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Table 1 The mortality of larynx cancer in 1990 and 2019 and the temporal trends between 1990 and 2019, by sex, risk factor, SDI region, and GBD region

From: Variations in disease burden of laryngeal cancer attributable to alcohol use and smoking in 204 countries or territories, 1990–2019

  All causes Alcohol use Tobacco use
  1990 2019 1990–2019 1990 2019 1990–2019 1990 2019 1990–2019
  Death number
(×1000)
ASMR
(/105)
Death
number
(×1000)
ASMR
(/105)
EAPC (95% CI) Death number
(×1000)
ASMR
(/105)
Death number
(×1000)
ASMR
(/105)
EAPC (95% CI) Death number
(×1000)
ASMR
(/105)
Death number
(×1000)
ASMR
(/105)
EAPC (95% CI)
Global 87.5 2.19 123.4 1.49 −1.49 (−1.57, − 1.41) 18.5 0.46 23.9 0.29 −1.78 (− 1.90, − 1.66) 62.6 1.57 78.3 0.95 −1.93 (−2.00, − 1.85)
Sex
 Male 75.9 4.15 105.6 2.74 −2.19 (− 2.34, −1.98) 17.7 0.95 22.3 0.59 −2.32 (− 2.56, − 2.01) 58.6 3.21 73.4 1.91 −2.43 (− 2.54, − 2.31)
 Female 11.6 0.54 17.8 0.41 −1.22 (− 1.54, − 0.89) 0.8 0.04 1.6 0.02 −1.42 (− 1.76, − 1.09) 4.0 0.19 4.9 0.11 − 1.38 (− 1.53, − 1.23)
SDI regions
 High 15.7 1.53 14.6 0.79 −2.56 (− 2.71, − 2.41) 5.1 0.50 4.2 0.23 −2.78 (− 2.94, − 2.62) 12.5 1.21 10.4 0.56 − 2.92 (− 3.07, − 2.78)
 High-middle 29.6 2.72 30.4 1.48 −2.47 (− 2.60, − 2.34) 8.8 0.80 8.2 0.40 −2.79 (− 2.95, − 2.63) 23.1 2.11 21.9 1.06 − 2.76 (− 2.90, − 2.62)
 Middle 18.3 1.81 34.9 1.42 −0.86 (− 0.91, − 0.81) 2.6 0.25 6.3 0.25 0.01 (− 0.13, 0.15) 12.2 1.21 21.9 0.89 −1.10 (− 1.15, − 1.05)
 Low-middle 17.5 2.91 32.1 2.34 −0.80 (− 0.88, − 0.72) 1.5 0.23 3.9 0.28 0.75 (0.55, 0.96) 11.6 1.95 18.8 1.38 −1.22 (− 1.29, − 1.14)
 Low 6.2 2.59 11.2 2.16 −0.70 (− 0.77, − 0.64) 0.5 0.21 1.2 0.22 0.14 (0.01, 0.29) 3.2 1.36 5.2 1.02 −1.07 (− 1.16, − 0.98)
GBD region
 Andean Latin America 0.2 1.26 0.4 0.73 −1.92 (−2.17, − 1.68) < 100 0.17 0.1 0.10 −1.53 (− 1.90, − 1.16) 0.1 0.46 0.1 0.24 −2.23 (− 2.45, − 2.02)
 Australasia 0.3 1.24 0.3 0.59 −2.79 (− 2.92, − 2.67) 0.1 0.46 0.1 0.20 −2.99 (−3.13, − 2.86) 0.2 0.87 0.1 0.29 −3.97 (−4.11, − 3.84)
 Caribbean 0.8 2.99 1.5 2.97 0.05 (−0.04, 0.14) 0.1 0.52 0.3 0.58 −2.02 (− 2.24, −1.80) 0.5 2.03 1.0 1.93 −1.71 (− 1.81, − 1.62)
 Central Asia 1.5 3.05 1.3 1.77 −2.15 (− 2.33, − 1.97) 0.3 0.59 0.3 0.32 − 2.40 (− 2.54, − 2.27) 1.1 2.13 0.9 1.14 − 2.37 (− 2.50, − 2.23)
 Central Europe 5.5 3.68 5.3 2.58 − 1.39 (− 1.49, − 1.29) 2.0 1.31 1.8 0.92 −1.35 (− 1.45, − 1.26) 4.4 2.95 4.0 1.96 − 1.56 (− 1.66, − 1.45)
 Central Latin America 1.6 2.00 2.7 1.15 − 2.35 (− 2.48, − 2.22) 0.3 0.35 0.5 0.20 − 2.36 (− 2.50, − 2.21) 0.9 1.16 1.2 0.52 −3.23 (− 3.38, − 3.08)
 Central Sub-Saharan Africa 0.4 1.72 0.7 1.33 −0.96 (− 1.05, − 0.87) 0.1 0.22 0.1 0.20 0.02 (−0.49, 0.52) 0.2 0.66 0.3 0.50 −0.95 (−1.16, − 0.75)
 East Asia 11.9 1.39 20.9 1.01 −0.97 (−1.07, − 0.87) 2.3 0.26 4.8 0.23 −0.40 (− 0.61, − 0.19) 8.5 1.00 15.8 0.75 − 0.86 (− 0.96, − 0.75)
 Eastern Europe 9.5 3.32 6.6 1.93 −2.77 (−3.12, − 2.42) 3.0 1.06 2.2 0.65 −2.56 (− 2.96, − 2.15) 7.6 2.64 5.2 1.51 −2.84 (−3.20, − 2.47)
 Eastern Sub-Saharan Africa 1.3 1.64 2.0 1.22 −1.13 (− 1.18, − 1.08) 0.2 0.26 0.4 0.21 −0.78 (− 0.87, − 0.69) 0.5 0.64 0.7 0.45 −1.28 (− 1.32, − 1.24)
 High-income Asia Pacific 1.8 0.89 1.8 0.37 −3.67 (− 3.94, − 3.41) 0.5 0.24 0.4 0.09 −3.86 (−4.17, − 3.55) 1.4 0.71 1.3 0.27 −4.03 (− 4.30, − 3.76)
 High-income North America 4.7 1.36 5.4 0.87 −1.89 (−2.01, − 1.76) 1.1 0.32 1.3 0.22 −1.51 (− 1.63, − 1.38) 3.7 1.09 3.9 0.62 −2.26 (− 2.39, − 2.14)
 North Africa and Middle East 4.1 2.42 7.6 1.82 −0.97 (−1.08, − 0.87) 0.2 0.08 0.3 0.06 −1.24 (− 1.34, − 1.14) 2.9 1.69 5.1 1.22 −1.10 (− 1.20, − 1.01)
 Oceania 0.0 0.97 0.1 0.85 −0.44 (− 0.46, − 0.42) < 100 0.06 < 100 0.05 −0.59 (− 0.90, − 0.29) 0.0 0.54 0.0 0.42 − 0.93 (− 0.97, − 0.89)
 South Asia 21.5 3.76 39.9 2.80 −1.15 (− 1.24, − 1.06) 1.6 0.26 4.5 0.31 0.64 (0.37, 0.90) 13.7 2.46 21.7 1.55 −1.70 (− 1.78, − 1.62)
 Southeast Asia 3.6 1.42 7.1 1.20 −0.64 (− 0.72, − 0.56) 0.3 0.13 1.3 0.21 1.86 (1.68, 2.04) 2.4 0.99 4.8 0.81 −0.78 (− 0.87, − 0.70)
 Southern Latin America 1.4 2.95 1.4 1.64 −2.36 (−2.53, −2.19) 0.5 1.07 0.4 0.52 −2.88 (−3.04, − 2.72) 1.0 2.08 0.9 1.03 −2.78 (− 2.97, − 2.58)
 Southern Sub-Saharan Africa 0.6 1.96 0.9 1.57 −1.05 (−1.52, −0.59) 0.1 0.49 0.2 0.36 −1.50 (−2.02, −0.99) 0.4 1.36 0.5 0.89 −1.83 (−2.29, − 1.37)
 Tropical Latin America 2.8 3.00 5.5 2.26 −0.94 (−1.01, − 0.86) 0.5 0.54 1.2 0.47 −0.52 (− 0.77, − 0.26) 2.2 2.36 3.2 1.30 −2.07 (− 2.22, − 1.92)
 Western Europe 13.2 2.38 9.7 1.11 −2.79 (− 2.92, − 2.67) 5.1 0.92 3.3 0.38 −3.16 (−3.29, − 3.04) 10.6 1.91 6.9 0.80 −3.16 (− 3.28, − 3.05)
 Western Sub-Saharan Africa 1.1 1.28 2.3 1.28 0.23 (0.09, 0.37) 0.2 0.21 0.4 0.23 0.60 (0.41, 0.79) 0.4 0.42 0.7 0.39 −0.03 (−0.16, 0.11)
  1. SDI socio-demographical index; GBD global burden of disease; ASMR age-standardized mortality rate; EAPC estimated average percentage change