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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The association between oral contraceptive (OC) use and long-term mortality remains uncertain and previous studies have reported conflicting findings. We aim to assess the long-term impact of OC use on all-cau...

    Authors: Ula Nur, Darline El Reda, Dana Hashim and Elisabete Weiderpass

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:807

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Alcohol consumption is associated with increased risk of breast cancer; however, its association with subsequent risk of breast cancer death is unclear.

    Authors: Huiyan Ma, Kathleen E. Malone, Jill A. McDonald, Polly A. Marchbanks, Giske Ursin, Brian L. Strom, Michael S. Simon, Jane Sullivan-Halley, Leslie Bernstein and Yani Lu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:800

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Febrile neutropenia (FN) is a serious complication of myelosuppressive chemotherapy. Clinical practice guidelines recommend routine prophylactic coverage with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)—such...

    Authors: Derek Weycker, Robin Doroff, Ahuva Hanau, Charles Bowers, Rajesh Belani, David Chandler, Alexander Lonshteyn, Mark Bensink and Gary H. Lyman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:792

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The most recent results of Global Cancer Statistics indicated that gastrointestinal cancers, including gastric, colorectal, esophageal, and liver cancers, are among the most commonly diagnosed cancers worldwid...

    Authors: Mohammad Hossein Somi, Roya Dolatkhah, Sepideh Sepahi, Mina Belalzadeh, Shahnaz Naghashi and Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:782

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Fast-track colonoscopy to detect patients with colorectal cancer based on high-risk symptoms is associated with low sensitivity and specificity. The aim was to derive a predictive score of advanced colonic neo...

    Authors: Fernando Fernández-Bañares, Ramon Clèries, Jaume Boadas, Josepa Ribes, Joan Carles Oliva, Antoni Alsius, Xavier Sanz, Eva Martínez-Bauer, Sara Galter, Mar Pujals, Marta Pujol, Patricia del Pozo and Rafel Campo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:734

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Mexico City has one of the highest incidences and mortality rates of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the world and a high frequency of early relapses (17%) and early mortality (15%). Otherwise, childhood...

    Authors: Juan Carlos Núñez-Enríquez, Ana Elena Gil-Hernández, Elva Jiménez-Hernández, Arturo Fajardo-Gutiérrez, Aurora Medina-Sansón, Janet Flores-Lujano, Laura Eugenia Espinoza-Hernández, David Aldebarán Duarte-Rodríguez, Raquel Amador-Sánchez, José Gabriel Peñaloza-González, José Refugio Torres-Nava, Rosa Martha Espinosa-Elizondo, Luz Victoria Flores-Villegas, Laura Elizabeth Merino-Pasaye, María Luisa Pérez-Saldivar, Elisa María Dorantes-Acosta…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:708

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The early detection of synchronous bone metastasis (BM) in newly diagnosed colorectal cancer (CRC) affects its initial management and prognosis. A clinical model to individually predict the risk of developing ...

    Authors: Xu Guan, Chen-xi Ma, Ji-chuan Quan, Shuai Li, Zhi-xun Zhao, Hai-peng Chen, Ming Yang, Zheng Liu, Zheng Jiang and Xi-shan Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:704

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Sex differences in the incidences of cancers become a critical issue in both cancer research and the development of precision medicine. However, details in these differences have not been well reported. We pro...

    Authors: Daoshan Zheng, Justyna Trynda, Cecilia Williams, Jeremy A. Vold, Justin H. Nguyen, Denise M. Harnois, Sanjay P. Bagaria, Sarah A. McLaughlin and Zhaoyu Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:684

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Competing molecular classification systems have been proposed to complement the TNM staging system for a better prediction of survival in colorectal cancer (CRC). However, validation studies are so far lacking...

    Authors: Elizabeth Alwers, Hendrik Bläker, Viola Walter, Lina Jansen, Matthias Kloor, Alexander Arnold, Julia Sieber-Frank, Esther Herpel, Katrin E. Tagscherer, Wilfried Roth, Jenny Chang-Claude, Hermann Brenner and Michael Hoffmeister

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:681

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The physical activity (PA) level of patients undergoing major cancer surgery remains unclear. This pilot study aimed to: (i) Compare preoperative PA level between patients undergoing major cancer surgery and t...

    Authors: Daniel Steffens, Jane M. Young, Michael Solomon, Paula R. Beckenkamp, Cherry Koh, Kenneth Vuong, Matthew A. Brodie and Kim Delbaere

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:661

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  11. Content type: Research article

    In order to maximize later health, there are established components and guidelines for quality follow-up care of breast cancer survivors. However, adherence to quality follow-up in Canada may not be optimal, a...

    Authors: Mary L. McBride, Patti A. Groome, Kathleen Decker, Cynthia Kendell, Li Jiang, Marlo Whitehead, Dongdong Li and Eva Grunfeld

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:659

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients can be influenced by genetic mutations and nutritional status. The relationship between these variables is unclear. The objective of the study was to verify th...

    Authors: Mariana Abe Vicente Cavagnari, Tiago Donizetti Silva, Marco Antonio Haddad Pereira, Luísa Jacques Sauer, David Shigueoka, Sarhan Sydney Saad, Katia Barão, Carla Caroline Dias Ribeiro and Nora Manoukian Forones

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:644

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Puerto Rico has the highest incidence rate of thyroid cancer (TC) in the Americas and the third highest rate worldwide. The purpose of this study was to compare the burden of TC between the population of PR an...

    Authors: Guillermo Tortolero-Luna, Carlos R. Torres-Cintrón, Mariela Alvarado-Ortiz, Karen J. Ortiz-Ortiz, Diego E. Zavala-Zegarra and Edna Mora-Piñero

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:637

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Mammographic density is one of the strongest risk factors for breast cancer. In the general population, mammographic density can be modified by various exposures; whether this is true for women a strong family...

    Authors: Olivia Moran, Andrea Eisen, Rochelle Demsky, Kristina Blackmore, Julia A. Knight, Seema Panchal, Ophira Ginsburg, Kevin Zbuk, Martin Yaffe, Kelly A. Metcalfe, Steven A. Narod and Joanne Kotsopoulos

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:631

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Whether chronic inflammation increases prostate cancer risk remains unclear. This study investigated whether chronic inflammatory diseases (CID) or anti-inflammatory medication use (AIM) were associated with p...

    Authors: Kerri Beckmann, Beth Russell, Debra Josephs, Hans Garmo, Christel Haggstrom, Lars Holmberg, Pär Stattin, Mieke Van Hemelrijck and Jan Adolfsson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:612

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Human papilloma virus (HPV) associated cervical cancer remains a global concern particular, in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where the impact is felt most. Evidence show that many other cancers such as vaginal, ana...

    Authors: Kabelo M. B. Lekoane, Desmond Kuupiel, Tivani P. Mashamba-Thompson and Themba G. Ginindza

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:563

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  17. Content type: Technical advance

    Economic evaluations commonly accompany trials of new treatments or interventions; however, regression methods and their corresponding advantages for the analysis of cost-effectiveness data are not widely appr...

    Authors: Jeffrey S. Hoch, Annette Hay, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai, Kednapa Thavorn, Natasha B. Leighl, Dongsheng Tu, Logan Trenaman, Carolyn S. Dewa, Chris O’Callaghan, Joseph Pater, Derek Jonker, Bingshu E. Chen and Nicole Mittmann

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:552

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), tyrosine kinase (TK) and mechanistic target of rapamycin kinase (mTOR) inhibitors are common first-line (1 L) treatments for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). D...

    Authors: Sumanta Pal, Jun Gong, Shivani K. Mhatre, Shih-Wen Lin, Andy Surinach, Sarika Ogale, Rini Vohra, Herschel Wallen and Daniel George

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:548

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Geospatial technology has facilitated the discovery of disease distributions and etiology and helped target prevention programs. Globally, gastric cancer is the leading infection-associated cancer, and third l...

    Authors: Ricardo L. Dominguez, Charlotte B. Cherry, Dago Estevez-Ordonez, Robertino Mera, Veronica Escamilla, Michael Pawlita, Tim Waterboer, Keith T. Wilson, Richard M. Peek, Gloria Tavera, Scott M. Williams, Margaret L. Gulley, Michael Emch and Douglas R. Morgan

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:545

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies conducted on the association between diabetes and the risk of endometrial cancer have reported controversial results that have raised a variety of questions about the association between diabe...

    Authors: Lotfolah Saed, Fatemeh Varse, Hamid Reza Baradaran, Yousef Moradi, Sorour Khateri, Emilie Friberg, Zaher Khazaei, Saeedeh Gharahjeh, Shahrzad Tehrani, Amir-Babak Sioofy-Khojine and Zahra Najmi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:527

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Population-based estimates of the long-term risk of loco-regional recurrence and distant metastases of breast cancer (BRC) patients are scant, as most published studies used hospital-based cohorts or participa...

    Authors: Bernd Holleczek, Christa Stegmaier, Julia C. Radosa, Erich-Franz Solomayer and Hermann Brenner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:520

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer screening mammography is widespread in industrialised countries within the framework of public health program or opportunist form. Only few data exist on the comparison of effectiveness between o...

    Authors: Sarah Peisl, Stefan Zimmermann, Bertrand Camey, Daniel Betticher and Christine Bouchardy

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:469

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  23. Content type: Research article

    We investigated the risk of thyroid disorders, namely hypothyroidism, thyrotoxicosis and thyroiditis, in head and neck cancer patients undergoing multimodal treatment.

    Authors: Chien-Liang Lin, Shang-Yin Wu, Wen-Tsung Huang, Yin-Hsun Feng, Ching-Yi Yiu, Wei-Fan Chiang, Sheng-Yow Ho and Sheng-Hsiang Lin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:461

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer is the most common female cancer in Brazil with an estimated 60 thousand new cases per year. Widespread use of mammography opportunistic screening has been observed in the last 20 years, includin...

    Authors: Diama Bhadra Vale, Cassio Cardoso Filho, Julia Yoriko Shinzato, Fernanda Servidoni Spreafico, Partha Basu and Luiz Carlos Zeferino

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:432

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) is globally one of the most common cancers. Although studies have found a significant prognostic impact of cancer location for right-sided colon cancers compared with those of the left-...

    Authors: Hiroko Nakagawa-Senda, Megumi Hori, Tomohiro Matsuda and Hidemi Ito

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:431

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The best strategy for surveillance testing in stage II and III colon cancer patients following curative treatment is unknown. Previous randomized controlled trials have suffered from design limitations and yie...

    Authors: Robert B. Hines, Md Jibanul Haque Jiban, Adrian V. Specogna, Priya Vishnubhotla, Eunkyung Lee and Shunpu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:418

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  27. Content type: Research article

    In Ethiopia, the incidence of new cases of breast cancer is currently increasing resulting to high rates of morbidity and mortality. Breast cancer is by far the most common cancer accounting for more than one ...

    Authors: Biniyam Tefera Deressa, Nikola Cihoric, Eugenia Vlaskou Badra, Alexandros Tsikkinis and Daniel Rauch

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:393

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Effector CD8+ T cell activation and its cytotoxic function to eradicate tumor cells depend on the T cell recognition of tumor neoantigens, and are positively associated with improved survival in breast cancer. Tu...

    Authors: Lingeng Lu, Huatian Huang, Jing Zhou, Wenxue Ma, Sean Mackay and Zuoheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:387

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the pathway to diagnosis of lymphoma in Sub-Saharan Africa, despite the increased risk of lymphoma in people living with HIV (PLHIV). The challenges of diagnosis in this setting include d...

    Authors: Katherine Antel, Carly Levetan, Zainab Mohamed, Vernon J Louw, Jenna Oosthuizen, Gary Maartens and Estelle Verburgh

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:384

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The healthcare system (HCS) improved in Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR), China. The present study aimed to investigate whether these improvements might alter the clinicopathological characteristics of a Tibetan ...

    Authors: Yulan Zhao, Hanhuan Luo, Xintian Zhang, Tashi Bianba, Lin Li, Qian Wang, Lei Guo, Dian Wang, Yongge Ze and Shan Zheng

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:380

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Smoking is one of the well-established risk factors for gastric cancer incidence, yet whether men are more or equally susceptible to gastric cancer due to smoking compared with women is a matter of controversy...

    Authors: Wen-Ya Li, Yunan Han, Hui-Mian Xu, Zhen-Ning Wang, Ying-Ying Xu, Yong-Xi Song, Hao Xu, Song-Cheng Yin, Xing-Yu Liu and Zhi-Feng Miao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:377

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Cervical Cancer is still a major public health challenge in low and middle-income countries. HPV testing has been an innovative approach, which was introduced in Argentina for women aged 30+ through the Jujuy ...

    Authors: Juan Gago, Melisa Paolino and Silvina Arrossi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:367

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Phase I trials aim to identify the recommended dose for further development. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) could be a complement to the usual National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for ...

    Authors: Frédéric Fiteni, Isabelle Le Ray, Ahmad Ousmen, Nicolas Isambert, Amélie Anota and Franck Bonnetain

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:361

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Salivary gland carcinoma ranks the sixth in head and neck cancers while it is relatively rare in its incidence. Epidemiological studies have been based mostly on institutional data, leading to selection bias i...

    Authors: Jin-Ye Fu, Chun-Xiao Wu, Shu-Kun Shen, Ying Zheng, Chen-Ping Zhang and Zhi-Yuan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:350

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ECC) has become one of the most rapidly increasing malignancies in China during recent decades. The relationship between tobacco exposure and ECC epidemics is unclear; this stu...

    Authors: Lei Hou, Jingmei Jiang, Boqi Liu, Wei Han, Yanping Wu, Xiaonong Zou, Fang Xue, Yuanli Chen, Biao Zhang, Haiyu Pang, Yuyan Wang, Zixing Wang, Yaoda Hu and Junyao Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:348

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Incidence of renal dysfunction and risks of progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) were reported higher in upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) than in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients aft...

    Authors: Sheng-Wen Niu, Peir-In Liang, Ming-Yen Lin, Shih-Meng Yeh, Yen-Yi Zhen, Yu-Han Chang, Pin-Chia Huang, Chi-Chi Hung, I-Ching Kuo, Hugo You-Hsien Lin, Mei-Chuan Kuo, Wei-Ming Li, Chun-Nung Huang, Wen-Jeng Wu, Li-Tzong Chen, Yi-Wen Chiu…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:337

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Our aim was to determine the epidemiology and recent changes in the trends of non-functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (NF-pNETs) at the population level. In addition, we explored the risk factors that...

    Authors: Junjun Wu, Chi Sun, Enliang Li, Jiakun Wang, Xianping He, Rongfa Yuan, Chenghao Yi, Wenjun Liao and Linquan Wu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:334

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  38. Content type: Research article

    In France, a Pap test for cervical cancer screening is recommended every three years for all sexually active women aged 25 to 65 years. Modes of contraception (any or no contraception, with or without a visit to ...

    Authors: Stéphanie Mignot, Virginie Ringa, Solène Vigoureux, Marie Zins, Henri Panjo, Pierre-Jean Saulnier and Xavier Fritel

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:317

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second cause of tumour mortality in Spain and Europe. To date, no studies have been conducted in Spain to evaluate the spatial and temporal distribution of the excess risk of dea...

    Authors: J. M. García-Torrecillas, M. C. Olvera-Porcel, M. Ferrer-Márquez, F. Rubio-Gil, M J. Sánchez and M. Rodríguez-Barranco

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:310

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Thyroid cancer is the most frequent endocrine neoplasia worldwide. Information from Andean countries is scarce. In Ecuador there is no reports available of the epidemiology of this type of cancer. The aim of t...

    Authors: Jorge Salazar-Vega, Esteban Ortiz-Prado, Paola Solis-Pazmino, Lenin Gómez-Barreno, Katherine Simbaña-Rivera, Aquiles R. Henriquez-Trujillo, Juan P. Brito, Theofilos Toulkeridis and Marco Coral-Almeida

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:294

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  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines are indicated for the prevention of cancers and genital warts caused by vaccine-covered HPV types. Although the standard regimen requires a two or three-dose vaccine series,...

    Authors: Yi Zeng, Anna-Barbara Moscicki, Vikrant V. Sahasrabuddhe, Francisco Garcia, Heide Woo, Chiu-Hsieh Hsu, Eva Szabo, Eileen Dimond, Susan Vanzzini, Angelica Mondragon, Valerie Butler, Hillary DeRose and H.-H. Sherry Chow

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:290

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