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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. Prostate cancer patients are known to suffer from poor sexual and urinary long-term side-effects following treatment, potentially impacting quality of life. The purpose of our study was to compare health-relat...

    Authors: Nadine Houédé, Xavier Rébillard, Sophie Bouvet, Sarah Kabani, Pascale Fabbro-Peray, Brigitte Trétarre and Florence Ménégaux

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:757

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. The present study was conducted to determine the trend and projection of premature mortality from gastrointestinal cancers (GI cancers) at national and subnational levels in Iran.

    Authors: Fatemeh Khosravi Shadmani, Farshad Farzadfar, Moein Yoosefi, Kamyar Mansori, Reza Khosravi Shadman and Aliakbar Haghdoost

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:752

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) is defined as breast cancer that is diagnosed during pregnancy and/or the postpartum period. Definitions of the duration of the postpartum period have been controversi...

    Authors: Chunchun Shao, Zhigang Yu, Juan Xiao, Liyuan Liu, Fanzhen Hong, Yuan Zhang and Hongying Jia

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:746

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Precision oncology pharmacotherapy relies on precise patient-specific alterations that impact drug responses. Due to rapid advances in clinical tumor sequencing, an urgent need exists for a clinical support to...

    Authors: Quan Xu, Jin-Cheng Zhai, Cai-Qin Huo, Yang Li, Xue-Jiao Dong, Dong-Fang Li, Ru-Dan Huang, Chuang Shen, Yu-Jun Chang, Xi-Ling Zeng, Fan-Lin Meng, Fang Yang, Wan-Ling Zhang, Sheng-Nan Zhang, Yi-Ming Zhou and Zhi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:740

    Content type: Software

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  5. Cancer-related fatigue represents one major cause of reduced quality of life in cancer patients and can seriously affect the physical, emotional, and cognitive functioning impeding coping with the disease. Opt...

    Authors: Ben Schöttker, Sabine Kuznia, Dana Clarissa Laetsch, David Czock, Annette Kopp-Schneider, Reiner Caspari and Hermann Brenner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:739

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. Disparities in multiple myeloma (MM) prognosis based on sociodemographic factors may exist. We investigated whether education level at diagnosis influenced Chinese MM patient outcomes.

    Authors: Limei Xu, Xiuju Wang, Xueyi Pan, Xiaotao Wang, Qing Wang, Bingyi Wu, Jiahui Cai, Ying Zhao, Lijuan Chen, Wuping Li and Juan Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:737

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The prognosis of glioblastoma remains poor, related to its diffuse spread within the brain. There is an ongoing search for molecular regulators of this particularly invasive behavior. One approach is to look f...

    Authors: Vanina D. Heuser, Aida Kiviniemi, Laura Lehtinen, Sune Munthe, Bjarne Winther Kristensen, Jussi P. Posti, Jussi O. T. Sipilä, Ville Vuorinen, Olli Carpén and Maria Gardberg

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:710

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Cervical cancer is the second leading type of female cancer in Ethiopia. Screening for cervical cancer is primarily conducted using visual inspection with 5% acetic acid (VIA). Liquid-based cytology (LBC) is n...

    Authors: Getnet Tesfaw, Yesuf Ahmed, Lealem Gedefaw, Lamessa Dube, Samson Godu, Kirubel Eshetu, Mesfin Nigussie, Haftamu Hailekiros, Moses Joloba, Gelila Goba and Alemseged Abdissa

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:706

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Between 30 and 50% of colon tumors have mutations in the Kirsten-ras (KRAS) gene, which have a large nutritional attributable risk. Despite its high frequency in colorectal cancer (CRC), data to support specific ...

    Authors: Achraf El Asri, Btissame Zarrouq, Khaoula El Kinany, Laila Bouguenouch, Karim Ouldim and Karima El Rhazi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:696

    Content type: Review

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  10. The International Agency for Research on Cancer classified radon and its decay-products as Group-1-human-carcinogens, and with the current knowledge they are linked specifically to lung cancer. Biokinetic mode...

    Authors: Cheng Peng, Natalie DuPre, Trang VoPham, Yujing J. Heng, Gabrielle M. Baker, Christopher A. Rubadue, Kimberly Glass, Abhijeet Sonawane, Oana Zeleznik, Peter Kraft, Susan E. Hankinson, A. Heather Eliassen, Jaime E. Hart, Francine Laden and Rulla M. Tamimi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:695

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To identify modifiable risk factors that contribute to cancer holds important public health relevance for setting up prevention strategies. Therefore, the aim of this study was to estimate the proportion of ca...

    Authors: Leandro F. M. Rezende, Eliana Murata, Beatriz Giannichi, Luciana Yuki Tomita, Gabriela Arantes Wagner, Zila M. Sanchez, Carlos Celis-Morales and Gerson Ferrari

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:693

    Content type: Research article

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  12. There is international interest in risk-stratification of breast screening programmes to allow women at higher risk to benefit from more frequent screening and chemoprevention. Risk-stratification also identif...

    Authors: Lorna McWilliams, Victoria G. Woof, Louise S. Donnelly, Anthony Howell, D. Gareth Evans and David P. French

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:680

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The incidence of anal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) has been steadily growing globally in the past decade. Clinical data on anal SCC from China are rare. We conducted this study to describe the clinical and ep...

    Authors: Yong Lu, Xiaohao Wang, Peiyang Li, Tao Zhang, Jiaming Zhou, Yufeng Ren, Yi Ding, Haihua Peng, Qichun Wei, Kaiyun You, Jason J. Ong, Christopher K. Fairley, Andrew E. Grulich, Meijin Huang, Yuanhong Gao and Huachun Zou

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:679

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Targeted treatment with Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) is superior to systemic chemotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with EGFR gene mutations. Dete...

    Authors: Phyu Sin Aye, Sandar Tin Tin, Mark James McKeage, Prashannata Khwaounjoo, Alana Cavadino and J. Mark Elwood

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:658

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is recommended in primary cervical screening to improve cancer prevention. An advantage of HPV testing is that it can be performed on self-samples, which could increase popul...

    Authors: Riina Aarnio, Ellinor Östensson, Matts Olovsson, Inger Gustavsson and Ulf Gyllensten

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:645

    Content type: Research article

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  16. For the first time, we present regional-level cancer incidence and world-standardized mortality rates for cancers for Martinique, Guadeloupe and French Guiana.

    Authors: Clarisse Joachim, Jacqueline Véronique-Baudin, Laure Desroziers, Édouard Chatignoux, Sophie Belliardo, Juliette Plenet, Jonathan Macni, Stephen Ulric-Gervaise, Jessica Peruvien, Bernard Bhakkan-Mambir and Jacqueline Deloumeaux

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:643

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Many studies have found that use of aspirin can lengthen survival in patients with gastrointestinal cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the survival benefit of aspirin use compared with non-aspirin use...

    Authors: Ju-Li Lin, Jian-Xian Lin, Chao-Hui Zheng, Ping Li, Jian-Wei Xie, Jia-bin Wang, Jun Lu, Qi-Yue Chen, Long-long Cao, Mi Lin and Chang-Ming Huang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:638

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The incidence of thyroid cancer is increasing worldwide. This is not accompanied by a corresponding increase in mortality. In contrast, in most populations’ thyroid cancer mortality has been decreasing in rece...

    Authors: Enrique López Gavilanez, Noemí Bautista Litardo, Manuel Navarro Chávez, Mario Hernández Bonilla and Angel Segale Bajaña

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:637

    Content type: Correspondence

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  19. Sarcomas are a heterogeneous group of malignancies arising from mesenchymal cells. Epidemiological studies on sarcoma from Australia are lacking, as previous studies have focused on a sarcoma type (e.g. soft t...

    Authors: Cameron M. Wright, Georgia Halkett, Richard Carey Smith and Rachael Moorin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:625

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The epidemiological features of Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) have seldom been investigated at a national level, particularly in East Asia. The goal of our study is to present the incidence, prevalence, m...

    Authors: Seri Jeong, Seom Gim Kong, Da Jung Kim, Sangjin Lee and Ho Sup Lee

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:623

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Patients with a metastatic breast cancer suffer from a deteriorated health-related quality of life and numerous symptoms such as pain, severe fatigue and a decrease of their physical fitness. As the feasibilit...

    Authors: Lidia Delrieu, Amélie Anota, Olivier Trédan, Damien Freyssenet, Aurélia Maire, Brice Canada, Baptiste Fournier, Olivia Febvey-Combes, Frank Pilleul, Amine Bouhamama, Christophe Caux, Florence Joly, Béatrice Fervers, Vincent Pialoux, David Pérol and Olivia Pérol

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:622

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Chemotherapy induced cardio-toxicity has been recognized as a serious side effect since the first introduction to anthracyclines (ANT). Cardio-toxicity among patients with breast cancer is well studied but the...

    Authors: Sivan Shamai, Zach Rozenbaum, Ofer Merimsky, Matthew Derakhshesh, Yonatan Moshkovits, Joshua Arnold, Yan Topilsky, Yaron Arbel and Michal Laufer-Perl

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:609

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Since body mass index (BMI) is a convincing risk factor for breast cancer, it is speculated to be associated with lymph node metastasis. However, epidemiological studies are inconclusive. Therefore, this study...

    Authors: Junyi Wang, Yaning Cai, Fangfang Yu, Zhiguang Ping and Li Liu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:601

    Content type: Research article

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  24. We examined the association between obesity and prostate cancer based on both body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) using the National Health Insurance System (NHIS) database for the entire male p...

    Authors: Jin Bong Choi, Jun-Pyo Myong, Yunhee Lee, Inah Kim, Jung Ho Kim, Sung-Hoo Hong and U-Syn Ha

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:589

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In principle, risk-stratification as a routine part of the NHS Breast Screening Programme (NHSBSP) should produce a better balance of benefits and harms. The main benefit is the offer of NICE-approved more fre...

    Authors: David P. French, Susan Astley, Adam R. Brentnall, Jack Cuzick, Richard Dobrashian, Stephen W. Duffy, Louise S. Gorman, Elaine F. Harkness, Fiona Harrison, Michelle Harvie, Anthony Howell, Andrew Jerrison, Matthew Machin, Anthony J. Maxwell, Lorna McWilliams, Katherine Payne…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:570

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  26. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women worldwide. Sub- Saharan Africa has a high incidence, prevalence and mortality due to shortage and underutilization of screening facilities. This stu...

    Authors: Friederike Ruddies, Muluken Gizaw, Brhanu Teka, Sarah Thies, Andreas Wienke, Andreas M. Kaufmann, Tamrat Abebe, Adamu Addissie and Eva Johanna Kantelhardt

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:563

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Racial disparities are well-documented in preventive cancer care, but they have not been fully explored in the context of lung cancer screening. We sought to explore racial differences in lung cancer screening...

    Authors: Michael Lake, Christine S. Shusted, Hee-Soon Juon, Russell K. McIntire, Charnita Zeigler-Johnson, Nathaniel R. Evans, Gregory C. Kane and Julie A. Barta

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:561

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The aim of this study was to establish a comprehensive nomogram for the cancer-specific survival (CSS) of patients with upper-tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) and compare it with the traditional American Join...

    Authors: Chengzhuo Li, Jin Yang, Fengshuo Xu, Didi Han, Shuai Zheng, Rahel Elishilia Kaaya, Shengpeng Wang and Jun Lyu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:534

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Formulae of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) based on serum creatinine (Scr) are routinely used in oncology patients, however, they are inaccurate in some populations. Our aim was to assess the agre...

    Authors: Yichun Cheng, Liu Huang, Yunfeng Han, Chummun Vanisha, Shuwang Ge and Gang Xu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:530

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Whilst epidemiological studies have provided evidence of associations between certain risk factors and glioma onset, inferring causality has proven challenging. Using Mendelian randomization (MR), we assessed ...

    Authors: A. E. Howell, J. W. Robinson, R. E. Wootton, A. McAleenan, S. Tsavachidis, Q. T. Ostrom, M. Bondy, G. Armstrong, C. Relton, P. Haycock, R. M. Martin, J. Zheng and K. M. Kurian

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:508

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Triple Negative breast cancer (TNBC) includes a heterogeneous group of tumors with different clinico-pathological features, molecular alterations and treatment responsivity. Our aim was to evaluate the clinico...

    Authors: Francesca Sanges, Matteo Floris, Paolo Cossu-Rocca, Maria R. Muroni, Giovanna Pira, Silvana Anna Maria Urru, Renata Barrocu, Silvano Gallus, Cristina Bosetti, Maurizio D’Incalci, Alessandra Manca, Maria Gabriela Uras, Ricardo Medda, Elisabetta Sollai, Alma Murgia, Dolores Palmas…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:491

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The objective of this study was to develop a practical nomogram for predicting the cancer-specific survival (CSS) of patients with small-intestine adenocarcinoma.

    Authors: Na Wang, Jin Yang, Jun Lyu, Qingqing Liu, Hairong He, Jie Liu, Li Li, Xuequn Ren and Zhendong Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:505

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. To investigate the performance of primary ultrasound (P-US) screening for breast cancer, and that of supplemental ultrasound (S-US) screening for breast cancer after negative mammography (MAM).

    Authors: Lei Yang, Shengfeng Wang, Liwen Zhang, Chao Sheng, Fengju Song, Ping Wang and Yubei Huang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:499

    Content type: Research article

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  34. For epidemiological research, cancer registry datasets often need to be augmented with additional data. Data linkage is not feasible when there are no cases in common between data sets. We present a novel appr...

    Authors: Paul P. Fahey, Andrew Page, Glenn Stone and Thomas Astell-Burt

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:496

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Cancer patient pathways (CPPs) were implemented in 2015 to reduce waiting time, regional variation in waiting time, and to increase the predictability of cancer care for the patients. The aims of this study we...

    Authors: Yngvar Nilssen, Odd Terje Brustugun, Morten Tandberg Eriksen, Erik Skaaheim Haug, Bjørn Naume and Bjørn Møller

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:488

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Thousands of research articles on neuroblastoma have been published over the past few decades; however, the heterogeneity and variable quality of scholarly data may challenge scientists or clinicians to survey...

    Authors: Illya Martynov, Jessica Klima-Frysch and Joachim Schoenberger

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:486

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement is a predictive factor of response to ALK inhibitors in non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The prevalence of ALK rearrangements is well known in Whites and Asian...

    Authors: Hind El yacoubi, Mohamed Lemine Sow, Fouad Kettani, Lamia Gamra, Amina Mestari, Lamia Jabri, Ibrahim Elghissassi and Hassan Errihani

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:479

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Oral cancer is a growing problem worldwide, with high incidence rates in South Asian countries. With increasing numbers of South Asian immigrants in developed countries, a possible rise in oral cancer cases is...

    Authors: Nidhi Saraswat, Rona Pillay, Bronwyn Everett and Ajesh George

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:477

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Advanced cancer stage at diagnosis may explain high cancer mortality among patients with a severe psychiatric illness (SPI). Studies to date investigating advanced stage cancer at diagnosis as a potential expl...

    Authors: Alyson L. Mahar, Paul Kurdyak, Timothy P. Hanna, Natalie G. Coburn and Patti A. Groome

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:476

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Self-sampling for HPV testing, as an alternative to the conventional speculum based sampling, is highly acceptable to women of screening ages. The aim of this study was to describe older women’s (60 to 75 year...

    Authors: Ruth S. Hermansson, Matts Olovsson, Catharina Gustavsson and Annika Kristina Lindström

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:473

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The preoperative peripheral blood neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and monocyte-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) have been reported to be associated with the prognosis of various cancer...

    Authors: Rong Cong, Fanfei Kong, Jian Ma, Qing Li, Qijun Wu and Xiaoxin Ma

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:464

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is highly prevalent in cancer patients and can cause severe morbidity. VTE treatment is essential, but anticoagulation increases the risk of major bleeding. The purpose was to eval...

    Authors: Jennifer Howlett, Eric Benzenine, Jonathan Cottenet, Pascal Foucher, Philippe Fagnoni and Catherine Quantin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:461

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Individuals with pathogenic germline variants in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes are at increased risk of developing colorectal, endometrial and other cancers (Lynch syndrome, LS). While previous studies have ...

    Authors: Karolin Bucksch, Silke Zachariae, Stefan Aretz, Reinhard Büttner, Elke Holinski-Feder, Stefanie Holzapfel, Robert Hüneburg, Matthias Kloor, Magnus von Knebel Doeberitz, Monika Morak, Gabriela Möslein, Jacob Nattermann, Claudia Perne, Nils Rahner, Wolff Schmiegel, Karsten Schulmann…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:460

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Activated eosinophils have been deemed to affect carcinogenesis and tumor progression via various mechanisms in tumor microenvironment. However, the prognostic role of tumor-associated tissue eosinophilia (TAT...

    Authors: Guoming Hu, Shimin Wang, Kefang Zhong, Feng Xu, Liming Huang, Wei Chen and Pu Cheng

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:454

    Content type: Research article

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  45. UK national guidelines suggest women at high-risk of breast cancer should be offered more frequent screening or preventative medications. Currently, only 1 in 6 high-risk women are identified. One route to ide...

    Authors: Victoria G. Woof, Helen Ruane, David P. French, Fiona Ulph, Nadeem Qureshi, Nasaim Khan, D. Gareth Evans and Louise S. Donnelly

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:452

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is more sensitive than cytology for detecting cervical cancer and its precursors. This study aimed to analyze the prevalence of high-risk HPV genotypes and evaluate the role ...

    Authors: Jing Zhang, Deyu Zhang, Zhuo Yang, Xiaobin Wang and Danbo Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2020 20:443

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: