Epidemiology, prevention and public health

Section edited by Manami Inoue

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. Research article

    Societal preferences for adjuvant melanoma health states: UK and Australia

    No studies have measured preference-based utility weights for specific toxicities and outcomes associated with approved and investigational adjuvant treatments for patients with resected high-risk melanoma.

    Mark R. Middleton, Michael B. Atkins, Kaitlan Amos, Peter Feng Wang, Srividya Kotapati, Javier Sabater and Kathleen Beusterien

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:689

    Published on: 17 October 2017

  2. Research article

    Personalized treatment of women with early breast cancer: a risk-group specific cost-effectiveness analysis of adjuvant chemotherapy accounting for companion prognostic tests OncotypeDX and Adjuvant!Online

    Due to high survival rates and the relatively small benefit of adjuvant therapy, the application of personalized medicine (PM) through risk stratification is particularly beneficial in early breast cancer (BC)...

    Beate Jahn, Ursula Rochau, Christina Kurzthaler, Michael Hubalek, Rebecca Miksad, Gaby Sroczynski, Mike Paulden, Marvin Bundo, David Stenehjem, Diana Brixner, Murray Krahn and Uwe Siebert

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:685

    Published on: 16 October 2017

  3. Research article

    Epidemiology of cervical human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) among a cohort of HIV-infected and uninfected Ghanaian women

    There is limited data in Ghana on the epidemiology of HPV and cervical neoplasia and their associations with HIV. This study aimed to compare among HIV-1 seropositive and HIV-seronegative Ghanaian women: (1) t...

    Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Patrick K. Akakpo, Mohamed Mutocheluh, Emmanuel Adjei-Danso, Gloria Allornuvor, Daniel Amoako-Sakyi, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie and Philippe Mayaud

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:688

    Published on: 16 October 2017

  4. Research article

    Methodological study to evaluate the psychometric properties of FACIT-CD in a sample of Brazilian women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia

    The occurrence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is associated with changes in health-related quality of life, including psychological factors, such as fear and shame, and changes in sexuality and se...

    Cristiane Menezes Sirna Fregnani, José Humberto Tavares Guerreiro Fregnani and Adhemar Longatto-Filho

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:686

    Published on: 16 October 2017

  5. Research article

    The association between high birth weight and the risks of childhood CNS tumors and leukemia: an analysis of a US case-control study in an epidemiological database

    High birth weight (BW), 4000 g or larger, is an established risk factor for childhood leukemia. However, its association with central nervous system (CNS) tumor risk is yet unclear. The present study examined ...

    Long Thanh Tran, Hang Thi Minh Lai, Chihaya Koriyama, Futoshi Uwatoko and Suminori Akiba

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:687

    Published on: 16 October 2017

  6. Research article

    Cancer incidence in Germany attributable to human papillomavirus in 2013

    It is estimated that a total of 120,000 new cancer cases in men and in women in more developed countries could be avoided if exposure to HPV was prevented. We used the nationwide pool of German population-base...

    Nina Buttmann-Schweiger, Yvonne Deleré, Stefanie J. Klug and Klaus Kraywinkel

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:682

    Published on: 16 October 2017

  7. Research article

    Higher educational attainment associated with reduced likelihood of abnormal cervical lesions among Zambian women - a cross sectional study

    The high burden of cervical cancer in Zambia prompted the Ministry of Health and partners to develop the cervical cancer prevention program in Zambia (CCPPZ) in 2006. Despite this intervention more women conti...

    Twaambo Euphemia Hamoonga, Rosemary Ndonyo Likwa, Patrick Musonda and Charles Michelo

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:681

    Published on: 13 October 2017

  8. Research article

    The XRCC 1 DNA repair gene modifies the environmental risk of stomach cancer: a hospital-based matched case-control study

    Previous studies have found that polymorphisms of the DNA repair gene X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1(XRCC1) and environmental factors are both associated with an increased risk of stomach cancer, but no...

    Nuntiput Putthanachote, Supannee Promthet, Cameron Hurst, Krittika Suwanrungruang, Peechanika Chopjitt, Surapon Wiangnon, Sam Li-Sheng Chen, Amy Ming-Fang Yen and Tony Hsiu-Hsi Chen

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:680

    Published on: 11 October 2017

  9. Study protocol

    Selection of opioids for cancer-related pain using a biomarker: a randomized, multi-institutional, open-label trial (RELIEF study)

    Cancer patients experience pain that has physiological, sensory, affective, cognitive, behavioral, and sociocultural dimensions. Opioids are used in treatment of pain in patients with various types of cancer. ...

    Hiromichi Matsuoka, Junji Tsurutani, Yasutaka Chiba, Yoshihiko Fujita, Masato Terashima, Takeshi Yoshida, Kiyohiro Sakai, Yoichi Otake, Atsuko Koyama, Kazuto Nishio and Kazuhiko Nakagawa

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:674

    Published on: 6 October 2017

  10. Study protocol

    TrueNTH sexual recovery study protocol: a multi-institutional collaborative approach to developing and testing a web-based intervention for couples coping with the side-effects of prostate cancer treatment in a randomized controlled trial

    Over half of men who receive treatment for prostate suffer from a range of sexual problems that affect negatively their sexual health, sexual intimacy with their partners and their quality of life. In clinical...

    D. Wittmann, A. Mehta, L. Northouse, R. Dunn, T. Braun, A. Duby, L. An, L. Arab, R. Bangs, S. Bober, J. Brandon, M. Coward, M. Dunn, M. Galbraith, M. Garcia, J. Giblin…

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:664

    Published on: 2 October 2017

  11. Study protocol

    Follow-up care after treatment for prostate cancer: protocol for an evaluation of a nurse-led supported self-management and remote surveillance programme

    As more men survive a diagnosis of prostate cancer, alternative models of follow-up care that address men’s enduring unmet needs and are economical to deliver are needed. This paper describes the protocol for ...

    Jane Frankland, Hazel Brodie, Deborah Cooke, Claire Foster, Rebecca Foster, Heather Gage, Jake Jordan, Ines Mesa-Eguiagaray, Ruth Pickering and Alison Richardson

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:656

    Published on: 19 September 2017

  12. Research article

    New use of low-dose aspirin and risk of colorectal cancer by stage at diagnosis: a nested case–control study in UK general practice

    Evidence from clinical trial populations suggests low-dose aspirin reduces the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). Part of this reduction in risk might be due to protection against metastatic disease.

    Luis A. García Rodríguez, Montse Soriano-Gabarró, Susan Bromley, Angel Lanas and Lucía Cea Soriano

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:637

    Published on: 7 September 2017

  13. Research article

    Prognostic consequences of implementing cancer patient pathways in Denmark: a comparative cohort study of symptomatic cancer patients in primary care

    Cancer Patient Pathways (CPPs) were introduced in 2000–2015 in several European countries, including Denmark, to reduce the time to diagnosis and treatment initiation and ultimately improve patient survival. Y...

    Henry Jensen, Marie Louise Tørring and Peter Vedsted

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:627

    Published on: 6 September 2017

  14. Research article

    The association between smoking and breast cancer characteristics and outcome

    Smoking is associated with an increased incidence of hormone receptor positive breast cancer. Data regarding worse breast cancer outcome in smokers are accumulating. Current literature regarding the impact of ...

    Hadar Goldvaser, Omer Gal, Shulamith Rizel, Daniel Hendler, Victoria Neiman, Tzippy Shochat, Aaron Sulkes, Baruch Brenner and Rinat Yerushalmi

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:624

    Published on: 6 September 2017

  15. Research article

    Adjuvant chemotherapy versus chemoradiotherapy for small cell lung cancer with lymph node metastasis: a retrospective observational study with use of a national database in Japan

    The optimal postoperative treatment strategy for small cell lung cancer (SCLC) remains unclear, especially in patients with lymph node metastasis. We aimed to compare the outcomes of patients with SCLC and lym...

    Hirokazu Urushiyama, Taisuke Jo, Hideo Yasunaga, Yasuhiro Yamauchi, Hiroki Matsui, Wakae Hasegawa, Hideyuki Takeshima, Yoshihisa Hiraishi, Akihisa Mitani, Kiyohide Fushimi and Takahide Nagase

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:613

    Published on: 2 September 2017

  16. Research article

    Trends in risk classification and primary therapy of Japanese patients with prostate cancer in Nara urological research and treatment group (NURTG) – comparison between 2004–2006, 2007–2009, and 2010–2012

    To assess the trends in risk classification and primary therapy of Japanese prostate cancer patients who were diagnosed between 2004 and 2012.

    Nobumichi Tanaka, Yasushi Nakai, Makito Miyake, Satoshi Anai, Takeshi Inoue, Tomomi Fujii, Noboru Konishi and Kiyohide Fujimoto

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:616

    Published on: 2 September 2017

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