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Table 3 Routes of administration

From: Routes of administration, reasons for use, and approved indications of medical cannabis in oncology: a scoping review

Authors (year) / Routes of administration Oils and oral solutions Edible Capsule Tablet Oromucosal spray Smoked Vaporised Suppository Topical Intramuscular Others
Abrams (2018) X   X X X X X     
Allan et al. (2018)    X   X X      
Amato et al. (2016) X   X X X X      
Anderson et al. (2019) X X X X X   X   X   
Badowski (2017) X X X X X X X     
Badowski & Yanful (2018) X   X         
Bar-Lev Schleider et al. (2018) X   X    X      
Bar-Sela et al. (2013) X   X   X X X     
Bar-Sela, Tauber, et al. (2019) X X   X X X      
Bar-Sela, Zalman, et al. (2019) X   X   X X      
Barakji et al. (2019) X   X X X X X    X  
Bertrand et al. (2016)       X      
Birdsall et al. (2016) X   X   X X      
Blake et al. (2017) X   X   X       
Blanton et al. (2019) X   X   X X      
Braun et al. (2020) X X     X X X X   
Brisbois et al. (2011) X   X         
Brown et al. (2019) X X X   X X      
Buchwald et al. (2020) Unclear
Buhmeyer (2017) X X X   X X X   X   
Byars et al. (2019) X X X   X X   X X   
Campbell et al. (2001) X   X    X      
Carr et al. (2019) X   X         
Chapman et al. (2020)      X       
Cheng et al. (2012) X X X         
Chow et al. (2020) X   X         
Clark (2018) X X X   X X X X    
Côté et al. (2016)    X         
Cotter (2009) X   X    X      
Darkovska-Serafimovska et al. (2018) X   X   X X      
Davis (2008) X   X        X  
Davis (2016) X   X   X X     X  
De las Peñas et al. (2016) X   X         
DiVall & Cersosimo (2007) X   X        X  
Donovan et al. (2019) X X X    X      
Donovan et al. (2020) Unclear
Donovan et al. (2021)       X X     
Drosdowsky et al. (2020) X X     X X     
Duran et al. (2010) X   X   X X   X X   
Dzierzanowski (2019) X X X X X X X    X  
Elliott et al. (2016) X X     X X     
Fallon et al. (2017)      X       
Fraguas-Sánchez & Torres-Suárez (2018) X X X   X   X     
Garcia & Shamliyan (2018) X   X         
Good et al. (2019) X           
Good et al. (2020) X           
Gouveia et al. (2019)      X       
Green & De-Vries (2010) X X X   X X      
Grimison et al. (2021)    X    X X     
Hall et al. (2005) X X X   X X     X  
Häuser et al. (2018) X   X X X X X     
Häuser et al. (2017) X   X    X      
Hauser et al. (2019) X   X   X       
Hawley & Gobbo (2019) X X X   X X X X X   X
Hesketh et al. (2017) X   X         
Highet et al. (2020) X X X   X X X   X   
Hollister (2001) X   X    X      
Huskey (2006) X   X X X     X   
Jatoi et al. (2002) X   X         
Jensen et al. (2015) X   X   X X      
Johannigman & Eschiti (2013) X   X    X      
Johnson et al. (2010)      X       
Johnson et al. (2013)      X       
Karim et al. (2020) Unclear
Keller (2020) X X X   X X X X X X  
Kim et al. (2019)   X X X   X      
Kleckner et al. (2019) X   X   X X X   X   
Kramer (2015) X X X   X X X     
Landa et al. (2018) X X X   X X X X   X  
LeClair et al. (2020) X X X X X X X   X   
Lichtman et al. (2018)      X       
Likar & Nahler (2017) X   X   X X X    X  
Lintzeris et al. (2020) X X X X X X X     
Lossignol (2019) X   X   X       
Luckett et al. (2016) X X X X X X X X X   X
Lynch et al. (2014)      X       
MacCallum & Russo (2018) X X X   X X X X X   
Machado Rocha et al. (2008) X   X    X     X  
Maida (2008)    X         
Maida & Daeninck (2016) X X X   X X X   X X  
Maida et al. (2008)    X         
Makary et al. (2019) X X X   X X     X  
Martell et al. (2018) X X X    X      
May & Glode (2016) X X X    X X   X X  
Meiri et al. (2007) X   X         
Meng et al. (2020) X   X X X   X   X   
Mersiades et al. (2020) X   X   X X      
Morales et al. (2017) X   X   X       
Mortimer et al. (2019) X X X   X X    X   
Mucke et al. (2018) X   X   X       
Musty & Rossi (2001) X   X    X      
National Academies of Sciences (2017) X X X   X X X   X X  
National Comprehensive Cancer Network (2020) X   X         
Navari (2009) X   X         
Navari (2012) X   X         
Panozzo et al. (2020) X      X      
Parmar et al. (2016) X X X   X X X     
Pawasarat et al. (2020) X   X   X       
Peat (2010) X   X   X X      
Peng et al. (2016) X   X    X X     
Perez (2006) X   X   X       
Pergolizzi Jr. et al. (2017) X   X   X X     X  
Pergam et al. (2017) X X X    X X     
Podda et al. (2020) Unclear
Portenoy et al. (2012)      X       
Potts et al. (2020) Unclear
Rabgay et al. (2020) X   X   X X   X X   
Reblin et al. (2019) X      X      
Robson (2001) X   X X X X   X    
Robson (2013)      X       
Romero-Sandoval et al. (2017) X   X   X X X     
Rosewall et al. (2020) X   X   X X X    X  
Russo et al. (2007)      X       
Russo (2008) X   X   X X   X    
Saadeh & Rustem (2018) X X X    X X X X   
Santana et al. (2015) X   X         
Sawtelle & Holle (2021) X X X X X X X X X   X
Schussel et al. (2018) X   X        X  
Sharkey et al. (2014) X   X X X       
Shin et al. (2019)      X       
Singh et al. (2019) X X X    X      
Smith et al. (2015) X   X    X      
Steele et al. (2019) X   X     X   X   
Strasser et al. (2006) X   X    X      
Sutton & Daeninck (2006) X   X    X     X  
Tafelski et al. (2016) X   X        X  
Taha et al. (2019) X      X      
Tallant (2020) X   X   X       
Tanco et al. (2019) X   X         
Tateo (2017) X   X   X X      
Tečić Vuger et al. (2016) X   X   X X      
Thielmann & Daeninck (2013) X X X   X X X     
Todaro (2012) X X X   X X     X  
Tramér et al. (2001) X   X    X     X  
Trentham (2017) X X X X X X X X X X  
Turcott et al. (2018) X   X         
Turgeman & Bar-Seta (2017) X   X   X X      
Turgeman & Bar-Sela (2019) X   X   X X X     
Uberall (2020) X   X   X X X     
van den Beuken-van Everdingen et al. (2016)       X      
Victorson et al. (2019)   X     X X     
Villanueva (2019) X   X        X  
Waissengrin et al. (2015) X   X    X      
Walsh et al. (2003) X   X    X   X   X  
Wang et al. (2019a) X   X         
Wang et al. (2019b) X   X         
Ware et al. (2008) X   X        X  
Welliver (2016) X   X    X      
Whitcomb et al. (2020) X X          
Whiting et al. (2015) X X X   X X    X X  
Wilkie et al. (2016) X   X   X X     X  
Wilner & Arnold (2011) X   X     X X X   
Wilson et al. (2019) Unclear
Wilson et al. (2021)      X X X   X   
Yanes et al. (2019) X   X   X       
Yeshurun et al. (2015) X           
Zaki et al. (2017) X   X   X       
Zalman & Bar-Sela (2017) X   X   X X     X  
Zarrabi et al. (2020) X X X    X X   X   
Zimmerman & Yarnell (2019) X   X    X X     
Zolotov et al. (2021)       X X   X   
Zhou et al. (2021)   X      X     
Zylla et al. (2021) X   X    X X   X   X