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Table 2 Multivariable logistic regression analysis for factors associated with screening uptake in Gondar, Ethiopia, in 2019 (N = 464)

From: Cervical cancer screening “see and treat approach”: real-life uptake after invitation and associated factors at health facilities in Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia

Variables Uptake
n (%)
COR
(95% CI)
p-value AOR
(95% CI)
p-value
No Yes
Age group 30–34 187 (48.2) 36 (47.4) 1 1 1 1
35–39 134 (34.5) 16 (21) 0.62 (0.33,1.16) 0.13 0.9 (0.29, 0.77) 0.86
40–44 42 (10.8) 13 (17.1) 1.6 (0.78, 3.29) 0.19 4.0 (1.15,14.07) 0.03
45–49 25 (6.5) 11 (14.5) 2.2 (1.03, 5.05) 0.04 3.5 (0.85,14.40) 0.08
Education No education 277 (71.4) 33 (43.4) 1 1 1 1
Primary & above 111 (28.6) 43 (56.6) 3.2 (1.96, 5.38) < 0.001 5.3 (2.20, 13.0) < 0.001
Perceived benefit Low 99 (25.5) 11 (14.5) 1 1 1 1
High 289 (74.5) 65 (85.5) 2.0 (1.02, 3.99) 0.04 0.57 (0.20,1.61) 0.29
Perceived susceptibility Low 344 (88.7) 19 (25) 1 1 1 1
High 44 (11.3) 57 (75) 23.4 (12.7,43.0) < 0.001 6.5 (2.72,15.51) < 0.001
Perceived barrier Low 225 (57.9) 10 (13.2) 9.1 (4.54,18.25) < 0.001 6.4 (2.30,17.80) < 0.001
High 163 (42.1) 66 (86.8) 1 1 1 1
Perceived severity Low 98 (25.3) 6 (7.9) 1 1 1 1
High 290 (74.7) 70 (92.1) 3.9 (1.66, 9.36) 0.002 3.4 (1.01,11.65) 0.04
Cues to action Low 333 (85.8) 23 (30.3) 1 1 1 1
High 55 (14.2) 53 (69.7) 25.8 (13.9,47.8) < 0.001 4.5 (1.86, 11.3) 0.001
Perceived self-efficacy Low 308 (79.4) 26 (34.2) 1 1 1 1
High 80 (20.6) 50 (65.8) 12 (7.07, 21.83) < 0.001 5 (2.16,11.6) < 0.001
Knowledge status Low 350 (90.2) 33 (43.4) 1 1 1 1
High 38 (9.8) 43 (56.6) 12 (6.83, 21.03) < 0.001 8.4 (3.33,21.21) < 0.001
Previously told about screening No 260 (67) 34 (44.7) 1 1 1 1
Yes 128 (33) 42 (55.3) 2.5 (1.52, 4.13) < 0.001 2.7 (1.15, 6.51) 0.02
Knew the screening site No 328 (84.5) 56 (73.7) 1 1 1 1
Yes 60 (15.5) 20 (26.3) 1.9 (1.09, 3.48) 0.02 1.1 (0.39, 3.03) 0.85
  1. NB: COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval