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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. More people than ever before are currently living with a diagnosis of cancer and the number of people concerned is likely to continue to rise. Cancer survivors are at risk of developing a second primary cancer...

    Authors: Anita Feller, Katarina L. Matthes, Andrea Bordoni, Christine Bouchardy, Jean-Luc Bulliard, Christian Herrmann, Isabelle Konzelmann, Manuela Maspoli, Mohsen Mousavi, Sabine Rohrmann, Katharina Staehelin, Volker Arndt, K. Staehelin, C. Bouchardy, M. Mousavi, J. L. Bulliard…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:51

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Screening for and active management of comorbidity soon after cancer diagnosis shows promise in altering cancer treatment and outcomes for comorbid patients. Prior to a large multi-centre study, piloting of th...

    Authors: Virginia Signal, Christopher Jackson, Louise Signal, Claire Hardie, Kirsten Holst, Marie McLaughlin, Courtney Steele and Diana Sarfati

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:50

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Leukemia is the most common cancer in childhood. The estimated incidence rate of childhood leukemia in Colombia is one of the highest in America and little is known about its spatial distribution.

    Authors: Laura Andrea Rodriguez-Villamizar, Marcela Pilar Rojas Díaz, Lizbeth Alexandra Acuña Merchán, Feisar Enrique Moreno-Corzo and Paula Ramírez-Barbosa

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:48

    Content type: Research article

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  4. There is increasing recognition that PROs are important in the estimation of the burden of long-term survival among patients with gastric cancer. The study aimed to develop a disease-specific instrument to ass...

    Authors: Xiaojuan Hu, Fen Zhao, Hongmei Yu, Yanhong Luo, Jinchun Liu and Yanbo Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:41

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Childhood cancers represent a small proportion of all cancers but are still a major public health problem. The study analysed long-term trends in childhood cancer incidence and survival in Estonia in relation ...

    Authors: Keiu Paapsi, Aleksei Baburin, Sirje Mikkel, Margit Mägi, Kadri Saks and Kaire Innos

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:30

    Content type: Research article

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  6. We retrospectively compared the prognostic value between the AJCC 8th edition anatomic (AS) and prognostic staging (PS) system for triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) in a cohort from two involved institution...

    Authors: Jiehua He, Julia Y. Tsang, Xiaodan Xu, Jibin Li, Mei Li, Xue Chao, Yuanyuan Xu, Rongzhen Luo, Gary M. Tse and Peng Sun

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:18

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Testosterone implants have been used for over eighty years to treat symptoms of hormone deficiency in pre and postmenopausal women. Evidence supports that androgens are breast protective. However, there is a l...

    Authors: Rebecca L. Glaser, Anne E. York and Constantine Dimitrakakis

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1271

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Endemic Burkitt lymphoma (eBL) is an aggressive B-cell lymphoma, which is a common childhood cancer in areas with intense transmission of Plasmodium falciparum parasites. Early and accurate diagnosis is a prerequ...

    Authors: Cecilia Smith-Togobo, Mette Ø. Pedersen, Steffen G. Jensen, Babatunde Duduyemi, Richard K. Gyasi, Michael F. Ofori, Vivian Paintsil, Lorna Renner, Peter Nørgaard and Lars Hviid

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1270

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in the treatment of prostate cancer may be associated with an increased risk of thromboembolic disease. The aim of our study was to investigate the association of ADT in the ...

    Authors: Kuang-Ming Liao, Yaw-Bin Huang, Chung-Yu Chen and Chen-Chun Kuo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1263

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Formaldehyde, a widely used chemical, is considered a human carcinogen. We report the results of a meta-analyses of studies on the relationship between occupational exposure to formaldehyde and risk of non-Hod...

    Authors: Simona Catalani, Francesca Donato, Egidio Madeo, Pietro Apostoli, Giuseppe De Palma, Enrico Pira, Kenneth A. Mundt and Paolo Boffetta

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1245

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Mouse and human studies support the promise of dry beans to improve metabolic health and to lower cancer risk. In overweight/obese patients with a history of colorectal polyps or cancer, the Beans to Enrich th...

    Authors: Xiaotao Zhang, Gladys Browman, Wesley Siu, Karen M. Basen-Engquist, Samir M. Hanash, Kristi L. Hoffman, Pablo C. Okhuysen, Paul Scheet, Joseph F. Petrosino, Scott Kopetz and Carrie R. Daniel

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1233

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified more than 40 colorectal cancer susceptibility loci, but only a small fraction of heritability was explained. To account for missing heritability, we inves...

    Authors: Nan Song, Jeeyoo Lee, Sooyoung Cho, Jeongseon Kim, Jae Hwan Oh and Aesun Shin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1231

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) are rare malignancies characterised by its capacity to synthesise and secrete monoamines, due to its neuroendocrine origin. Its varied locations and symptoms have traditionally be...

    Authors: Josep Darbà and Alicia Marsà

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1226

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Consumption of moldy food has previously been identified as a risk factor for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in high-risk countries; however, what contributing roles these dietary carcinogenic mycot...

    Authors: Kathy S. Xue, Lili Tang, Guiju Sun, Shaokang Wang, Xu Hu and Jia-Sheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1218

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Cervical cancer is the second cause leading of malignancy-related death among Mexican women. The present study determined the population-based prevalence of high risk Human Papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection an...

    Authors: K. Torres-Poveda, I. Ruiz-Fraga, V. Madrid-Marina, M. Chavez and V. Richardson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1205

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Māori, Pacific and Asian women in New Zealand have lower cervical-cancer screening rates than European women, and there are persistent inequities in cervical cancer outcomes for Māori and Pacific women. Innova...

    Authors: Naomi Brewer, Karen Bartholomew, Anna Maxwell, Jane Grant, Helen Wihongi, Collette Bromhead, Nina Scott, Sue Crengle, Chris Cunningham, Jeroen Douwes and John D. Potter

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1198

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Currently, clinical studies on the prognosis of prostate cancer (PC) taking aspirin were developing, but the precise mechanism of aspirin on tumor cells was still unclear. In addition, the conclusion that aspi...

    Authors: Jiatong Zhou, Shuai Xia, Tao Li and Ranlu Liu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1186

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Excess body weight and sub-optimal lifestyle are modifiable causes of breast cancer and other diseases. There is little evidence that behaviour change is possible within screening programmes and whether this i...

    Authors: Michelle Harvie, Mary Pegington, David French, Grace Cooper, Sarah McDiarmid, Anthony Howell, Louise Donnelly, Helen Ruane, Katharine Sellers, Philip Foden and D. Gareth Evans

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1089

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The association between herpes zoster and the risk of lymphoid neoplasms in Asian populations has not yet been established. We performed a longitudinal follow-up study using a nationwide cohort to assess the r...

    Authors: Hyo Geun Choi, James L. Zehnder, Young Kyung Lee, Hyun Lim and Miyoung Kim

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1148

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Many cancers are preventable through lifestyle modification; however, few adults engage in behaviors that are in line with cancer prevention guidelines. This may be partly due to the mixed messages on effectiv...

    Authors: Sarah E. Neil-Sztramko, Emily Belita, Anthony J. Levinson, Jennifer Boyko and Maureen Dobbins

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1138

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Kidney transplantation (KT) correlates with an increased risk of developing several malignancies; however, the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) after KT remains debatable and has been marginally explored. Hence...

    Authors: Han-En Wang, Yu-Chan Liao, Je-Ming Hu, Wen-Chih Wu, Wan-Yun Chou, Yong-Chen Chen, Yu-Ching Chou, Chi-Feng Hung, Yu-Feng Tian, San-Lin You and Chien-An Sun

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1120

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The prevalence of both atrial fibrillation (AF) and malignancies are increasing in the elderly, but incidences of new onset AF in different cancer subtypes are not well described.The objectives of this study w...

    Authors: Christina Boegh Jakobsen, Morten Lamberts, Nicholas Carlson, Morten Lock-Hansen, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Gunnar H. Gislason and Morten Schou

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1105

    Content type: Research article

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  23. There are differences in the quality of care among breast cancer patients. Narrowing the quality differences could be achieved by increasing the utilization rate of indicators. Here we explored key indicators ...

    Authors: Chao Wang, Xi Li, Shaofei Su, Xinyu Wang, Jingkun Li, Xiaoqiang Bao and Meina Liu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1099

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Adapting screening strategy to colorectal cancer (CRC) risk may improve efficiency for all stakeholders however limited tools for such risk stratification exist. Colorectal cancers usually evolve from advanced...

    Authors: Laura W. Musselwhite, Thomas S. Redding IV, Kellie J. Sims, Meghan C. O’Leary, Elizabeth R. Hauser, Terry Hyslop, Ziad F. Gellad, Brian A. Sullivan, David Lieberman and Dawn Provenzale

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1097

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The features and survival of stage IV breast cancer patients with different metastatic sites are poorly understood. This study aims to examine the clinicopathological features and survival of stage IV breast c...

    Authors: Ru Wang, Yayun Zhu, Xiaoxu Liu, Xiaoqin Liao, Jianjun He and Ligang Niu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1091

    Content type: Research article

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  26. It remains controversial whether weight change could influence the risks of colorectal cancer (CRC) and mortality. This study aimed to quantify the associations between full-spectrum changes in body mass index...

    Authors: Ji-Bin Li, Sheng Luo, Martin C. S. Wong, Cai Li, Li-Fen Feng, Jian-Hong Peng, Jing-Hua Li and Xi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1082

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Globally, epidemiological evidence suggests cancer incidence and outcomes among Indigenous peoples are a growing concern. Although historically cancer among First Nations (FN) peoples in Canada was relatively ...

    Authors: Tara C. Horrill, Lindsey Dahl, Esther Sanderson, Garry Munro, Cindy Garson, Carole Taylor, Randy Fransoo, Genevieve Thompson, Catherine Cook, Janice Linton and Annette S. H. Schultz

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1055

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The longevity for people with intellectual disability (ID) has significantly increased in developed countries during the past decades. Consequently, the incidence of cancer is expected to increase in this grou...

    Authors: Mikael Segerlantz, Anna Axmon, Rebecca Gagnemo Persson, Eva Brun and Gerd Ahlström

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1040

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Women with ovarian cancer can present with a variety of symptoms and signs, and an increasing range of tests are available for their investigation. A number of international guidelines provide advice for the i...

    Authors: Garth Funston, Marije Van Melle, Marie-Louise Ladegaard Baun, Henry Jensen, Charles Helsper, Jon Emery, Emma J. Crosbie, Matthew Thompson, Willie Hamilton and Fiona M. Walter

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1028

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Research shows disparities in cancer outcomes by ethnicity or socio-economic status. Therefore, it is the aim of our study to perform a matched-pair analysis which compares the outcome of German and non-German...

    Authors: Marie K. Budde, Walther Kuhn, Mignon-Denise Keyver-Paik, Friedrich Bootz, Jörg C. Kalff, Stefan C. Müller, Thomas Bieber, Peter Brossart, Hartmut Vatter, Ulrich Herrlinger, Dieter C. Wirtz, Hans H. Schild, Glen Kristiansen, Thorsten Pietsch, Stefan Aretz, Franziska Geiser…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1024

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Pre-clinical studies have shown that furosemide slows cancer cell growth by acting on the Na-K-2Cl transporter, particularly for gastric cancer cells. However, epidemiological studies have not investigated fur...

    Authors: Peipei Liu, Úna C. McMenamin, Andrew D. Spence, Brian T. Johnston, Helen G. Coleman and Chris R. Cardwell

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1017

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The objectives were to investigate the disparity in the prevalence of bone metastases (BM) between the sexes and to assess the effect of female sex on the development and prognosis of BM.

    Authors: Wenjuan Ma, Karl Peltzer, Lisha Qi, Guijun Xu, Zheng Liu, Jingyi Wang, Min Mao, Vladimir P. Chekhonin, Xin Wang and Chao Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:1001

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The low data publication rate for Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved drugs, and discrepancies between FDA-submitted versus published data, remain a concern. We investigated the publication statuses of...

    Authors: Kenji Omae, Yuki Kataoka, Yasushi Tsujimoto, Yusuke Tsutsumi, Yosuke Yamamoto, Shunichi Fukuhara and Toshi A. Furukawa

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:998

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Cervical cancer is a global public health problem and the second most common cancer causing morbidity and mortality in Ethiopia. Few available evidences revealed that despite distribution and severity of cervi...

    Authors: Kalkidan Solomon, Mulugeta Tamire and Mirgissa Kaba

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:989

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. The organisation and systematisation of health actions and services are essential to ensure patient safety and the effectiveness and efficiency of cancer care. The objective of this study was to analyse the st...

    Authors: Mario Jorge Sobreira da Silva, Gisele O’Dwyer and Claudia Garcia Serpa Osorio-de-Castro

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:987

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Ovarian cancer (OC) is the seventh most common malignancy worldwide and the most lethal gynaecological malignancy. We aimed to explore global geographical patterns and temporal trends from 1973 to 2015 for 41 ...

    Authors: Yanting Zhang, Ganfeng Luo, Mengjie Li, Pi Guo, Yuejiao Xiao, Huanlin Ji and Yuantao Hao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:984

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Strong associations exist between Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) and upper urothelial carcinomas (UUCs). However, the common etiology between the two remains unclear and there are no studies to date that vis...

    Authors: Danira Medunjanin, Zdenko Sonicki, John E. Vena, Ante Cvitkovic and Sara Wagner Robb

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:950

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Studies on relationship between tubal ligation and endometrial cancer have led to contradictory findings. In several studies, however, a reduced endometrial cancer risk was suggested following tubal ligation. ...

    Authors: Laleh Loghmani, Nafise Saedi, Reza Omani-Samani, Saeid Safiri, Mahdi Sepidarkish, Saman Maroufizadeh, Arezoo Esmailzadeh, Maryam Shokrpour, Esmaeil Khedmati Morasae and Amir Almasi-Hashiani

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:942

    Content type: Research article

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  39. In Brazil, 211 thousand (16.14%) of all death certificates in 2016 identified cancer as the underlying cause of death, and it is expected that around 320 thousand will receive a cancer diagnosis in 2019. We ai...

    Authors: Alessandro Bigoni, José Leopoldo Ferreira Antunes, Elisabete Weiderpass and Kristina Kjærheim

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:940

    Content type: Research article

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  40. A high prevalence of postoperative complications is closely associated with a worse short- and long-term outcome. This current study aimed to investigate potential risk factors including albumin-to-fibrinogen ...

    Authors: Xuexue You, Qun Zhou, Jie Song, Linguang Gan, Junping Chen and Huachun Shen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:931

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Reproductive characteristics are well-established risk factors for breast cancer, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully resolved. We hypothesized that altered DNA methylation, measured in tumor tissue, c...

    Authors: Lauren E. McCullough, Lindsay J. Collin, Kathleen Conway, Alexandra J. White, Yoon Hee Cho, Sumitra Shantakumar, Mary Beth Terry, Susan L. Teitelbaum, Alfred I. Neugut, Regina M. Santella, Jia Chen and Marilie D. Gammon

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:926

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Gingival metastasis from primary hepatocellular cancer (HCC) is rare, highly malignant, and generally has no distinct symptoms. Not performing a biopsy can lead to misdiagnosis. This article reports an 87-year...

    Authors: Yating Hou, Weiping Deng, Gang Deng, Linhui Hu, Chao Liu and Lishu Xu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:925

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Older patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast (HER2 + MBC) cancer are underrepresented in clinical trials. We aim to describe the treatment patterns and overall survival (OS) for older women receiving tr...

    Authors: Benjamin Daniels, Belinda E. Kiely, Monica Tang, Hanna Tervonen and Sallie-Anne Pearson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:909

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Cancer is a leading burden of disease in Australia and worldwide, with incidence rates varying with age, sex and geographic location. As part of the Ageing, Chronic Disease and Injury study, we aimed to map th...

    Authors: Stephanie P. Cowdery, Muhammad A. Sajjad, Kara L. Holloway-Kew, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Lana J. Williams, Mark A. Kotowicz, Patricia M. Livingston, Mustafa Khasraw, Sharon Hakkennes, Trisha L. Dunning, Susan Brumby, Richard S. Page, Alasdair G Sutherland, Sharon L. Brennan-Olsen, Michael Berk, David Campbell…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:892

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Evidences support social inequalities in cancer survival. Studies on hematological malignancies, and more specifically Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML), are sparser. Our study assessed: 1/ the influence of patient...

    Authors: Eloïse Berger, Cyrille Delpierre, Fabien Despas, Sarah Bertoli, Emilie Bérard, Oriane Bombarde, Pierre Bories, Audrey Sarry, Guy Laurent, Christian Récher and Sébastien Lamy

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:883

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The relationship between first-degree family history of female breast cancer and prostate cancer risk in the general population remains unclear. We performed a meta-analysis to determine the association betwee...

    Authors: Zheng-Ju Ren, De-Hong Cao, Qin Zhang, Peng-Wei Ren, Liang-Ren Liu, Qiang Wei, Wu-Ran Wei and Qiang Dong

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:871

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Few studies compared cancer incidence among migrants both to their host countries and to their population of origin. We aimed to compare cancer incidence of ethnic Germans who migrated from the former Soviet U...

    Authors: Philipp Jaehn, Simone Kaucher, Lidia V. Pikalova, Sofia Mazeina, Hiltraud Kajüter, Heiko Becher, Mikhail Valkov and Volker Winkler

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:869

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: