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Table 2 Knowledge and attitudes towards cervical cancer stratified by education level among women who have ever heard about cervical cancer in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, (N = 786)

From: Barriers and facilitators in cervical cancer screening uptake in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire in 2018: a cross-sectional study

  Total
(N = 786)
No formal education
(N = 177)
Primary/ Secondary
(N = 385)
University
(N = 224)
P value
N (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Place where ever heard about CC*
 In an hospital 114 (14.5) 15 (8.5) 58 (15.1) 41 (18.3) 0.021
 Heard about CC* in the media 481 (61.2) 103 (58.2) 236 (61.3) 142 (63.4) 0.378
 Heard about CC* during campaigns 57 (7.3) 10 (5.7) 28 (7.3) 19 (8.5) 0.575
 Heard about CC* through relativesμ 163 (20.7) 53 (29.9) 73 (19.0) 37 (16.5) 0.007
Clarity of received CC* information
 Not clear / I did not understand 672 (85.5) 163 (92.1) 338 (87.8) 171 (76.3) < 0.001
 Very Clear / I understand it 114 (14.5) 14 (7.9) 47 (12.2) 53 (23.7)
Symptoms of CC* are
 Genital bleeding 184 (23.4) 27 (15.3) 87 (22.6) 70 (31.3) 0.004
 Leucorrhoea 110 (14.0) 21 (11.9) 45 (11.7) 44 (19.6) < 0.001
 Abdominal Pain 123 (15.7) 16 (9.0) 46 (12.0) 61 (27.2) < 0.001
CC* is a preventable
 Yes 469 (59.7) 84 (47.5) 221 (57.4) 164 (73.2) < 0.001
 No 161 (20.5) 43 (24.3) 88 (22.9) 30 (13.4)  
Means of prevention for CC* (N = 469)
 Screening 385 (82.1) 55 (65.5) 182 (82.4) 148 (90.2) < 0.001
 Vaccine 151 (32.2) 21 (25.0) 77 (34.8) 53 (32.3) < 0.001
Risk factors for CC*
 HIV infection 91 (11.6) 7 (4.0) 31 (8.1) 53 (23.7) < 0.001
 Multiple sexual partners 194 (24.7) 27 (15.3) 78 (20.3) 89 (39.7) < 0.001
 Early sexual initiation 185 (23.5) 22 (12.4) 74 (19.2) 89 (39.7) < 0.001
Reasons for no CC screening uptake (N = 699)
 Unawareness towards CC screening 528 (75.5) 143 (85.6) 266 (77.3) 119 (63.3) < 0.001
 Negligence 143 (20.5) 15 (9.0) 71 (20.6) 57 (30.3) < 0.001
 Fear of being diagnosed cancer 27 (3.9) 4 (2.4) 18 (5.2) 5 (2.7) 0.212
 Fear of additional costs 23 (3.3) 5 (3.0) 6 (1.7) 12 (6.4) 0.016
 Fear of a bad reception 2 (0.3) 1 (0.3) 1 (0.5) 0.53
  1. *CC: cervical cancer; μrelatives: parents, friends or living partner; Respondents had the possibility to choose over one choice; £only respondents for each variable among participants who ever heard about CC were considered, missing category was not specified; Except for the “total column”, proportions represent the number of women for each modality out of all women in the education level category