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Cell and molecular biology

This section covers all aspects of tumor biology from a molecular and cellular point of view. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, animal models, hypoxia, angiogenesis, metastasis, cellular signaling, cancer stem cells, DNA damage and repair, cell cycle and apoptosis.

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  1. Content type: Technical advance

    Metastasis is a complex process which is difficult to study and model. Experimental ingenuity is therefore essential when seeking to elucidate the biological mechanisms involved.

    Authors: Shirley Jean Keeton, Jean Marie Delalande, Mark Cranfield, Alan Burns and Philip Richard Dash

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:622

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  2. Content type: Research article

    It is essential to understand the mechanisms responsible for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression and chemoresistance in order to identify prognostic biomarkers as well as potential therapeutic avenues. ...

    Authors: Lui Ng, Ariel K. M. Chow, Johnny H. W. Man, Thomas C. C. Yau, Timothy M. H. Wan, Deepak N. Iyer, Virginia H. T. Kwan, Ronnie T. P. Poon, Roberta W. C. Pang and Wai-Lun Law

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:621

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Activation of c-Met, a receptor tyrosine kinase, induces radiation therapy resistance in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The activated residual of c-Met is located in lipid rafts (Duhon et al. Mol Carcinog...

    Authors: Juan Zeng, Heying Zhang, Yonggang Tan, Cheng Sun, Yusi Liang, Jinyang Yu and Huawei Zou

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:611

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer (BC) is highly heterogeneous with ~ 60–70% of estrogen receptor positive BC patient’s response to anti-hormone therapy. Estrogen receptors (ERs) play an important role in breast cancer progressio...

    Authors: B. Madhu Krishna, Sanjib Chaudhary, Dipti Ranjan Mishra, Sanoj K. Naik, S. Suklabaidya, A. K. Adhya and Sandip K. Mishra

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:607

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Cancer remains one of the leading causes of death around the world, where incidence and mortality rates are at a constant increase. Tumourigenic cells are characteristically seen to over-express the 37 kDa/67 ...

    Authors: Leila Vania, Thalia M. Rebelo, Eloise Ferreira and Stefan F. T. Weiss

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:602

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Lung adenocarcinoma is the most common type of lung cancer and one of the most lethal and prevalent cancers. Aberrant glycosylation was common and essential in tumorigenesis, with fucosylation as one of the mo...

    Authors: Xing Wei, Kun Zhang, Haifeng Qin, Jinlong Zhu, Qiaoxi Qin, Yang Yu and Hong Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:600

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Glioma is the most common primary brain tumor in adults with a poor prognosis. As a member of ARF subfamily GTPase, ARL2 plays a key role in regulating the dynamics of microtubules and mitochondrial functions....

    Authors: Yulin Wang, Gefei Guan, Wen Cheng, Yang Jiang, Fengping Shan, Anhua Wu, Peng Cheng and Zongze Guo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:599

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Metastatic breast cancer carries a poor prognosis despite the success of newly targeted therapies. Treatment options remain especially limited for the subtype of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). Several s...

    Authors: Carrie D. House, Valentina Grajales, Michelle Ozaki, Elizabeth Jordan, Helmae Wubneh, Danielle C. Kimble, Jana M. James, Marianne K. Kim and Christina M. Annunziata

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:595

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge about the expression and thus a role of enzymes that produce endogenous H2S - cystathionine-β-synthase, cystathionine γ-lyase and mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase - in renal tumors is still controvers...

    Authors: Jan Breza Jr, Andrea Soltysova, Sona Hudecova, Adela Penesova, Ivan Szadvari, Petr Babula, Barbora Chovancova, Lubomira Lencesova, Ondrej Pos, Jan Breza, Karol Ondrias and Olga Krizanova

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:591

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Carbonic anhydrase related proteins (CARPs) VIII, X and XI functionally differ from the other carbonic anhydrase (CA) enzymes. Structurally, they lack the zinc binding residues, which are important for enzyme ...

    Authors: Sini L. Karjalainen, Hannu K. Haapasalo, Ashok Aspatwar, Harlan Barker, Seppo Parkkila and Joonas A. Haapasalo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:584

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The anti-tumor properties of cannabinoids have been investigated in many in vitro and in vivo studies. Many of these anti-tumor effects are mediated via cannabinoid receptor types 1 and 2 (CB1 and CB2), comprisin...

