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Cell and molecular biology

This section covers all aspects of tumor biology from a molecular and cellular point of view. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, animal models, hypoxia, angiogenesis, metastasis, cellular signaling, cancer stem cells, DNA damage and repair, cell cycle and apoptosis.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Thirty to 40 % of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients developed higher hypertriglyceridemia in the process of treatment with bexarotene. And bioinformatics studies discovered that the expression of slc...

    Authors: Xinghao Ai, Feng Mao, Shengping Shen, Yang Shentu, Jiejun Wang and Shun Lu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:407

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Melanoma is notoriously resistant to all current modalities of cancer therapies including chemotherapy. In recent years, microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as molecular regulators in the development and progressi...

    Authors: Yuxia Li, Jie Zhang, Yajing Liu, Bingyue Zhang, Fubo Zhong, Shubin Wang and Zhengyu Fang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:404

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Lymph node metastasis (LNM) is a major determinant of prognosis and treatment planning of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Cysteine cathepsins constitute a family of proteolytic enzymes with known role in ...

    Authors: Frank K. Leusink, Eleftherios Koudounarakis, Michael H. Frank, Ronald Koole, Paul J. van Diest and Stefan M. Willems

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:385

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Macrophage heterogeneity is the main feature of the tumour microenvironment. Breast cancer is one of the most life-threatening cancers. However, macrophage polarization patterns in different tumour stages and ...

    Authors: Chih-Hsing Hung, Fang-Ming Chen, Yi-Ching Lin, Mei-Lan Tsai, Shih-Ling Wang, Yen-Chun Chen, Yi-Ting Chen and Ming-Feng Hou

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:366

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from exhaled breath from human bodies have been proven to be a useful source of information for early lung cancer diagnosis. To date, there are still arguable informat...

    Authors: Reena Thriumani, Ammar Zakaria, Yumi Zuhanis Has-Yun Hashim, Amanina Iymia Jeffree, Khaled Mohamed Helmy, Latifah Munirah Kamarudin, Mohammad Iqbal Omar, Ali Yeon Md Shakaff, Abdul Hamid Adom and Krishna C. Persaud

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:362

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The phenomenon that malignant cells can acquire stemness under specific stimuli, encompassed under the concept of cancer cell plasticity, has been well-described in epithelial malignancies. To our knowledge, c...

    Authors: Chengsheng Wu, Nidhi Gupta, Yung-Hsing Huang, Hai-Feng Zhang, Abdulraheem Alshareef, Alexandra Chow and Raymond Lai

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:361

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Cancer cachexia is a cancer-induced metabolic disorder and a major cause of cancer-induced death. The constituents of cancer cachexia include an increase in energy expenditure, hepatic gluconeogenesis, fat lip...

    Authors: Feng Wang, Hongyi Liu, Lijuan Hu, Yunfei Liu, Yijie Duan, Rui Cui and Wencong Tian

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:360

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer is a major cause of cancer-related mortality in women in the developing world. Cancer Stem cells (CSC) have been implicated in treatment resistance and metastases development; hence understandi...

    Authors: Shifa Javed, Bal Krishan Sharma, Swati Sood, Sanjeev Sharma, Rashmi Bagga, Shalmoli Bhattacharyya, Charan Singh Rayat, Lakhbir Dhaliwal and Radhika Srinivasan

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:357

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Mounting evidence suggests that one of the ways that cells adapt to hypoxia is through alternative splicing. The aim of this study was firstly to examine the effect of hypoxia on the alternative splicing of ca...

    Authors: Elizabeth Bowler, Sean Porazinski, Simon Uzor, Philippe Thibault, Mathieu Durand, Elvy Lapointe, Kasper M. A. Rouschop, John Hancock, Ian Wilson and Michael Ladomery

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:355

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Androgen receptor (AR) is widely expressed in breast cancer (BC) but its role in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive tumors is still controversial. The AR/ER ratio has been reported to impact prognosis and respons...

    Authors: Giuseppe Bronte, Andrea Rocca, Sara Ravaioli, Maurizio Puccetti, Maria Maddalena Tumedei, Emanuela Scarpi, Daniele Andreis, Roberta Maltoni, Samanta Sarti, Lorenzo Cecconetto, Anna Fedeli, Elisabetta Pietri, Valeria De Simone, Silvia Asioli, Dino Amadori and Sara Bravaccini

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:348

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Reg IV is a member of the regenerating gene family and has been demonstrated to be overexpressed in gastric cancer. However, the functional mechanism of Reg IV in gastric cancer is still unclear.

    Authors: Na Zhang, Dandan Chai, Huifen Du, Kesheng Li, Wenguang Xie, Xingwen Li, Rong Yang, Xiaowen Lian and Yang Xu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:344

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  12. Content type: Research article

    We have previously demonstrated the anticancer effect of anthocyanins. In this study, we explored the biological activities of delphinidin, the most common of the anthocyanidin monomers, that were related to a...

    Authors: Jingyao Chen, Yanfeng Zhu, Weiwei Zhang, Xiaoli Peng, Jie Zhou, Fei Li, Bin Han, Xin Liu, Yu Ou and Xiaoping Yu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:342

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Patient-derived tumor models are the new standard for pre-clinical drug testing and biomarker discovery. However, the emerging technology of primary pancreatic cancer organoids has not yet been broadly impleme...

    Authors: Susan Tsai, Laura McOlash, Katie Palen, Bryon Johnson, Christine Duris, Qiuhui Yang, Michael B. Dwinell, Bryan Hunt, Douglas B. Evans, Jill Gershan and Michael A. James

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:335

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), the inducible COX form, is a bi-functional membrane-bound enzyme that typically metabolizes arachidonic acid (downstream ω-6 fatty acid) to form 2-series of prostaglandins known to be...

    Authors: Yi Xu, Xiaoyu Yang, Tao Wang, Liu Yang, Yu-Ying He, Keith Miskimins and Steven Y. Qian

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:330

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Nucleocytoplasmic transport is a tightly regulated process carried out by specific transport machinery, the defects of which may lead to a number of diseases including cancer. Karyopherin alpha 7 (KPNA7), the ...

    Authors: Elisa M. Vuorinen, Nina K. Rajala, Teemu O. Ihalainen and Anne Kallioniemi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:325

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Cancer 2019 19:57

  16. Content type: Debate

    Mutations activating the α subunit of heterotrimeric Gs protein are associated with a number of highly specific pathological molecular phenotypes. One of the best characterized is the McCune Albright syndrome....

    Authors: Giulio Innamorati, Thomas M. Wilkie, Havish S. Kantheti, Maria Teresa Valenti, Luca Dalle Carbonare, Luca Giacomello, Marco Parenti, Davide Melisi and Claudio Bassi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:293

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Smurf2 E3 ubiquitin ligase physically associates with and regulate the stability of distinct cellular protein substrates. The multi-functional scaffold protein Connector enhancer of kinase suppressor of ras 2 ...

    Authors: Diana David, Arun Surendran, Jissa V. Thulaseedharan and Asha S. Nair

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:284

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer is one of the leading causes of death in women worldwide. Fast growth is the important character of breast cancer, which makes sure the subsequent metastasize and invasion breast cancer. Golgi re...

    Authors: Qiong Song, Qiu Chen, Qimin Wang, Longqiu Yang, Dongdong Lv, Guangli Jin, Jiaying Liu, Baolin Li and Xuejie Fei

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:255

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Angiogenesis is a process of formation of new blood vessels and is an important criteria demonstrated by cancer cells. Over a period of time, these cancer cells infect the other parts of the healthy body by a ...

    Authors: Shailima Rampogu, Ayoung Baek, Amir Zeb and Keun Woo Lee

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:264

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  20. Content type: Research article

    High-grade chondrosarcoma, which has a high incidence of local recurrence and pulmonary metastasis despite surgical resection, is associated with poor prognosis. Therefore, new and effective adjuvant therapies...

    Authors: Kiyoto Kanbara, Yoshinori Otsuki, Masahito Watanabe, Syunichi Yokoe, Yoshiaki Mori, Michio Asahi and Masashi Neo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:263

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  21. Content type: Research article

    TIPE3 (TNFAIP8L3), a transfer protein for lipid second messengers, is upregulated in human lung cancer tissues. The most popular lung cancer is non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with high incidences and low s...

    Authors: Guannan Wang, Chun Guo, Hui Zhao, Zhenzhen Pan, Faliang Zhu, Lining Zhang and Qun Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:260

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  22. Content type: Research article

    In mammals, the AKT/PKB protein kinase family comprises three members (AKT1–3). PI3-Kinase (PI3K), a key oncogene involved in a wide variety of cancers, drives AKT activity. Constitutive activation of the PI3K...

    Authors: Sanja Brolih, Scott K. Parks, Valérie Vial, Jérôme Durivault, Livio Mostosi, Jacques Pouysségur, Gilles Pagès and Vincent Picco

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:249

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Paclitaxel (PTX) is a potent anti-cancer drug commonly used for the treatment of advanced breast cancer (BCA) and melanoma. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) promotes the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines ass...

    Authors: Rochanawan Sootichote, Peti Thuwajit, Ekapot Singsuksawat, Malee Warnnissorn, Pa-thai Yenchitsomanus, Suthinee Ithimakin, Jomjit Chantharasamee and Chanitra Thuwajit

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:231

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  24. Content type: Research article

    It is not known whether stromal cells in benign breast tissue can mediate risk of breast cancer. We recently described aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 A1 (ALDH1) positive (+) cells in morphologically normal breast st...

    Authors: Björn Logi Isfoss, Bo Holmqvist, Elin Sand, Johan Forsell, Helena Jernström and Håkan Olsson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:230

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Cancer cell aggregation is a key process involved in the formation of clusters of circulating tumor cells. We previously reported that cell-cell adhesion proteins, such as E-cadherin, and desmosomal proteins a...

    Authors: Fabien Gava, Lise Rigal, Odile Mondesert, Elise Pesce, Bernard Ducommun and Valérie Lobjois

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:221

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  26. Content type: Research article

    MYCN is amplified in small cell lung cancers and several pediatric tumors, including alveolar rhabdomyosarcomas and neuroblastomas. MYCN protein is known to play a key oncogenic role in both alveolar rhabdomyosar...

    Authors: Eleanor M. O’Brien, Joanna L. Selfe, Ana Sofia Martins, Zoë S. Walters and Janet M. Shipley

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:217

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Accumulating evidence suggest that autophagy plays a pivotal role in various anticancer therapies, including photodynamic therapy (PDT), acting as a pro-death or pro-survival mechanism in a context-dependent m...

    Authors: Antoni Domagala, Joanna Stachura, Magdalena Gabrysiak, Angelika Muchowicz, Radoslaw Zagozdzon, Jakub Golab and Malgorzata Firczuk

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:210

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Treatment with Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is the gold standard adjuvant immunotherapy of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), although it fails in one third of the patients. NMIBC expresses two tumor-a...

    Authors: Paulo F. Severino, Mariana Silva, Mylene Carrascal, Nadia Malagolini, Mariella Chiricolo, Giulia Venturi, Roberto Barbaro Forleo, Annalisa Astolfi, Mariangela Catera, Paula A. Videira and Fabio Dall’Olio

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:198

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  29. Content type: Debate

    The UDP-glucose ceramide glycosyltransferase (UGCG) is a key enzyme in the sphingolipid metabolism by generating glucosylceramide (GlcCer), the precursor for all glycosphingolipids (GSL), which are essential f...

    Authors: Marthe-Susanna Wegner, Lisa Gruber, Peter Mattjus, Gerd Geisslinger and Sabine Grösch

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:153

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer related deaths worldwide and prognosis in advanced tumor stage still remains poor. Since CK1 isoforms have been reported to be deregulated in sever...

    Authors: Julia Richter, Anna-Laura Kretz, Johannes Lemke, Michael Fauler, Jens-Uwe Werner, Stephan Paschke, Frank Leithäuser, Doris Henne-Bruns, Andreas Hillenbrand and Uwe Knippschild

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:140

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Nc886 is a 102 bp non-coding RNA transcript initially classified as a microRNA precursor (Pre-miR-886), later as a divergent homologue of the vault RNAs (vtRNA 2–1) and more recently as a novel type of RNA (nc...

    Authors: Rafael Sebastián Fort, Cecilia Mathó, Murilo Vieira Geraldo, María Carolina Ottati, Alex Shimura Yamashita, Kelly Cristina Saito, Katia Ramos Moreira Leite, Manuel Méndez, Noemí Maedo, Laura Méndez, Beatriz Garat, Edna Teruko Kimura, José Roberto Sotelo-Silveira and María Ana Duhagon

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:127

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Oestrogen receptors (ER) have a well-established role to the initiation, progression and regulation of responses to treatment of breast, prostate, and lung cancers. Previous data indicates altered ER expressio...

    Authors: Waleed Al-Khyatt, Cristina Tufarelli, Raheela Khan and Syed Yousef Iftikhar

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:121

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Cisplatin is the most commonly used chemotherapeutic agent in the treatment of patients with metastatic and/or recurrent urothelial cancer. However, the effectiveness of these treatments is severely limited du...

    Authors: Masayuki Hagiwara, Eiji Kikuchi, Nobuyuki Tanaka, Takeo Kosaka, Shuji Mikami, Hideyuki Saya and Mototsugu Oya

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:113

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  34. Content type: Technical advance

    The poor prognosis for glioblastoma patients is caused by the diffuse infiltrative growth pattern of the tumor. Therefore, the molecular and cellular processes underlying cell migration continue to be a major ...

    Authors: Tanja Eisemann, Barbara Costa, Jens Strelau, Michel Mittelbronn, Peter Angel and Heike Peterziel

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:103

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  35. Content type: Research article

    In menopausal women, one of the critical risk factors for breast cancer is obesity/adiposity. It is evident from various studies that leptin, a 16 kDa protein hormone overproduced in obese people, plays the cr...

    Authors: Inamul Haque, Arnab Ghosh, Seth Acup, Snigdha Banerjee, Kakali Dhar, Amitabha Ray, Sandipto Sarkar, Suman Kambhampati and Sushanta K. Banerjee

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:99

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  36. Content type: Research article

    FAM3B/PANDER is a novel cytokine-like protein that induces apoptosis in insulin-secreting beta-cells. Since in silico data revealed that FAM3B can be expressed in prostate tumors, we evaluated the putative rol...

    Authors: Paula Maciel-Silva, Izabela Caldeira, Icaro de Assis Santos, Ana Claudia Oliveira Carreira, Flavia Ramos Siqueira, Eliane Antonioli, Anna Carla Goldberg, José Ernesto Belizário and Humberto Miguel Garay-Malpartida

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:90

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  37. Content type: Research article

    One of the major challenges in soft tissue sarcomas is to identify factors that predict metastasis. AZGP1 is a potential biomarker of cancer progression, but its value in soft tissue sarcomas remains unknown. ...

    Authors: Jiayong Liu, Haibo Han, Zhengfu Fan, Marc El Beaino, Zhiwei Fang, Shu Li and Jiafu Ji

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:89

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Emerging evidence suggests molecular and phenotypic association between treatment resistance and epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) in cancer. Compared with the well-defined molecular events of miR-200a i...

    Authors: San-Jian Yu, Liu Yang, Qi Hong, Xia-Ying Kuang, Gen-Hong Di and Zhi-Ming Shao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:74

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  39. Content type: Research article

    RHEB is a unique member of the RAS superfamily of small GTPases expressed in all tissues and conserved from yeast to humans. Early studies on RHEB indicated a possible RHEB-RAF interaction, but this has not be...

    Authors: Jeffrey J. Heard, Ivy Phung, Mark I. Potes and Fuyuhiko Tamanoi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:69

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The circadian clock is the basis for biological time keeping in eukaryotic organisms. The clock mechanism relies on biochemical signaling pathways to detect environmental stimuli and to regulate the expression...

    Authors: Charles S. Goldsmith, Sam Moon Kim, Nirmala Karunarathna, Nichole Neuendorff, L. Gerard Toussaint, David J. Earnest and Deborah Bell-Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:43

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Cancer 2019 19:101

  41. Content type: Research article

    Around the world, cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and agents that target mRNAs have been introduced as novel diagnostic markers and therapeutic approaches, resp...

    Authors: Chunmei Li, Xiaojiao Zheng, Wei Li, Fumao Bai, Jianxin Lyu and Qing H. Meng

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:61

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Moesin is a member of the ERM (ezrin, radixin and moesin) proteins that participate in cell migration and tumor invasion through transductional signals sent to actin filaments by glycoproteins, such as podopla...

    Authors: Francisco Bárbara Abreu Barros, Agnes Assao, Natália Galvão Garcia, Suely Nonogaki, André Lopes Carvalho, Fernando Augusto Soares, Luiz Paulo Kowalski and Denise Tostes Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:53

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed invasive cancers among women around the world. Among several subtypes, triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is highly aggressive and chemoresistant. Treatmen...

    Authors: Dhiraj Kumar, Saikat Haldar, Mahadeo Gorain, Santosh Kumar, Fayaj A. Mulani, Amit S. Yadav, Lucio Miele, Hirekodathakallu V. Thulasiram and Gopal C. Kundu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:52

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Exosomes, small-membrane vesicles, are secreted by cells and include several types of proteins and nucleic acids. Exosomes transfer cellular information derived from donor cells and are involved in various phy...

    Authors: Sayo Horibe, Toshihito Tanahashi, Shoji Kawauchi, Yoshiki Murakami and Yoshiyuki Rikitake

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:47

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