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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer is a global public health problem and the second most common cancer causing morbidity and mortality in Ethiopia. Few available evidences revealed that despite distribution and severity of cervi...

    Authors: Kalkidan Solomon, Mulugeta Tamire and Mirgissa Kaba

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:989

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The organisation and systematisation of health actions and services are essential to ensure patient safety and the effectiveness and efficiency of cancer care. The objective of this study was to analyse the st...

    Authors: Mario Jorge Sobreira da Silva, Gisele O’Dwyer and Claudia Garcia Serpa Osorio-de-Castro

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:987

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Ovarian cancer (OC) is the seventh most common malignancy worldwide and the most lethal gynaecological malignancy. We aimed to explore global geographical patterns and temporal trends from 1973 to 2015 for 41 ...

    Authors: Yanting Zhang, Ganfeng Luo, Mengjie Li, Pi Guo, Yuejiao Xiao, Huanlin Ji and Yuantao Hao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:984

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Strong associations exist between Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) and upper urothelial carcinomas (UUCs). However, the common etiology between the two remains unclear and there are no studies to date that vis...

    Authors: Danira Medunjanin, Zdenko Sonicki, John E. Vena, Ante Cvitkovic and Sara Wagner Robb

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:950

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Studies on relationship between tubal ligation and endometrial cancer have led to contradictory findings. In several studies, however, a reduced endometrial cancer risk was suggested following tubal ligation. ...

    Authors: Laleh Loghmani, Nafise Saedi, Reza Omani-Samani, Saeid Safiri, Mahdi Sepidarkish, Saman Maroufizadeh, Arezoo Esmailzadeh, Maryam Shokrpour, Esmaeil Khedmati Morasae and Amir Almasi-Hashiani

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:942

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  6. Content type: Research article

    In Brazil, 211 thousand (16.14%) of all death certificates in 2016 identified cancer as the underlying cause of death, and it is expected that around 320 thousand will receive a cancer diagnosis in 2019. We ai...

    Authors: Alessandro Bigoni, José Leopoldo Ferreira Antunes, Elisabete Weiderpass and Kristina Kjærheim

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:940

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  7. Content type: Research article

    A high prevalence of postoperative complications is closely associated with a worse short- and long-term outcome. This current study aimed to investigate potential risk factors including albumin-to-fibrinogen ...

    Authors: Xuexue You, Qun Zhou, Jie Song, Linguang Gan, Junping Chen and Huachun Shen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:931

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Reproductive characteristics are well-established risk factors for breast cancer, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully resolved. We hypothesized that altered DNA methylation, measured in tumor tissue, c...

    Authors: Lauren E. McCullough, Lindsay J. Collin, Kathleen Conway, Alexandra J. White, Yoon Hee Cho, Sumitra Shantakumar, Mary Beth Terry, Susan L. Teitelbaum, Alfred I. Neugut, Regina M. Santella, Jia Chen and Marilie D. Gammon

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:926

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Gingival metastasis from primary hepatocellular cancer (HCC) is rare, highly malignant, and generally has no distinct symptoms. Not performing a biopsy can lead to misdiagnosis. This article reports an 87-year...

    Authors: Yating Hou, Weiping Deng, Gang Deng, Linhui Hu, Chao Liu and Lishu Xu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:925

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Older patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast (HER2 + MBC) cancer are underrepresented in clinical trials. We aim to describe the treatment patterns and overall survival (OS) for older women receiving tr...

    Authors: Benjamin Daniels, Belinda E. Kiely, Monica Tang, Hanna Tervonen and Sallie-Anne Pearson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:909

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Cancer is a leading burden of disease in Australia and worldwide, with incidence rates varying with age, sex and geographic location. As part of the Ageing, Chronic Disease and Injury study, we aimed to map th...

    Authors: Stephanie P. Cowdery, Muhammad A. Sajjad, Kara L. Holloway-Kew, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Lana J. Williams, Mark A. Kotowicz, Patricia M. Livingston, Mustafa Khasraw, Sharon Hakkennes, Trisha L. Dunning, Susan Brumby, Richard S. Page, Alasdair G Sutherland, Sharon L. Brennan-Olsen, Michael Berk, David Campbell…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:892

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Evidences support social inequalities in cancer survival. Studies on hematological malignancies, and more specifically Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML), are sparser. Our study assessed: 1/ the influence of patient...

    Authors: Eloïse Berger, Cyrille Delpierre, Fabien Despas, Sarah Bertoli, Emilie Bérard, Oriane Bombarde, Pierre Bories, Audrey Sarry, Guy Laurent, Christian Récher and Sébastien Lamy

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:883

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The relationship between first-degree family history of female breast cancer and prostate cancer risk in the general population remains unclear. We performed a meta-analysis to determine the association betwee...

    Authors: Zheng-Ju Ren, De-Hong Cao, Qin Zhang, Peng-Wei Ren, Liang-Ren Liu, Qiang Wei, Wu-Ran Wei and Qiang Dong

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:871

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Few studies compared cancer incidence among migrants both to their host countries and to their population of origin. We aimed to compare cancer incidence of ethnic Germans who migrated from the former Soviet U...

    Authors: Philipp Jaehn, Simone Kaucher, Lidia V. Pikalova, Sofia Mazeina, Hiltraud Kajüter, Heiko Becher, Mikhail Valkov and Volker Winkler

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:869

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Most clinical trials on colorectal cancer (CRC) exclude cases who have history of a prior malignancy. However, no prior research studied this history’s actual impact on the survival of CRC. In the paper, we st...

    Authors: Muneer J. Al-Husseini, Anas M. Saad, Hadeer H. Mohamed, Mohamad A. Alkhayat, Mohamad Bassam Sonbol and Omar Abdel-Rahman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:863

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Nested case-control studies examining the association between serum markers of chronic inflammation, focused on three specific biomarkers (CRP, IL-8 and TNF-α), and risk of pancreatic cancer have reported no a...

    Authors: Sam Sollie, Dominique S. Michaud, Debashis Sarker, Sophia N. Karagiannis, Debra H. Josephs, Niklas Hammar, Aida Santaolalla, Goran Walldius, Hans Garmo, Lars Holmberg, Ingmar Jungner and Mieke Van Hemelrijck

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:858

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  17. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the association between pre-diagnostic colonoscopy and colorectal cancer mortality in South Australia.

    Authors: Ming Li, Ian Olver, Dorothy Keefe, Carol Holden, Dan Worthley, Timothy Price, Christos Karapetis, Caroline Miller, Kate Powell, Dianne Buranyi-Trevarton, Kellie Fusco and David Roder

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:856

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  18. Content type: Research article

    In 2017, the New South Wales Cancer Registry (NSWCR) participated in a project, supported by Cancer Australia, aiming to provide national stage data for melanoma, prostate, colorectal, breast, and lung cancers...

    Authors: Sheena Lawrance, Chau Bui, Vidur Mahindra, Maria Arcorace and Claire Cooke-Yarborough

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:850

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The rise in cervical cancer trends in the past two decades has coincided with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic especially in the sub-Saharan African region. Young people (15 to 24 years old) are...

    Authors: Witness Mapanga, Brendan Girdler-Brown and Elvira Singh

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:845

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  20. Content type: Research article

    In the U.S., lung cancer accounts for 14% of cancer diagnoses and 28% of cancer deaths annually. Since no cure exists for advanced lung cancer, the main treatment goal is to prolong survival. Chemotherapy regi...

    Authors: K. M. Islam, T. Anggondowati, P. E. Deviany, J. E. Ryan, A. Fetrick, D. Bagenda, M. S. Copur, A. Tolentino, I. Vaziri, H. A. McKean, S. Dunder, J. E. Gray, C. Huang and A. K. Ganti

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:835

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The association between oral contraceptive (OC) use and long-term mortality remains uncertain and previous studies have reported conflicting findings. We aim to assess the long-term impact of OC use on all-cau...

    Authors: Ula Nur, Darline El Reda, Dana Hashim and Elisabete Weiderpass

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:807

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Alcohol consumption is associated with increased risk of breast cancer; however, its association with subsequent risk of breast cancer death is unclear.

    Authors: Huiyan Ma, Kathleen E. Malone, Jill A. McDonald, Polly A. Marchbanks, Giske Ursin, Brian L. Strom, Michael S. Simon, Jane Sullivan-Halley, Leslie Bernstein and Yani Lu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:800

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Febrile neutropenia (FN) is a serious complication of myelosuppressive chemotherapy. Clinical practice guidelines recommend routine prophylactic coverage with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)—such...

    Authors: Derek Weycker, Robin Doroff, Ahuva Hanau, Charles Bowers, Rajesh Belani, David Chandler, Alexander Lonshteyn, Mark Bensink and Gary H. Lyman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:792

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The most recent results of Global Cancer Statistics indicated that gastrointestinal cancers, including gastric, colorectal, esophageal, and liver cancers, are among the most commonly diagnosed cancers worldwid...

    Authors: Mohammad Hossein Somi, Roya Dolatkhah, Sepideh Sepahi, Mina Belalzadeh, Shahnaz Naghashi and Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:782

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Fast-track colonoscopy to detect patients with colorectal cancer based on high-risk symptoms is associated with low sensitivity and specificity. The aim was to derive a predictive score of advanced colonic neo...

    Authors: Fernando Fernández-Bañares, Ramon Clèries, Jaume Boadas, Josepa Ribes, Joan Carles Oliva, Antoni Alsius, Xavier Sanz, Eva Martínez-Bauer, Sara Galter, Mar Pujals, Marta Pujol, Patricia del Pozo and Rafel Campo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:734

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Mexico City has one of the highest incidences and mortality rates of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the world and a high frequency of early relapses (17%) and early mortality (15%). Otherwise, childhood...

    Authors: Juan Carlos Núñez-Enríquez, Ana Elena Gil-Hernández, Elva Jiménez-Hernández, Arturo Fajardo-Gutiérrez, Aurora Medina-Sansón, Janet Flores-Lujano, Laura Eugenia Espinoza-Hernández, David Aldebarán Duarte-Rodríguez, Raquel Amador-Sánchez, José Gabriel Peñaloza-González, José Refugio Torres-Nava, Rosa Martha Espinosa-Elizondo, Luz Victoria Flores-Villegas, Laura Elizabeth Merino-Pasaye, María Luisa Pérez-Saldivar, Elisa María Dorantes-Acosta…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:708

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The early detection of synchronous bone metastasis (BM) in newly diagnosed colorectal cancer (CRC) affects its initial management and prognosis. A clinical model to individually predict the risk of developing ...

    Authors: Xu Guan, Chen-xi Ma, Ji-chuan Quan, Shuai Li, Zhi-xun Zhao, Hai-peng Chen, Ming Yang, Zheng Liu, Zheng Jiang and Xi-shan Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:704

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Sex differences in the incidences of cancers become a critical issue in both cancer research and the development of precision medicine. However, details in these differences have not been well reported. We pro...

    Authors: Daoshan Zheng, Justyna Trynda, Cecilia Williams, Jeremy A. Vold, Justin H. Nguyen, Denise M. Harnois, Sanjay P. Bagaria, Sarah A. McLaughlin and Zhaoyu Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:684

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Competing molecular classification systems have been proposed to complement the TNM staging system for a better prediction of survival in colorectal cancer (CRC). However, validation studies are so far lacking...

    Authors: Elizabeth Alwers, Hendrik Bläker, Viola Walter, Lina Jansen, Matthias Kloor, Alexander Arnold, Julia Sieber-Frank, Esther Herpel, Katrin E. Tagscherer, Wilfried Roth, Jenny Chang-Claude, Hermann Brenner and Michael Hoffmeister

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:681

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The physical activity (PA) level of patients undergoing major cancer surgery remains unclear. This pilot study aimed to: (i) Compare preoperative PA level between patients undergoing major cancer surgery and t...

    Authors: Daniel Steffens, Jane M. Young, Michael Solomon, Paula R. Beckenkamp, Cherry Koh, Kenneth Vuong, Matthew A. Brodie and Kim Delbaere

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:661

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  31. Content type: Research article

    In order to maximize later health, there are established components and guidelines for quality follow-up care of breast cancer survivors. However, adherence to quality follow-up in Canada may not be optimal, a...

    Authors: Mary L. McBride, Patti A. Groome, Kathleen Decker, Cynthia Kendell, Li Jiang, Marlo Whitehead, Dongdong Li and Eva Grunfeld

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:659

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients can be influenced by genetic mutations and nutritional status. The relationship between these variables is unclear. The objective of the study was to verify th...

    Authors: Mariana Abe Vicente Cavagnari, Tiago Donizetti Silva, Marco Antonio Haddad Pereira, Luísa Jacques Sauer, David Shigueoka, Sarhan Sydney Saad, Katia Barão, Carla Caroline Dias Ribeiro and Nora Manoukian Forones

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:644

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Puerto Rico has the highest incidence rate of thyroid cancer (TC) in the Americas and the third highest rate worldwide. The purpose of this study was to compare the burden of TC between the population of PR an...

    Authors: Guillermo Tortolero-Luna, Carlos R. Torres-Cintrón, Mariela Alvarado-Ortiz, Karen J. Ortiz-Ortiz, Diego E. Zavala-Zegarra and Edna Mora-Piñero

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:637

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Mammographic density is one of the strongest risk factors for breast cancer. In the general population, mammographic density can be modified by various exposures; whether this is true for women a strong family...

    Authors: Olivia Moran, Andrea Eisen, Rochelle Demsky, Kristina Blackmore, Julia A. Knight, Seema Panchal, Ophira Ginsburg, Kevin Zbuk, Martin Yaffe, Kelly A. Metcalfe, Steven A. Narod and Joanne Kotsopoulos

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:631

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Whether chronic inflammation increases prostate cancer risk remains unclear. This study investigated whether chronic inflammatory diseases (CID) or anti-inflammatory medication use (AIM) were associated with p...

    Authors: Kerri Beckmann, Beth Russell, Debra Josephs, Hans Garmo, Christel Haggstrom, Lars Holmberg, Pär Stattin, Mieke Van Hemelrijck and Jan Adolfsson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:612

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Human papilloma virus (HPV) associated cervical cancer remains a global concern particular, in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where the impact is felt most. Evidence show that many other cancers such as vaginal, ana...

    Authors: Kabelo M. B. Lekoane, Desmond Kuupiel, Tivani P. Mashamba-Thompson and Themba G. Ginindza

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:563

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  37. Content type: Technical advance

    Economic evaluations commonly accompany trials of new treatments or interventions; however, regression methods and their corresponding advantages for the analysis of cost-effectiveness data are not widely appr...

    Authors: Jeffrey S. Hoch, Annette Hay, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai, Kednapa Thavorn, Natasha B. Leighl, Dongsheng Tu, Logan Trenaman, Carolyn S. Dewa, Chris O’Callaghan, Joseph Pater, Derek Jonker, Bingshu E. Chen and Nicole Mittmann

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:552

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), tyrosine kinase (TK) and mechanistic target of rapamycin kinase (mTOR) inhibitors are common first-line (1 L) treatments for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). D...

    Authors: Sumanta Pal, Jun Gong, Shivani K. Mhatre, Shih-Wen Lin, Andy Surinach, Sarika Ogale, Rini Vohra, Herschel Wallen and Daniel George

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:548

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Geospatial technology has facilitated the discovery of disease distributions and etiology and helped target prevention programs. Globally, gastric cancer is the leading infection-associated cancer, and third l...

    Authors: Ricardo L. Dominguez, Charlotte B. Cherry, Dago Estevez-Ordonez, Robertino Mera, Veronica Escamilla, Michael Pawlita, Tim Waterboer, Keith T. Wilson, Richard M. Peek, Gloria Tavera, Scott M. Williams, Margaret L. Gulley, Michael Emch and Douglas R. Morgan

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:545

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies conducted on the association between diabetes and the risk of endometrial cancer have reported controversial results that have raised a variety of questions about the association between diabe...

    Authors: Lotfolah Saed, Fatemeh Varse, Hamid Reza Baradaran, Yousef Moradi, Sorour Khateri, Emilie Friberg, Zaher Khazaei, Saeedeh Gharahjeh, Shahrzad Tehrani, Amir-Babak Sioofy-Khojine and Zahra Najmi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:527

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Population-based estimates of the long-term risk of loco-regional recurrence and distant metastases of breast cancer (BRC) patients are scant, as most published studies used hospital-based cohorts or participa...

    Authors: Bernd Holleczek, Christa Stegmaier, Julia C. Radosa, Erich-Franz Solomayer and Hermann Brenner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:520

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer screening mammography is widespread in industrialised countries within the framework of public health program or opportunist form. Only few data exist on the comparison of effectiveness between o...

    Authors: Sarah Peisl, Stefan Zimmermann, Bertrand Camey, Daniel Betticher and Christine Bouchardy

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:469

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  43. Content type: Research article

    We investigated the risk of thyroid disorders, namely hypothyroidism, thyrotoxicosis and thyroiditis, in head and neck cancer patients undergoing multimodal treatment.

    Authors: Chien-Liang Lin, Shang-Yin Wu, Wen-Tsung Huang, Yin-Hsun Feng, Ching-Yi Yiu, Wei-Fan Chiang, Sheng-Yow Ho and Sheng-Hsiang Lin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:461

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