    Authors: Mohammed I. Khan, Anna A. Sobocińska, Klaudia K. Brodaczewska, Katarzyna Zielniok, Malgorzata Gajewska, Claudine Kieda, Anna M. Czarnecka and Cezary Szczylik

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:583

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Lung cancer remains the top contributor to cancer-related mortality worldwide. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to participate in normal development and tumorigenesis. LncRNA nuclear enriched ...

    Authors: Wu Zhou, Xing Chen, Qinghua Hu, Xuliang Chen, Yingji Chen and Lingjin Huang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:580

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play a critical role in modulating the tumor microenvironment and promote tumor metastases. Our studies have demonstrated that ginsenoside Rh2 (G-Rh2), a monomeric compound ...

    Authors: Honglin Li, Nan Huang, Weikang Zhu, Jianchun Wu, Xiaohui Yang, Wenjing Teng, Jianhui Tian, Zhihong Fang, Yingbin Luo, Min Chen and Yan Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:579

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  14. Content type: Research article

    A-disintegrin and metalloproteinases (ADAMs) are members of a family of multidomain transmembrane and secreted proteins. Specific ADAMs are upregulated in human cancers and correlated with tumor progression an...

    Authors: Xiaodong Jiao, Wenlong Yu, Jianxin Qian, Ying Chen, Peilian Wei, Wenzheng Fang and Guanzhen Yu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:570

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase 1 (GOT1) regulates cellular metabolism through coordinating the utilization of carbohydrates and amino acids to meet nutrient requirements. KRAS mutated cancer cells were re...

    Authors: Xiaoshan Zhou, Sophie Curbo, Fuqiang Li, Shuba Krishnan and Anna Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:559

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  16. Content type: Research article

    SETDB1 is a histone H3K9 methyltransferase, which plays a significant role in the occurrence and progression of tumors. Previous studies have confirmed that T-lymphom invasion and metastasis gene (Tiam1) is a ...

    Authors: Yuqin Zhang, Jing Huang, Qisheng Li, Keli Chen, Yonghao Liang, Zetao Zhan, Feng Ye, Wen Ni, Longhua Chen and Yi Ding

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:539

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone cancer in children and young adults. It is highly aggressive and patients that present with metastasis have a poor prognosis. Angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) drives t...

    Authors: T. Zhang, A. Kastrenopoulou, Q. Larrouture, N. A. Athanasou and H. J. Knowles

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:536

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Neuropilin-1 (NRP-1), a non-tyrosine kinase glycoprotein receptor, is associated with poor prognosis breast cancer, however transcriptomic changes triggered by NRP-1 overexpression and its association with che...

    Authors: Adviti Naik, Aida Al-Yahyaee, Nada Abdullah, Juda-El Sam, Noura Al-Zeheimi, Mahmoud W. Yaish and Sirin A. Adham

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:533

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) often arises in the setting of chronic inflammation with multiple inhibitory immune signals. V-domain Ig suppressor of T cell activation (VISTA) is identified as a novel negative...

    Authors: Ming Zhang, Hua-Jin Pang, Wei Zhao, Yu-Fa Li, Li-Xu Yan, Zhong-Yi Dong and Xiao-Feng He

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:511

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Gastric cancer is the eighth most common cancer in Taiwan, with a 40% 5-year survival rate. Approximately 40% of patients are refractory to chemotherapy. Currently, the anti-HER2 therapy is the only clinically...

    Authors: Yung-Yu Hsieh, Shui-Yi Tung, Hung-Yu Pan, Chih-Wei Yen, Huang-Wei Xu, Yi-Fang Deng, Ying-Jhen Lin, Wan-Ting Hsu, Cheng-Shyong Wu and Chin Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:508

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Tamoxifen is a frontline therapy for estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer in premenopausal women. However, many patients develop resistance to tamoxifen, and the mechanism underlying tamoxifen resista...

    Authors: Wei Li, Ling Xu, Xiaofang Che, Haizhou Li, Ye Zhang, Na Song, Ti Wen, Kezuo Hou, Yi Yang, Lu Zhou, Xing Xin, Lu Xu, Xue Zeng, Sha Shi, Yunpeng Liu, Xiujuan Qu…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:507

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  22. Content type: Research article

    PEST-containing nuclear protein (PCNP), a novel nuclear protein, is involved in cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. However, the precise mechanism of action of PCNP in the process of tumor growth has not yet...

    Authors: Dong-Dong Wu, Ying-Ran Gao, Tao Li, Da-Yong Wang, Dan Lu, Shi-Yu Liu, Ya Hong, Hui-Bin Ning, Jun-Ping Liu, Jia Shang, Jun-Feng Shi, Jian-She Wei and Xin-Ying Ji

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:499

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  23. Content type: Research article

    NKX2.5 is a transcription factor transiently expressed during thyroid organogenesis. Recently, several works have pointed out the oncogenic role of NKX2.5 in a variety of tumors. We therefore hypothesized that...

    Authors: Ricardo Cortez Cardoso Penha, Luisa Aguirre Buexm, Fabiana Resende Rodrigues, Taciana Padilha de Castro, Maria Carolina S. Santos, Rodrigo Soares Fortunato, Denise P. Carvalho, Luciene C. Cardoso-Weide and Andrea C. F. Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:498

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The transcription factor PAX6 is expressed in various cancers. In anaplastic astrocytic glioma, PAX6 expression is inversely related to tumor grade, resulting in low PAX6 expression in Glioblastoma, the highes...

    Authors: Beate Hegge, Eva Sjøttem and Ingvild Mikkola

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:496

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  25. Content type: Technical advance

    The E-selectin ligands expressed by cancer cells mediate adhesion of circulating cancer cells to endothelial cells, as well as within tissue microenvironments important for tumor progression and metastasis. Th...

    Authors: Mylène A. Carrascal, Catarina Talina, Paula Borralho, A. Gonçalo Mineiro, Ana Raquel Henriques, Cláudia Pen, Manuela Martins, Sofia Braga, Robert Sackstein and Paula A. Videira

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:495

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main risk factor for the development and progression of cervical cancer. HPV-16 E6 and E7 expression is essential for induction and maintenance of the transformed ph...

    Authors: Tatiana Rabachini, Enrique Boccardo, Rubiana Andrade, Katia Regina Perez, Suely Nonogaki, Iolanda Midea Cuccovia and Luisa Lina Villa

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:485

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The calcium-binding protein calretinin (gene name: CALB2) is currently considered as the most sensitive and specific marker for the diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma (MM). MM is a very aggressive tumor strongly...

    Authors: Walter Blum, László Pecze, Janine Wörthmüller Rodriguez, Martine Steinauer and Beat Schwaller

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:475

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Macrophages in the tumor microenvironment play a critical role in tumorigenesis and anti-cancer drug resistance. Burkitt’s lymphoma (BL) is a B-cell non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma with dense macrophage infiltration. H...

    Authors: Jing Zhang, Dongqing Cao, Shuangquan Yu, Lingchao Chen, Daolin Wei, Chang Shen, Lin Zhuang, Qian Wang, Xiaoping Xu and Yin Tong

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:467

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The addition of high-dose cytarabine to the treatment of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) has significantly prolonged survival of patients, but relapses are common and are normally associated with increased resistan...

    Authors: Catja Freiburghaus, Venera Kuci Emruli, Angelica Johansson, Christian Winther Eskelund, Kirsten Grønbæk, Roger Olsson, Fredrik Ek, Mats Jerkeman and Sara Ek

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:466

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) is an immunosuppressor that plays an important role in cancer treatments. Although majority of the studies demonstrated that PD-L1 expression was regulated by cellular intrins...

    Authors: Chenlu Zhang, Zhi Li, Ling Xu, Xiaofang Che, Ti Wen, Yibo Fan, Ce Li, Shuo Wang, Yu Cheng, Xiaoxun Wang, Xiujuan Qu and Yunpeng Liu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:462

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) remains the most aggressive cancers with a 5-year survival below 10%. Systemic delivery of chemotherapy drugs has severe side effects in patients with PDA and does not si...

    Authors: Shu-ta Wu, Anthony J. Fowler, Corey B. Garmon, Adam B. Fessler, Joshua D. Ogle, Kajal R. Grover, Bailey C. Allen, Chandra D. Williams, Ru Zhou, Mahboubeh Yazdanifar, Craig A. Ogle and Pinku Mukherjee

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:457

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  32. Content type: Research article

    AB0 blood groups and Rhesus factor expression have been associated with carcinogenesis, response to treatment and tumor progression in several malignancies. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothe...

    Authors: Veronika Seebacher, Stephan Polterauer, Alexander Reinthaller, Heinz Koelbl, Regina Achleitner, Astrid Berger and Nicole Concin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:447

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Our previous study demonstrated a close relationship between NOTCH signaling pathway and salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC). HES1 is a well-known target gene of NOTCH signaling pathway. The purpose of th...

    Authors: Xiao-Yu Huang, Rui-Huan Gan, Jian Xie, Lin She, Yong Zhao, Lin-Can Ding, Bo-Hua Su, Da-Li Zheng and You-Guang Lu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:436

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Multiple trials have attempted to demonstrate the effective induction of cell death in TRAIL-resistant cancer cells, including using a combined treatment of recombinant TRAIL and various proteasome inhibitors....

    Authors: Sunhyo Ryu, Yun Jeong Ahn, Chakeong Yoon, Jeong Hwan Chang, Yoonkyung Park, Tae-Hyoung Kim, Amanda R. Howland, Cheryl A. Armstrong, Peter I. Song and Ae Ran Moon

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:432

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Ovarian cancer is one of the most deadly gynecological malignancies and inclined to recurrence and drug resistance. Previous studies showed that the tumorigenesis of ovarian cancers and their major histotypes ...

    Authors: Zizhi Tang, Juan Yang, Xin Wang, Ming Zeng, Jing Wang, Ao Wang, Mingcai Zhao, Liandi Guo, Cong Liu, Dehua Li and Jie Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:426

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Targeted therapies are based on exploiting cancer-cell-specific genetic features or phenotypic traits to selectively kill cancer cells while leaving normal cells unaffected. Oxidative stress is a cancer hallma...

    Authors: Hussein H. K. Abbas, Kheloud M. H. Alhamoudi, Mark D. Evans, George D. D. Jones and Steven S. Foster

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:423

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Dysregulation of microRNA (miRNA) expression is associated with hallmarks of aggressive tumor phenotypes, e.g., enhanced cell growth, proliferation, invasion, and anchorage independent growth in prostate cance...

    Authors: Dominique Z. Jones, M. Lee Schmidt, Suman Suman, Katharine R. Hobbing, Shirish S. Barve, Leila Gobejishvili, Guy Brock, Carolyn M. Klinge, Shesh N. Rai, Jong Park, Geoffrey J. Clark, Rajesh Agarwal and LaCreis R. Kidd

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:421

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Kruppel family member zinc binding protein 89 (ZBP-89), also known as ZNF148, regulates Bak expression via binding to GC-rich promoter domain. It is not clear if other GC-rich binding factors, such as Sp famil...

    Authors: Xia Kong, Pin Xu, Wei-Jie Cai, Huai-Gao Wang, Bin-Bin Li, Guo-Liang Huang, Zhi-Wei He, George Chen and Cai-Guo Ye

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:419

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The expression of DNA fragmentation factor 45 (DFF45) and B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2) in glands of the normal human endometrium is related to phases of the menstrual cycle and decreases after menopause, whereas t...

    Authors: Tomasz Banas, Kazimierz Pitynski, Krzysztof Okon and Aleksandra Winiarska

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:418

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Many novel diagnostic biomarkers have been developed for gastric cancer (GC) recently. We chose two methods with high diagnostic value, the detection of serum microRNAs and metabolomics based on gas chromatogr...

    Authors: Hai-Ning Liu, Hao Wu, Yu-Jen Tseng, Yan-Jie Chen, Dan-Ying Zhang, Lin Zhu, Ling Dong, Xi-Zhong Shen and Tao-Tao Liu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:415

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) increases the risk of developing nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) while nasopharyngeal reflux is known to be one of the major aetiological factors of CRS. Bile acid (BA), the compone...

    Authors: Sang-Nee Tan and Sai-Peng Sim

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:409

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Thirty to 40 % of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients developed higher hypertriglyceridemia in the process of treatment with bexarotene. And bioinformatics studies discovered that the expression of slc...

    Authors: Xinghao Ai, Feng Mao, Shengping Shen, Yang Shentu, Jiejun Wang and Shun Lu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:407

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Melanoma is notoriously resistant to all current modalities of cancer therapies including chemotherapy. In recent years, microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as molecular regulators in the development and progressi...

    Authors: Yuxia Li, Jie Zhang, Yajing Liu, Bingyue Zhang, Fubo Zhong, Shubin Wang and Zhengyu Fang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:404

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Lymph node metastasis (LNM) is a major determinant of prognosis and treatment planning of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Cysteine cathepsins constitute a family of proteolytic enzymes with known role in ...

    Authors: Frank K. Leusink, Eleftherios Koudounarakis, Michael H. Frank, Ronald Koole, Paul J. van Diest and Stefan M. Willems

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:385

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