Skip to main content

Advertisement

Epidemiology, prevention and public health

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

Page 1 of 25

  1. Thousands of research articles on neuroblastoma have been published over the past few decades; however, the heterogeneity and variable quality of scholarly data may challenge scientists or clinicians to survey...

    Authors: Illya Martynov, Jessica Klima-Frysch and Joachim Schoenberger

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:486

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement is a predictive factor of response to ALK inhibitors in non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The prevalence of ALK rearrangements is well known in Whites and Asian...

    Authors: Hind El yacoubi, Mohamed Lemine Sow, Fouad Kettani, Lamia Gamra, Amina Mestari, Lamia Jabri, Ibrahim Elghissassi and Hassan Errihani

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:479

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. Oral cancer is a growing problem worldwide, with high incidence rates in South Asian countries. With increasing numbers of South Asian immigrants in developed countries, a possible rise in oral cancer cases is...

    Authors: Nidhi Saraswat, Rona Pillay, Bronwyn Everett and Ajesh George

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:477

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Advanced cancer stage at diagnosis may explain high cancer mortality among patients with a severe psychiatric illness (SPI). Studies to date investigating advanced stage cancer at diagnosis as a potential expl...

    Authors: Alyson L. Mahar, Paul Kurdyak, Timothy P. Hanna, Natalie G. Coburn and Patti A. Groome

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:476

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Self-sampling for HPV testing, as an alternative to the conventional speculum based sampling, is highly acceptable to women of screening ages. The aim of this study was to describe older women’s (60 to 75 year...

    Authors: Ruth S. Hermansson, Matts Olovsson, Catharina Gustavsson and Annika Kristina Lindström

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:473

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. The preoperative peripheral blood neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and monocyte-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) have been reported to be associated with the prognosis of various cancer...

    Authors: Rong Cong, Fanfei Kong, Jian Ma, Qing Li, Qijun Wu and Xiaoxin Ma

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:464

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is highly prevalent in cancer patients and can cause severe morbidity. VTE treatment is essential, but anticoagulation increases the risk of major bleeding. The purpose was to eval...

    Authors: Jennifer Howlett, Eric Benzenine, Jonathan Cottenet, Pascal Foucher, Philippe Fagnoni and Catherine Quantin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:461

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Individuals with pathogenic germline variants in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes are at increased risk of developing colorectal, endometrial and other cancers (Lynch syndrome, LS). While previous studies have ...

    Authors: Karolin Bucksch, Silke Zachariae, Stefan Aretz, Reinhard Büttner, Elke Holinski-Feder, Stefanie Holzapfel, Robert Hüneburg, Matthias Kloor, Magnus von Knebel Doeberitz, Monika Morak, Gabriela Möslein, Jacob Nattermann, Claudia Perne, Nils Rahner, Wolff Schmiegel, Karsten Schulmann…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:460

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Activated eosinophils have been deemed to affect carcinogenesis and tumor progression via various mechanisms in tumor microenvironment. However, the prognostic role of tumor-associated tissue eosinophilia (TAT...

    Authors: Guoming Hu, Shimin Wang, Kefang Zhong, Feng Xu, Liming Huang, Wei Chen and Pu Cheng

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:454

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. UK national guidelines suggest women at high-risk of breast cancer should be offered more frequent screening or preventative medications. Currently, only 1 in 6 high-risk women are identified. One route to ide...

    Authors: Victoria G. Woof, Helen Ruane, David P. French, Fiona Ulph, Nadeem Qureshi, Nasaim Khan, D. Gareth Evans and Louise S. Donnelly

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:452

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is more sensitive than cytology for detecting cervical cancer and its precursors. This study aimed to analyze the prevalence of high-risk HPV genotypes and evaluate the role ...

    Authors: Jing Zhang, Deyu Zhang, Zhuo Yang, Xiaobin Wang and Danbo Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:443

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) is an uncommon histological subtype of lung cancer. The purpose of this study was to assess the cumulative incidences of lung cancer-specific mortality (LC-SM) and other cause-spe...

    Authors: Xiao Wu, Wenfeng Yu, R. H. Petersen, Hongxu Sheng, Yiqing Wang, Wang Lv and Jian Hu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:429

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Research and cancer care are closely intertwined; however, it is not clear whether physicians and nurses believe that clinical trials offer the best treatment for patients and, if so, whether this belief is ju...

    Authors: Zandra Engelbak Nielsen, Stefan Eriksson, Laurine Bente Schram Harsløf, Suzanne Petri, Gert Helgesson, Margrete Mangset and Tove E. Godskesen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:401

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. To ensure the highest quality of human papillomavirus (HPV) testing in primary cervical cancer screening, novel HPV assays must be evaluated in accordance with the international guidelines. Furthermore, HPV as...

    Authors: Ditte Møller Ejegod, Camilla Lagheden, Ramya Bhatia, Helle Pedersen, Elia Alcañiz Boada, Karin Sundström, Javier Cortés, F. Xavier Bosch Josë, Kate Cuschieri, Joakim Dillner and Jesper Bonde

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:396

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. The comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is the gold standard in geriatric oncology to identify patients at high risk of adverse outcomes and optimize cancer and overall management. Many studies have demon...

    Authors: Sandrine Sourdet, Delphine Brechemier, Zara Steinmeyer, Stephane Gerard and Laurent Balardy

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:384

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. The microbiome has been shown to affect the response to Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors (ICIs) in a small number of cancers and in preclinical models. Here, we sought to broadly survey cancers to identify those i...

    Authors: Daniel Spakowicz, Rebecca Hoyd, Mitchell Muniak, Marium Husain, James S. Bassett, Lei Wang, Gabriel Tinoco, Sandip H. Patel, Jarred Burkart, Abdul Miah, Mingjia Li, Andrew Johns, Madison Grogan, David P. Carbone, Claire F. Verschraegen, Kari L. Kendra…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:383

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. This analysis aims at evaluating the impact of multidisciplinary tumor boards on clinical outcome of multiple tumor entities, the effect of the specific number of multidisciplinary tumor boards and potential d...

    Authors: Marius Freytag, Ulrich Herrlinger, Stefan Hauser, Franz G. Bauernfeind, Maria A. Gonzalez-Carmona, Jennifer Landsberg, Jens Buermann, Hartmut Vatter, Tobias Holderried, Thorsten Send, Martin Schumacher, Arne Koscielny, Georg Feldmann, Mario Heine, Dirk Skowasch, Niklas Schäfer…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:355

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. The relationships among PIK3CA mutations, medication use and tumor progression remains poorly understood. Aspirin use post-diagnosis may modify components of the PI3K pathway, including AKT and mTOR, and has been...

    Authors: Anne Marie McCarthy, Nitya Pradeep Kumar, Wei He, Susan Regan, Michaela Welch, Beverly Moy, A. John Iafrate, Andrew T. Chan, Aditya Bardia and Katrina Armstrong

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:347

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Familial colorectal cancer type X (FCCTX) is a phenotypically defined subset of hereditary colorectal cancer with unknown and potentially heterogeneous genetic aetiology. FCCTX has been characterized as a colo...

    Authors: Christina Therkildsen, Maria Rasmussen, Lars Smith-Hansen, Thomas Kallemose, Lars Joachim Lindberg and Mef Nilbert

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:345

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. To examine the tumor characteristics, treatments and survival outcomes of prostate cancer (PCa) patients with a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level < 4 ng/ml.

    Authors: Zhibo Zheng, Zhien Zhou, Weigang Yan, Yi Zhou, Chuyan Chen, Hanzhong Li and Zhigang Ji

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:340

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Concern for cardiovascular disease (particularly atrial fibrillation-AF) among women with breast cancer is becoming a major issue. We aimed at determining the incidence of cardiovascular disease events (AF, ar...

    Authors: Benoîte Mery, Antoine Fouilloux, Elise Rowinski, Judith Catella-Chatron, Jean-Baptiste Guichard, Antoine Da Costa, Fabien Tinquaut, N. Magné and Laurent Bertoletti

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:337

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Caregiving for childhood cancer survivors may be burdensome for caregivers and affect their physical health and health behaviors. However, studies examining health behaviors in caregivers of childhood cancer s...

    Authors: In Young Cho, Nack-Gyun Chung, Hee Jo Baek, Ji Won Lee, Ki Woong Sung, Dong Wook Shin, Jung Eun Yoo and Yun-Mi Song

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:296

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme (NRCMS) was developed to improve the health security for rural residents. This study aimed to assess the trend of disparity between coastland and inland in medical expendit...

    Authors: Rong Fu, Zheng Lin, Fei He, Yixian Jiang, Zhenquan Zheng and Zhijian Hu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:295

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Recent data suggest that the risk of young-onset colorectal cancer (yCRC), in adults less than 50 years of age, is increasing. To confirm findings and identify contemporary trends worldwide, we conducted a sys...

    Authors: Khalid Saad El Din, Jonathan M. Loree, Eric C. Sayre, Sharlene Gill, Carl J. Brown, Hallie Dau and Mary A. De Vera

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:288

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. The effects of dietary factors on prognosis of esophageal cancer remain unclear. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the association between dietary intake and the risk of mortality among ...

    Authors: Li-Ping Sun, Lu-Bin Yan, Zhen-Zhen Liu, Wen-Jing Zhao, Cai-Xia Zhang, Yu-Min Chen, Xiang Qian Lao and Xudong Liu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:287

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. The objective of this study was to describe the real-world treatment and overall survival (OS) of German patients with a diagnosis of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC), and to explore factors associ...

    Authors: Fränce Hardtstock, David Myers, Tracy Li, Diana Cizova, Ulf Maywald, Thomas Wilke and Frank Griesinger

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:260

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Colorectal cancer (CRC) cases are detected late in Malaysia similar to most Asian countries. The Be Cancer Alert Campaign (BCAC) was a culturally adapted mass media campaign designed to improve CRC awareness and ...

    Authors: Désirée Schliemann, Darishiani Paramasivam, Maznah Dahlui, Christopher R. Cardwell, Saunthari Somasundaram, Nor Saleha Binti Ibrahim Tamin, Conan Donnelly, Tin Tin Su and Michael Donnelly

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:252

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. It is evident that comorbidity exacerbate the complexity of the management of lung cancer, however, limited research has been conducted to investigate the impact of comorbidity on health service utilization an...

    Authors: Ruoxi Ding, Dawei Zhu, Ping He, Yong Ma, Zhishui Chen and Xuefeng Shi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:250

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Increased knowledge of breast cancer risk factors has meant that we are currently exploring risk-based screening, i.e. determining screening strategies based on women’s varying levels of risk. This also enable...

    Authors: Linda Rainey, Daniëlle van der Waal, Anna Jervaeus, Louise S. Donnelly, D. Gareth Evans, Mattias Hammarström, Per Hall, Yvonne Wengström and Mireille J. M. Broeders

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:247

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) is an aggressive disease, and since Chinese authority began to encourage childbearing in 2015, the incidence of PABC has increased. This study investigated the charact...

    Authors: Bo-yue Han, Xiao-guang Li, Hai-yun Zhao, Xin Hu and Hong Ling

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:244

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. We assessed breast cancer mortality in older versus younger women according to race/ethnicity, neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES), and health insurance status.

    Authors: Yazmin San Miguel, Scarlett Lin Gomez, James D. Murphy, Richard B. Schwab, Corinne McDaniels-Davidson, Alison J. Canchola, Alfredo A. Molinolo, Jesse N. Nodora and Maria Elena Martinez

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:228

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. The burden of disease due to cancer remains substantial. Since the value of real-world evidence has also been recognised by regulatory agencies, we established a Research Ethics Committee (REC) approved resear...

    Authors: C. Moss, A. Haire, F. Cahill, D. Enting, S. Hughes, D. Smith, E. Sawyer, A. Davies, J. Zylstra, K. Haire, A. Rigg and M. Van Hemelrijck

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:187

    Content type: Database

    Published on:

  33. The exhaustive collection of new sarcoma cases and their second histologic review offer a unique opportunity to study their incidence and time trends in France according to the major subtypes.

    Authors: Brice Amadeo, Nicolas Penel, Jean-Michel Coindre, Isabelle Ray-Coquard, Karine Ligier, Patricia Delafosse, Anne-Marie Bouvier, Sandrine Plouvier, Justine Gallet, Aude Lacourt, Gaëlle Coureau, Alain Monnereau, Simone Mathoulin-Pélissier and Emmanuel Desandes

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:190

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) and the European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS) staging classifications are two broadly used systems for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. This study aims to...

    Authors: Haihong Wang, Zhenyu Lin, Guiling Li, Dejun Zhang, Dandan Yu, Qili Lin, Jing Wang, Ye Zhao, Guoliang Pi and Tao Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:188

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. The European Guidelines for breast cancer screening suggest that the impact of population-based mammography screening programmes (MSP) may be assessed using the relative reduction in the incidence of advanced ...

    Authors: Laura Khil, Jan Heidrich, Ina Wellmann, Vanessa Kääb-Sanyal, Stefanie Weigel, Walter Heindel, Hans-Werner Hense and Oliver Heidinger

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:174

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Silica and asbestos are recognized lung carcinogens. However, their role in carcinogenesis at other organs is less clear. Clearance of inhaled silica particles and asbestos fibers from the lungs may lead to tr...

    Authors: Lidija Latifovic, Paul J. Villeneuve, Marie-Élise Parent, Linda Kachuri and Shelley A. Harris

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:171

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. To investigate clinicopathological variables influencing overall survival, overall recurrence, and post-recurrence survival (PRS) in patients who experienced curative-intent surgical resection of stage I non-s...

    Authors: Chengdi Wang, Yuxuan Wu, Jun Shao, Dan Liu and Weimin Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:150

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. To evaluate and compare the prognostic performance of four nutritional indicators body mass index (BMI), serum albumin (ALB), prognostic nutritional index (PNI) and nutritional risk index (NRI) in oral cancer ...

    Authors: Xiaodan Bao, Fengqiong Liu, Jing Lin, Qing Chen, Lin Chen, Fa Chen, Jing Wang, Yu Qiu, Bin Shi, Lizhen Pan, Lisong Lin and Baochang He

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:146

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. There is inconsistent evidence on the association between physical activity and pancreatic cancer risk and few studies have investigated early life or life-course physical activity. The objective of this study...

    Authors: Jaspreet Sandhu, Vanessa De Rubeis, Michelle Cotterchio, Brendan T. Smith, Lauren E. Griffith, Darren R. Brenner, Ayelet Borgida, Steven Gallinger, Sean Cleary and Laura N. Anderson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:139

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. The benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy in invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) is still unclear. The objective of the current study was to elucidate the effectiveness of adjuvant chemotherapy in hormone receptor (HR...

    Authors: Guangfu Hu, Guangxia Hu, Chengjiao Zhang, Xiaoyan Lin, Ming Shan, Yanmin Yu, Yongwei Lu, Ruijie Niu, Hui Ye, Cheng Wang and Cheng Xu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:136

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Melanoma can be lethal if not detected early and treated. Early detection can be facilitated via skin self-examination (SSE) and as such, SSE is part of melanoma follow-up care for individuals with a prior his...

    Authors: Adina Coroiu, Chelsea Moran, Catherine Bergeron, Martin Drapeau, Beatrice Wang, Abbas Kezouh, Jochen Ernst, Gerald Batist and Annett Körner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:123

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. This study aims to understand the factors that influence whether patients receive potentially curative treatment for early stage lung cancer. A key question was whether indigenous Māori patients were less like...

    Authors: Ross Lawrenson, Chunhuan Lao, Leonie Brown, Lucia Moosa, Lynne Chepulis, Rawiri Keenan, Jacquie Kidd, Karen Middleton, Paul Conaglen, Charles de Groot, Denise Aitken and Janice Wong

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:109

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Epidemiological studies on the association between coffee intake and cancer risk have yielded inconsistent results. To summarize and appraise the quality of the current evidence, we conducted an umbrella revie...

    Authors: Long-Gang Zhao, Zhuo-Ying Li, Guo-Shan Feng, Xiao-Wei Ji, Yu-Ting Tan, Hong-Lan Li, Marc J. Gunter and Yong-Bing Xiang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:101

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV are at increased risk for anal cancer. We evaluated satisfaction with first-time anal cancer screening using high resolution anoscopy (HRA) as a cross sectional ...

    Authors: Rebecca G. Nowak, Chinedu H. Nnaji, Wuese Dauda, Andrew Mitchell, Oluwole Olaomi, Paul Jibrin, Trevor A. Crowell, Stefan D. Baral, Nicaise Ndembi, Manhattan E. Charurat, Joel M. Palefsky, Søren M. Bentzen and Kevin J. Cullen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:98

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Second primary cancer of the esophagus is frequent in head and neck patients, especially in high-risk populations, and has a great impact on the prognosis. Although Positron emission tomography (PET)/computed ...

    Authors: Hsuan-An Su, Shun-Wen Hsiao, Yu-Chun Hsu, Lien-Yen Wang and Hsu-Heng Yen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:69

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: