted therapies, evidence of the existence of a long-term survival subpopulation of cancer patients is appearing. We have studied an unselected popul...

    Authors: Lizet Sanchez, Patricia Lorenzo-Luaces, Carmen Viada, Yaima Galan, Javier Ballesteros, Tania Crombet and Agustin Lage

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:933

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Disparities by race and neighborhood socioeconomic status exist for many colorectal cancer (CRC) outcomes, including screening use and mortality. We used population-based data to determine if disparities also ...

    Authors: Sandi L Pruitt, Nicholas O Davidson, Samir Gupta, Yan Yan and Mario Schootman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:927

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Obesity is a risk factor for cancer incidence and survival, but data on patterns of weight change in cancer survivors are scarce and few stratify by pre-diagnosis weight status. In two population-based cohorts...

    Authors: Sarah E Jackson, Kate Williams, Andrew Steptoe and Jane Wardle

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:926

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Exercise has favorable effects on biomarkers associated with a lower risk of breast cancer, however it is unclear if higher doses of exercise provide additional effects. No clinical trial has systematically ex...

    Authors: Christine M Friedenreich, Sarah MacLaughlin, Heather K Neilson, Frank Z Stanczyk, Yutaka Yasui, Aalo Duha, Brigid M Lynch, Ciara Kallal and Kerry S Courneya

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:919

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Persistent infection with high-risk (HR) human papillomavirus (HPV) causes cervical cancer, the fourth most frequent cancer in the Kingdom of Bahrain, with an annual incidence of four per 100,000 women. The ai...

    Authors: Khairya Moosa, Adel Salman Alsayyad, Wim Quint, Kusuma Gopala and Rodrigo DeAntonio

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:905

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Thyroid carcinoma is the leading cause of death among endocrine cancers second to carcinoma of the ovary. Now a day, the incidence of thyroid malignancy is increasing more rapidly than any other malignancy. Bu...

    Authors: Tadele Melak, Biniam Mathewos, Bamlaku Enawgaw and Debasu Damtie

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:899

    Content type: Research article

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  11. In contrast with breast cancers (BCs) in other parts of the world, most previous studies reported that the majority of BCs in sub-Saharan Africa are estrogen-receptor (ER) negative. However, a recent study usi...

    Authors: Eva Johanna Kantelhardt, Assefa Mathewos, Abreha Aynalem, Tigeneh Wondemagegnehu, Ahmedin Jemal, Martina Vetter, Erdme Knauf, Anne Reeler, Solomon Bogale, Christoph Thomssen, Andreas Stang, Tufa Gemechu, Pietro Trocchi and Bekuretsion Yonas

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:895

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The reasons for the worldwide sex disparity in the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain elusive. We investigated the role of multiple pregnancies on the associations between viral hepatitis C (HC...

    Authors: Sania Amr, Emily A Iarocci, Ghada R Nasr, Doa’a Saleh, Jan Blancato, Kirti Shetty and Christopher A Loffredo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:893

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) have been investigated as etiologic factors for some cancers, but epidemiological data on possible associations between dietary carbohydrate intake and esophageal can...

    Authors: Petra H Lahmann, Torukiri I Ibiebele, Penelope M Webb, Christina M Nagle and David C Whiteman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:877

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Breast cancer in women and prostate cancer are the first and second leading tumour respectively in terms of incidence world-wide. Our objective is to ascertain the similarities and differences between mortalit...

    Authors: Gonzalo López-Abente, Sergio Mispireta and Marina Pollán

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:874

    Content type: Research article

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  15. A remarkable increase in the number of thyroid cancer cases has been reported in recent years; however, the markers to predict high-risk groups have not been fully established.

    Authors: Young Ae Cho, Sun-Young Kong, Aesun Shin, Jeonghee Lee, Eun Kyung Lee, You Jin Lee and Jeongseon Kim

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:873

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Despite many prospective and retrospective studies about the association of dietary habit and lung cancer, the topic still remains controversial. So, this study aims to investigate the association of lung canc...

    Authors: Mostafa Hosseini, Parisa Adimi Naghan, Ali Moghadas Jafari, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Shervin Taslimi, Kian Khodadad, Forouzan Mohammadi, Makan Sadr, Mansour Rezaei, Esmaeil Mortaz and Mohammad Reza Masjedi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:860

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Indigenous and/or minority ethnic women are known to experience longer delays for treatment of breast cancer, which has been shown to contribute to ethnic inequities in breast cancer mortality. We examined fac...

    Authors: Sanjeewa Seneviratne, Ian Campbell, Nina Scott, Marion Kuper-Hommel, Glenys Round and Ross Lawrenson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:839

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Epidemiological evidence of relationships between endometriosis and epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) has been obtained mainly from Western countries. Our goal was to determine the risk of EOC due to endometrios...

    Authors: Kuan-Chin Wang, Wen-Hsun Chang, Wen-Ling Lee, Nicole Huang, Hsin-Yi Huang, Ming-Shyen Yen, Chao-Yu Guo and Peng-Hui Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:831

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Gender-based differences in disease onset in murine models of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) and in patients with Neurofibromatosis type-1-(NF-1)-associated or spontaneous MPNST has not been w...

    Authors: Elizabeth Shurell, Linh M Tran, Jonathan Nakashima, Kathleen B Smith, Brenna M Tam, Yunfeng Li, Sarah M Dry, Noah Federman, William D Tap, Hong Wu and Fritz C Eilber

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:827

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Comorbidity has an adverse impact on cancer survival partly through its negative impact on receipt of curative treatment. Comorbidity is unevenly distributed within populations, with some ethnic and socioecono...

    Authors: Diana Sarfati, Jason Gurney, James Stanley and Jonathan Koea

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:821

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Evidence has accumulated which suggests that sex steroids influence colorectal cancer development and progression. We therefore assessed the association of repeat polymorphisms in the estrogen receptor β gene (ES...

    Authors: Anja Rudolph, Hong Shi, Asta Försti, Michael Hoffmeister, Juan Sainz, Lina Jansen, Kari Hemminki, Hermann Brenner and Jenny Chang-Claude

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:817

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Prostate cancer (PC) incidence and progression may be influenced by dietary factors, but little is known about the acceptability of dietary modification to men at increased risk of PC. Qualitative interviews w...

    Authors: Jeremy P Horwood, Kerry NL Avery, Chris Metcalfe, Jenny L Donovan, Freddie C Hamdy, David E Neal and J Athene Lane

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:812

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Persistent infection with one or more high-risk human papillomavirus [HR-HPV] types increases the risk of intraepithelial neoplasia and cervical cancer. A nested case–control study was conducted to investigate...

    Authors: Janet E Flatley, Alexandra Sargent, Henry C Kitchener, Jean M Russell and Hilary J Powers

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:803

    Content type: Research article

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  24. All the children registered at the National Council for the Prevention and Treatment of Childhood Cancer were analyzed. The rationale for this Federal Government Council is to financially support the treatment...

    Authors: Roberto Rivera-Luna, Jaime Shalkow-Klincovstein, Liliana Velasco-Hidalgo, Rocio Cárdenas-Cardós, Marta Zapata-Tarrés, Alberto Olaya-Vargas, Marco R Aguilar-Ortiz, Eduardo Altamirano-Alvarez, Cecilia Correa-Gonzalez, Fernando Sánchez-Zubieta and Francisco Pantoja-Guillen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:790

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Breast cancer (BC) is the most common malignancy and the leading cause of cancer-related death amongst women worldwide. The risk factors of this disease are numerous, and their prevalence varies between racial...

    Authors: Naser Elkum, Taher Al-Tweigeri, Dahish Ajarim, Ali Al-Zahrani, Suad M Bin Amer and Abdelilah Aboussekhra

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:788

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The sensitivity of a mammography program is normally evaluated by comparing the interval cancer rate to the expected breast cancer incidence without screening, i.e. the proportional interval cancer rate (PICR)...

    Authors: Sune Bangsbøll Andersen, Sven Törnberg, Elsebeth Lynge, My Von Euler-Chelpin and Sisse Helle Njor

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:782

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Rising cancer incidence and survival mean that the number of cancer survivors is growing. Accumulating evidence suggests many survivors have long-term medical and supportive care needs, and that these needs va...

    Authors: Linda Sharp, Sandra Deady, Pamela Gallagher, Michal Molcho, Alison Pearce, Audrey Alforque Thomas, Aileen Timmons and Harry Comber

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:767

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Studies on the implementation of Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) and particularly its effect on breast cancer (BRC) survival on a population-level are scant. This population-based high resolution study from...

    Authors: Bernd Holleczek and Hermann Brenner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:757

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Utilisation of multidisciplinary teams is considered the best approach to care and treatment for cancer patients. However, the multidisciplinary approach has mainly focused on inpatient care rather than routin...

    Authors: Sandra Beermann, Denny Chakkalakal, Rebecca Muckelbauer, Lothar Weißbach and Christine Holmberg

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:746

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. The number of primary care referrals of women with breast symptoms to symptomatic breast units (SBUs) has increased exponentially in the past decade in Ireland. The aim of this study is to develop and validate...

    Authors: Rose Galvin, Doireann Joyce, Eithne Downey, Fiona Boland, Tom Fahey and Arnold K Hill

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:743

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Many patients with cancer suffer from distress, anxiety and depression. However, studies on patients with brain metastases are lacking. In this exploratory study we prospectively assessed distress, anxiety and...

    Authors: Marie-Christine Cordes, Angela Scherwath, Tahera Ahmad, Ansa Maer Cole, Gundula Ernst, Karina Oppitz, Heinrich Lanfermann, Michael Bremer and Diana Steinmann

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:731

    Content type: Research article

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  32. It is estimated that 20% of all cancer cases are caused by obesity. Vitamin D is thought to be one of the mechanisms underlying this association. This review aims to summarise the evidence for the mediating ef...

    Authors: Thurkaa Shanmugalingam, Danielle Crawley, Cecilia Bosco, Jennifer Melvin, Sabine Rohrmann, Simon Chowdhury, Lars Holmberg and Mieke Van Hemelrijck

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:712

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has a higher incidence in blacks than in whites. Physical activity may influence the risk of renal cell cancer, but the evidence is inconsistent. No previous study has investigated t...

    Authors: Qian Xiao, Linda Liao, Charles E Matthews, Wong-Ho Chow, Faith Davis, Kendra Schwartz, Mark Purdue, Jonathan N Hofmann and Joanne Colt

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:707

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Little aetiological epidemiological research has been undertaken for major cancers occurring in teenagers and young adults (TYA). Population mixing, as a possible proxy for infectious exposure, has been well r...

    Authors: Marlous van Laar, Daniel P Stark, Patricia McKinney, Roger C Parslow, Sally E Kinsey, Susan V Picton and Richard G Feltbower

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:698

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. In Morocco, knowledge of cancer risk factors, a crucial element in the process of behavioral change, has never been evaluated. This study aims to provide information on the level of awareness of cancer risk fa...

    Authors: Karima El Rhazi, Bahia Bennani, Samira El Fakir, Ahmadou Boly, Rachid Bekkali, Ahmed Zidouh and Chakib Nejjari

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:695

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Ovarian cancer (OVCA) is the leading cause of death from gynecological cancer, with poorer survival for African American (AA) women compared to whites. However, little is known about risk factors for OVCA in A...

    Authors: Joellen M Schildkraut, Anthony J Alberg, Elisa V Bandera, Jill Barnholtz-Sloan, Melissa Bondy, Michelle L Cote, Ellen Funkhouser, Edward Peters, Ann G Schwartz, Paul Terry, Kristin Wallace, Lucy Akushevich, Frances Wang, Sydnee Crankshaw and Patricia G Moorman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:688

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Cancer-specific survival estimates rely on precise and correct data on the cause of death; however, these data can be difficult to acquire, particularly in elderly patients where comorbidity is common. Further...

    Authors: Katja Maretty-Nielsen, Ninna Aggerholm-Pedersen, Johnny Keller, Akmal Safwat, Steen Baerentzen and Alma B Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:682

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Increasing evidence suggests that alterations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content may be implicated in the tumorigenesis of several malignancies. However, the association between mtDNA content in peripheral b...

    Authors: Jie Zhang, Deyang Li, Falin Qu, Yibing Chen, Gang Li, Hequn Jiang, Xiaojun Huang, Hushan Yang and Jinliang Xing

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:680

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Few studies have systematically reported the relationship between the risk of breast cancer and family history of other cancers. This study was designed to systematically determine the relationship between bre...

    Authors: Wenbin Zhou, Qiang Ding, Hong Pan, Naping Wu, Mengdi Liang, Yaoyu Huang, Lin Chen, Xiaoming Zha, Xiaoan Liu and Shui Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:662

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Despite recently implemented access to care programs, Mexican breast cancer (BC) mortality rates remain substantially above those in the US. We conducted a survey among Mexican Oncologists to determine whether...

    Authors: Yanin Chavarri-Guerra, Jessica St Louis, Pedro ER Liedke, Heather Symecko, Cynthia Villarreal-Garza, Alejandro Mohar, Dianne M Finkelstein and Paul E Goss

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:658

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Colorectal cancer survival in the UK is lower than in other developed countries, but the association of time interval between diagnosis and treatment on excess mortality remains unclear.

    Authors: Maria Theresa Redaniel, Richard M Martin, Jane M Blazeby, Julia Wade and Mona Jeffreys

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:642

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Incidence rates of various cancers are increasing in Arab countries and are expected to reach those of industrialized ones in few decades. This paper aimed to describe the incidence rates of most common cancer...

    Authors: Mokhtar Hamdi Cherif, Diego Serraino, Abbes Mahnane, Slimane Laouamri, Zoubida Zaidi, Hafida Boukharouba, Dahbia Cherka, Manel Rakeb, Lamia Kara, Asma Ayat, Silvia Birri, Saverio Virdone, Paolo De Paoli and Ettore Bidoli

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:637

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Many countries have implemented standardised cancer patient pathways (CPPs) to ensure fast diagnosis of patients suspected of having cancer. Yet, studies are sparse on the impact of such CPPs, and few have dis...

    Authors: Henry Jensen, Marie Louise Tørring, Frede Olesen, Jens Overgaard and Peter Vedsted

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:636

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a disease that can be prevented through early detection. Through the use of effective educational tools, individuals can become better informed about CRC and understand the importanc...

    Authors: Janeth I Sanchez, Rebecca Palacios, Adrianna Cole and Mary A O’Connell

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:626

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. There is a lack of standardized definition for treatment-related mortality (TRM), which represents an important endpoint in cancer. Our objective was to describe TRM definitions used in studies of children, ad...

    Authors: Thai Hoa Tran, Michelle Lee, Sarah Alexander, Paul Gibson, Ute Bartels, Donna L Johnston, Carol Portwine, Marianna Silva, Jason D Pole and Lillian Sung

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2014 14:612

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: