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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. Patients with relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma (R/R PTCL) treated with pralatrexate have previously shown superior overall survival (OS) compared to those who underwent conventional chemothera...

    Authors: Seonyoung Park, Ah-Young Kim, Hyeonseok Cho, Deborah Baik, Hankil Lee, Sunghwa Cho and Hye-Young Kang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1157

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Women with an advantaged socioeconomic position (SEP) have a higher risk of developing breast cancer (BC). The reasons for this association do not seem to be limited to reproductive factors and remain to be un...

    Authors: Eloïse Berger, Noële Maitre, Francesca Romana Mancini, Laura Baglietto, Vittorio Perduca, Hélène Colineaux, Sabina Sieri, Salvatore Panico, Carlotta Sacerdote, Rosario Tumino, Paolo Vineis, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Gianluca Severi, Raphaële Castagné and Cyrille Delpierre

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1138

    Content type: Research article

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  3. While immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have transformed the field of oncology for advanced-stage cancers, they can lead to serious immune toxicities. Several systematic reviews have evaluated the risk of im...

    Authors: Zahra Karimian, Sandra Mavoungou, Joe-Elie Salem, Florence Tubach and Agnès Dechartres

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1128

    Content type: Research article

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  4. People are at a high risk of gastric cancer if their first-degree relatives suffered from atrophic gastritis (AG), intestinal metaplasia (IM), intraepithelial neoplasia (IEN), dysplasia (DYS), or gastric cance...

    Authors: Rui Wu, Cheng Yang, Lin Ji, Zhi-Ning Fan, Yu-Wen Tao and Qiang Zhan

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1110

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The worldwide prevalence and incidence of neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) have been increasing recently, although few studies have analyzed data on the current situation of NENs in Japan. Here, the Japan Neuroe...

    Authors: Toshihiko Masui, Tetsuhide Ito, Izumi Komoto and Shinji Uemoto

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1104

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Tumour subtype has a significant effect on bone metastasis in breast cancer, but population-based estimates of the prognosis of patients with bone metastases at breast cancer diagnosis are lacking. The aim of ...

    Authors: Xiao Li, Xiaoli Zhang, Jie Liu and Yinzhong Shen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1102

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Follow-up after curative surgery is increasingly recognized as an important component of breast cancer care. Although current guideline regulates the follow-ups, there are no relevant studies on the adherence ...

    Authors: Ran Feng, Jingfeng Jing, Xiaojun Zhang, Ming Li and Jinnan Gao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1098

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Cancer is widely recognized as a global public health problem. Breast, prostate, and cervical cancer are among the most frequent types in developing countries. Assessing their incidence and mortality by region...

    Authors: Juliana Alexandra Hernández Vargas, Paula Ximena Ramírez Barbosa, Ana Milena Gil Quijano, Ana María Valbuena, Lizbeth Acuña and Jaime Alberto González

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1097

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The incidence of thyroid cancer (TC) has increased rapidly over the past few decades in Korea. This study investigated whether the TC epidemic has been driven by overdiagnosis.

    Authors: Hee-Yeon Kang, Ikhan Kim, Yeon-Yong Kim, Jinwook Bahk and Young-Ho Khang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1096

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Tools based on diagnostic prediction models are available to help general practitioners (GP) diagnose colorectal cancer. It is unclear how well they perform and whether they lead to increased or quicker diagno...

    Authors: Bogdan Grigore, Ruth Lewis, Jaime Peters, Sophie Robinson and Christopher J. Hyde

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1084

    Content type: Research article

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  11. A secondary malignancy is the most serious complication in lung cancer (LC) survivors. This study aimed to evaluate the clinicopathological features, predictable risk factors and survival of patients with LC w...

    Authors: Huabin Wang, Yin Yin, Ru Wang, Junbin Huang, Hongman Xue, Yucai Cheng, Lidan Zhang and Chun Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1081

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In recent years, the identification of genetic and phenotypic biomarkers of cancer for prevention, early diagnosis and patient stratification has been a main objective of research in the field. Different multi...

    Authors: J. C. Triviño, A. Ceba, E. Rubio-Solsona, D. Serra, I. Sanchez-Guiu, G. Ribas, R. Rosa, M. Cabo, L. Bernad, G. Pita, A. Gonzalez-Neira, G. Legarda, J. L. Diaz, A. García-Vigara, A. Martínez-Aspas, M. Escrig…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1079

    Content type: Research article

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  13. In low-income countries breast cancer awareness (BCA) is essential to reduce the proportion of advanced stage presentations of breast cancer. There is a lack of studies using multivariable techniques to explor...

    Authors: Rukaiya Malik, Numa Vera, Chandra Dayal, Abhay Choudhari, Jyotishna Mudaliar, Amanda Noovao Hill, Ilisapeci Kubuabola and Ronny Gunnarsson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1078

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The purpose of this study was to assess trends in incidence and presentation of colorectal cancer (CRC) over a period of 37 years in a stable population in Mid-Norway. Secondarily, we wanted to predict the fut...

    Authors: Øystein Høydahl, Tom-Harald Edna, Athanasios Xanthoulis, Stian Lydersen and Birger Henning Endreseth

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1077

    Content type: Research article

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  15. There is uncertainty about the effectiveness of clinical breast examination (CBE) and conflicting recommendations regarding its usefulness as a screening tool for breast cancer. This paper provides an overview...

    Authors: Tran Thu Ngan, Nga T. Q. Nguyen, Hoang Van Minh, Michael Donnelly and Ciaran O’Neill

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1070

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Heterogeneity of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) constraints accurate prognosis prediction of the tumor. We therefore aimed at developing a novel nomogram for accurate prediction of overall survival (OS)...

    Authors: Wenwen Zheng, Weiwei Zhu, Shengqiang Yu, Kangqi Li, Yuexia Ding, Qingna Wu, Qiling Tang, Quan Zhao, Congxiao Lu and Chenyu Guo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1066

    Content type: Research article

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  17. In general, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines have demonstrated efficacy in young women worldwide, but there is limited evidence on the efficacy of the quadrivalent HPV6/11/16/18 vaccine in adult women and n...

    Authors: Tetsuji Kurokawa, Makoto Yamamoto, Toshimichi Onuma, Hideaki Tsuyoshi, Akiko Shinagawa, Yoko Chino and Yoshio Yoshida

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1056

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. The incidence and mortality rates of colorectal cancer (CRC) continue to increase worldwide. Therefore, new preventive strategies are needed to lower the burden of this disease. Previous studies reported that ...

    Authors: Takuma Higurashi, Jun Arimoto, Keiichi Ashikari, Tomohiro Takatsu, Noboru Misawa, Tsutomu Yoshihara, Tetsuya Matsuura, Akiko Fuyuki, Hidenori Ohkubo and Atsushi Nakajima

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1043

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. The COVID-19 pandemic is predicted to significantly affect patients with lung cancer, owing to its rapid progression and high mortality. Studies on lung cancer diagnosis and treatment during an epidemic are la...

    Authors: Ji Young Park, Ye Jin Lee, Taehee Kim, Chang Youl Lee, Hwan Il Kim, Joo-Hee Kim, Sunghoon Park, Yong Il Hwang, Ki-Suck Jung and Seung Hun Jang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1040

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The distress thermometer (DT) is an effective tool for identifying distress among cancer patients worldwide. However, DT has not been studied in Egyptian patients. We aimed to study the prevalence of distress ...

    Authors: Nashwa Abd El-Aziz, Salah Khallaf, Waleed Abozaid, Ghada Elgohary, Ola Abd El-Fattah, Mai Alhawari, Safaa Khaled, Azza AbdelHaffez, Ehab Kamel and Sherif Mohamed

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1033

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Studies evaluating health information needs in colorectal cancer (CRC) lack specificity in terms of study samples involving patients. We assessed how health information needs of individuals with CRC are met ac...

    Authors: Hallie Dau, Abdollah Safari, Khalid Saad El Din, Helen McTaggart-Cowan, Jonathan M. Loree, Sharlene Gill and Mary A. De Vera

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1031

    Content type: Research article

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  22. About 85% of breast cancer patients attending Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH), Ghana, present with stage III/IV disease. In spite of great investments into the early diagnosis and management of breast ca...

    Authors: Anita Eseenam Agbeko, Joshua Arthur, Jonathan Bayuo, Basil Benduri Kaburi and Ishmael Kyei

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:1011

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Treatment with ABVD (doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine) is a well-established therapy for advanced Hodgkin’s lymphoma (HL). However, the recently completed ECHELON-1 trial showed potential n...

    Authors: A. J. N. Raymakers, S. Costa, D. Cameron and D. A. Regier

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:992

    Content type: Research article

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  24. In this study, we analyze the cost-effectiveness of fruquintinib as third-line treatment for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer in China, especially after a recent price drop suggested by the National ...

    Authors: Zhi Peng, Xingduo Hou, Yangmu Huang, Tong Xie and Xinyang Hua

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:990

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The aim was to estimate the risk of subsequent extra-cervical Human Papillomavirus (HPV) related cancer in patients surgically treated for high grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 2–3). This is the f...

    Authors: Mario Preti, Stefano Rosso, Leonardo Micheletti, Carola Libero, Irene Sobrato, Livia Giordano, Paola Busso, Niccolò Gallio, Stefano Cosma, Federica Bevilacqua and Chiara Benedetto

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:972

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Malignant tumours of the temporomandibular joint (MTTMJ) are extremely rare. Studies describing its unique epidemiology, clinicopathological features, treatment and prognosis comprehensively are limited. To ad...

    Authors: Feiluore Yibulayin, Chen-xi Yu, Lei Feng, Meng Wang, Meng-meng Lu, Yuan Luo, Hui Liu, Zhi-cheng Yang and Alimujiang Wushou

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:967

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Risk-based breast cancer screening may improve the benefit-harm ratio of screening by tailoring policy to a woman’s personal breast cancer risk. This study aims to explore Dutch women’s preferences regarding t...

    Authors: Linda Rainey, Daniëlle van der Waal and Mireille J. M. Broeders

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:965

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The literature suggests an increased risk between anthropometrics including higher body mass index and lymphoma incidence; however, the association with physical activity remains unclear. A systematic review/m...

    Authors: Gwynivere A. Davies, Christopher Strader, Richa Chibbar, Stefania Papatheodorou and Adam A. Dmytriw

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:962

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Cervical cancer is the most common cancer among women in Sub-Saharan countries, including Tanzania. While early detection and diagnosis are available in some parts of this large country, radiotherapy has been ...

    Authors: Mariah P. Gesink, Robert M. Chamberlain, Julius Mwaiselage, Crispin Kahesa, Kahima Jackson, William Mueller, Jane L. Meza and Amr S. Soliman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:939

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Bladder cancer (BC) is the 9th most common cancer worldwide, but little progress has been made in improving patient outcomes over the last 25 years. The King’s Health Partners (KHP) BC biobank was established ...

    Authors: Pinky Kotecha, Charlotte L. Moss, Deborah Enting, Cheryl Gillett, Magdalene Joseph, Debra Josephs, Sarah Rudman, Simon Hughes, Fidelma Cahill, Harriet Wylie, Anna Haire, James Rosekilly, Muhammad Shamin Khan, Rajesh Nair, Ramesh Thurairaja, Sachin Malde…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:920

    Content type: Database

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  31. A low level of methylation at cg05575921 in the aryl-hydrocarbon receptor repressor (AHRR) gene is robustly associated with smoking, and some studies have observed associations between cg05575921 methylation and ...

    Authors: Laurie Grieshober, Stefan Graw, Matt J. Barnett, Mark D. Thornquist, Gary E. Goodman, Chu Chen, Devin C. Koestler, Carmen J. Marsit and Jennifer A. Doherty

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:905

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The global incidence of thyroid cancer (TC) has risen considerably during the last three decades, while prognosis is generally favorable. We assessed the long-term all-cause mortality in TC survivors compared ...

    Authors: Elena Izkhakov, Lital Keinan-Boker, Micha Barchana, Yacov Shacham, Iris Yaish, Narin N. Carmel Neiderman, Dan M. Fliss, Naftali Stern and Joseph Meyerovitch

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:892

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Tobacco smoking is associated with a unique mutational signature in the human cancer genome. It is unclear whether tobacco smoking-altered DNA methylations and gene expressions affect smoking-related mutationa...

    Authors: Zhishan Chen, Wanqing Wen, Qiuyin Cai, Jirong Long, Ying Wang, Weiqiang Lin, Xiao-ou Shu, Wei Zheng and Xingyi Guo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:880

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Some evidence has shown that malignant breast tumours have lower electrical impedance than surrounding normal tissues. Electrical impedance could be used as an indicator for breast cancer detection. The purpos...

    Authors: Blanca Murillo-Ortiz, Abraham Hernández-Ramírez, Talia Rivera-Villanueva, David Suárez-García, Mario Murguía-Pérez, Sandra Martínez-Garza, Allyson Rodríguez-Penin, Rosario Romero-Coripuna and Xiomara Midory López-Partida

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:876

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) affects 1–2 in 1,000,000 people. The disease is not associated with increased risk of treatment failure (especially among older children), but appropriate procedures impleme...

