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Table 5 Prevalence of and factors associated with hr-HPV E6/E7 mRNA expression

From: High prevalence of and factors associated with human papillomavirus infection among women attending a tertiary hospital in Gauteng Province, South Africa

Characteristics

Total

Hr-HPV E6/E7 mRNA prevalence

Bivariate analysis

Multivariate analysis

n

n (%)

PR (95% CI)

p-value

PR (95% CI)

p-value

Age (years)

 18–29

86

60 (69.8)

1.00

 

1.00

 

 30–39

78

69 (88.5)

1.27 (1.08–1.49)

0.0038

1.27 (1.08–1.49)

0.0038

 40–49

59

57 (96.6)

1.38 (1.20–1.60)

 < 0.0001

1.38 (1.20–1.60)

 < 0.0001

 50–68

30

27 (90.0)

1.29 (1.07–1.55)

0.0065

1.29 (1.07–1.55)

0.0065

Marital status

 Single

196

162 (82.7)

1.00

   

 Married

39

33 (84.6)

1.02 (0.89–1.16)

0.80

  

 Divorced/widowed/separated

18

18 (100)

Not estimable

   

Employment status

 Employed

85

71 (83.5)

1.00

   

 Unemployed

168

142 (84.5)

1.01 (0.90–1.13)

0.84

  

Place of residence

 Semi-urban

220

183 (83.2)

1.00

   

 Semi-rural/Rural

33

30 (90.9)

1.09 (0.97–1.24)

0.16

  

Number of children

 None

44

33 (75.0)

1.00

   

 1 or 2

148

126 (85.1)

1.14 (0.94–1.3)

0.18

  

 3 or more

61

54 (88.5)

1.18 (0.97–1.43)

0.092

  

Present sexual activity status

 Not active

57

47 (82.5)

1.00

   

 Active

196

166 (84.7)

1.03 (0.90–1.17)

0.69

  

Number of current sex partners

 None

55

47 (85.5)

Ref

   

 1

178

149 (83.7)

0.98 (0.86–1.11)

0.75

  

 2 or more

20

17 (85.0)

0.99 (0.80–1.23)

0.96

  

Number of past sexual partners over 12 months

 None

52

45 (86.5)

1.00

   

 1

91

70 (76.9)

0.89 (0.76–1.04)

0.14

  

 2

43

38 (88.4)

1.02 (0.88–1.19)

0.79

  

 3

32

27 (84.4)

0.98 (0.81–1.17)

0.79

  

 4 or more

35

33 (94.3)

1.09 (0.95–1.25)

0.21

  

Use of contraceptives

 Not using

180

149 (82.8)

1.00

   

 Using

73

64 (87.7)

1.06 (0.95–1.18)

0.30

  

Period of contraceptive use

 6 – 24 months

45

37 (82.2)

0.99 (0.85–1.16)

0.93

  

 More than 24 months

28

27 (96.4)

1.16 (1.06–1.28)

0.0022

  

 N/A

180

149 (82.8)

1.00

   

Pregnant

 Not pregnant

202

174 (86.1)

1.00

   

 Pregnant

46

34 (73.9)

0.89 (0.77–1.04)

0.147

  

 Don’t know

5