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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of the study sample by arm morbidity

From: A comprehensive approach to risk factors for upper arm morbidities following breast cancer treatment: a prospective study

Variable Morbidities
N = 111
No-morbidities
N = 46
p-value
Age (years/SD) 52.2 ± 12.4 52.1 ± 14.2 .998
BMI (kg/m2/SD) 25.9 ± 4.3 24.9 ± 4.7 .634
Hospital stay (days/SD) 1.6 ± 0.8 1.4 ± 0.6 .139
right Dominance side (N/%) 94 (84.7) 41 (89.1) .465
Cancer grade:
 Non (N/%) 28 (25.2) 20 (43.5) .108
 Low grade (N/%) 23 (20.7) 7 (15.2)  
 Moderate grade (N/%) 35 (31.5) 10 (21.7)  
 High grade (N/%) 25 (22.5) 9 (19.6)  
Physical activity:
 No PA (N/%) 38 (34.2) 12 (26.1) .696
 Light PA (N/%) 29 (26.1) 14 (30.4)  
 Moderate PA (N/%) 30 (27.0) 12 (26.1)  
 Vigorous PA (N/%) 14 (12.6) 8 (17.4)  
Job-status:
 Not working (N/%) 38 (34.2) 19 (41.3) .696
 Part-time (N/%) 20 (18.0) 7 (15.2)  
 Full time (N/%) 53 (47.7) 20 (43.5)  
Family status:
 Single (N/%) 10 (9.1) 7 (15.2) .477
 Married (N/%) 83 (74.5) 35 (76.1)  
 Divorce (N/%) 13 (11.8) 3 (6.5)  
 Widow (N/%) 5 (4.5) 1 (2.2)  
H. phys. Therapy (N/%) 48 (43.2) 24 (52.2) .308
  1. The table describes the number of women who reported any arm morbidities (out of 4 diseases; decreased function, pain, or limitation in flexion or abduction ranges). Categorical variables are presented as number and percentage and continuous variables are presented as mean and standard deviation (SD). *Significant p-value (< 0.05)
  2. Abbreviations: BMI Body mass index, ROM range of motion, SLNB sentinel lymph node biopsy, ALND axillary lymph node dissection. H. phys. Therapy received physical therapy during a hospital stay