Skip to main content

Table 4 Odds ratio (95% CI) of advanced stage of disease at diagnosis in 1074 children

From: Socioeconomic position and prediagnostic health care contacts in children with cancer in Denmark: a nationwide register study

  Advanced stage Low stage Model 1a Model 2b
B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemiac (N = 601)
Highest parental education in household
  Long 20 270 1 (Ref.) 1 (Ref.)
  Medium 18 233 1.07 (0.55–2.08) 1.09 (0.56–2.13)
  Short 5 55 1.01 (0.35–2.92) 1.07 (0.37–3.08)
Household cohabitation status
  Parents as couple 31 480 1 (Ref.) 1 (Ref.)
  Single parent 12 78 2.39 (1.14–4.99) 2.36 (1.13–4.95)
Depression in household parents
  No NA 503 1 (Ref.) 1 (Ref.)
  Yes NA 55 0.64 (0.19–2.15) 0.68 (0.20–2.30)
T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemiac (N = 98)
Highest parental education in household
  Long 19 21 1 (Ref.) 1 (Ref.)
  Medium 20 27 0.83 (0.35–1.96) 0.84 (0.35–1.98)
  Short 5 6 0.86 (0.22–3.35) 0.92 (0.24–3.60)
Household cohabitation status
  Parents as couple 38 46 1 (Ref.) 1 (Ref.)
  Single parent 6 8 0.99 (0.31–3.19) 0.98 (0.30–3.18)
Depression in household parents
  No 37 44   1 (Ref.)
 Yes 7 10 0.89 (0.30–2.62) 0.85 (0.29–2.51)
Hodgkin lymphomad (N = 89)
Highest parental education in household
  Long NA 30 1 (Ref.) 1 (Ref.)
  Medium NA 24 1.42 (0.57–3.53) 1.60 (0.63–4.03)
  Short NA 4 0.45 (0.04–4.46) 0.52 (0.05–5.21)
Household cohabitation status
  Parents as couple 26 49 1 (Ref.) 1 (Ref.)
  Single parent 5 9 1.17 (0.35–3.93) 1.13 (0.34–3.78)
Depression in household parents
  No 26 53 1 (Ref.) 1 (Ref.)
  Yes 5 5 1.80 (0.46–7.00) 1.98 (0.50–7.78)
Non-Hodgkin and Burkitt lymphomad (N = 98)
Highest parental education in household
  Long 34 NA 1 (Ref.) 1 (Ref.)
  Medium 20 NA 0.32 (0.13–0.81) 0.34 (0.13–0.85)
  Short 11 NA 3.82 (0.44–33.29) 3.95 (0.45–34.50)
Household cohabitation status
  Parents as couple 53 26 1 (Ref.) 1 (Ref.)
  Single parent 12 7 0.85 (0.29–2.45) 0.86 (0.30–2.48)
Depression in household parents
  No 57 27 1 (Ref.) 1 (Ref.)
  Yes 8 6 0.66 (0.20–2.12) 0.64 (0.20–2.08)
Ewing’s sarcomae(N = 86)
Highest parental education in household
  Long NA 30 1 (Ref.) 1 (Ref.)
  Medium NA 23 1.86 (0.68–5.08) 1.91 (0.70–5.24)
  Short NA 9 0.27 (0.03–2.48) 0.28 (0.03–2.57)
Household cohabitation status
  Parents as couple 20 50 1 (Ref.) 1 (Ref.)
  Single parent 4 12 0.76 (0.21–2.71) 0.75 (0.21–2.68)
Depression in household parents
  No 20 53 1 (Ref.) 1 (Ref.)
  Yes 4 9 1.15 (0.31–4.28) 1.26 (0.34–4.75)
Osteosarcomae (N = 62)
Highest parental education in household
  Long NA 19 1 (Ref.) 1 (Ref.)
  Medium NA 22 1.66 (0.43–6.49) 1.68 (0.43–6.57)
  Short NA 6 2.25 (0.37–13.58) 2.36 (0.39–14.32)
Household cohabitation status
  Parents as couple 11 39 1 (Ref.) 1 (Ref.)
  Single parent 4 8 1.86 (0.46–7.53) 1.86 (0.46–7.58)
Depression in household parents
  No NA 38 1 (Ref.) 1 (Ref.)
  Yes NA 9 0.72 (0.13–3.82) 0.70 (0.13–3.76)
Rhabdomyosarcomae (N = 40)
Highest parental education in household
  Long NA NA 1 (Ref.) 1 (Ref.)
  Medium NA NA 0.33 (0.03–3.23) 0.35 (0.04–3.49)
  Short NA NA 2.04 (0.24–17.03) 2.16 (0.25–18.41)
  1. aModel 1 is adjusted for sex, diagnosis period and diagnosis age (as a continuous variable), highest parental education in the household and household cohabitation status.
  2. bModel 2 is adjusted for sex, diagnosis period and diagnosis age (as a continuous variable), highest parental education in the household, household cohabitation status, and additionally adjusted for number of total contacts in the last 24 months before diagnosis (as a continuous variable).
  3. cAdvanced stage: WBC at diagnosis ≥100 × 109/L; Low stage: WBC at diagnosis < 100 × 109/L
  4. dAdvanced stage: Stage 3–4; Low stage: Stage 1–2; eAdvanced stage: Metastases; Low stage: No distant metastases/unknown. For rhabdomyosarcoma, few observations in analyses of cohabitation status and depression, resulted in too uncertain estimates and are not shown