    Authors: Anna Raciborska, Katarzyna Bilska, Jadwiga Węcławek-Tompol, Olga Gryniewicz-Kwiatkowska, Małgorzata Hnatko-Kołacz, Joanna Stefanowicz, Anna Pieczonka, Katarzyna Jankowska, Filip Pierelejewski, Tomasz Ociepa, Grażyna Sobol-Milejska, Katarzyna Muszyńska-Rosłan, Olga Michoń, Wanda Badowska, Monika Radwańska and Katarzyna Drabko

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:874

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Worldwide cervical cancer is the third most common malignancy in women. It usually arises from the cervical area which is susceptible to Human Papilloma virus induced malignancy changes. In low-resource settin...

    Authors: Gebretsadik Hailemariam, Hailay Gebreyesus, Tewolde Wubayehu, Tsgehana Gebregyorgis, Kidanemariam Gebrecherkos, Mebrahtu Teweldemedhin and Manaye Kifle

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:858

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Oncotype DX® (ODX) is used to assess risk of disease recurrence in hormone receptor positive, HER2-negative breast cancer and to guide decisions regarding adjuvant chemotherapy. Little is known about how physi...

    Authors: Thomas M. Schwedhelm, Judy R. Rees, Tracy Onega, Ronnie J. Zipkin, Andrew Schaefer, Maria O. Celaya and Erika L. Moen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:847

    Content type: Research article

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  38. It is essential to have information on the disease burden of lung cancer at an individual level throughout the life; however, few such results have been reported. Thus, this study aimed to assess the lifetime ...

    Authors: Hae-Young Park, Jinseub Hwang, Do-Hyang Kim, Soo Min Jeon, Sun Ha Choi and Jin-Won Kwon

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:846

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Our objective was to assess racial differences in the 5-year relative survival rates (RSRs) of Cervical Cancer (CerCancer) by stage at diagnosis, between Black and White women, living in Alabama, USA.

    Authors: Ehsan Abdalla, Roberta Troy, Souleymane Fall, Isra Elhussin, Oyoyo Egiebor-Aiwan and David Nganwa

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:830

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Pesticide exposure is a suspected risk factor for childhood cancer. We investigated the risk of developing childhood cancer in relation to parental occupational exposure to pesticides in Switzerland for the pe...

    Authors: Astrid Coste, Helen D. Bailey, Mutlu Kartal-Kaess, Raffaele Renella, Aurélie Berthet and Ben D. Spycher

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:819

    Content type: Research article

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  41. In 2013, Jinan KingMed Diagnostics (JKD) first established a systematic cervical cytology training and quality control (QC) program in Shandong Province, China. We compared the efficacy of high-risk human papi...

    Authors: Dongman Zhao, Liran Zhang, Fengxiang Xie, Dezhi Peng, Jie Wei, Lingbo Jiang, Shoudu Zhang and Debo Qi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:810

    Content type: Research article

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  42. In recent years, lung cancer (LC) incidence has increased in Iran. The use of opium and its derivatives (O&D) has increased as well. This study aimed to investigate the association between the use of O&D and L...

    Authors: Ahmad Naghibzadeh-Tahami, Maryam Marzban, Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi, Shahryar Dabiri, Shokrollah Mohseni, Reza Abbasi Rayeni, Mitra Samareh Fekri, Mohammad Hasan Larizadeh, Behnaz Karimpour and Narges Khanjani

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:807

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Many antipsychotics elevate prolactin, a hormone implicated in breast cancer aetiology however no studies have investigated antipsychotic use in patients with breast cancer. This study investigated if antipsyc...

    Authors: Blánaid M. Hicks, John Busby, Ken Mills, Francis A. O’Neil, Stuart A. McIntosh, Shu-Dong Zhang, Fabio Giuseppe Liberante and Chris R. Cardwell

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:804

    Content type: Research article

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  44. In the scope of the European Commission Initiative on Breast Cancer (ECIBC) the Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) subgroup was tasked to identify breast cancer screening programme (BCSP) performance indicators, ...

    Authors: Sergei Muratov, Carlos Canelo-Aybar, Jean-Eric Tarride, Pablo Alonso-Coello, Nadya Dimitrova, Bettina Borisch, Xavier Castells, Stephen W. Duffy, Patricia Fitzpatrick, Markus Follmann, Livia Giordano, Solveig Hofvind, Annette Lebeau, Cecily Quinn, Alberto Torresin, Claudia Vialli…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:795

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Angiosarcomas (AS) have poor prognosis and often metastasize to distant sites. The potential predictors of metastatic angiosarcomas (MAS) have not been extensively investigated. The main objective of this stud...

    Authors: Shihong Ren, Yucheng Wang, Zhan Wang, Jinxiang Shao and Zhaoming Ye

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:778

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: